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Route map: Google Template:Attached KML/Bowery KML is from Wikidata

The Bowery

Looking north from Houston Street

Former name(s) Bowery
Bowery
Lane (prior to 1807)

Length 1.6 km (1.0 mi)

South end Chatham Square

North end East 4th Street (continues as Cooper Square)

Looking north from Grand Street, circa 1910

The Bowery
Bowery
(/ˈbaʊ.əri/)[1] is a street and neighborhood in the southern portion of the New York City
New York City
borough of Manhattan. The street runs from Chatham Square
Chatham Square
at Park Row, Worth Street, and Mott Street
Mott Street
in the south to Cooper Square
Cooper Square
at 4th Street in the north,[2] while the neighborhood's boundaries are roughly East 4th Street] and the East Village to the north; Canal Street and Chinatown to the south; Allen Street and the Lower East Side
Lower East Side
to the east; and Little Italy to the west.[3] In the 17th century, the road branched off Broadway north of Fort Amsterdam at the tip of Manhattan
Manhattan
to the homestead of Peter Stuyvesant, director-general of New Netherland. The street was known as Bowery
Bowery
Lane prior to 1807.[4] "Bowery" is an anglicization of the Dutch bouwerij, derived from an antiquated Dutch word for "farm": In the 17th century the area contained many large farms.[2] A New York City
New York City
Subway station named Bowery, serving the BMT Nassau Street Line (J, M, and Z​ trains), is located close to the Bowery's intersection with Delancey and Kenmare Streets. There is a tunnel under the Bowery
Bowery
once intended for use by proposed, but never built, New York City
New York City
Subway services, including the Second Avenue Subway.[5][6]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Colonial and Federal periods 1.2 Rise of the area 1.3 Slide from respectability 1.4 Revival

2 Areas

2.1 Bowery
Bowery
Historic District 2.2 Little Saigon

3 Notable places

3.1 Amato Opera 3.2 Bank buildings 3.3 Bowery
Bowery
Ballroom 3.4 Bowery
Bowery
Mural 3.5 Bowery
Bowery
Poetry 3.6 Bowery
Bowery
Theatre 3.7 CBGB 3.8 New Museum

4 Notable people 5 In popular culture 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

The Bowery
Bowery
(unmarked), leading to the "Road to Kings Bridge, where the Rebels mean to make a Stand" in a British map of 1776

Colonial and Federal periods[edit] The Bowery
Bowery
is the oldest thoroughfare on Manhattan
Manhattan
Island, preceding European intervention as a Lenape
Lenape
footpath, which spanned roughly the entire length of the island, from north to south.[7] When the Dutch settled Manhattan
Manhattan
island, they named the path Bouwerij road—"bouwerij" being an old Dutch word for "farm"[8]—because it connected farmlands and estates on the outskirts to the heart of the city in today's Wall Street/ Battery Park
Battery Park
area. In 1654, the Bowery’s first residents settled in the area of Chatham Square; ten freed enslaved men and their wives set up cabins and a cattle farm there. Petrus Stuyvesant, the last Dutch governor of New Amsterdam before the English took control, retired to his Bowery
Bowery
farm in 1667. After his death in 1672, he was buried in his private chapel. His mansion burned down in 1778 and his great-grandson sold the remaining chapel and graveyard, now the site of the Episcopal church of St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery.[9] In her Journal of 1704–05, Sarah Kemble Knight
Sarah Kemble Knight
describes the Bowery as a leisure destination for residents of New York City
New York City
in December:

Their Diversions in the Winter is Riding Sleys about three or four Miles out of Town, where they have Houses of entertainment at a place called Bowery, and some go to friends Houses who handsomely treat them. [...] I believe we mett 50 or 60 slays that day—they fly with great swiftness and some are so furious that they'le turn out of the path for none except a Loaden Cart. Nor do they spare for any diversion the place affords, and sociable to a degree, they'r Tables being as free to their Naybours as to themselves.

By 1766, when John Montresor
John Montresor
made his detailed plan of New York,[10] "Bowry Lane", which took a more north-tending track at the rope walk, was lined for the first few streets with buildings that formed a solid frontage, with market gardens behind them; when Lorenzo Da Ponte, the librettist for Mozart's Don Giovanni, The Marriage of Figaro, and Così fan tutte, immigrated to New York City
New York City
in 1806, he briefly ran one of the shops along the Bowery, a fruit and vegetable store. In 1766, straight lanes led away at right angles to gentlemen's seats, mostly well back from the dusty "Road to Albany and Boston", as it was labeled on Montresor's map; Nicholas Bayard's was planted as an avenue of trees. James Delancey's grand house, flanked by matching outbuildings, stood behind a forecourt facing Bowery
Bowery
Lane; behind it was his parterre garden, ending in an exedra, clearly delineated on the map.

The Bull's Head Tavern
Bull's Head Tavern
in the Bowery, 1801-c.1860

The Bull's Head Tavern
Bull's Head Tavern
was noted for George Washington's having stopped there for refreshment before riding down to the waterfront to witness the departure of British troops in 1783. Leading to the Post Road, the main route to Boston, the Bowery
Bowery
rivaled Broadway as a thoroughfare; as late as 1869, when it had gained the "reputation of cheap trade, without being disreputable" it was still "the second principal street of the city".[11] Rise of the area[edit] As the population of New York City
New York City
continued to grow, its northern boundary continue to move, and by the early 1800s the Bowery
Bowery
was no longer a farming area outside the city. The street gained in respectability and elegance, becoming a broad boulevard, as well-heeled and famous people moved their residences there, including Peter Cooper, the industrialist and philanthropist.[2] The Bowery began to rival Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
as an address.[2] When Lafayette Street
Lafayette Street
was opened parallel to the Bowery
Bowery
in the 1820s, the Bowery Theatre
Bowery Theatre
was founded by rich families on the site of the Red Bull Tavern, which had been purchased by John Jacob Astor; it opened in 1826 and was the largest auditorium in North America
North America
at the time.[2] Across the way the Bowery Amphitheatre was erected in 1833, specializing in the more populist entertainments of equestrian shows and circuses. From stylish beginnings, the tone of Bowery
Bowery
Theatre's offerings matched the slide in the social scale of the Bowery
Bowery
itself.

Berenice Abbott
Berenice Abbott
photograph of a Bowery
Bowery
restaurant in 1935, when the street was lined with flophouses

Slide from respectability[edit] By the time of the Civil War, the mansions and shops had given way to low-brow concert halls, brothels, German beer gardens, pawn shops, and flophouses, like the one at No.15 where the composer Stephen Foster lived in 1864.[12] Theodore Dreiser
Theodore Dreiser
closed his tragedy Sister Carrie, set in the 1890s, with the suicide of one of the main characters in a Bowery
Bowery
flophouse. The Bowery, which marked the eastern border of the slum of "Five Points", had also become the turf of one of America's earliest street gangs, the nativist Bowery
Bowery
Boys. In the spirit of social reform, the first YMCA
YMCA
opened on the Bowery
Bowery
in 1873;[13] another notable religious and social welfare institution established during this period was the Bowery
Bowery
Mission, founded in 1880 at 36 Bowery
Bowery
by Reverend Albert Gleason Ruliffson. The mission has relocated along the Bowery
Bowery
throughout its lifetime. From 1909 to the present, the mission has remained at 227–229 Bowery. By the 1890s, the Bowery
Bowery
was a center for prostitution that rivaled the Tenderloin, also in Manhattan, and for bars catering to gay men and some lesbians at various social levels, from The Slide at 157 Bleecker Street, New York's "worst dive",[14] to Columbia Hall at 5th Street, called Paresis Hall. One investigator in 1899 found six saloons and dance halls, the resorts of "degenerates" and "fairies", on the Bowery
Bowery
alone.[15] Gay
Gay
subculture was more highly visible there and more integrated into working-class male culture than it was to become in the following generations, according to historian George Chauncey.

The Bowery
Bowery
Lodge is one of the last remaining flophouses on the Bowery

From 1878 to 1955 the Third Avenue El
Third Avenue El
ran above the Bowery, further darkening its streets, populated largely by men. "It is filled with employment agencies, cheap clothing and knickknack stores, cheap moving-picture shows, cheap lodging-houses, cheap eating-houses, cheap saloons", writers in The Century Magazine
The Century Magazine
found it in 1919. "Here, too, by the thousands come sailors on shore leave,—notice the 'studios' of the tattoo artists,—and here most in evidence are the 'down and outs'".[16] Prohibition
Prohibition
eliminated the Bowery's numerous saloons: One Mile House, the "stately old tavern... replaced by a cheap saloon"[17] at the southeast corner of Rivington Street, named for the battered milestone across the way,[18] where the politicians of the East Side had made informal arrangements for the city's governance, [19][20] was renovated for retail space in 1921, "obliterating all vestiges of its former appearance", The New York Times reported. Restaurant supply stores were among the businesses that had come to the Bowery,[21] and many remain to this day. Pressure for a new name after World War I came to naught[21] and in the 1920s and 1930s, it was an impoverished area. From the 1940s through the 1970s, the Bowery
Bowery
was New York City's "Skid Row," notable for " Bowery
Bowery
Bums" (disaffiliated alcoholics and homeless persons).[22] Among those who wrote about Bowery
Bowery
personalities was New Yorker staff member Joseph Mitchell (1908–1996). Aside from cheap clothing stores that catered to the derelict and down-and-out population of men, commercial activity along the Bowery
Bowery
became specialized in used restaurant supplies and lighting fixtures.[2] In the 1930s and again in 1947, there were efforts to change the name of the Bowery
Bowery
to something more "dignified and prosaic", such as "Fourth Avenue South".[23] Revival[edit]

Avalon Bowery
Bowery
Place, one of several new luxury developments on the Bowery

85, 83, 81 Bowery
Bowery
(from left to right) in 2010. The first building housed 75 tenants in January 2018

The vagrant population of the Bowery
Bowery
declined after the 1970s, in part because of the city's effort to disperse it.[2] Since the 1990s the entire Lower East Side
Lower East Side
has been reviving. As of July 2005, gentrification is contributing to ongoing change along the Bowery. In particular, the number of high-rise condominiums is growing. In 2006, AvalonBay Communities
AvalonBay Communities
opened its first luxury apartment complex on the Bowery, which included a Whole Foods Market. Avalon Bowery
Bowery
Place was quickly followed with the development of Avalon Bowery
Bowery
Place II in 2007. That same year, the SANAA-designed facility for the New Museum of Contemporary Art opened between Stanton and Prince Street. The new development has not come without social costs. Michael Dominic's 2001 documentary Sunshine Hotel followed the lives of residents of one of the few remaining flophouses. Construction on the Wyndham Garden Hotel at 93 Bowery
Bowery
in the late Aughts, destabilized neighboring building 128 Hester Street (owned by the same man, William Su), and 60 tenants were thrown out of the building with the help of the Department of Buildings.[24] At least 75 tenants were displaced from 83-85 Bowery
Bowery
in January 2018 in frigid temperatures due to long-overdue repairs that needed to be made. Tenants accuse the landlord of using this displacement to start renovating the buildings into a hotel,[25] and they went on a hunger strike.[26] The Bowery
Bowery
from Houston to Delancey Street
Delancey Street
still serves as New York's principal market for restaurant equipment, and from Delancey to Grand for lamps. Areas[edit] Bowery
Bowery
Historic District[edit] In October 2011, a Bowery
Bowery
Historic District was registered with the New York State Register of Historic Places
New York State Register of Historic Places
and, because of that, automatically nominated for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. A grassroots community organization named Bowery Alliance of Neighbors (BAN) in association with the community-based housing organization called the Two Bridges Neighborhood Council led the effort for creation of the historic district. The designation means that property owners will have financial incentives to restore rather than demolish old buildings on the Bowery.[27] BAN was recognized for its preservation efforts with a Village Award[28] from the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation
Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation
in 2013. The historic district runs from Chatham Square
Chatham Square
to Astor Place
Astor Place
on both sides of the Bowery. Little Saigon[edit] New York's "Little Saigon", though not officially designated, exists on the Bowery
Bowery
between Grand Street and Hester Street.[29] New York magazine claims that while this street blends in with neighboring Chinatown, the area is filled with Vietnamese restaurants.[30] Notable places[edit] Amato Opera[edit] Main article: Amato Opera This company, founded in 1948 by Tony Amato and his wife, Sally, found a permanent home at 319 Bowery
Bowery
next to the former CBGB
CBGB
and afforded many young singers the opportunity to hone their craft in full-length productions with a cut-down orchestration. The curtain fell on this well-established NYC opera forum on May 31, 2009, when Tony Amato retired. Bank buildings[edit] The Bowery Savings Bank
Bowery Savings Bank
was chartered in May 1834, when the Bowery
Bowery
was an upscale residential street, and grew with the rising prosperity of the city. Its 1893 headquarters building remains a Bowery
Bowery
landmark, as does the 1920s domed Citizens Savings Bank.[31] Bowery
Bowery
Ballroom[edit] Main article: Bowery
Bowery
Ballroom The Bowery Ballroom
Bowery Ballroom
is a music venue. The structure, at 6 Delancey Street, was built just before the Stock Market Crash of 1929. It stood vacant until the end of World War II, when it became a high-end retail store. The neighborhood subsequently went into decline again, and so did the caliber of businesses occupying the space.[32] In 1997 it was converted into a music venue. It has a capacity of 550 people.[33] Directly in front of the venue's entrance is the Bowery
Bowery
Station (J, M, and Z​ trains) of the New York City
New York City
Subway. The club serves as the namesake of at least one recording: Joan Baez's Bowery
Bowery
Songs album, recorded live at a concert at the Bowery
Bowery
Ballroom in November 2004. Bowery
Bowery
Mural[edit]

Barry McGee
Barry McGee
mural

The Bowery
Bowery
Mural is an outdoor exhibition space located on the corner of Houston Street
Houston Street
and the Bowery, on a wall owned by Goldman Properties since 1984. Real estate developer Tony Goldman began the project with Jeffery Deitch and Deitch Projects in 2008. Goldman’s goal was to use this wall to present the top contemporary artists from around the world, with an emphasis on artists who work on the streets. Seasonal murals have appeared on the wall curated and organized in collaboration with The Hole, NYC, an art gallery in SoHo run by former Deitch Projects directors Kathy Grayson and Meghan Coleman. The mural series was initiated from March to December 2008 with a tribute to Keith Haring’s noted 1982 Bowery
Bowery
mural. This was followed by a mural by the Brazilian twin-brother duo Os Gêmeos, which they dedicated to artist Dash Snow, who had recently died from a drug overdose; this was presented from July 2009 to March 2010. The next mural, by Shepard Fairey, was on exhibit from April through August 2010, and was followed by a mural by Barry McGee
Barry McGee
which celebrated the role of graffiti tagging in the history of New York City
New York City
street art; it was on display from August to November 2010. This was followed by a tribute to Dash Snow
Dash Snow
by Irak, which ran from November 24–26, 2010.[34] Other artists to have murals presented include the twins How & Nosm (2012), Crash (2013), Martha Cooper
Martha Cooper
(2013), Revok and POSE (2013), Swoon (2014), and Maya Hayuk
Maya Hayuk
(whose mural was tag-bombed several times shortly after its completion in 2014).[35][36] Bowery
Bowery
Poetry[edit]

Bowery Poetry Club
Bowery Poetry Club
(2006)

Main article: Bowery
Bowery
Poetry Club Bowery
Bowery
Poetry is a performance space at Bowery
Bowery
and Bleecker Street. It was founded in 2001 as Bowery Poetry Club
Bowery Poetry Club
(BPC), and provided a home base for established and upcoming artists. It was founded by Bob Holman, owner of the building and former Nuyorican Poets Café
Nuyorican Poets Café
Poetry Slam MC (1988–1996). The BPC featured regular shows by Amiri Baraka, Anne Waldman, Taylor Mead, Taylor Mali, along with open mic, gay poets, a weekly poetry slam, and an Emily Dickinson
Emily Dickinson
Marathon, amongst other events. The club closed in 2012 and reopened in 2013 as a shared performance space under the name " Bowery
Bowery
Poetry". Bowery
Bowery
Arts + Science presents poetry, and Duane Park presents alternative burlesque in this space.[37] Bowery
Bowery
Theatre[edit] Main article: Bowery
Bowery
Theatre The Bowery Theatre
Bowery Theatre
was a 19th-century playhouse at 46 Bowery. It was founded in the 1820s by rich families to compete with the upscale Park Theatre. By the 1850s, the theatre came to cater to immigrant groups such as the Irish, Germans, and Chinese. It burned down four times in 17 years, and a fire in 1929 destroyed it for good. CBGB[edit] Main article: CBGB CBGB, a club that was opened to play country, bluegrass & blues (as the name CBGB
CBGB
stands for), began to book Television, Patti Smith, and the Ramones
Ramones
as house bands in the mid-1970s. This spawned a full-blown scene of new bands (Talking Heads, Blondie, edgy R&B-influenced Mink DeVille, rockabilly revivalist Robert Gordon, and others) performing mostly original material in a mostly raw and often loud and fast attack. The label of punk rock was applied to the scene even if not all the bands that made their early reputations at the club were punk rockers, strictly speaking, but CBGB
CBGB
became known as the American cradle of punk rock. CBGB
CBGB
closed on October 31, 2006, after a long battle by club owner Hilly Kristal
Hilly Kristal
to extend its lease. The space is now a John Varvatos
John Varvatos
boutique. New Museum[edit] Main article: New Museum In December 2007, the New Museum
New Museum
opened the doors of its new location at 235 Bowery, at Prince Street, continuing its focus of exhibiting international and women artists and artists of color. This new facility, designed by the Tokyo-based firm Sejima + Nishizawa/SANAA and the New York-based firm Gensler, has greatly expanded the Museum’s exhibitions and space. In March 2008, the museum's new building was named one of the architectural seven wonders by Conde Nast Traveler.[38] The museum has an ongoing Bowery
Bowery
Project honoring artists who lived on the Bowery
Bowery
with taped interviews and archived records.[39] Notable people[edit]

Béla Bartók
Béla Bartók
lived in 350 Bowery
Bowery
at the corner of Great Jones Street during the 1940s. William S. Burroughs
William S. Burroughs
kept an apartment at the former YMCA
YMCA
building at 222 Bowery, known as the Bunker, from 1974 until he moved to Lawrence, Kansas, in 1981. Jim Gaffigan
Jim Gaffigan
lives with his wife and five children in a five-story walk-up apartment on the Bowery. Michael Goldberg lived at 222 Bowery. Eva Hesse
Eva Hesse
lived in her studio at 134 Bowery. Owen Kildare
Owen Kildare
(1864-1911) American writer whose short stories and novels described the grim realities of life in a New York slum, known as "the Mr. Bounderby of American Letters"[40] and "the Kipling of the Bowery".[41] Abstract painter Ronnie Landfield
Ronnie Landfield
lived at 94 Bowery. Doorman-to-the-stars Haoui Montaug lived at the corner of Bowery
Bowery
and East 2nd Street. He committed suicide in his apartment after inviting twenty guests for the occasion.[42][43] A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, lived on Bowery
Bowery
when the Hare Krishna Movement began in America in 1966. Joey Ramone
Joey Ramone
resided in the area, and in 2003 a part of 2nd Street near the intersection of Bowery
Bowery
and 2nd Street was renamed Joey Ramone Place.[44][45] Terry Richardson
Terry Richardson
lives in his studio on Bowery
Bowery
south of Houston Street. Mark Rothko, the Abstract Expressionist
Abstract Expressionist
painter, had a studio at 222 Bowery. Cy Twombly
Cy Twombly
lived on the third floor of 356 Bowery
Bowery
during the 1960s. Tom Wesselman
Tom Wesselman
had a studio on Bowery
Bowery
in the building now adjacent to the New Museum. Peter Young lived at 94 Bowery

In popular culture[edit]

Steve Brodie's bar at 114 Bowery

Sheet Music to The Bowery, 1892

Literature

Bowery
Bowery
is the setting for Stephen Crane's first novel, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets (published in 1893), about a poor family living in the neighborhood. New York School poet Ted Berrigan mentions the Bowery
Bowery
several times in his seminal work "The Sonnets". In Jack Kirby
Jack Kirby
and Stan Lee's Fantastic Four
Fantastic Four
#4 (1962), the Human Torch flees to the Bowery
Bowery
to lose himself "among all the other human derelicts..." In one of the Bowery's flophouses, he discovers the amnesiac 1940s-era character Namor the Sub-Mariner.[46] The Wild Cards series of books sets the Bowery
Bowery
as Jokertown, the place where the malformed go to live after the Wild Card Virus is released over New York. Brenda Coultas' 2003 book of poetry, A Handmade Museum, contains a section called "the Bowery
Bowery
Project" which documents the pre-gentrification process.

Music

Over the years, the Bowery
Bowery
has been mentioned in the lyrics of a number of songs, including the Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
song "Bob Dylan's 115th Dream", from the album Bringing It All Back Home
Bringing It All Back Home
(1965): "I walked by a Guernsey cow / Who directed me down / To the Bowery
Bowery
slums / Where people carried signs around / Saying, 'Ban the bums.'" Exuma, Bahamian folk singer and then resident of New York City
New York City
has a song called "The Bowery" in his 1971 album Doo Wah Nanny. It describes the place as a "skid row". The street has also been mentioned in songs by Broken Bells, They Might Be Giants, Willie Nile, Jim Croce, Regina Spektor, Dire Straits, Bill Callahan, Saint Etienne the Vancouver Twee pop band cub, Sonic Youth, Two Gallants, Steve Earle, Beastie Boys, Paul McDermott, Billy Joel, The Decemberists, Tom Waits, Ryan Adams, The Clash, the Ramones, Jesse Malin
Jesse Malin
and The Foetus All-Nude Revue, The Lumineers, Earlimart, Deerhunter, Local Natives, Smog, Blood Orange, The Antlers, Lady Gaga, Kygo
Kygo
among others. Bowery
Bowery
is mentioned as a place where love and gin can be found in the lyrics of Stephin Merritt's song "Love is Like a Bottle of Gin" from the album 69 Love Songs. Rock band Bowery
Bowery
Electric's name was originated by Lawrence Chandler while residing in the area.

Stage

The phrase "On the Bowery", which has since fallen into disuse, was a generic way to say one was down-and-out. It originated in the song "The Bowery" from the 1891 musical A Trip to Chinatown,[47] which included the chorus "The Bow’ry, The Bow’ry! / They say such things, / and they do strange things / on the Bow’ry"[48] On the Bowery, an 1894 play starring Steve Brodie, supposed Brooklyn Bridge jumper and Bowery
Bowery
saloonkeeper. In Disney's "Newsies", the showgirls featured in the song, "I Never Planned On You/ Don't Come A-Knocking" are called the Bowery
Bowery
Beauties.

Film and TV

The 1925 film Little Annie Rooney takes place in the Bowery. The Bowery, a 1933 film about Brodie. The Bowery
Bowery
is portrayed in the 1934 Krazy Kat
Krazy Kat
cartoon Bowery
Bowery
Daze. A popular B-movie series made between 1946 and 1958 featured "The Bowery
Bowery
Boys", led by Slip (Leo Gorcey) and Satch (Huntz Hall). The 1949 cartoon " Bowery
Bowery
Bugs" tells a fictionalized version of the Steve Brodie story, with Bugs Bunny
Bugs Bunny
as Brody's tormenter. On the Bowery, Lionel Rogosin's 1956 film, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary. In the 2002 film Gangs of New York, Bowery
Bowery
is a mentioned territory of the Bowery
Bowery
Boys, a street gang of the late 19th century during the New York Draft Riots.

Art

The Bowery
Bowery
in Two Inadequate Descriptive Systems, a collection of photographs and poems by Martha Rosler.[49] "Come Closer: Art Around the Bowery, 1969–1989", "Drawing upon the New Museum’s Bowery
Bowery
Artist Tribute archive and the online archive of Marc H. Miller, 98bowery.com, this exhibition features original artwork, ephemera, and performance documentation by over fifteen artists who lived and worked on or near [the] Bowery
Bowery
in New York."[50]

Advertising

In the 1960s, radio and television commercials for the Bowery
Bowery
Savings Bank featured a jingle with the lyrics "The Bowery, The Bowery
Bowery
/ The Bowery
Bowery
pays a lot / The Bowery
Bowery
pays you 6% / Commercial banks in New York simply do not." The number changed according to the amount of interest available on a passbook savings account offered by the bank.

Wrestling

Professional wrestler Raven is billed as being from the Bowery
Bowery
despite being born in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and residing in Atlanta.[51]

See also[edit]

Bowery
Bowery
Mission Bowery
Bowery
Theatre Skid Row
Skid Row
Cancer Study

References[edit] Notes

^ Bowery
Bowery
at dictionary.com ^ a b c d e f g Jackson, Kenneth L. "Bowery" in Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010), The Encyclopedia of New York City
New York City
(2nd ed.), New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2 , p.148 ^ citidex.com 2006; Fodor's 1991 ^ Brown, 1922 ^ "Second Avenue Subway: Completed Portions, 1970s". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ " Manhattan
Manhattan
East Side Transit Alternatives (MESA)/Second Avenue Subway Summary Report" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ Sanderson, Eric W. Mannahatta: A Natural History of New york City, 2009, p. 107, illus. " Lenape
Lenape
sites and trails", and Ch. 4 "The Lenape", passim. ^ In modern Dutch, boerderij ^ Fodor's 2004 ^ The relevant section is illustrated in Sanderson 2009, p. 41, bottom. ^ Smith, Matthew Hale. Sunshine and Shadow in New York, 1869, p.214. ^ Moscow, Henry (1978), The Street Book: An Encyclopedia of Manhattan's Street Names and Their Origins, New York: Hagstrom, ISBN 0823212750 ; A highly colored and disapproving panorama of the dissolute and lively Bowery
Bowery
on a Sunday is offered by Smith 1869, pp. 214–18. ^ Levinson, David ed. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Homelessness, s.v. "Bowery, The". ^ Chauncey, George (1994) Gay
Gay
New York: Gender, Urban Culture and the Making of the Gay
Gay
Male World, 1890–1940. New York: Basic Books. p.37 ISBN 0465026214 ^ Chauncey 1994:33. ^ Frank, Mary and Carr, John Foster, "Exploring a neighborhood", The Century Magazine 98 (July 1919:378). ^ Frank and Carr 1919:378; the old tavern had been the scene of at least one violent murder, in 1862 ("The Murder in the Bowery", New York Times, 4 November 1862 accessed March 14, 2010. ^ The stone marked a mile from City Hall; it was still in evidence in 1909 (Frank Bergen Kelly, Historical Guide to the City of New York (City History Club of New York), 1909:97. ^ " Bowery
Bowery
Landmark in $170,000 Lease". The New York Times. April 1, 1921. p. 32. Retrieved March 14, 2010.  ^ One Mile House by Glenn O. Coleman, 1928 (Whitney Museum of American Art) epitomizes the scene. A ghostly painted sign on the side of the building still advertises One Mile House. ^ a b "Business Changes Along Bowery". The New York Times. December 11, 1921. p. 125. Retrieved July 11, 2010.  Today, the gentrified designation "Cooper Square" extends down the Bowery
Bowery
as far as 4th Street. ^ Giamo, Benedict, On the Bowery: confronting homelessness in American Society (University of Iowa Press) 1989. ^ Staff (November 21, 1947). "Proposal to Rename Bowery
Bowery
Heard Again; Something Dignified and Prosaic Wanted". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-02-15.  ^ Shapiro, Julie. "60 tenants thrown out as Chinatown tenement is shut". 22.14. Downtown Express.  ^ Staff (January 18, 2018) "Breaking: DOB Evacuates Embattled Betesh Tenants from 85 Bowery" Bowery
Bowery
Boogie ^ Cook, Lauren (February 10, 2018). "Displaced Bowery
Bowery
tenants continue hunger strike outside HPD". am New York. Retrieved February 15, 2018.  ^ Clark, Roger (October 25, 2011). " Bowery
Bowery
Lands Spot On State Historic Registry". NY1.com. Archived from the original on April 3, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2011.  ^ " Bowery
Bowery
Alliance of Neighbors: 2013 Village Award
Village Award
Winner". GVSHP.org. Retrieved 29 May 2015.  ^ "Tiny Little Saigon
Little Saigon
in New York".  ^ "Bánh Mì Saigon Bakery".  ^ "New Bank Building; Citizens Savings Bank to Erect Monumental Structure on Bowery". The New York Times. July 2, 1922. p. 84. Retrieved July 11, 2010.  ^ "History of the Bowery
Bowery
Ballroom", Bowery Ballroom
Bowery Ballroom
website (archived 2007) ^ Carlson, Jen (August 14, 2007). "New Venue Alert: Terminal 5". Gothamist. Archived from the original on February 10, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2010.  ^ "Houston Bowery
Bowery
Wall" on the Goldman Properties website ^ "Bombed Again at the Houston/ Bowery
Bowery
Mural Wall" on the EV Grieve website ^ " Bowery
Bowery
Houston Mural" on the Arrested Motion website ^ " Bowery
Bowery
Poetry". www.boweryartsandscience.org. Retrieved 2016-08-05.  ^ Associated Press (March 30, 2008). "Structures Considered Most Amazing in World". The News Leader. Retrieved March 30, 2008. [dead link] ^ " New Museum
New Museum
- Digital Archive". www.boweryartisttribute.org. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ "Commentary". The New York Times. August 13, 1904. Retrieved March 5, 2015.  ^ "Kildare, Writer, Dead of Paresis: "The Kipling of the Bowery" Passes Away at the State Hospital on Ward's Island". The New York Times. February 7, 1911. Retrieved March 5, 2015.  ^ Lynn Yaeger. "All Sold Out at CBGB". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013.  ^ New York Media, LLC (13 January 1997). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC. pp. 29–. ISSN 0028-7369. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ "He Had the Beat — and Now Has a Street". The Washington Post. December 7, 2003. Retrieved August 2, 2007. Now there is Joey Ramone Place.... The sign bearing Ramone's name recently went up on the corner of 2nd Street and Bowery, near CBGB, the group's musical home.  ^ Gamboa, Glen (August 10, 2005). "The Fold: Battle over punk birthplace: Rock & rent". Newsday. Retrieved August 2, 2007. Reminders of the bands who have passed through CBGB
CBGB
remain all around the club, from the corner of Bowery
Bowery
and 2nd Street—now renamed Joey Ramone Place—to the countless band names scrawled on the bathroom walls.  ^ Fantastic Four
Fantastic Four
#4 (1962). ^ On the Bowery, Steve Zeitlin and Marci Reaven, New York Folklore Society's journal Voices, Vol. 29, Fall-Winter, 2003. ^ Information about the musical (Archived 2009-10-23)[unreliable source?] ^ "The Bowery
Bowery
in Two Inadequate Descriptive Systems". The Bowery
Bowery
in Two Inadequate Descriptive Systems. The New Museum.  ^ "Come Closer: Art Around the Bowery, 1969–1989". Come Closer: Art Around the Bowery, 1969–1989. The New Museum.  ^ "Raven". WWE.com. WWE. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 

Sources

Fodor's flashmaps New York, 1991 Fodor's See It New York City, 2004, ISBN 1-4000-1387-9 Valentine's Manual of Old New York / No. 7, Ed. Henry Collins Brown, Pub. Valentine's Manual Inc. 1922

Further reading

Bowery
Bowery
by Forgotten NY—images, descriptions, and history East Village History Project Bowery
Bowery
research—in-depth, lot by lot research

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bowery.

Bowery, from the Little Italy Neighbors Association—stories, photos, etc. Bowery
Bowery
Storefronts—photographs of Bowery
Bowery
stores and buildings. Bowery
Bowery
documentary

Historic district

Map of Bowery
Bowery
Historic District Bowery
Bowery
Historic District nomination, National Register of Historic Places

Organizations

Bowery
Bowery
Alliance, a grassroots organization Bowery
Bowery
Artist Tribute Lower East Side
Lower East Side
Preservation Initiative

v t e

Streets of Manhattan

Commissioners' Plan of 1811 List of eponymous streets in New York City

North–South

East Side

FDR Dr Ave D Ave C (Loisaida Ave) Ave B / East End Ave Ave A / York Ave / Sutton Pl / Pleasant Ave Asser Levy Pl / Beekman Pl 1st Ave 2nd Ave Shevchenko Pl 3rd Ave Irving Pl / Lexington Ave Park Ave

Tunnel Viaduct 4th Ave / Park Ave S

Broadway Vanderbilt Ave Madison Ave 5th Ave / Museum Mile

West Side

5th Ave / Museum Mile Rockefeller Plz 6th Ave / Ave of the Americas / Lenox Ave / Malcolm X Blvd / East Dr 6½ Ave Center Dr 7th Ave / Fashion Ave / Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Blvd / West Dr / Shubert Alley 8th Ave / Central Park W / Douglas Blvd 9th Ave / Columbus Ave / Morningside Dr Dyer Ave / Lincoln Tunnel
Tunnel
Expwy 10th Ave / Amsterdam Ave Broadway Hudson Blvd 11th Ave / West End Ave Riverside Dr 12th Ave 13th Ave Audubon Ave St. Nicholas Ave / Duarte Blvd Claremont Ave Ft. Washington Ave Cabrini Blvd Sylvan Pl

Lower East Side

Allen / Pike Baxter / Centre Market Pl Bowery Centre Division Chrystie Coenties Slip Eldridge Street Elizabeth Essex Forsyth Lafayette Doyers Rivington Ludlow Mott Mulberry Orchard Park Row Spring University Pl

Lower West Side

Church / Trinity Pl Greenwich Hudson Jones Macdougal Patchin Pl Sullivan Gay Thompson Varick Washington W Broadway / LaGuardia Pl Weehawken West Bank

East–West

Downtown

Roosevelt Chambers E Broadway Henry Madison Cherry Worth N Moore Beach Broome Canal Hester Grand Delancey Stanton Houston Vandam 1st–14th

Bleecker Bond Great Jones 4th Waverly Pl / Washington Square N Astor Pl / Washington Mews / Stuyvesant / Macdougal Aly 8th / St. Mark's Pl / Greenwich Ave Christopher Charles 14th

Midtown

15th–59th

23rd 34th 42nd 45th / George Abbott Way 47th 50th 51st 52nd / Swing Alley / St of Jazz 53rd 54th 55th 57th 59th / Central Park S

Uptown

60th–215th

66th / Peter Jennings Way 72nd 74th 79th 85th 86th 89th 93rd 95th 96th 110th / Cathedral Pkwy / Central Park N 112th 116th 120th 122nd / Mother Hale Way / Seminary Row 125th / Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd 130th / Astor Row 132nd 135th 139th / Strivers' Row 145th 155th 181st 187th Bogardus Pl Dyckman Plaza Lafayette

Intersections

Circles

Columbus Duke Ellington Frederick Douglass

Squares

Chatham Cooper Duarte Duffy Foley Gramercy Grand Army Hanover Herald Hudson Jackson Lincoln Madison Mulry Pershing Petrosino Sherman Stuyvesant Times Tompkins Union Verdi Washington Zuccotti

Financial District

Nassau Gold William Broad South Whitehall Bridge Brewers / Stone State Pearl Marketfield Wall Albany Liberty Cortlandt Maiden Dey Fulton Vesey / Ann Theatre Alley

Italics indicate streets no longer in existence. All entries are streets unless otherwise noted See also: Manhattan
Manhattan
address algorithm

v t e

Neighborhoods in the New York City
New York City
borough of Manhattan

Lower Manhattan below 14th St (CB 1, 2, 3)

Alphabet City Battery Park
Battery Park
City Bowery Chinatown Civic Center Cooperative Village East Village Essex Crossing Financial District Five Points Greenwich Village Hudson Square Little Fuzhou Little Germany Little Italy Little Syria Lower East Side Meatpacking District NoHo Nolita Radio Row SoHo South Street Seaport South Village Tribeca Two Bridges West Village World Trade Center

Midtown (CB 5)

Columbus Circle Diamond District Flatiron District Garment District Herald Square Koreatown Madison Square NoMad Silicon Alley Theater District Times Square

West Side (CB 4, 7)

Chelsea Hell's Kitchen Hudson Yards Lincoln Square Little Spain Manhattan
Manhattan
Valley Manhattantown Penn South Pomander Walk Riverside South Tenderloin Upper West Side

East Side (CB 6, 8)

Carnegie Hill Gashouse District Gramercy Park Kips Bay Lenox Hill Murray Hill Peter Cooper
Peter Cooper
Village Rose Hill Stuyvesant Square Stuyvesant Town Sutton Place Tudor City Turtle Bay Union Square Upper East Side Waterside Plaza Yorkville

Upper Manhattan above 110th St (CB 9, 10, 11, 12)

Astor Row East Harlem Hamilton Heights Harlem Hudson Heights Inwood Le Petit Senegal Manhattanville Marble Hill (Bx CB 8) Marcus Garvey Park Morningside Heights Sugar Hill Sylvan Washington Heights

Islands

Ellis Island
Ellis Island
(CB 1) Governors Island
Governors Island
(CB 1) Liberty Island
Liberty Island
(CB 1) Randalls Island (CB 11) Roosevelt Island
Roosevelt Island
(CB 8) Wards Island (CB 11)

Former

Seneca Village

Community boards: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

.