The Info List - Box

--- Advertisement ---

(plural: boxes) describes a variety of containers and receptacles for permanent use as storage, or for temporary use, often for transporting contents. Boxes may be made of durable materials such as wood or metal, or of corrugated fiberboard, paperboard, or other non-durable materials. The size may vary from very small (e.g., a matchbox) to the size of a large appliance. A corrugated box is a very common shipping container. When no specific shape is described, a box of rectangular cross-section with all sides flat may be expected, but a box may have a horizontal cross section that is square, elongated, round or oval; sloped or domed top surfaces, or vertical edges.They are not always made up of squares. Decorative or storage boxes may be opened by raising, pulling, sliding or removing the lid, which may be hinged and/or fastened by a catch, clasp, or lock.


1 Packaging
box 2 Storage boxes 3 Electrical boxes 4 Postal service boxes 5 Booths that are sometimes called boxes 6 Seating 7 Other boxes 8 References 9 Bibliography


An empty box made of corrugated fiberboard

A corrugated folding box for pizza

Several types of boxes are used in packaging and storage.

A corrugated box is a shipping container made of corrugated fiberboard.[1] These are most commonly used to transport and warehouse products during distribution, and are rated according to the strength of the material or the capacity of the finished box. A folding carton (sometimes called a box) is fabricated from paperboard. The paperboard is printed (if necessary), die-cut and scored to form a blank. These are transported and stored flat, and erected at the point of filling. These are used to package a wide range of goods, intended either for one-time (non-resealable) use or as a storage box for the remaining goods.

A type of the folding carton is the gift box, used for birthday or Christmas
gifts and often wrapped in decorative wrapping paper; this type is usually of much lighter construction than a similar-sized paperboard box meant for packaging and distribution.

A "set up" box (or rigid paperboard box) is made of stiffer paperboard, permanently glued together with paper skins that can be printed or colored. Unlike folding cartons, these are assembled at the point of manufacture and transported already "set-up". Set-up boxes are more expensive than folding boxes and are typically used for protecting high value items such as cosmetics, watches or smaller consumer electronics. A crate is a heavy duty shipping container originally made of wood. Crates are distinct from wooden boxes, also used as heavy duty shipping containers. For a wooden container to be a crate, all six of its sides must be put in place to result in the rated strength of the container. The strength of a wooden box, on the other hand, is rated based on the weight it can carry before the top or opening is installed.

A variant of the wooden box is the wooden wine box or wine crate, originally used for shipping and storing expensive wines, but nowadays for decorative or promotional purposes or as a storage box instead of for protection during shipping.

A bulk box is a large box often used in industrial environments. It is sized to fit well on a pallet.

Depending on locale and specific usage, the terms carton and box are sometimes used interchangeably. The invention of large steel intermodal shipping containers has helped advance the globalization of commerce.[2][3] Storage boxes[edit] See also: Decorative boxes

18th century German gold and mother of pearl snuffbox

Cake box

Boxes for storing various items in can often be very decorative, as they are intended for permanent use and sometimes are put on display in certain locations. The following are some types of storage boxes :

A jewelry (AmE) or jewellery (BrE) box, is a box for trinkets or jewels. It can take a very modest form with paper covering and lining, covered in leather and lined with satin, or be larger and more highly decorated. A humidor is a special box for storing cigars at the proper humidity, by means of absorbent materials that retain and moderate moisture coming from the cigars. Powered boxes can also maintain the right temperature.[citation needed] A "strong box" or safe, is a secure lockable box for storing money or other valuable items. The term "strong box" is sometimes used for safes that are no longer portable boxes but are installed in a wall or floor for increased security. A toolbox is used for carrying tools of various kinds. The term implies a container meant for portability rather than just storage, for instance with hinged lids, clasps or locks, reinforced corners, and handles. Toolboxes are usually very sturdy, but unlike a shipping box containing dunnage, are not expected to fully protect their contents if the box is inverted or upended. The common storage box for tools, instruments, glassware, artworks, etc. is a sturdy box made to be longer-lasting and better-finished than a shipping box or crate. For instance, a box might be a rigid paperboard box instead of a corrugated box. Or it could be a wooden box with a sanded surface and mitered corners instead of a crude crate construction. A storage box may or may not have dunnage or cushions that protect the contents if the box is upended or shaken, and usually does not have hinges, latches or locks, but simply a cover. Boxwood gets its name from its superior properties for manufacturing this type of box, although those properties are equally useful when making a decorative box. A boxfile is used commonly in offices for storing papers and smaller files.[4]

Electrical boxes[edit] In electrical terminology, a "box" is used to contain and protect connections, thus:

Pattress, a box used to hold electrical switches and receptacles Junction box, a fixed container for joining electrical connections, frequently installed in walls and containing electrical outlets. Fuse box, holds electrical fuses or circuit breakers

Postal service boxes[edit]

Pillar box
Pillar box
of 1856, at the West Gate, Warwick, England

Post box
Post box
( British English
British English
and others, also written postbox), or mailbox (North American English
American English
and others) is a physical box used to collect mail that is to be sent to a destination. Variants of post boxes for outgoing mail include:

Lamp box Ludlow wall box Pillar box Wall box

Boxes where postal workers deposit incoming mail for the recipient include:

Letter box
Letter box
(in the US usually called mailbox), positioned near or on the mail recipient's home or place of work. Post office
Post office
box, (often abbreviated P.O. box or PO box), a box rented by the mail recipient to be an independent postal address, located in a post office or in the premises of a company offering such facilities. Self-service boxes are unlocked by the recipient, otherwise a postal clerk retrieves the mail.

A relay box is similar to a post or mail box, but totally locked; post office trucks deposit mail that is then retrieved and delivered by pedestrian mail carriers. In the United States, they are painted differently from collection boxes. Booths that are sometimes called boxes[edit] See also: Booth (other)

Call box Penalty box, a booth used in many ball-team sports where a player sits to serve the time of a given penalty. Police box, a booth for use by police in 20th century Britain. Signal box, a building by a railway to coordinate and control railway signals. Telephone box, a booth containing a public telephone.


Bandbox, seating for a musical band during a performance[citation needed] Box
seat, semi-private seating at an arena or theatre Jury box, courtroom seating for a trial jury

Other boxes[edit]

Clear-sided ballot boxes used in the Haitian general election in 2006

Library book drop box

Ammunition box, a metal can or box for ammunition Ballot box, a box in which votes (ballot papers) are deposited during voting. Black box, something for which the internal operation is not described but its function is. Box, informal reference to large box-shaped parts of a computer, such as the base unit or tower case of a personal computer. Box
set, a compilation of items, such as books or music Check box, on paper, normally to check off as opinion or option. Coach Box
or the driver's seat on a carriage coach. Dispatch box, (or despatch box), a box for holding official papers and transporting them. Event data recorder, commonly called a "black box", a durable data-recording device found in some vehicles, used to assist in the investigation of an accident. First aid box
First aid box
is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in giving first aid to someone.[5] Glory box or hope chest, a box or chest containing items typically stored by unmarried young women in anticipation of married life. Glove box, a storage compartment inside a motor vehicle Jack-in-the-box, a children's toy containing a surprise. Kōbako, a decorative storage box Lunch box, or "lunch pail" or "lunch kit", a rigid container used for carrying food. Can also be decorative. Mitre box, a woodworking tool used to guide a hand saw to make precise mitre cuts in a board. Nest box, a substitute for a hole in a tree for birds to make a nest in. Pandora's box, in Greek mythology, a box containing the evils of mankind and also hope. Pillbox, a special container for storing scheduled doses of one's medications Set-top box, a device used to decode and display TV signals. Singing bird box, an objet d'art which contains within a miniature automaton singing bird. Soapbox, an actual or symbolic box on which an orator stands to make a persuasive speech Squeezebox, a musical instrument Zig Zag Girl
Zig Zag Girl
box, a box used for the Zig Zag Girl
Zig Zag Girl
magic trick


^ Soroka, Walter (2008). Illustrated Glossary of Packaging Terminology. DEStech Publications, Inc. ISBN 9781930268272.  ^ Levinson, Marc. "Sample Chapter for Levinson, M.: The Box: How the Shipping Container
Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger". The Box: How the Shipping Container
Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger. Princeton University Press. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ Gittins, Ross. "How the invention of a box changed our world - Business - smh.com.au". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 February 2013.  ^ Hewett, Gwen (2008). FCS Office Practice L3. Pearson South Africa. ISBN 9781770251274.  ^ Windale, Rose. "Saving lives with Emergency Medicine". healthzine.org. Retrieved 2008-12-19


Soroka, W, "Fundamentals of Packaging
Technology", IoPP, 2002, ISBN 1-930268-25-4 Yam, K. L., "Encyclopedia of Packaging
Technology", John Wiley & Sons, 2009, ISBN 978-0-470-08704-6  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Box". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boxes.

Look up box in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

v t e


General topics

Active packaging Child-resistant packaging Contract packager Disposable food packaging Food packaging Luxury packaging Modified atmosphere/modified humidity packaging Package pilferage Package testing Packaging
engineering Pharmaceutical packaging Reusable packaging Shelf life Sustainable packaging Tamper-evident Tamper resistance Wrap rage


Aerosol Container Aluminium bottle Aluminum can Ampoule Antistatic bag Bag-in-box Bags and flexible containers Barrel Beer bottle Biodegradable bag Blister pack Boil-in-Bag Bottle Box Bulk box Cage Case Carboy Carton Chub Clamshell Corrugated box
Corrugated box
design Crate Disposable cup Drum Envelope Flexible intermediate bulk container Foam food container Folding carton Glass
bottle Growler Insulated shipping container Intermediate bulk container Jar Jerrycan Jug Juicebox Keg Multi-pack Oyster pail Packet (container) Padded mailer Pail Paper
bag Paper
sack Plastic bag Plastic bottle Popcorn bag Retort pouch Sachet Security bag Self-heating can Self-heating food packaging Shipping container Skin pack Spray bottle Tetra Brik Tin can Tub (container) Tube Unit load Vial Wooden box

Materials and components

Adhesive Aluminium foil Bail handle Bioplastic Biodegradable plastic BoPET Bubble wrap Bung Cellophane Closure Coated paper Coating Coextrusion Corrugated fiberboard Corrugated plastic Cushioning Desiccant Double seam Foam peanut Glass Hot-melt adhesive Kraft paper Label Lid Linear low-density polyethylene Liquid packaging board Low-density polyethylene Metallised film Modified atmosphere Molded pulp Nonwoven fabric Overwrap Oxygen scavenger Package handle Packaging
gas Pallet Paper Paper
pallet Paperboard Plastic film Plastic pallet Plastic wrap Polyester Polyethylene Polypropylene Pressure-sensitive tape Screw cap Screw cap
Screw cap
(wine) Security printing Security tape Shock detector Shock and vibration data logger Shrink wrap Slip sheet Staple (fastener) Strapping Stretch wrap Susceptor Tamper-evident
band Tear tape Temperature data logger Time temperature indicator Tinplate Velostat


Aseptic processing Authentication Automatic identification and data capture Blow fill seal Blow molding Calendering Canning Coating Containerization Curtain Coating Die cutting Die forming (plastics) Electronic article surveillance Extrusion Extrusion
coating Glass
production Graphic design HACCP Hermetic seal Induction sealing Injection molding Laminating Laser cutting Molding Papermaking Plastic welding Plastics extrusion Printing Quality assurance Radio-frequency identification Roll slitting Shearing (manufacturing) Thermoforming Track and trace Vacuum forming Ultrasonic welding Vacuum packaging Verification and validation


Barcode printer Barcode reader Bottling line Calender Can seamer Cartoning machine Case sealer Check weigher Conveyor system Extended core stretch wrapper Filler Heat gun Heat sealer Industrial robot Injection molding
Injection molding
machine Label
printer applicator Lineshaft roller conveyor Logistics automation Material handling equipment Mechanical brake stretch wrapper Multihead weigher Orbital stretch wrapper Palletizer Rotary wheel blow molding systems Shrink tunnel Staple gun Tape dispenser Turntable stretch wrapper Vertical form fill sealing machine

Environment, post-use

Biodegradation Environmental engineering Glass
recycling Industrial ecology Life-cycle assessment Litter Paper
recycling Plastic recycling Recycling Reusable packaging Reverse logistics Source reduction Sustainable packaging Waste management

v t e



Box Carton Corrugated box Cigarette pack Coffee cup sleeve Corrugated fiberboard Envelope Molded pulp Oyster pail Paper
bag Paperboard Paper


Facial tissue Napkin Paper
towel Toilet paper Wet wipe


Continuous stationery Greeting card Index card Letter Manila folder Postage stamp Postcard Post-it Note


Banknote Business card Coupon Pay card Passbook


Ingrain wallpaper Wallpaper


Book Newspaper Newsprint Pamphlet


Confetti Paper
craft Paper
toys Playing card


Beverage coaster Filter paper Form Sandpaper Security paper

Authority control