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The Bosonids were a dynasty of Carolingian era
Carolingian era
dukes, counts, bishops and knights descended from Boso the Elder. Eventually they married into the Carolingian dynasty
Carolingian dynasty
and produced kings and an emperor of the Frankish Empire. The first great scion of the dynasty was Boso V, Count of Arles and of other Burgundian counties in the mid-9th century. Boso rose in favour as a courtier of Charles the Bald. He was even appointed viceroy in Italy in 875. After the death of Charles' son Louis II, Boso refused to recognise both Louis' sons, Carloman and Louis III as kings of France and proclaimed himself King of Provence
King of Provence
in 879 at Vienne, with the support of the nobility. Boso strove throughout the rest of his life to maintain his title in the face of the Emperor Charles III. He died in 887 and was succeeded by his son Louis under the regency of his wife Ermengard, a daughter of the Emperor Louis II. Louis was adopted by Charles III and legitimised in his royal title. With this legal basis, he sought to take the place of his Carolingian relatives on the imperial and Italian thrones in 900. He was crowned in Pavia
Pavia
and then in Rome, but could not actually hold on to power there.

Contents

1 Bosonids 2 Bivinids 3 Further reading 4 Sources

Bosonids[edit]

Boso the Elder

daughter, possibly named Richildis, married to Bivin of Gorze; for offspring see his branch Boso, count in Italy Teutberga, married to Lothar II
Lothar II
king of Lotharingia Hucbert, lay abbot of St-Maurice-in-Valais

Theobald of Arles, married to Bertha, daughter of Lothar II
Lothar II
and Waldrada

Hugh of Arles, king of Italy

Lothair, king of Italy Hubert, Duke of Spoleto (illegitimate)

Hugh, Margrave of Tuscany

Bertha (Eudokia), married Romanos II
Romanos II
Roman Emperor of Macedonian dynasty

Boso, Margrave of Tuscany

Bertha or Gersenda, married firstly Boso of Burgundy (of Bivin's branch of Bosonids, below), and secondly Raymond II of Rouergue Willa, married Berengar II of Italy Rotbold/Rotbald (+950)

Boso II of Provence, married Constantia, daughter of Carolus Constantinus

Rotbold I, Count of Provence

Rotbold II, Count of Provence

William V of Provence

William I, Count of Provence

Constance of Arles, married Robert II of France William II of Provence

William IV of Provence Fulk Bertrand of Provence

William Bertrand of Provence Geoffrey II of Provence

Geoffrey I of Provence

Bertrand II of Provence

Bivinids[edit]

Richard, count of Amiens

Richard Bivin of Gorze, married to a daughter of Boso the Elder, possibly named Richildis

Richard the Justiciar, Duke of Burgundy, first married to Adelaida of Auxerre

Rudolf, Duke Burgundy, King of France, married Emma of Paris

Louis Judith

Hugh the Black, Duke of Burgundy

daughter or sister of Hugh the Black? Married to Gilbert of Burgundy

Adelaida, surnamed Werra, married to Robert of Meaux Liegardis, married Otto, Duke of Burgundy

Boso, count, married Bertha, daughter of Boso, Margrave of Tuscany (of Boso the Elder's branch of Bosonids) Gibuin, count of Dijon; from a second marriage

Hugo, count of Dijon

Richard, count of Dijon Hugo, count Gibuin, bishop of Chalon Odo

Richildis, married to Charles the Bald ? possibly Bivin, count of Metz? Boso, count of Vienne, king of the Provence, married secondly to Ermengard, daughter of Louis II

Louis the Blind; married Anna, daughter of Leo VI Roman Emperor of Macedonian dynasty

Carolus Constantinus, count of Vienne, married Theoberga of Sens

Hugobert Richard (perhaps) Constantia, married Boso II of Provence, son of Rotbold (+950)

Engelberga, married to William the Pious, duke of Aquitaine

Further reading[edit]

Constance B. Bouchard, "The Bosonids or Rising to Power in the Late Carolingian
Carolingian
Age" French Historical Studies 15.3 (Spring 1988), pp. 407–431.

Sources[edit]

Pierre Riché, The Carolingians, a family who fo

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