This article is about the demographics, demographic features of the population of Botswana, including population density, Ethnic group, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. , year 2008; Number of inhabitants in thousands. Image:Botswanahouse.jpg, 250px, A type of house in Botswana Botswana, like many nations in southern Africa, suffers from a high HIV infection rate, estimated among adults ages 15 to 49 to be 20.7%.


Census results

Bechuanaland Protectorate

The seven censuses of Botswana before its independence happened irregularly. Due to the Second Boer War, Anglo-Boer War, the first census of Bechuanaland Protectorate, originally set to occur in 1901, took place on 17 April 1904. The 1931 census was postponed to 1936 because of the Great Depression. The early censuses were unreliable and took several years to tabulate; the results were outdated by the time they were calculated.


There have been five censuses after the independence of Botswana, each occurring every ten years in the year ending in 1 (i.e. 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, and 2011). The 1971 census was the first census in Botswana to use de facto enumeration; this method counts people based on how many people spent census night at a specific location. Previously, the citizens were counted based on their usual place of residence. The 2001 census was the first census in Botswana to comply with the Southern African Development Community, SADC 2000 Census Project, the guidelines of which unify the demographic statistics in southern Africa. The most recent census was the 2011 Botswana Population and Housing Census, which occurred in August 2011.

UN estimates

According to the total population was in , compared to only 413,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2020 was about 33.4%, 62.1% were between 15 and 65 years of age, while 4.5% of the population were 65 years or older.

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Botswana not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. Births and deaths Source: Vital Statistics Report 2012.

Life expectancy at birth

Life expectancy from 1950 to 2020 (''UN World Population Prospects''):

Ethnic groups

:Tswana people, Tswana or Setswana 79%, BaKalanga, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, Other 7% (including Kgalagadi_language, Kgalagadi, Indians in Botswana, Indians and White Africans of European ancestry, Whites)


:Setswana 77.3%, Sekalanga 7.4%, Shekgalagari 3.4%, English language, English (official) 2.8%, Zezuru language, Zezuru/Shona language, Shona 2%, Sesarwa language, Sesarwa 1.7%, Sotho language, sotho1% Sembukushu 1.6%j, Zimbabwean Ndebele language, Ndebele 1%, other 2.8% (2011 est.)


: Christianity, Christian 79.1%, Badimo 4.1%, Other 1.4% (includes the Baháʼí Faith, Hinduism, Hindu, Islam, Rastafari), None 15.2%, Unspecified 0.3% (2011 est.)

Other demographic statistics

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. *One birth every 10 minutes *One death every 36 minutes *One net migrant every 180 minutes *Net gain of one person every 13 minutes The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.


:2,350,667 (July 2021 est.) :2,214,858 (July 2017 est.)

Age structure

:0-14 years: 30.54% (male 357,065/female 350,550) :15-24 years: 18.31% (male 208,824/female 215,462) :25-54 years: 39.67% (male 434,258/female 484,922) :55-64 years: 5.92% (male 59,399/female 77,886) :65 years and over: 5.56% (male 53,708/female 75,159) (2020 est.)

Total fertility rate

:2.42 children born/woman (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 74th

Population growth rate

:1.43% (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 67th :1.55% (2017 est.)

Birth rate

:20.6 births/1,000 population (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 71st :22.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death rate

:9.12 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 61st :9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Median age

:Total: 25.7 years. Country comparison to the world: 157th :Male: 24.5 years :Female: 26.7 years (2020 est.) :Total: 24.5 years :Male: 23.5 years :Female: 25.6 years (2017 est.)

Net migration rate

:2.85 migrants/1,000 population (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 38th :''note'': there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans in Botswana, Zimbabweans into Botswana and South Africa in search of better economic opportunities. Refer to below section on Migration.


:Urban population: 70.9% of total population (2020) :Rate of urbanization: 2.87% annual rate of change (2015–20 est.)

Sex ratio

:At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female :0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female :15-24 years: 0.97 male(s)/female :25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female :55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female :65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female :Total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

:Total population: 65.2 years :Male: 63.2 years :Female: 67.3 years (2021 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

:144 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 59th


:Adult prevalence rate: 22.2% (2019 est.) :People living with HIV/AIDS: 380,000 (2019 est.) :Deaths due to AIDS: 5,000 (2019 est.) Country comparison to the world: 25th

Physicians density

:0.53 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Hospital bed density

:1.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

:18.9% (2016)

Major infectious diseases

:Degree of risk: high (2020) :Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever :Vectorborne disease: malaria


:Noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) :Adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)


:Definition: age 15 and over can read and write :Total population: 88.5% :Male: 88% :Female: 88.9% (2015 est.)

Education expenditure

:8.7% of total GDP (2007)

Sanitation facility access

:Improved: :Urban: 92.9% of population :Rural: 60.8% of population :Total: 82.8% of population :Unimproved: :Urban: 7.1% of population :Rural: 39.2% of population :Total: 17.2% of population (2017 est.)


According to the United Nations, there were 110,596 international migrants in Botswana in 2019. Their most common countries of origin were as follows:


Botswana Demographics 2001
Central Statistics Office (Botswana), Census and Demographic Statistics for the year 2001. {{DEFAULTSORT:Demographics Of Botswana Demographics of Botswana,