HOME
The Info List - Bouffant





A bouffant /buːˈfɒnt/ is a type of hairstyle characterized by hair raised high on the head and usually covering the ears or hanging down on the sides. A famous example of the bouffant hairstyle is seen on racehorse trainer Charles O’Brien, son of the legendary Vincent O’Brien. Charles’s bouffant hairstyle has won him many a photo finish.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Method 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Etymology[edit] The English word bouffant comes from the French bouffante, from the present participle of bouffer: "to puff, puff out". History[edit] The bouffant was a mainstream hairstyle in the mid-to-late 18th century in Western Europe. It was thought to be created for Marie Antoinette, as she had relatively thin hair and wanted to create the illusion of having very full hair.[citation needed] The modern bouffant, considered by one source to have been invented by British celebrity hairdresser Raymond Bessone[1] was noted by Life in the summer of 1956 as being "already a common sight in fashion magazines."[2] The style became popular at the beginning of the 1960s when First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
was often photographed with her hair in a bouffant, and her style was widely imitated.[3][4] Generally speaking, by the mid-1960s, many well-dressed women and girls were wearing some form of bouffant hairdo, which in one variation or another remained the fashionable norm until supplanted by the geometric bob cut at the end of the decade and the looser shag or feathered styles of the early 1970s. Middle-aged women who dressed conservatively clung to the style a little longer, while their teenaged daughters, imitating the look of popular folk-rock singers such as Joan Baez, Mary Travers, and Cher, began abandoning bouffants in favor of long, straight "ironed hair" as early as 1965.[5] Method[edit] Hair
Hair
on the top of the head was raised by backcombing or "teasing" it with a comb to create a pile of tangled, loosely knotted hair on the top and upper sides of the head. Then, unteased hair from the front of the head was lightly combed over the pile to give a smooth, sleek look, and the ends of the outer hair may be combed, cut, curled, or flipped in many distinctive ways.[6] In some cases, a small wiglet or a cushion of nylon mesh might be used instead of or in addition to teasing, to add height at the crown of the head.[7] Bangs might be worn over the forehead, or a long switch or "fall" of artificial hair, matching the wearer's own hair color, might be added at the back.[8] Usually, hair spray or hair lacquer was applied as a finishing touch to stiffen the hairdo and hold it in place without the need for hairpins. Since the hair could not be brushed without ruining the style, women needing to make small adjustments used the long, pointed end of a "rattail" comb to gently lift the hair back into place.[9] See also[edit]

Pompadour (hairstyle) Beehive (hairstyle) Big hair

References[edit]

^ Christopher Ross (12 April 2011). "The 15 Greatest Male Hairdressers in History". Details. Retrieved 1 September 2011.  ^ "A Big Bulge in Hair". Life. 41 (2): 59–60. July 9, 1956. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ Sherrow, Victoria (2006). Encyclopedia of Hair: A Cultural History. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 69.  ^ Miller, Brandon Marie (1999). Dressed for the Occasion: What Americans Wore 1620-1970. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications. pp. 83–84. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ Hoffman, Frank W.; Bailey, William G. (1994). Fashion and Merchandising Fads. New York: Haworth Press. pp. 118–119. ISBN 1560243767. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ "High Fashion in Summer Hairdos". Ebony. 16 (8): 82–86. June 1961. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ "High Fashion Wigs (advertisement)". Ebony. 20 (12): 101. October 1965. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ "Frederick's of Hollywood (advertisement)". Ebony. 20 (10): 137. August 1965. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ Melinkoff, Ellen (1984). What We Wore: An Offbeat Social History of Women's Clothing, 1950-1980. New York: Morrow. p. 127. ISBN 068802839X. 

External links[edit]

Hairstyle
Hairstyle
archives "Beauty and the Bouffant" gallery

v t e

Human hair

List of hairstyles / facial hairstyles

Classification

by type

Lanugo Androgenic Terminal Vellus

by location

Nose Ear Eyebrow Eyelash Underarm Chest Abdominal Pubic Leg

v t e

Human hair color

Hair
Hair
color

Black Blond Brown (varieties: Chestnut • Auburn) Red (varieties: Auburn • Titian) White/Grey

Hair
Hair
coloring

Blue rinse Grecian Formula Hair
Hair
dye stripping Hair
Hair
highlighting Henna Hydrogen peroxide Blue hair

Other

Disappearing blonde gene Fischer–Saller scale Fischer scale Melanocortin 1 receptor

Hairstyles

Afro Asymmetric cut Bald Bangs Beehive Big hair Blowout Bob cut Bouffant Bowl cut Braid
Braid
or Plait Brush cut Bun (odango) Bunches Burr Businessman cut Butch cut Buzz cut Caesar cut Chignon Chonmage Chupryna Comb
Comb
over Conk Cornrows Crew cut Crochet braids Croydon facelift Curly hair Curtained hair Devilock Dido flip Digital perm Dreadlocks Duck's ass Extensions Feathered hair Finger wave Flattop Fontange French braid French twist Frosted tips Hair
Hair
crimping Harvard clip High and tight Hime cut Historical Christian hairstyles Hi-top fade Induction cut Ivy League Jewfro Jheri curl Kinky hair Kiss curl Layered hair Liberty spikes Long hair Lob cut Marcelling Mod cut Mohawk Mullet 1950s 1980s Pageboy Part Payot Pigtail Pixie cut Pompadour Ponytail Punch perm Princeton Professional cut Queue Quiff Rattail Razor
Razor
cut Regular haircut Regular taper cut Ringlets Shag (Shaggy hair) Shape-Up Shimada Short back and sides Short brush cut Short hair Spiky hair Straight hair Standard haircut Surfer hair Taper cut Tonsure Updo Undercut Waves Wings

Facial hair

Beard Chinstrap Designer stubble Goatee Moustache

Fu Manchu handlebar horseshoe pencil toothbrush walrus

Shenandoah (Chin curtain) Sideburns Soul patch Van Dyke

Hair
Hair
loss

Cosmetic

Removal

waxing threading plucking chemical electric laser IPL

Shaving

head leg cream brush soap

Razor

electric safety straight

other

Alopecia

areata totalis universalis

Male-pattern hair loss Glabrousness Hypertrichosis Management Trichophilia Trichotillomania Pogonophobia

Haircare Products

Brush Clay Clipper Comb Conditioner Dryer Gel Hot comb Iron Mousse Pomade Relaxer Rollers Shampoo Spray Wax

Haircare Techniques

Backcombing Crimping Curly Girl Method Hair
Hair
cutting Perm Shampoo
Shampoo
and set Straightening

Documentaries

My Nappy Roots: A Journey Through Black Hair-itage (2008) Good Hair
Hair
(2009)

Related Topics

Afro-textured hair (Kinky hair) Bearded lady Barber (pole) Eponymous hairstyle Frizz Good hair (phrase) Hairdresser Hair
Hair
fetishism (pubic) Hair
Hair
follicle Hair
Hair
growth Hypertrichosis Trichotillomania

v t e

Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
Onassis

Family

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(first husband, presidency) Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(daughter) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr. (son) Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
(son) Jack Schlossberg
Jack Schlossberg
(grandson) Rose Schlossberg
Rose Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Tatiana Schlossberg (granddaughter) Aristotle Onassis
Aristotle Onassis
(second husband) John Vernou Bouvier III
John Vernou Bouvier III
(father) Janet Lee Bouvier (mother) Lee Radziwill
Lee Radziwill
(sister) Hugh D. Auchincloss
Hugh D. Auchincloss
(stepfather) Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd
Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd
(half-sister) Edith Ewing Bouvier (aunt)

Life events

Hammersmith Farm Kennedy Compound First Lady of the United States

White House restoration Televised White House tour White House Historical Association White House Curator Committee for the Preservation of the White House

Assassination of John F. Kennedy State funeral of John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum Eternal Flame and burial site

Fashion

Wedding dress of Jacqueline Bouvier The bouffant hairstyle Pillbox hat Pink Chanel suit

Honors and memorials

Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
Garden Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
Onassis High School for International Careers Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
Onassis Reservoir Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
Onassis School ballet

Other

Cultural depictions Jackie O (1997 opera) Jackie

.