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Bourgogne- Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
(French pronunciation: ​[buʁɡɔɲ fʁɑ̃ʃ kɔ̃te], sometimes abbreviated BFC; meaning Burgundy–Free County) is a region of France
France
created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Burgundy
Burgundy
and Franche-Comté. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections of December 2015.[1] The region covers an area of 47,784 km2 (18,450 sq mi), and has a population of 2,816,814.[2]

Contents

1 Toponymy 2 History

2.1 Middle Ages 2.2 Modern times

3 Geography 4 Major communities 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Toponymy[edit] The text of the territorial reform law gives interim names for most of the merged regions, combining the names of their constituent regions separated by hyphens. Permanent names would be proposed by the new regional councils and confirmed by the Conseil d'État by 1 October 2016.[3] Hence the interim name of the new administrative region is composed of the names of former administrative regions of Bourgogne and Franche-Comté. The region chose to retain its interim name as its permanent name, a decision made official by the Conseil d'État on 28 September 2016.[4] The merger represents a historic reunification of the Duchy of Burgundy
Burgundy
(Duché de Bourgogne) and the Free County of Burgundy (Franche Comté de Bourgogne), for the first time since they were divided in 1477. History[edit] Main article: History of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Middle Ages[edit] The territory that is now Burgundy
Burgundy
and Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
was already united under the Kingdom of Burgundy
Burgundy
(from the 5th to the 8th century). It was divided into two parts: the Duchy of Burgundy
Burgundy
(now Burgundy) of France, and the County of Burgundy
Burgundy
(now Franche-Comté) of the Holy Roman Empire. The County was reintegrated as a free province within the Kingdom of France
France
in the 17th century, separately from the Duchy which remained a vassal province of the Kingdom of France. These two former provinces were abolished during the French Revolution.

The Kingdom of Burgundy
Burgundy
during the 5th century.

Duchy and County of Burgundy
Burgundy
during the 15th century.

Modern times[edit]

Map of the new region with its eight départements, colored according to the historical provinces as they existed until 1790.

  Bourgogne   Franche-Comté   Nivernais   Champagne   Alsace   Orléanais   Montbéliard   Île de France   Others

Most of the area making up the region of Bourgogne- Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
used to belong to the former provinces of Burgundy
Burgundy
and Franche-Comté, but it also includes a significant part of the former provinces of Nivernais
Nivernais
(now Nièvre), Champagne (now the northern part of Yonne), Orléanais
Orléanais
(now the southwestern part of Yonne), the Territoire de Belfort
Belfort
(the region of Alsace
Alsace
that remained French territory after 1871), and a small portion of Île-de- France
France
(now the northwestern part of Yonne). From 1941 to 1944, the regional prefecture of Vichy reunited Burgundy and Franche-Comté, as well as the igamie of Dijon
Dijon
from 1948 to 1964. During the creation of the regions of France, Burgundy
Burgundy
and Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
once again became two separate regions, first as public establishments in 1972, then as territorial collectivities in 1982. On 14 April 2014, François Patriat
François Patriat
and Marie-Guite Dufay
Marie-Guite Dufay
(the presidents of Burgundy
Burgundy
and Franche-Comté, respectively) announced in a press conference the desire for the reunification of the two regions, further to the declarations of Prime Minister Manuel Valls, who proposed a simplification of the administrative divisions of France. On 2 June 2014, the two regions were shown as one on the map presented by President François Hollande. These two regions are the only ones to have voluntarily discussed a merger, and their alliance was the only one not needing revision by the National Assembly or the Senate. Under the Acte III de la décentralisation, the merger of the two regions was officially adopted on 17 December 2014. It became effective on 1 January 2016. Geography[edit] The region borders Grand Est
Grand Est
to the north, Île-de- France
France
to the northwest, Centre-Val de Loire
Centre-Val de Loire
to the west, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
to the south and Switzerland
Switzerland
(the cantons of Vaud, Neuchâtel and Jura) to the east. Major communities[edit]

Dijon
Dijon
(151,212; headquarters regional prefecture) Besançon
Besançon
(116,914; headquarters regional council) Belfort
Belfort
(50,078) Chalon-sur-Saône
Chalon-sur-Saône
(44,985) Nevers
Nevers
(36,762) Auxerre
Auxerre
(34,869) Mâcon
Mâcon
(33,865)

See also[edit]

Burgundy Franche-Comté Regions of France

References[edit]

^ "La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée" [The 13-region map finally adopted]. Le Monde
Le Monde
(in French). Agence France-Presse. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015.  ^ "Populations légales 2012 - Populations légales des régions". Insee. Retrieved 16 January 2015.  ^ Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French) ^ Décret n° 2016-1268 du 28 septembre 2016 portant fixation du nom et du chef-lieu de la région Bourgogne- Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
(in French)

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Merger of the regions - France
France
3

v t e

Administrative regions of France

Current administrative regions (since 2016)

Metropolitan regions

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Brittany Centre-Val de Loire Corsica Grand Est Hauts-de-France Île-de-France Normandy Nouvelle-Aquitaine Occitanie Pays de la Loire Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Overseas regions

French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte Réunion

Former administrative regions (1982–2015)

Metropolitan regions

Alsace Aquitaine Auvergne Burgundy Brittany Centre-Val de Loire Champagne-Ardenne Corsica Franche-Comté Île-de-France Languedoc-Roussillon Limousin Lorraine Midi-Pyrénées Nord-Pas-de-Calais Lower Normandy Upper Normandy Pays de la Loire Picardy Poitou-Charentes Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Rhône-Alpes

Overseas regions

French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayo

.