HOME
The Info List - Bovinae



--- Advertisement ---


Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini

The biological subfamily BOVINAE includes a diverse group of 10 genera of medium to large-sized ungulates , including domestic cattle , bison , African buffalo , the water buffalo , the yak , and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes . The evolutionary relationship between the members of the group is still debated, and their classification into loose tribes rather than formal subgroups reflects this uncertainty. General characteristics include cloven hoofs and usually at least one of the sexes of a species having true horns . The largest extant bovine is the gaur .

In most countries, bovids are used for food. Cattle are eaten almost everywhere except in parts of India and Nepal where they are considered sacred by most Hindus .

CONTENTS

* 1 Systematics and classification * 2 Etymology * 3 References * 4 External links

SYSTEMATICS AND CLASSIFICATION

_ Bovine skull. Bovine skull.

* FAMILY BOVIDAE

* SUBFAMILY BOVINAE

* TRIBE BOSELAPHINI

* Genus Tetracerus _

* Four-horned antelope , _Tetracerus quadricornis_

* _T.q. quadricornis_ * _T.q. iodes_ * _T.q. subquadricornis_

* Genus _Boselaphus _

* Nilgai or blue bull, _Boselaphus tragocamelus_ (not to be confused with the extinct bluebuck _ Hippotragus leucophaeus_, Hippotraginae )

* _B.t. tragocamelus_ (Indian nilgai)

* TRIBE BOVINI

* Genus _ Bubalus _

* Species Water buffalo, _ Bubalus arnee_

* Wild Asian water buffalo , _ Bubalus arnee arnee_ * Domestic Swamp buffalo , _ Bubalus arnee carabanesis_ * Domestic River buffalo , _ Bubalus arnee bubalis_

* Lowland anoa , _ Bubalus depressicornis_ * Mountain anoa , _ Bubalus quarlesi_ * Tamaraw , _ Bubalus mindorensis_ * Cebu tamaraw†, _ Bubalus cebuensis _ (extinct)

* Genus _ Bos _

* Species Aurochs , _ Bos primigenius_

* Eurasian Aurochs†, _ Bos primigenius_ _primigenius_ (extinct) * Indian Aurochs†, _ Bos primigenius_ _namadicus_ (extinct) * North African Aurochs†, _ Bos primigenius_ _africanus_ (extinct)

* Banteng , _ Bos javanicus_ * Gaur , _ Bos gaurus_ * Gayal , _ Bos frontalis_ (domestic gaur) * Yak , _ Bos grunniens_ * Wild yak , _ Bos mutus_ * _ Bos palaesondaicus _†, (extinct)

* Kouprey , _ Bos sauveli_

* Domestic cattle , _ Bos taurus_

* Taurine cattle , _ Bos taurus taurus_ * Zebu , _ Bos taurus indicus_

* Kouprey , _ Bos sauveli_

* Genus _Pseudoryx_

* Saola , _Pseudoryx nghetinhensis_

* Genus _Syncerus_

* African buffalo , _Syncerus caffer_

* Genus _ Bison _

* American bison , _ Bison bison_ * Wisent , _ Bison bonasus_ * _ Bison palaeosinensis _†, (extinct) * Steppe wisent †, _ Bison priscus_ (extinct) * Ancient bison †, _ Bison antiquus_ (extinct) * Long-horned bison †, _ Bison latifrons_ (extinct)

* Genus _ Pelorovis _† (extinct)

* Giant buffalo†, _ Pelorovis antiquus_ (extinct)

* TRIBE STREPSICEROTINI

* Genus _ Trage