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BOVEY TRACEY (/ˌbʌvi ˈtreɪsi/ ) is a small town and civil parish in Devon
Devon
, England, on the edge of Dartmoor
Dartmoor
, its proximity to which gives rise to the "slogan" used on the town's boundary signs, "The Gateway to the Moor". It is often known locally as "Bovey". It is about 10 miles south-west of Exeter
Exeter
and lies on the A382 road , about halfway between Newton Abbot
Newton Abbot
and Moretonhampstead
Moretonhampstead
. The village is at the centre of the electoral ward of Bovey. At the 2011 census the population of this ward was 7,721.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Notable features * 4 Historic estates * 5 Sport * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
was an established Saxon community and takes its name from the River Bovey . The name first appears in Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Bovi and possibly earlier as Buui. The town gained its second name from the de Tracey family who were lords of the manor after the Norman Conquest , and was first documented as Bovitracy in 1309.

One member of the family, William de Tracy , was implicated in the murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket
Thomas Becket
in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170. It is thought that he rebuilt the parish church of St Peter, St Paul and St Thomas of Canterbury as penance for the murder. In the early 13th century Henry de Tracey created a borough here and in 1259 was granted the right to hold a weekly market and an annual three-day fair.

During the English Civil War
English Civil War
on 9 January 1646, Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
and a contingent of his Roundhead army entered Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
after dark and caught part of Lord Wentworth\'s Regiment by surprise, catching a number of officers playing cards in an inn. Many of Wentworth's Royalist troops escaped, but Cromwell did capture about 400 horse. If local legend is to be believed, the Royalists escaped by throwing coins from the windows in order to distract the poorly paid Roundhead troops. The next day a battle was fought on nearby Bovey Heath
Bovey Heath
ending in victory for Cromwell's army.

The name of Cromwell lives on in the town today in both the public house "The Cromwell Arms" and the remains of a nearby stone arch, known locally (and incorrectly) as "Cromwell's Arch". The arch is actually what is left of a priory that stood previously on the site of the nearby Baptist Church.

Bovey railway station was opened on 26 June 1866 with the new Moretonhampstead
Moretonhampstead
and South Devon
Devon
Railway on a site to the west of the town. It closed to passengers on 28 February 1959, but goods trains continued to operate until 6 July 1970.

The town is twinned with Le Molay-Littry
Le Molay-Littry
in Normandy
Normandy
.

GEOGRAPHY

Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
lies in the valley of the River Bovey at the junction of the A382 road (between Newton Abbot
Newton Abbot
and Moretonhampstead) and the B3387 road ( Chudleigh Knighton to Haytor Vale
Haytor Vale
).

NOTABLE FEATURES

Church of St Peter, St Paul and St Thomas of Canterbury Original paintings of apostles and prophets on the wainscot of the rood screen , restored by Anna Hulbert, dated to the early 16th century

The town has over a hundred listed buildings . The parish church, at the top of the town, is grade I listed. It has a tower dating from the 14th century, many 15th-century carvings including three misericords , and a screen described by Arthur Mee
Arthur Mee
as "one of the finest in this county of fine screens". The church has an unbroken list of vicars from 1258. On Hind Street, the East Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Baptist Church was built in 1824 and is now grade II listed. Original support for the church came mainly from workers in the Bovey Potteries.

Since 1986, the Devon
Devon
Guild of Craftsmen contemporary crafts gallery has occupied a building known as Riverside Mill, on the bank of the River Bovey. The building, dating from 1854, has an undershot waterwheel that was used to pump water up to a tank in its tower. The stored water was used as the supply for a nearby house owned by John Divett and to water its stable yard and gardens. Nearby, the Bovey Tracey Heritage Centre in the old Bovey railway station is run by volunteers and is open in the summer months.

On the outskirts of the town are the House of Marbles, a visitor attraction on the site of the historic pottery; and the headquarters of the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority at Parke, a large house which is leased to the authority by the National Trust. Also nearby are a Devon
Devon
Wildlife Trust nature reserve at Bovey Heath
Bovey Heath
and the Haytor Granite Tramway , the route of which runs through the parish, west of the town.

According to the town council the town has a "good mixture of shops" and there is a farmers\' market on alternate Saturday mornings.

HISTORIC ESTATES

Within the parish of Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
are various historic estates, including:

* Indio , long a seat of the Southcott family, later of Bentinck. The Indeo Pottery was established here between about 1766 and 1785. * Parke , seat of Nicholas Eveleigh (d.1620) whose monument with effigy survives in Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
Church. His widow married Elize Hele , whose monument and effigy faces that of Eveleigh. There are several inscribed tablets to later owners in Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
Church. Now the headquarters of the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
National Park Authority.

SPORT

Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
is the start point of the Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Devil bicycle ride, an annual Audax UK Brevet Populaire event held in late October that takes in over 2,000 m of climbing and over 100 km around and across Dartmoor
Dartmoor
. The ride ends in nearby Manaton .

The town has a Non-League football
Non-League football
club Bovey Tracey A.F.C.
Bovey Tracey A.F.C.
who play at The Western Counties Roofing Ground in the South West Peninsula League .

REFERENCES

* ^ "Bovey ward population 2011". Retrieved 18 February 2015. * ^ Watts, Victor (2010). The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names (1st paperback ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-521-16855-7 . * ^ Hoskins, W. G. (1972). A New Survey of England: Devon
Devon
(New ed.). London: Collins. pp. 340–1. ISBN 0-7153-5577-5 . * ^ Andriette, Eugene A (1971). Devon
Devon
and Exeter
Exeter
in the Civil War. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 159. ISBN 0-7153-5256-3 . * ^ "Listed Buildings in Bovey Tracey, Devon, England". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2013. * ^ "Church of St Peter and St Paul and St Thomas of Canterbury, Bovey Tracey". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 22 January 2014. * ^ Mee, A. The King's England: Devon
Devon
(Hodder and Stoughton, 1965), p.47. * ^ "East Dartmoor
Dartmoor
Baptist Church, Bovey Tracey". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2013. * ^ "About the Guild: Frequently asked Questions". Devon
Devon
Guild of Craftsmen. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2014. * ^ Minchington, Walter (1974). Devon
Devon
at Work: Past and Present. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 23. ISBN 0-7153-6389-1 . * ^ " Bovey Tracey
Bovey Tracey
Heritage Centre".