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The Info List - Bovinae


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(i) (i) (i)

Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini

The biological subfamily BOVINAE includes a diverse group of 10 genera of medium to large-sized ungulates , including domestic cattle , bison , African buffalo
African buffalo
, the water buffalo , the yak , and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes . The evolutionary relationship between the members of the group is still debated, and their classification into loose tribes rather than formal subgroups reflects this uncertainty. General characteristics include cloven hoofs and usually at least one of the sexes of a species having true horns . The largest extant bovine is the gaur .

In most countries, bovids are used for food. Cattle
Cattle
are eaten almost everywhere except in parts of India
India
and Nepal
Nepal
where they are considered sacred by most Hindus .

CONTENTS

* 1 Systematics and classification * 2 Etymology * 3 References * 4 External links

SYSTEMATICS AND CLASSIFICATION

Bovine skull. Bovine skull.

* FAMILY BOVIDAE

* SUBFAMILY BOVINAE

* TRIBE BOSELAPHINI

* Genus Tetracerus

* Four-horned antelope , Tetracerus quadricornis

* T.q. quadricornis * T.q. iodes * T.q. subquadricornis

* Genus Boselaphus

* Nilgai or blue bull, Boselaphus tragocamelus (not to be confused with the extinct bluebuck Hippotragus leucophaeus, Hippotraginae )

* B.t. tragocamelus (Indian nilgai)

* TRIBE BOVINI

* Genus Bubalus

* Species Water buffalo, Bubalus arnee

* Wild Asian water buffalo , Bubalus arnee arnee * Domestic Swamp buffalo , Bubalus arnee carabanesis * Domestic River buffalo , Bubalus arnee bubalis

* Lowland anoa , Bubalus depressicornis * Mountain anoa , Bubalus quarlesi * Tamaraw , Bubalus mindorensis * Cebu tamaraw†, Bubalus cebuensis (extinct)

* Genus Bos
Bos

* Species Aurochs , Bos
Bos
primigenius

* Eurasian Aurochs†, Bos
Bos
primigenius primigenius (extinct) * Indian Aurochs†, Bos
Bos
primigenius namadicus (extinct) * North African Aurochs†, Bos
Bos
primigenius africanus (extinct)

* Banteng , Bos
Bos
javanicus * Gaur , Bos
Bos
gaurus * Gayal , Bos
Bos
frontalis (domestic gaur) * Yak
Yak
, Bos
Bos
grunniens * Wild yak , Bos
Bos
mutus * Bos
Bos
palaesondaicus †, (extinct)

* Kouprey , Bos
Bos
sauveli

* Domestic cattle , Bos
Bos
taurus

* Taurine cattle , Bos
Bos
taurus taurus * Zebu , Bos
Bos
taurus indicus

* Kouprey , Bos
Bos
sauveli

* Genus Pseudoryx

* Saola , Pseudoryx nghetinhensis

* Genus Syncerus

* African buffalo
African buffalo
, Syncerus caffer

* Genus Bison

* American bison
American bison
, Bison bison * Wisent
Wisent
, Bison bonasus * Bison palaeosinensis †, (extinct) * Steppe wisent †, Bison priscus (extinct) * Ancient bison †, Bison antiquus (extinct) * Long-horned bison †, Bison latifrons (extinct)

* Genus Pelorovis
Pelorovis
† (extinct)

* Giant buffalo†, Pelorovis
Pelorovis
antiquus (extinct)

* TRIBE STREPSICEROTINI

* Genus Tragelaphus (antelope -like)

* Bongo , Tragelaphus eurycerus * Greater kudu , Tragelaphus strepsiceros * Kéwel , Tragelaphus scriptus * Imbabala , Tragelaphus sylvaticus * Lesser kudu , Tragelaphus imberbis * Mountain nyala , Tragelaphus buxtoni * Nyala , Tragelaphus angasii * Sitatunga , Tragelaphus spekeii

* Genus Taurotragus

* Common eland , Taurotragus oryx * Giant eland , Taurotragus derbianus

ETYMOLOGY

Bovine is derived from Latin
Latin
bos, "ox", through Late Latin
Latin
bovinus. Bos
Bos
comes from the Indo-European root *gwous, meaning ox.

REFERENCES

* International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (2003) Opinion 2027 (Case 3010). Usage of 17 specific names based on wild species which are pre-dated by or contemporary with those based on domestic animals (Lepidoptera, Osteichthyes, Mammalia): conserved. Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 60:81–84.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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