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The Boston
Boston
Herald is an American daily newspaper whose primary market is Boston, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and its surrounding area. It was founded in 1846 and is one of the oldest daily newspapers in the United States. It has been awarded eight Pulitzer Prizes in its history, including four for editorial writing and three for photography before it was converted to tabloid format in 1981. The Herald was named one of the "10 Newspapers That 'Do It Right'" in 2012 by Editor & Publisher.[3] In December 2017, the Herald filed for bankruptcy. On February 14, 2018, Digital First Media
Digital First Media
successfully bid $11.9 million to purchase the company in a bankruptcy auction;[4] the acquisition was completed on March 19, 2018.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 The original Boston
Boston
Herald 1.2 The Boston
Boston
Herald and Boston
Boston
Journal 1.3 The American Traveler 1.4 The Boston
Boston
Evening Traveller 1.5 The Boston
Boston
Daily Advertiser 1.6 The Boston
Boston
Record 1.7 The Boston
Boston
American 1.8 The Boston
Boston
Herald Traveler 1.9 The Boston
Boston
Herald Traveler and Record American 1.10 Murdoch purchases The Herald American 1.11 The Boston
Boston
Herald once again 1.12 Independent ownership 1.13 Boston
Boston
Herald Radio 1.14 Bankruptcy

2 Awards 3 Columnists 4 Boston
Boston
Herald in Education Program 5 Prices 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History The Herald's history can be traced back through two lineages, the Daily Advertiser and the old Boston
Boston
Herald, and two media moguls, William Randolph Hearst
William Randolph Hearst
and Rupert Murdoch.

The old Herald headquarters at 255 Washington Street (built 1878)

The original Boston
Boston
Herald The original Boston
Boston
Herald was founded in 1846 by a group of Boston printers jointly under the name of John A. French & Company. The paper was published as a single two-sided sheet, selling for one cent. Its first editor, William O. Eaton, just 22 years old, said "The Herald will be independent in politics and religion; liberal, industrious, enterprising, critically concerned with literacy and dramatic matters, and diligent in its mission to report and analyze the news, local and global." In 1847, the Boston
Boston
Herald absorbed the Boston
Boston
American Eagle and the Boston
Boston
Daily Times.[5] The Boston
Boston
Herald and Boston
Boston
Journal In October 1917, John H. Higgins, the publisher and treasurer of the Boston
Boston
Herald[6] bought out its next door neighbor The Boston
Boston
Journal and created The Boston
Boston
Herald and Boston
Boston
Journal[7] The American Traveler Even earlier than the Herald, the weekly American Traveler was founded in 1825 as a bulletin for stagecoach listings.[8] The Boston
Boston
Evening Traveller Main article: Boston
Boston
Evening Traveller The Boston
Boston
Evening Traveler was founded in 1845. The Boston
Boston
Evening Traveler was the successor to the weekly American Traveler and the semi-weekly Boston
Boston
Traveler.[9] In 1912, the Herald acquired the Traveler, continuing to publish both under their own names. For many years, the newspaper was controlled by many of the investors in United Shoe Machinery Co. After a newspaper strike in 1967, Herald-Traveler Corp. suspended the afternoon Traveler and absorbed the evening edition into the Herald to create the Boston
Boston
Herald Traveler. The Boston
Boston
Daily Advertiser

The old Boston
Boston
Advertiser Building

The Boston
Boston
Daily Advertiser was established in 1813 in Boston
Boston
by Nathan Hale. The paper grew to prominence throughout the 19th century, taking over other Boston
Boston
area papers. In 1832 The Advertiser took over control of The Boston
Boston
Patriot, and then in 1840 it took over and absorbed The Boston
Boston
Gazette.[10] The paper was purchased by William Randolph Hearst in 1917. In 1920 the Advertiser was merged with The Boston
Boston
Record, initially the combined newspaper was called the Boston Advertiser however when the combined newspaper became an illustrated tabloid in 1921 it was renamed The Boston
Boston
American.[11] Hearst Corp. continued using the name Advertiser for its Sunday paper until the early 1970s. The Boston
Boston
Record On September 3, 1884, The Boston
Boston
Evening Record was started by the Boston
Boston
Advertiser as a campaign newspaper. The Record was so popular that it was made a permanent publication.[8] The Boston
Boston
American In 1904, William Randolph Hearst
William Randolph Hearst
began publishing his own newspaper in Boston
Boston
called The American. Hearst ultimately ended up purchasing the Daily Advertiser in 1917. By 1938, the Daily Advertiser had changed to the Daily Record, and The American had become the Sunday Advertiser. A third paper owned by Hearst, called the Afternoon Record, which had been renamed the Evening American, merged in 1961 with the Daily Record to form the Record American. The Sunday Advertiser and Record American would ultimately be merged in 1972 into The Boston
Boston
Herald Traveler a line of newspapers that stretched back to the old Boston Herald. The Boston
Boston
Herald Traveler In 1946, Herald-Traveler Corporation acquired Boston
Boston
radio station WHDH. Two years later, WHDH-FM was licensed, and on November 26, 1957, WHDH-TV made its début as an ABC affiliate on channel 5. In 1961, WHDH-TV's affiliation switched to CBS. Herald-Traveler Corp. operated for years under temporary authority from the Federal Communications Commission stemming from controversy over luncheon meetings the newspaper's chief executive had with an FCC commissioner during the original licensing process (Some Boston
Boston
broadcast historians accuse the Boston
Boston
Globe of being covertly behind the proceeding. The Herald Traveler was Republican in sympathies, and the Globe then had a firm policy of not endorsing political candidates.) The FCC ordered comparative hearings, and in 1969 a competing applicant, Boston Broadcasters, Inc. was granted a construction permit to replace WHDH-TV on channel 5. Herald-Traveler Corp. fought the decision in court—by this time, revenues from channel 5 were all but keeping the newspaper afloat—but its final appeal ran out in 1972, and on March 19 WHDH-TV was forced to surrender channel 5 to the new WCVB-TV. The Boston
Boston
Herald Traveler and Record American Without a television station to subsidize the newspaper, the Herald Traveler was no longer able to remain in business, and the newspaper was sold to Hearst Corporation, which published the rival all-day newspaper, the Record American. The two papers were merged to become an all-day paper called the Boston
Boston
Herald Traveler and Record American in the morning and Record-American and Boston
Boston
Herald Traveler in the afternoon. The first editions published under the new combined name were those of June 19, 1972. The afternoon edition was soon dropped and the unwieldy name shortened to Boston
Boston
Herald American, with the Sunday edition called the Sunday Herald Advertiser. The Herald American was printed in broadsheet format, and failed to target a particular readership; where the Record American had been a typical city tabloid, the Herald Traveler was a Republican paper. Murdoch purchases The Herald American The Herald American converted to tabloid format in September 1981, but Hearst faced steep declines in circulation and advertising. The company announced it would close the Herald American—making Boston
Boston
a one-newspaper town—on December 3, 1982. When the deadline came, Australian media baron Rupert Murdoch
Rupert Murdoch
was negotiating to buy the paper and save it. He closed on the deal after 30 hours of talks with Hearst and newspaper unions—and five hours after Hearst had sent out notices to newsroom employees telling them they were terminated. The newspaper announced its own survival the next day with a full-page headline: "You Bet We're Alive!"[12] The Boston
Boston
Herald once again Murdoch changed the paper's name back to the Boston
Boston
Herald. The Herald continued to grow, expanding its coverage and increasing its circulation until 2001, when nearly all newspapers fell victim to declining circulations and revenue. Independent ownership In February 1994, Murdoch's News Corporation
News Corporation
was forced to sell the paper, in order that its subsidiary Fox Television Stations
Fox Television Stations
could legally consummate its purchase of Fox affiliate WFXT (Channel 25) because Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Senator Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
included language in an appropriations barring one company from owning a newspaper and television station in the same market.[13][14][15] Patrick J. Purcell, who was the publisher of the Boston
Boston
Herald and a former News Corporation executive, purchased the Herald and established it as an independent newspaper. Several years later, Purcell would give the Herald a suburban presence it never had by purchasing the money-losing Community Newspaper Company from Fidelity Investments. Although the companies merged under the banner of Herald Media, Inc., the suburban papers maintained their distinct editorial and marketing identity. After years of operating profits at Community Newspaper and losses at the Herald, Purcell in 2006 sold the suburban chain to newspaper conglomerate Liberty Group Publishing of Illinois, which soon after changed its name to GateHouse Media. The deal, which also saw GateHouse acquiring The Patriot Ledger
The Patriot Ledger
and The Enterprise respectively in south suburban Quincy and Brockton, netted $225 million for Purcell, who vowed to use the funds to clear the Herald's debt and reinvest in the Paper.[16] Boston
Boston
Herald Radio On August 5, 2013, the Herald launched an internet radio station named Boston
Boston
Herald Radio which includes radio shows by much of the Herald staff.[17][18] The station's morning lineup is simulcast on 830 AM WCRN from 10 AM Eastern time to 12 noon Eastern time. Bankruptcy In December 2017, the Herald announced plans to sell itself to GateHouse Media
GateHouse Media
after filing for chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. The deal was scheduled to be completed by February 2018, with the new company streamlining and having layoffs in coming months.[19][20] However, in early January 2018, another potential buyer, Revolution Capital Group of Los Angeles, filed a bid with the federal bankruptcy court; the Herald reported in a press release that "the court requires BHI [ Boston
Boston
Herald, Inc.] to hold an auction to allow all potential buyers an opportunity to submit competing offers. An auction date has not been set."[21] In February 2018, acquisition of the Herald by Digital First Media
Digital First Media
for almost $12 million was approved by the bankruptcy court judge in Delaware. Digital Media said they would be keeping 175 of the approximately 240 employees the Herald had when it sought bankruptcy protection in December 2017.[22] The acquisition was completed on March 19, 2018.[1] Awards The Herald's four Pulitzer Prizes for Editorial Writing, in 1924, 1927, 1949 and 1954, are among the most awarded to a single newspaper in the category. In 1957 Harry Trask was a young staff photographer at the Traveler when he was awarded a Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for his photo sequence of the sinking of SS Andrea Doria in July 1956. Herald photographer Stanley Forman
Stanley Forman
received two Pulitzer Prizes consecutively in 1976 and 1977, the first for Fire Escape Collapse, a dramatic shot of a young child falling in mid-air from her mother's arms on the upper stories of a burning apartment building to the waiting arms of firefighters below. The 1977 Pulitzer was awarded for The Soiling of Old Glory, as Ted Landsmark, an African American
African American
civil rights lawyer, was charged at by a protester with an American flag during the Boston busing crisis. The 1978 Pulitzer for Feature photography for staff coverage of The Blizzard of 1978. In 2006, the Herald won two SABEW awards from the Society of American Business Editors and Writers: one for its breaking news coverage of the takeover of the Boston-based Gillette Company by Procter & Gamble, and another for "overall excellence."[23] Columnists

Joe Sciacca is the paper's editor-in-chief. Sciacca is a former political reporter and columnist. Warren T. Brookes was an economics reporter at The Herald from 1975 until 1985, when he moved to the Detroit News
Detroit News
but based in Washington, D.C.[24] Howie Carr
Howie Carr
writes extensively on local politics and is a radio talk show host and frequent TV commentator. Peter Gelzinis is a longtime metro columnist, as is Joe Fitzgerald, who was formerly a sports columnist. Joe Battenfeld is the Herald's political columnist and multi-media reporter. Michael Graham is an op-ed columnist for the Boston
Boston
Herald. Gerry Callahan is a sports columnist and talk show host for WEEI. Steve Buckley is a longtime sports columnist. Olivia Vanni writes the Herald's Inside Track[25] and covers celebrity news. Bob McGovern is the Herald's legal columnist and also works as a reporter. Peter Lucas was a longtime political columnist and reporter Ron Borges is a sports columnist.

Boston
Boston
Herald in Education Program The Boston
Boston
Herald Newspapers in Education (NIE) program provides teachers with classroom newspapers and educational materials designed to help students of all ages and abilities excel. This is made possible through donations from Herald readers and other sponsors. The Boston
Boston
Herald is available in two formats: the print edition and the online e-Edition. The website can be found at http://bostonheraldnie.com/ Prices The Boston
Boston
Herald prices are $2.00 Monday through Saturday[26] ($2.50 outside greater Boston), and $3.00 Sunday.[citation needed] See also

Boston
Boston
portal

The Boston
Boston
Daily Advertiser The Boston
Boston
Journal The Boston
Boston
News-Letter The Boston
Boston
Evening Transcript The Boston
Boston
Globe The Boston
Boston
Post Lillian A. Lewis, Boston's first African-American woman journalist Frances Sweeney of the Boston
Boston
Herald Rumor Clinic Murphy v. Boston
Boston
Herald, Inc., et al.

References

^ a b c " Digital First Media
Digital First Media
acquires the Boston
Boston
Herald". Boston Herald. March 19, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2018.  ^ "AAM Report: Circulation Averages for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2013". Arlington Heights, Ill.: Audit Bureau of Circulations. Retrieved May 19, 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ Kristina Ackermann, "10 Newspapers That 'Do It Right' 2012". Editor & Publisher, March 12, 2012. ^ "Digital First wins Boston
Boston
Herald auction with $11.9M bid". Boston Herald.  ^ King, Moses (1881), King's Hand-book of Boston
Boston
...: Profusely Illustrated, Cambridge, Ma: Moses King, pp. 268–269  ^ The New York Times
The New York Times
"James H. Higgins, Retired Publisher; Also Was Treasurer of Boston
Boston
Herald for 10 Years After Merger With Traveler DIES AT CENTRAL VALLEY In 1917 He Bought The Boston
Boston
Journal and Consolidated It With The Herald". The New York Times, page 13, August 1, 1938. ^ The New York Times
The New York Times
" Boston
Boston
Papers Merged.; Herald Absorbs The Journal and Will Use the Joint Title". The New York Times, page 12, October 6, 1917. ^ a b Stanwood, Edward (1886), Boston
Boston
Illustrated: Containing Full Descriptions of the City and Its Immediate Suburbs, Its Public Buildings and Institutions, Business Edifices, Parks and Avenues, Statues, Harbor and Islands, Etc., Etc. With Numerous Historical Allusions, Boston, Ma, New York, N.Y., Cambridge, Ma: Houghton, Mifflin and Co, The Riverside Press, p. 104  ^ King, Moses (1881), King's Hand-book of Boston
Boston
...: Profusely Illustrated, Cambridge, Ma: Moses King, p. 267  ^ The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information, 19, New York, NY: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911, p. 567  ^ Hudson, Frederic (2000), American Journalism, 1690-1940, New York, N.Y.: Routledge, pp. 661–662, ISBN 0-415-22894-8  ^ "Purcell Toasts 25th Anniversary of Herald's Survival". NEPA Bulletin (Boston, Mass.), December 2007, page 11. ^ Gold, Allan R. (January 11, 1988). "Kennedy vs. Murdoch: Test of Motives". The New York Times. Retrieved November 22, 2012.  ^ Gold, Allan R. (January 7, 1988). "Kennedy and Paper Battle in Boston". The New York Times. Retrieved November 22, 2012.  ^ Lenzner, Robert. "Rupert Murdoch,The Boston
Boston
Globe, And Me". Forbes. Retrieved November 22, 2012.  ^ Bailey, Steve, and Robert Gavin. "Herald's Owner to Sell Suburban Papers". The Boston
Boston
Globe, May 6, 2006. ^ Joe Dwinell. [1]. The Boston
Boston
Herald, July 29, 2013. ^ Alyssa Martino [2]. CommonWealth Magazine, August 7, 2013. ^ Staff, Writer (2017-12-08). " Boston
Boston
Herald declares bankruptcy, agrees to be sold". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 2017-12-11.  ^ Dowling, Brian (2017-12-14). "Judge approves Herald to continue business as usual". Boston
Boston
Herald. Retrieved 2017-12-14.  ^ Dowling, Brian (January 2, 2018). "Second potential buyer makes offer for Boston
Boston
Herald". Boston
Boston
Herald. Retrieved January 2, 2018.  ^ Chesto, Jon (2018-02-16). " Boston
Boston
Herald sale to Digital First Media blessed by bankruptcy court". The Boston
Boston
Globe. Retrieved 2018-02-17.  ^ Boston
Boston
Herald staff, "Herald named `best in business'". Boston Herald, Finance page 31, April 5, 2006. ^ "Warren Brookes, 62, Syndicated Columnist". The New York Times. December 30, 1991. Retrieved November 24, 2016.  ^ Inside Track Boston
Boston
Herald ^ "Notice to Herald Readers". Bostonherald.com. May 5, 2017. Retrieved 2017-09-25. 

Further reading

Perry, Edwin A. (1878), The Boston
Boston
Herald and Its History, The Herald  Sterling Quinlan, The Hundred Million Dollar Lunch (Chicago, J.P. O'Hara, 1974), ISBN 0-87955-310-3.

External links

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Boston
Herald.

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Boston
Herald on iTunes Preview Boston
Boston
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