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BOX (plural : BOXES) describes a variety of containers and receptacles for permanent use as storage, or for temporary use, often for transporting contents.

Boxes may be made of durable materials such as wood or metal , or of corrugated fiberboard , paperboard , or other non-durable materials. The size may vary from very small (e.g., a matchbox ) to the size of a large appliance. A corrugated box is a very common shipping container . When no specific shape is described, a box of rectangular cross-section with all sides flat may be expected, but a box may have a horizontal cross section that is square , elongated, round or oval; sloped or domed top surfaces, or vertical edges.

A decorative or storage boxes may be opened by raising, pulling, sliding or removing the lid, which may be hinged and/or fastened by a catch, clasp , or lock .

CONTENTS

* 1 Packaging
Packaging
box * 2 Storage boxes * 3 Electrical boxes * 4 Postal service boxes * 5 Booths that are sometimes called boxes * 6 Seating * 7 Other boxes * 8 References * 9 Bibliography

PACKAGING BOX

An empty box made of corrugated fiberboard A corrugated folder for pizza

Several types of boxes are used in packaging and storage.

* A corrugated box is a shipping container made of corrugated fiberboard . These are most commonly used to transport and warehouse products during distribution, and are rated according to the strength of the material or the capacity of the finished box.

* A folding carton (sometimes called a box) is fabricated from paperboard . The paperboard is printed (if necessary), die-cut and scored to form a blank. These are transported and stored flat, and erected at the point of filling. These are used to package a wide range of goods, intended either for one-time (non-resealable) use or as a storage box for the remaining goods.

* A type of the folding carton is the gift box, used for birthday or Christmas
Christmas
gifts and often wrapped in decorative wrapping paper ; this type is usually of much lighter construction than a similar-sized paperboard box meant for packaging and distribution.

* A "set up" box (or rigid paperboard box) is made of stiffer paperboard, permanently glued together with paper skins that can be printed or colored. Unlike folding cartons, these are assembled at the point of manufacture and transported already "set-up". Set-up boxes are more expensive than folding boxes and are typically used for protecting high value items such as cosmetics, watches or smaller consumer electronics.

* A crate is a heavy duty shipping container originally made of wood. Crates are distinct from wooden boxes , also used as heavy duty shipping containers. For a wooden container to be a crate, all six of its sides must be put in place to result in the rated strength of the container. The strength of a wooden box, on the other hand, is rated based on the weight it can carry before the top or opening is installed.

* A variant of the wooden box is the wooden wine box or wine crate, originally used for shipping and storing expensive wines,but nowadays for decorative or promotional purposes or as a storage box instead of for protection during shipping.

* A bulk box is a large box often used in industrial environments. It is sized to fit well on a pallet .

Depending on locale and specific usage, the terms CARTON and BOX are sometimes used interchangeably.

The invention of large steel intermodal shipping containers has helped advance the globalization of commerce.

STORAGE BOXES

See also: Decorative boxes
Decorative boxes
18th century German gold and mother of pearl snuffbox Cake box

Boxes for storing various items in can often be very decorative, as they are intended for permanent use and sometimes are put on display in certain locations.

The following are some types of storage boxes :

* A jewelry (AmE ) or jewellery (BrE ) box, is a box for trinkets or jewels . It can take a very modest form with paper covering and lining, covered in leather and lined with satin , or be larger and more highly decorated. * A humidor is a special box for storing cigars at the proper humidity, by means of absorbent materials that retain and moderate moisture coming from the cigars. Powered boxes can also maintain the right temperature. * A "strong box" or safe , is a secure lockable box for storing money or other valuable items. The term "strong box" is sometimes used for safes that are no longer portable boxes but are installed in a wall or floor for increased security. * A toolbox is used for carrying tools of various kinds. The term implies a container meant for portability rather than just storage, for instance with hinged lids , clasps or locks , reinforced corners, and handles . Toolboxes are usually very sturdy, but unlike a shipping box containing dunnage , are not expected to fully protect their contents if the box is inverted or upended. * The common storage box for tools, instruments, glassware, artworks, etc. is a sturdy box made to be longer-lasting and better-finished than a shipping box or crate. For instance, a box might be a rigid paperboard box instead of a corrugated box . Or it could be a wooden box with a sanded surface and mitered corners instead of a crude crate construction. A storage box may or may not have dunnage or cushions that protect the contents if the box is upended or shaken, and usually does not have hinges, latches or locks, but simply a cover . Boxwood gets its name from its superior properties for manufacturing this type of box, although those properties are equally useful when making a decorative box . * A boxfile is used commonly in offices for storing papers and smaller files.

ELECTRICAL BOXES

In electrical terminology, a "box" is used to contain and protect connections, thus:

* Pattress , a box used to hold electrical switches and receptacles * Junction box
Junction box
, a fixed container for joining electrical connections, frequently installed in walls and containing electrical outlets . * Fuse box
Fuse box
, holds electrical fuses or circuit breakers

POSTAL SERVICE BOXES

Pillar box
Pillar box
of 1856, at the West Gate, Warwick
Warwick
, England

* Post box
Post box
( British English
British English
and others, also written postbox), or mailbox (North American English
American English
and others) is a physical box used to collect mail that is to be sent to a destination. Variants of post boxes for outgoing mail include:

* Lamp box * Ludlow wall box * Pillar box
Pillar box
* Wall box

Boxes where postal workers deposit incoming mail for the recipient include:

* Letter box
Letter box
(in the US usually called mailbox), positioned near or on the mail recipient's home or place of work. * Post office box , (often abbreviated P.O. box or PO box), a box rented by the mail recipient to be an independent postal address, located in a post office or in the premises of a company offering such facilities. Self-service boxes are unlocked by the recipient, otherwise a postal clerk retrieves the mail.

A RELAY BOX is similar to a post or mail box, but totally locked; post office trucks deposit mail that is then retrieved and delivered by pedestrian mail carriers . In the United States, they are painted differently from collection boxes.

BOOTHS THAT ARE SOMETIMES CALLED BOXES

See also: Booth (other)

* Call box * Penalty box , a booth used in many ball-team sports where a player sits to serve the time of a given penalty. * Police box
Police box
, a booth for use by police in 20th century Britain. * Signal box , a building by a railway to coordinate and control railway signals. * Telephone box , a booth containing a public telephone.

SEATING

* Bandbox, seating for a musical band during a performance * Box seat , semi-private seating at an arena or theatre * Jury box , courtroom seating for a trial jury

OTHER BOXES

Clear sided ballot boxes used in the Haitian general election in 2006 Library book drop box

* Ammunition box , a metal can or box for ammunition * Ballot box
Ballot box
, a box in which votes (ballot papers) are deposited during voting. * Black box
Black box
, something for which the internal operation is not described but its function is. * Box, informal reference to large box-shaped parts of a computer, such as the base unit or tower case of a personal computer . * Box set , a compilation of items, such as books or music * Check box , on paper, normally to check off as opinion or option. * Coach Box
Box
or the driver's seat on a carriage coach . * Dispatch box , (or despatch box), a box for holding official papers and transporting them. * Event data recorder , commonly called a "black box", a durable data-recording device found in some vehicles, used to assist in the investigation of an accident. * Female box, a vulgar referral to the entire pubic area below the stomach usually for large hipped females. * First aid box is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in giving first aid to someone. * Glory box or hope chest , a box or chest containing items typically stored by unmarried young women in anticipation of married life. * Glove box , a storage compartment inside a motor vehicle * Jack-in-the-box , a children's toy containing a surprise. * Kōbako decorative storage box * Lunch box
Lunch box
, or "lunch pail" or "lunch kit", a rigid container used for carrying food. Can also be decorative. * Mitre box , a woodworking tool used to guide a hand saw to make precise mitre cuts in a board. * Nest box , a substitute for a hole in a tree for birds to make a nest in. * Pandora\'s box , in Greek mythology, a box containing the evils of mankind and also hope. * Pillbox , a special container for storing scheduled doses of one's medications * Set-top box , a device used to decode and display TV signals. * Singing bird box , an objet d\'art which contains within a miniature automaton singing bird. * Soapbox , actual or symbolic box on which an orator stands to make a persuasuve speech * Squeezebox , a musical instrument * Zig Zag Girl box, a box used for the Zig Zag Girl magic trick

REFERENCES

* ^ Soroka, Walter (2008). Illustrated Glossary of Packaging Terminology. DEStech Publications, Inc. ISBN 9781930268272 . * ^ Levinson, Marc. "Sample Chapter for Levinson, M.: The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger.". The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger . Princeton University Press. Retrieved 17 February 2013. * ^ Gittins, Ross. "How the invention of a box changed our world - Business - smh.com.au". The Sydney Morning Herald
The Sydney Morning Herald
. Retrieved 17 February 2013. * ^ Hewett, Gwen (2008). FCS Office Practice L3. Pearson South Africa. ISBN 9781770251274 . * ^ Windale, Rose. "Saving lives with Emergency Medicine". healthzine.org. Retrieved 2008-12-19

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Soroka, W, "Fundamentals of Packaging
Packaging
Technology", IoPP, 2002, ISBN 1-930268-25-4 * Yam, K. L., "Encyclopedia of Packaging
Packaging
Technology", John Wiley & Sons, 2009, ISBN 978-0-470-08704-6 * This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Box". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to BOXES .

Look up BOX in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* v * t * e

Packaging
Packaging

GENERAL TOPICS

* Active packaging * Child-resistant packaging
Child-resistant packaging
* Contract packager * Disposable food packaging * Food packaging
Food packaging
* Luxury packaging
Luxury packaging
* Modified atmosphere/modified humidity packaging * Package pilferage * Package testing * Packaging
Packaging
engineering * Pharmaceutical packaging * Reusable packaging * Shelf life * Sustainable packaging * Tamper-evident
Tamper-evident
* Tamper resistance * Wrap rage

CONTAINERS

* Aerosol Container * Aluminium bottle * Aluminum can
Aluminum can
* Ampoule * Antistatic bag
Antistatic bag
* Bag-in-box * Bags and flexible containers * Barrel
Barrel
* Beer bottle * Biodegradable bag * Blister pack
Blister pack
* Boil-in- Bag
Bag
* Bottle
Bottle
* Box * Bulk box
Bulk box
* Cage * Case * Carboy
Carboy
* Carton
Carton
* Chub * Clamshell * Corrugated box design
Corrugated box design
* Crate
Crate
* Disposable cup
Disposable cup
* Drum * Envelope
Envelope
* Flexible intermediate bulk container
Flexible intermediate bulk container
* Foam food container * Folding carton
Folding carton
* Glass bottle
Glass bottle
* Growler * Insulated shipping container
Insulated shipping container
* Intermediate bulk container * Jar
Jar
* Jerrycan * Jug * Juicebox * Keg * Multi-pack * Oyster pail * Packet (container)
Packet (container)
* Padded mailer * Pail * Paper bag * Paper sack * Plastic bag
Plastic bag
* Plastic bottle
Plastic bottle
* Popcorn bag * Retort pouch
Retort pouch
* Sachet
Sachet
* Security bag * Self-heating can * Self-heating food packaging * Shipping container
Shipping container
* Skin pack * Spray bottle * Tin can
Tin can
* Tub (container)
Tub (container)
* Tube * Unit load
Unit load
* Vial * Wooden box
Wooden box

Materials and components

* Adhesive
Adhesive
* Aluminium foil
Aluminium foil
* Bioplastic
Bioplastic
* Biodegradable plastic
Biodegradable plastic
* BoPET
BoPET
* Bubble wrap
Bubble wrap
* Bung
Bung
* Cellophane
Cellophane
* Closure * Coated paper * Coating
Coating
* Corrugated fiberboard
Corrugated fiberboard
* Corrugated plastic * Cushioning
Cushioning
* Desiccant
Desiccant
* Double seam * Foam peanut * Glass
Glass
* Hot-melt adhesive * Kraft paper
Kraft paper
* Label
Label
* Lid
Lid
* Linear low-density polyethylene
Linear low-density polyethylene
* Liquid packaging board * Low-density polyethylene
Low-density polyethylene
* Metallised film
Metallised film
* Modified atmosphere * Molded pulp
Molded pulp
* Nonwoven fabric
Nonwoven fabric
* Overwrap
Overwrap
* Oxygen scavenger
Oxygen scavenger
* Packaging
Packaging
gas * Pallet * Paper
Paper
* Paper
Paper
pallet * Paperboard * Plastic film
Plastic film
* Plastic pallet
Plastic pallet
* Plastic wrap
Plastic wrap
* Polyester
Polyester
* Polyethylene
Polyethylene
* Polypropylene
Polypropylene
* Pressure-sensitive tape * Screw cap
Screw cap
* Screw cap
Screw cap
(wine) * Security printing
Security printing
* Security tape * Shock detector * Shock and vibration data logger * Shrink wrap
Shrink wrap
* Slip sheet * Staple (fastener)
Staple (fastener)
* Strapping
Strapping
* Stretch wrap
Stretch wrap
* Susceptor * Tamper-evident
Tamper-evident
band * Tear tape * Temperature data logger * Time temperature indicator * Tinplate * Velostat

PROCESSES

* Aseptic processing * Authentication * Automatic identification and data capture * Blow fill seal * Blow molding
Blow molding
* Calendering
Calendering
* Canning
Canning
* Coating
Coating
* Containerization * Curtain Coating
Coating
* Die cutting * Die forming (plastics) * Electronic article surveillance * Extrusion
Extrusion
* Extrusion
Extrusion
coating * Glass
Glass
production * Graphic design
Graphic design
* HACCP * Hermetic seal
Hermetic seal
* Induction sealing
Induction sealing
* Injection molding
Injection molding
* Laminating
Laminating
* Laser cutting
Laser cutting
* Molding * Papermaking
Papermaking
* Plastic welding * Plastics extrusion
Plastics extrusion
* Printing
Printing
* Quality assurance * Radio-frequency identification * Roll slitting * Shearing (manufacturing) * Thermoforming
Thermoforming
* Track and trace
Track and trace
* Vacuum forming
Vacuum forming
* Ultrasonic welding
Ultrasonic welding
* Vacuum packaging * Verification and validation

MACHINERY

* Barcode printer
Barcode printer
* Barcode reader * Bottling line
Bottling line
* Calender
Calender
* Can seamer * Cartoning machine * Case sealer * Check weigher * Conveyor system * Extended core stretch wrapper * Filler * Heat gun * Heat sealer * Industrial robot * Injection molding
Injection molding
machine * Label
Label
printer applicator * Lineshaft roller conveyor * Logistics automation * Material handling equipment * Mechanical brake stretch wrapper * Multihead weigher * Orbital stretch wrapping * Palletizer * Rotary wheel blow molding systems * Shrink tunnel * Staple gun
Staple gun
* Tape dispenser
Tape dispenser
* Turntable stretch wrapper * Vertical form fill sealing machine

Environment, post-use

* Biodegradation
Biodegradation
* Environmental engineering * Glass
Glass
recycling * Industrial ecology
Industrial ecology
* Life-cycle assessment
Life-cycle assessment
* Litter
Litter
* Paper
Paper
recycling * Plastic recycling
Plastic recycling
* Recycling
Recycling
* Reusable packaging * Reverse logistics * Source reduction * Sustainable packaging * Waste management
Waste management

* v * t * e

Paper
Paper
products

CONTAINERS

* Box * Carton
Carton
* Corrugated box
Corrugated box
* Cigarette pack
Cigarette pack
* Coffee cup sleeve
Coffee cup sleeve
* Corrugated fiberboard
Corrugated fiberboard
* Envelope
Envelope
* Molded pulp
Molded pulp
* Oyster pail * Paper bag * Paperboard * Paper
Paper
cup

HYGIENE

* Facial tissue * Napkin
Napkin
* Paper
Paper
towel * Toilet paper
Toilet paper
* Wet wipe

STATIONERY

* Continuous stationery
Continuous stationery
* Greeting card
Greeting card
* Index card * Letter * Manila folder
Manila folder
* Postage stamp
Postage stamp
* Postcard
Postcard
* Post-it note

FINANCIAL

* Banknote
Banknote
* Business card
Business card
* Coupon
Coupon
* Pay card * Passbook

DECORATIONS

* Ingrain wallpaper * Wallpaper
Wallpaper

MEDIA

* Book
Book
* Newspaper
Newspaper
* Newsprint * Pamphlet
Pamphlet

RECREATION

* Confetti
Confetti
* Paper
Paper
craft * Paper
Paper
toys * Playing card
Playing card

OTHER

* Beverage coaster
Beverage coaster
* Filter paper
Filter paper
* Form * Sandpaper * Security paper

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* NDL : 00576479

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