Bowling for Columbine
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''Bowling for Columbine'' is a 2002 American
documentary film A documentary film or documentary is a non-fictional film, motion-picture intended to "document reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a Recorded history, historical record". Bill Nichols (film critic), Bil ...
written, produced, directed, and narrated by
Michael Moore Michael Francis Moore (born April 23, 1954) is an American documentary filmmaker, author, and activist. His works frequently address the topics of globalization Globalization, or globalisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differe ...

Michael Moore
. The film explores what Moore suggests are the primary causes for the
Columbine High School massacre The Columbine High School massacre was a school shooting and attempted bombing that occurred on April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in Columbine, Colorado, United States. The perpetrators, twelfth grade ( senior) students Eric Harri ...
in 1999 and other acts of
gun violence Gun-related violence is violence committed with the use of a gun (firearm A firearm is any type of gun designed to be readily carried and used by an individual. The term is legally defined further in different countries (see Legal definiti ...

gun violence
. He focuses on the background and environment in which the massacre took place and some common public opinions and assumptions about related issues. The film also looks into the nature of violence in the United States. A critical and commercial success, the film brought Moore international attention as a rising filmmaker and won numerous awards, including the
Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature The Academy Award for Documentary Feature is an award for documentary films. In 1941, the first awards for feature-length documentaries were bestowed as Special Awards to '' Kukan'' and '' Target for Tonight''. They have since been bestowed compe ...
, the
Independent Spirit Award for Best Documentary FeatureThe Independent Spirit Award for Best Documentary Feature is one of the annual Independent Spirit Awards The Independent Spirit Awards (abbreviated "Spirit Awards" and originally known as the FINDIE or Friends of Independents Awards), founded in ...
, a special ''55th Anniversary Prize'' at the
2002 Cannes Film Festival The 55th Cannes Film Festival The Cannes Festival (; french: link=no, Festival de Cannes), until 2003 called the International Film Festival (') and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, Fran ...
, and the
César Award for Best Foreign Film This is the list of winners and nominees of the César AwardCesar, César or Cèsar may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media * ''César'' (film), a 1936 film directed by Marcel Pagnol * ''César'' (play), a play by Marcel Pagnol * César ...
. The film is considered one of the greatest documentary films of all time.


Film content

In Moore's discussions with various people—including ''
South Park ''South Park'' is an American animated sitcom An animated sitcom is a subgenre of the sitcom that is animation, animated instead of live action. History Early history ''The Flintstones'', which debuted in 1960, is considered the first exampl ...

South Park
'' co-creator
Matt Stone Matthew Richard Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an American actor, voice actor, animator, writer, producer, and composer. He is known for co-creating '' South Park'' (1997–present) and co-developing '' The Book of Mormon'' (2011) with his creative ...
, the
National Rifle Association The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is a gun rights advocacy group based in the United States. Founded to advance rifle marksmanship, the modern NRA continues to teach Gun safety, firearm safety and competency. The organization al ...
's then-president
Charlton Heston Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter; October 4, 1923April 5, 2008) was an American actor and political activist. As a Hollywood star, he appeared in almost 100 films over the course of 60 years. He played Moses Moses he, מֹשֶׁה, ...

Charlton Heston
, and
musician A musician is a person who Composer, composes, Conducting, conducts, or Performing arts, performs music. According to the United States Employment Service, "musician" is a general Terminology, term used to designate one who follows music as a pro ...

musician
Marilyn Manson Brian Hugh Warner (born January 5, 1969), known professionally as Marilyn Manson, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, actor, painter, and writer. He is known for his controversial stage personality and image as the lead singer ...

Marilyn Manson
—he seeks to explain why the Columbine massacre occurred and why the United States' violent crime rate (especially concerning crimes committed with firearms) is substantially higher than those of other nations.


Bowling

The film's title refers to the story that
Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold Eric David Harris (April 9, 1981 – April 20, 1999) and Dylan Bennet Klebold (; September 11, 1981 – April 20, 1999) were an American mass murder Mass murder is the act of murder Murder is the unlawful killing of another human ...
—the two students responsible for the
Columbine High School massacre The Columbine High School massacre was a school shooting and attempted bombing that occurred on April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in Columbine, Colorado, United States. The perpetrators, twelfth grade ( senior) students Eric Harri ...
—attended a school
bowling Bowling is a target sport and recreational activity in which a player rolls a ball toward pins (in pin bowling) or another target (in target bowling). The term ''bowling'' usually refers to ten-pin bowling, though in the United Kingdom ...
class at 6:00 AM on the day they committed the attacks at school, which started at 11:17 AM. Later investigations showed that this was based on mistaken recollections, and Glenn Moore of the Golden Police Department concluded that they were absent from school on the day the attack took place. Moore incorporates the concept of bowling into the film in other ways as well. For example, the Michigan Militia use bowling pins for their target practice. When interviewing former classmates of the two boys, Moore notes that the students took a bowling class in place of
physical education Physical education, also known as Phys Ed., PE, gym, or gym class, and in some Commonwealth countries as physical training or PT, is a class that pupils are required to take at school. It is taken during primary and secondary education and enc ...

physical education
. He suggests that this might have very little educational value and the people he interviews generally agree, noting how Harris and Klebold led introverted lifestyles and had careless attitudes towards the game, and that nobody thought twice about it. Moore questions whether the school system is responding to the real needs of students or if they are reinforcing fear. Moore also interviews two young residents of Oscoda,
Michigan Michigan () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Michigan
. Moore suggests a
culture of fear Culture of fear (or climate of fear) is the concept that people may incite fear Fear is an emotion induced by perceived danger or threat, which causes physiological changes and ultimately behavioral changes, such as mounting an aggressive res ...
created by the government and the media leads Americans to arm themselves, to the advantage of gun-making companies. Moore suggests that bowling could have been just as responsible for the attacks on the school as Marilyn Manson, or even
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...

President
Bill Clinton William Jefferson Clinton (; born August 19, 1946) is an American politician and attorney who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001. He previously served as governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and again from ...

Bill Clinton
, who launched bombing attacks on
Serbia Serbia (, ; sr, Србија, Srbija, ),, * cs, Srbsko, * ro, Serbia * rue, Сербия *german: Serbien *french: Serbie * uk, Сербія * hu, Szerbia * bg, Сърбия * sq, Serbia * bs, Srbija * officially the Republic of Serbia,, ...

Serbia
at the time.


Free gun for opening a bank account

200px, Michael Moore upon receiving his free gun at the bank An early scene depicts a bank in Michigan that gives customers a free hunting rifle when they make a deposit of a certain size into a
time deposit A time deposit or term deposit (in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists o ...
account.Nol, Michael
Banks use gifts to target depositors
''
Chicago Sun-Times The ''Chicago Sun-Times'' is a daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. New ...

Chicago Sun-Times
''. January 28, 2001.
The film follows Moore as he goes to the bank, makes his deposit, fills out the forms, and awaits the result of a background check before walking out of the bank carrying a brand new
Weatherby Weatherby, Inc. is an American gun manufacturer founded in 1945 by Roy Weatherby. The company is best known for its high-powered magnum cartridges, such as the .257 Weatherby Magnum, .270 Weatherby Magnum, .300 Weatherby Magnum, .340 Weathe ...
hunting rifle. Just before leaving the bank, Moore asks: "Do you think it's a little dangerous handing out guns at a bank?" In Michael Wilson's documentary '' Michael Moore Hates America'', bank employees from the branch at which Moore is handed a free hunting rifle assert that they were misled during filming of the segment. They say that the bank's policy was to conduct background checks on rifle recipients and mail the rifles to a licensed gun dealer, but Moore's agents, under the pretext of "doing a story on unique businesses across America", convinced bank employees to have his rifle presented to him on camera the morning after filming his account opening. Further, they counter that contrary to the film's supposition that the bank kept hundreds of guns on their premises, the gun which was handed to Michael Moore in the film was shipped overnight from a vault in a branch away. Moore denied that this sequence was staged but acknowledged the timing of events was compressed for production reasons. He reminded his readers that North Country Bank is a licensed firearms dealer and, in addition to its Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, ATF license number, he produced out-takes where bank employee Jan Jacobson confirms on camera that rifles are secured locally on bank premises.


"Happiness Is a Warm Gun" montage

About 20 minutes into the film, the The Beatles, Beatles song "Happiness Is a Warm Gun" plays during a Montage sequence, montage in which footage of the following is shown: * People buying guns * Residents of Virgin, Utah, a town that passed a law requiring all residents to own guns * People firing rifles at carnivals and shooting ranges * Denise Ames operating a rifle * Carey McWilliams (marksman), Carey McWilliams, a blind gun enthusiast from Fargo, North Dakota, Fargo, North Dakota * Gary Plauche killing Jeff Doucet, who had kidnapped and sexual abuse, molested Plauche's son * The suicide of R. Budd Dwyer * A 1993 murder where Emilio Nuñez shot and killed his ex-wife Maritza Martin during an interview on the Telemundo program ''Ocurrió Así'' * The suicide of Daniel V. Jones, an AIDS and cancer patient who was protesting health maintenance organizations * A man who takes his shirt off and is shot during a riot


Weapons of mass destruction

Early in the film, Moore links the violent behavior of the Columbine shooters to the presence of a large defense establishment manufacturing rocket technology in Littleton, Colorado, Littleton. It is implied that the presence of this facility within the community, and the acceptance of structural violence, institutionalized violence as a solution to conflict, contributed to the mindset that led to the massacre. Moore conducts an interview with Evan McCollum, Director of Communications at a Lockheed Martin plant near Columbine, and asks him: McCollum responds: After the release of the film, McCollum clarified that the plant no longer produces missiles (the plant manufactured parts for intercontinental ballistic missiles with a nuclear warhead in the mid-1980s), but rockets used for launching satellites: Erik Möller argues that Moore's question was not limited to the Littleton-area Lockheed Martin facility:


"What a Wonderful World" montage

The film cuts to a montage of American foreign policy decisions, with the intent to counter McCollum's statement by citing examples of how the United States has frequently been the aggressor nation. This montage is set to the song "What a Wonderful World", performed by Louis Armstrong. The following is a transcript of the onscreen text in the ''Wonderful World'' segment: # 1953: U.S. Mohammed Mosaddeq#Plot to depose Mosaddeq, overthrows Prime Minister of Iran, Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh of Iran. U.S. installs Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah Pahlavi as absolute monarch. # 1954: U.S. 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état, overthrows democratically elected President of Guatemala, President Jacobo Árbenz of Guatemala Guatemalan Civil War, as part of a conflict that resulted in up to 200,000 civilians killed. # 1963: U.S. backs Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem, assassination of South Vietnamese Leaders of South Vietnam, President Ngo Dinh Diem. # 1963–75: The United States Armed Forces, American military kills 4 million people Vietnam War casualties, during the Vietnam War. # September 11, 1973: U.S. stages 1973 Chilean coup d'état in Chile. Democratically elected President Salvador Allende Death of Salvador Allende, assassinated. Dictator Augusto Pinochet installed. Chile under Pinochet, 3,000 Chileans murdered. # 1977: U.S. backs Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador, military Junta of El Salvador. Salvadoran Civil War, 70,000 Salvadorans and four American nuns killed. # 1980s: U.S. trains Osama bin LadenSee ''Allegations of CIA assistance to Osama bin Laden''. and fellow mujahideen to kill Soviet Union, Soviets. CIA gives them $3 billion. # 1981: Ronald Reagan, Reagan administration Iran–Contra affair, trains and funds the Contras. 30,000 Nicaraguans die. # 1982: U.S. provides billions of dollars in aid to Saddam Hussein for weapons to Iran–Iraq War, kill Iranians. # 1983: The White House secretly gives Iran Iran–Contra affair, weapons to kill Iraqis. # 1989: CIA agent Manuel Noriega (also serving as List of Heads of State of Panama, President of Panama) disobeys orders from Washington, D.C. United States invasion of Panama, U.S. invades Panama and removes Noriega. 3,000 Panamanian civilian casualties. # 1990: Iraq Invasion of Kuwait, invades Kuwait with weapons from U.S. # 1991: Gulf War, U.S. enters Iraq. George H. W. Bush reinstates absolute monarch of Kuwait. # 1998: Bill Clinton, Clinton bombs possible Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory, weapons factory in Sudan. Factory turns out to be making aspirin. # 1991 to 2003: American planes Iraqi no-fly zones, bomb Iraq on a weekly basis. United Nations, U.N. estimates 500,000 Iraqi children die from bombing and sanctions. # 2000–01: U.S. gives Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, Taliban-ruled Afghanistan $245 million in aid. # September 11 attacks, September 11, 2001: Osama bin Laden uses his expert Central Intelligence Agency, CIA training to murder 2,977 people. The montage ends with handheld-camera footage of United Airlines Flight 175 crashing into the South Tower of the World Trade Center (1973–2001), World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, the audio consisting solely of the emotional reactions of the witnesses, recorded by the camera's microphone. On the website accompanying the film, Moore provides additional background information for this section.


Climate of fear

Moore contrasts his portrayal of the U.S. attitude toward guns and violence with the attitude prevailing in areas of Canada where gun ownership is at similar levels to the U.S. He illustrates his thesis by visiting neighborhoods in Canada near the Canada–United States border, Canada–U.S. border, where he finds front doors unlocked and much less concern over crime and security. In regards to the film, Farber states "Moore's thesis, which he later elaborated in ''Fahrenheit 9/11'', is that the fear-mongering that permeates American society contributes to our epidemic of gun violence". Moore shows news stories in Canada which do not follow the "if it bleeds it leads" mentality. This adds to Moore's argument that the media is driving America's fear as well as their need for protection. The cartoon "A Brief History of the United States of America" encompasses Moore's view of where the fear in America started and how it's progressed and changed over the years. In this section, there is a montage of several social pundits stating possible causes for gun violence. Many claim links with violence in television, cinema, and personal computer game, computer games; towards the end of the montage, however, the same people all change their claims to
Marilyn Manson Brian Hugh Warner (born January 5, 1969), known professionally as Marilyn Manson, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, actor, painter, and writer. He is known for his controversial stage personality and image as the lead singer ...

Marilyn Manson
's responsibility. Following this is an interview between Moore and Marilyn Manson. Manson shares his views about the United States' climate with Moore, stating that he believes U.S. society is based on "fear and consumption", citing Colgate-Palmolive, Colgate commercials that promise "if you have bad breath, [people] are not going to talk to you" and other commercials containing fear-based messages. Manson also mentions that the media, under heavy government influence, had asserted that his influence on the acts of Klebold and Harris was far greater than that of President Clinton, who ordered more bombings on Kosovo on April 20, 1999, than any other day during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, NATO campaign against Yugoslavia. When Moore asks Manson what he would say to the students at Columbine High School, Columbine, Manson replies, "I wouldn't say a single word to them; I would listen to what they have to say, and that's what no one did." ''
South Park ''South Park'' is an American animated sitcom An animated sitcom is a subgenre of the sitcom that is animation, animated instead of live action. History Early history ''The Flintstones'', which debuted in 1960, is considered the first exampl ...

South Park
'' co-creator
Matt Stone Matthew Richard Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an American actor, voice actor, animator, writer, producer, and composer. He is known for co-creating '' South Park'' (1997–present) and co-developing '' The Book of Mormon'' (2011) with his creative ...
—who grew up in Littleton—agreed to talk with Moore about his hometown and the shooting in the film. Although he did not feel that Moore mischaracterized him or his statements in the film, he harbored ill feelings about the cartoon "A Brief History of the United States of America". Both Stone and his fellow ''South Park'' creator Trey Parker felt that the cartoon was done in a style very similar to theirs, and its proximity to Stone's interview may have led viewers to believe that they created the cartoon. "It was a good lesson in what Michael Moore does in films. He doesn't necessarily say explicitly this is what it is, but he creates meaning where there is none by cutting things together," Stone remarked in a later interview. As a humorous retort to this, Stone and Parker portrayed Moore as "a gibbering, overweight, hot-dog-eating buffoon" who ultimately commits a suicide bombing against the protagonists in their 2004 film, ''Team America: World Police''.‘Team America’ takes on moviegoers
msnbc.com, October 15, 2004


Statistics

Moore follows up by exploring popular explanations as to why gun violence is so high in the United States. He examines Marilyn Manson as a cause, but states that more German citizens listen to Marilyn Manson (per capita) and that the country has a larger Goth population than the United States, with less gun violence (Germany: 381 incidents per year). He examines violent movies, but notes that other countries have the same violent movies, showing ''The Matrix'' with French subtitles (France: 255 incidents per year). He also examines video games, but observes that many violent video games come from Japan (Japan: 39 incidents per year). He concludes his comparisons by considering the suggestion that the United States' violent history is the cause, but notes the similarly violent histories of Germany, Japan, France, and the United Kingdom (68 incidents per year). Moore ends this segment with gun-related-deaths-per-year statistics of the following countries: * Japan: 39 (0.030/100,000) * Australia: 65 (0.292/100,000) * United Kingdom: 68 (0.109/100,000) * Canada: 165 (0.484/100,000) * France: 255 (0.389/100,000) * Germany: 381 (0.466/100,000) * United States: 11,127 (3.601/100,000) ''The American Prospect'' published a piece by Garance Franke-Ruta criticizing the film for ignoring the role that Local government, municipal governance plays in crime in the United States, and ignoring African American, African-American urban victims of violence while focusing on the unusual events of Columbine. "A decline in murders in New York City alone—from 1,927 in 1993 to 643 in 2001—had, for example, a considerable impact on the declining national rate. Not a lot of those killers or victims were the sort of sports-hunters or militiamen Moore goes out of his way to interview and make fun of."


Kmart refund

Moore takes two Columbine victims, Mark Taylor and Richard Castaldo (along with Brooks Brown, who remains unidentified during the segment), to the headquarters of American superstore Kmart in Troy, Michigan, to claim a refund on the bullets still lodged in their bodies. After a number of attempts to evade the issue, a Kmart spokesperson says that the firm will change its policy and phase out the sale of handgun ammunition; this comes after Moore and the victims go to the nearest Kmart store in Sterling Heights, Michigan, purchase all of their ammunition, and return the next day with several members of the media. "We've won," says Moore, in disbelief. "That was more than we asked for."


Charlton Heston interview

For the final scene of the film, Moore visits
Charlton Heston Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter; October 4, 1923April 5, 2008) was an American actor and political activist. As a Hollywood star, he appeared in almost 100 films over the course of 60 years. He played Moses Moses he, מֹשֶׁה, ...

Charlton Heston
's home and asks to speak to him via the speakerbox in front of his gated home. Heston declines to speak to him at the time, but agrees to look at his schedule for the next day. Moore returns and first shows his NRA card, which Heston expresses pleasure at. They go inside the large property and sit down to discuss American firearm violence. Heston's response includes the suggestions that the United States has a "history of violence" and more "mixed ethnicity" than other countries. He also states that he does not believe that the United States is any more violent than other countries. Moore then asks Heston if he would like to apologize for leading NRA rallies in Flint, Michigan, Flint,
Michigan Michigan () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Michigan
(Moore's hometown) after the Shooting of Kayla Rolland, shooting death of a six-year-old girl at Buell Elementary School and in Littleton after the Columbine shooting. Heston claims he did not know about Kayla's death or how soon the rally was after it. When Moore presses to know if he would have cancelled the rally, he declines to answer and walks out of the interview. Moore implores him not to leave and asks him to look at a picture of Kayla. Heston turns around, but then turns back to continue his exit. Upon his exit, Moore leaves Kayla's picture outside the home. Moore was later criticized by some for his perceived "ambush" of the actor. "I'm uncomfortable watching the scene now, and I’m uncomfortable sitting there with him," Moore told ''Vanity Fair (magazine), Vanity Fairs Katey Rich in 2019. "But I wasn't going to not put it in the film either. He revealed his core beliefs. But I remember feeling kind of sad about it later. Here's a man who 40 years prior to that marched with Martin Luther King Jr., Martin Luther King, and now in his elderly years had just turned into this angry white guy who believed that we should have these laws where it's O.K. to shoot first and ask questions later."


Dedication

The film is dedicated to the memory of three people who all died in gun related circumstances: * John Alberts, a sound designer and mixer for much of Moore's work. He had initially been hired to do the sound work on the film, but killed himself with a gun in January 2001. * Herbert "Sluggo" Cleaves, Jr., the oldest child of two of Moore's closest friends. He was shot in the stomach in a drive-by shooting and died at an area hospital in February 2001. * Laura Wilcox, a victim of handgun violence who was killed in the 2001 Nevada County shootings. Her death led to the implementation of Laura's Law, which allows compulsory treatment of patients with violent psychiatric disorders.


Release


Critical reception

The film earned mostly positive reviews. On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, it holds a 95% approval rating based on 172 reviews, with an average rating of 8.17/10. The consensus states, "Though it may not always convince, ''Bowling for Columbine'' asks important questions and provokes thought." Another score aggregator, Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average rating in the 0–100 range based on reviews from top mainstream critics, calculated a score of 72 based on 32 reviews, signifying 'generally favorable reviews'. Michael Wilmington of the ''Chicago Tribune'' wrote, "It's unnerving, stimulating, likely to provoke anger and sorrow on both political sides—and, above all, it's extremely funny." A.O. Scott of ''The New York Times'' wrote, "The slippery logic, tendentious grandstanding, and outright Demagogy, demagoguery on display in ''Bowling for Columbine'' should be enough to give pause to its most ardent partisans, while its disquieting insights into the culture of violence in America should occasion sober reflection from those who would prefer to stop their ears." However, the film had its negative reviews. Desson Thomson of ''The Washington Post'' thought that the film lacked a coherent message, asking "A lot of this is amusing and somehow telling. There was a parody of this movie called 'Bowling for Midway', a conservative Utah family movie to counter Moore's movie, and this paralleled the Docudrama, 'This Divided State'. But what does it all add up to?"


MPAA rating

The film was rated R by the Motion Picture Association of America, which means that children under the age 17 were not admitted to see the film theatrically unless under supervision. Film critic Roger Ebert chastized the MPAA for this move as "banning teenagers from those films they most need to see". Ebert had criticized the MPAA rating system on previous occasions. The film was noted for "some violent images and language".


Gross revenue

With a budget of $4 million, ''Bowling for Columbine'' grossed $58,008,423 worldwide, including $21,576,018 in the United States. The documentary also broke box office records internationally, becoming the highest-grossing documentary in the United Kingdom, Australia, and Austria. These records were later eclipsed by Moore's next documentary, ''Fahrenheit 9/11''.


Awards and nominations

* 2002 Winner, 55th Anniversary Prize,
2002 Cannes Film Festival The 55th Cannes Film Festival The Cannes Festival (; french: link=no, Festival de Cannes), until 2003 called the International Film Festival (') and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, Fran ...
* 2002 Winner, VPRO IDFA Audience Award, International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam * 2003 Winner, César Awards, César Award for Best Foreign Film, Best Foreign Film * 2003 Winner, International Documentary Association (IDA) - Best Documentary of All Time * 2003 Winner, Academy Award, Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature, Best Documentary Feature During the screening at the
2002 Cannes Film Festival The 55th Cannes Film Festival The Cannes Festival (; french: link=no, Festival de Cannes), until 2003 called the International Film Festival (') and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, Fran ...
the film received a 13-minute standing ovation. It also won "Most Popular International Film" at the 2002 Vancouver International Film Festival. Moore was both applauded and booed at the Academy Awards on March 23, 2003, when he used his acceptance speech as an opportunity to proclaim his opposition to the presidency of George W. Bush and the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, United States-led invasion of Iraq, which had begun just a few days earlier. The film was nominated for the prestigious Grand Prix (Belgian Syndicate of Cinema Critics), Grand Prix of the Belgian Syndicate of Cinema Critics. In 2005, it was voted the third most popular film in the British Channel 4 program ''The 50 Greatest Documentaries'' of all time.


Home media

''Bowling for Columbine'' was released on VHS and DVD by MGM Home Entertainment in 2003. The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray in a digital restoration with supplementary features by the Criterion Collection in June 2018.


References


External links

* * * *
''Bowling for Columbine''
at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
''Bowling for Columbine: By Any Means Necessary''
an essay by Eric Hynes at the Criterion Collection
''Full documentary movie, free for viewing''
at Michael Moore's
''Youtube Channel''
{{DEFAULTSORT:Bowling For Columbine Works about the Columbine High School massacre 2002 films 2002 documentary films American films American documentary films American independent films Ten-pin bowling films English-language films Films directed by Michael Moore Documentary films about American politics Films about school violence United Artists films Best Documentary Feature Academy Award winners Best Foreign Film César Award winners Films with live action and animation Lessin and Deal productions DHX Media films Alliance Atlantis films