BOWELLISM is a modern style of architecture heavily associated with
Richard Rogers .
The premise is that the services for the building, such as ducts,
sewage pipes and lifts , are located on the exterior to maximise space
in the interior. The style originated with Michael Webb\'s 1957
student project for a Furniture Manufacturers Association building in
High Wycombe . Webb coined the term in response to a comment on his
design by Sir
Nikolaus Pevsner in a 1961 lecture, in which he recalled
hearing the words: "within the schools there are some disturbing
trends; I saw the other day a design for a building that looked like a
series of stomachs sitting on a plate. Or bowels , connected by bits
of bristle". Thus this inside-out style was termed 'Bowellism'
because of how it recalled the way the human body works.
Richard Rogers and
Renzo Piano continued the style with the design of
Pompidou Centre in Paris, described as a "vast exercise in
Bowellism", so the floor space of the interior could be maximised to
fully appreciate the exhibitions.
Pompidou Centre in Paris (1977) by Rogers and Renzo Piano.
* The Lloyd\'s building in London (1978) also by Rogers.
Pompidou Centre, Paris
Lloyd's building, London
Rotterdam Library, Rotterdam
* ^ Geoffrey Howard Baker, _The
Architecture of James Stirling and
His Partners James Gowan and Michael Wilford: A Study of Architectural
Creativity in the Twentieth Century_, Farnham, Surrey / Burlington,
Vermont: Ashgate, 2011, ISBN 9781409409267 , p. 158.
* ^ _Radical Post-Modernism_, ed. Charles Jencks, FAT ,
Architectural Design 81.5, _Profile_ 213, Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley,
2011, ISBN 978-0-470-66988-4 , p. 107.
* ^ Simon Sadler, _Archigram:
Architecture Without Architecture_,
Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT, 2005, p. 23, 1.11, 1.12 caption,
calling bowellism a "micromovement".
* ^ Samantha Hardingham and David Greene, _The disreputable
projects of David Greene_, Architectural Association Publications
OCLC 811429228 , pdf Archived December 17, 2013, at the
Wayback Machine . p. 44.
* ^ Jonathan Richards, _Facadism_, London: Routledge, 1994, ISBN
9780415083164 , p. 60.
* ^ Richard Rogers, Architects, From Here to Modernity, archived at
Wayback Machine , 15 March 2004.
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