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Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
is the seventh studio album by American rock singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen. It was released by Columbia Records on June 4, 1984. The album's music was written by Springsteen and recorded with his E Street Band
E Street Band
and producers Chuck Plotkin and Jon Landau at The Power Station and The Hit Factory
The Hit Factory
in New York City. When Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
was first released, it was met with positive reviews and massive commercial success. It produced seven top-10 hit singles and was promoted with a worldwide concert tour by Springsteen. Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
became his most commercially successful album and one of the highest-selling records ever, having sold 30 million copies by 2012. It has also been cited by critics as one of the greatest albums of all time. The album received a nomination for Album
Album
of the Year at the 1985 Grammy Awards.

Contents

1 Music and lyrics 2 Release and promotion 3 Critical reception 4 Legacy 5 Track listing 6 Personnel 7 Charts

7.1 Weekly charts 7.2 Year-end charts

8 Certifications 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Music and lyrics[edit] Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
showed Springsteen embracing a livelier mainstream sound than on his previous records but continued to express progressive themes and values in his lyrics.[1] According to Roger Scott, it was a "defiantly rock 'n' roll" album,[2] while Rolling Stone's Debby Bull said Springsteen incorporated "electronic textures" with music he "kept as its heart all of the American rock & roll from the early Sixties".[3] Although Springsteen's previous record Nebraska had darker songs, he said Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
was not entirely different: "If you look at the material, particularly on the first side, it's actually written very much like Nebraska – the characters and the stories, the style of writing – except it's just in the rock-band setting."[4] Springsteen considered leaving "No Surrender" off the album, explaining that "you don't hold out and triumph all the time in life. ... You compromise, you suffer defeat; you slip into life's gray areas."[5] E Street Band
E Street Band
guitarist Steven Van Zandt convinced Springsteen otherwise: "He argued that the portrait of friendship and the song's expression of the inspirational power of rock music was an important part of the picture."[5] The title track of the album inspired the Annie Leibovitz
Annie Leibovitz
photo of Springsteen's backside against the backdrop of an American flag, which was used as the album cover. Springsteen commented on the origin of the concept: "We had the flag on the cover because the first song was called "Born in the U.S.A.", and the theme of the record kind of follows from the themes I've been writing about for at least the last six or seven years. But the flag is a powerful image, and when you set that stuff loose, you don't know what's gonna be done with it." Some people thought that the cover depicted Springsteen urinating on the flag. He denied it: "That was unintentional. We took a lot of different types of pictures, and in the end, the picture of my ass looked better than the picture of my face, that's what went on the cover. I didn't have any secret message. I don't do that very much."[4] According to political writer Peter Dreier, the music's "pop-oriented" sound and the marketing of Springsteen as "a heavily muscled rocker with an album cover featuring a giant US flag, may have overshadowed the album's radical politics."[1] Release and promotion[edit] Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
became the first compact disc manufactured in the United States for commercial release when CBS and Sony
Sony
opened its CD manufacturing plant in Terre Haute, Indiana
Terre Haute, Indiana
in September 1984. Columbia Records' CDs previously had been imported from Japan.[6] Although Springsteen had been a well-known star for almost 10 years before the album was released, Larry Rodgers from the Arizona Republic wrote "it was not until he hit the gym to get buffed up and showed off his rear end in Annie Leibovitz's famous cover photo for Born in the U.S.A. that he became an American pop icon",[5] touching off a wave of "Bossmania", as author Chris Smith called it.[7] According to Bryan K. Garman, in his book A Race of Singers – Whitman's Working-Class Hero From Guthrie to Springsteen, this new image helped Springsteen popularize his persona on a new scale, but also brought him a decisive attachment to political and sociocultural issues, in the times when Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
was reviving a patriotic pride by reaffirming the values of prosperity, expansion, and world domination of the United States "within a decidedly masculine framework."[8] Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
was the best-selling album of 1985 and proved to be the best-selling record of Springsteen's career. It was promoted with a worldwide concert tour and seven singles that became top-10 hits: "Dancing in the Dark", "Cover Me", "Born in the U.S.A.", I'm on Fire", "Glory Days", "I'm Goin' Down", and "My Hometown".[9] The album debuted at number nine on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
during the week of June 23, 1984, and after two weeks, it reached the top of the chart on July 7, staying at number one for seven weeks; it remained on the chart for one hundred forty three weeks.[10][11] It was also a commercial success in Europe and Oceania; in the United Kingdom the album entered at number two on June 16, and after thirty four weeks, on February 16, 1985, it reached number one and topped the chart for five non consecutive weeks;[12] it was present on the chart for one hundred thirty five weeks.[12] It also topped the album charts in Australia, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland.[13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20] Born in the U.S.A proved to be one of the best-selling albums of all time.[1] It was certified three times platinum by the BPI on July 25, 1985, denoting shipments of 900,000 units in the UK.[21] After the advent of the North American Nielsen SoundScan tracking system in 1991, the album sold an additional 1,463,000 copies,[22] and on April 19, 1995, it was certified fifteen times platinum by the RIAA for shipments of 15,000,000 copies in the US.[23] By 2012, it had sold 30 million copies worldwide.[24] As Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
became a massive commercial success, Springsteen expressed his thoughts on his growing fame in a 1984 interview: "Yeah, there's a change [in me]. [Being a rich man] doesn't make living easier, but it does make certain aspects of your life easier. You don't have to worry about rent, you can buy things for your folks and help out your friends, and you can have a good time, you know? There were moments where it was very confusing. (...) I don't really think [money] does change you. It's an inanimate thing, a tool, a convenience. If you've got to have a problem, it's a good problem to have. (...) Money was kind of part of the dream when I started. I don't think...I never felt like I ever played a note for the money. I think if I did, people would know, and they'd throw you out of the joint. And you'd deserve to go. But at the same time, it was a part of the dream."[4]:3 Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings

Review scores

Source Rating

AllMusic [25]

Chicago Tribune [26]

Christgau's Record Guide A+[27]

Encyclopedia of Popular Music [28]

Los Angeles Times [29]

MusicHound Rock 4/5[30]

Q [31]

Rolling Stone [32]

The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Album
Album
Guide [33]

Saturday Review [34]

Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
received positive reviews from critics.[2] In a contemporary review for Rolling Stone, Dave Marsh called it Springsteen's most accessible listen since Born to Run
Born to Run
(1975) and said that he knew how to incorporate "technopop elements without succumbing to the genre's banalities".[32] The magazine's Debby Miller wrote that Springsteen has set songs that were as well thought-out as Nebraska to more sophisticated production and spirited music, and that the four story-driven songs that end each side of the album give it an "extraordinary depth" because of his world-beating lyrics.[35] Robert Hilburn from the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
felt that, with the album's "richer" musical settings, Springsteen had succeeded in articulating his message to a wider audience.[36] John Swenson of Saturday Review credited him for showing a more disciplined writing style than on his previous albums and for "championing traditional rock values at a time when few newer bands show interest in such a direction".[34] Writing in The Village Voice, Robert Christgau
Robert Christgau
said Springsteen improved upon his previous work by eschewing dejected themes of nostalgia and losers in favor of tougher lyrics, a sense of humor,[37] and an upbeat worldview more honest than the one-dimensional politics of Nebraska. He added that the record's vibrant music "reminds me like nothing in years that what teenagers loved about rock and roll wasn't that it was catchy or even rhythmic but that it just plain sounded good".[38] Born in the U.S.A. was voted the best album of the year in The Village Voice's annual Pazz & Jop critics poll for 1984.[37] Christgau, the poll's creator, also ranked it number one on his list,[39] in 1990 he named it the ninth-best album of the 1980s.[40] In a retrospective review, Christgau wrote that, although Born in the U.S.A. may have seemed more conservative than Springsteen's previous work, it showed him evolving on what was his "most rhythmically propulsive, vocally incisive, lyrically balanced, and commercially undeniable album".[27] Greg Kot, writing in the Chicago Tribune, later called it "an 11-million-selling record with a conscience".[26] AllMusic's William Ruhlmann interpreted the album as an apotheosis for Springsteen's reoccurring characters from his past albums and said that Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
"marked the first time that Springsteen's characters really seemed to relish the fight and to have something to fight for".[25] Richard Williams was more critical in a retrospective review for Q magazine, writing that Springsteen had exaggerated his usual characters and themes in a deliberate attempt at commercial success. Williams added: "The decision by someone who grew up in the '60s to exploit the American flag on the cover and to bury the anti-war message of Born In The USA beneath an impenetrable layer of clenched-fist bombast ... was, in the era of Reagan and welfare cuts, downright irresponsible."[41] In 1987, Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
was voted the fifth greatest album rock album of all time in Paul Gambaccini's poll of 81 critics, writers, and radio broadcasters.[42] In 2003, Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
ranked Born in the U.S.A. number 85 on their list of the 500 greatest albums of all time,[43] and in 2013, it was named the 428th greatest album in a similar list published by NME.[44] The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[45] Legacy[edit] With Born in the U.S.A., Springsteen helped popularize American heartland rock in the mainstream, which allowed for greater success for recording artists such as John Mellencamp, Tom Petty, and Bob Seger.[3] After Mellencamp released his 1985 album Scarecrow, critics mentioned him alongside Springsteen and also referred to his music as heartland rock.[46] Springsteen has expressed some mixed feelings about the album, believing that Nebraska contains some of his strongest writing, while Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
did not necessarily follow suit. The title track "more or less stood by itself", he declared. "The rest of the album contains a group of songs about which I've always had some ambivalence." Even so, and despite expressing the "grab-bag nature" of the album, he acknowledged its powerful effect on his career, claiming: " Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
changed my life and gave me my largest audience. It forced me to question the way I presented my music and made me think harder about what I was doing."[5] Springsteen's manager, Jon Landau, said that there were no plans for the band to celebrate the album's anniversary with a deluxe reissue box set in the manner of previous Springsteen albums. "At least not yet," he added.[47] A full album live performance DVD titled Born in the U.S.A. Live: London 2013 was released exclusively through Amazon.com
Amazon.com
on January 14, 2014 along with a purchase of Springsteen's album, High Hopes.[48] Track listing[edit] All tracks written by Bruce Springsteen.

Side one

No. Title Length

1. "Born in the U.S.A." 4:40

2. "Cover Me" 3:27

3. "Darlington County" 4:48

4. "Working on the Highway" 3:13

5. "Downbound Train" 3:35

6. "I'm on Fire" 2:40

Side two

No. Title Length

7. "No Surrender" 4:00

8. "Bobby Jean" 3:48

9. "I'm Goin' Down" 3:29

10. "Glory Days" 4:15

11. "Dancing in the Dark" 4:04

12. "My Hometown" 4:34

Personnel[edit]

Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– lead vocals, lead guitar, acoustic guitar

The E Street Band

Roy Bittan – piano, synthesizer, background vocals Clarence Clemons
Clarence Clemons
– saxophone, percussion, background vocals Danny Federici
Danny Federici
– organ, glockenspiel, piano on "Born in the U.S.A." Garry Tallent
Garry Tallent
– bass guitar, background vocals Steven Van Zandt
Steven Van Zandt
– acoustic guitar, mandolin, harmony vocals Max Weinberg
Max Weinberg
– drums, background vocals

Additional musicians

Richie "La Bamba" Rosenberg
Richie "La Bamba" Rosenberg
– background vocals on "Cover Me" and "No Surrender" Ruth Davis – background vocals on "My Hometown"

Technical

Bob Clearmountain
Bob Clearmountain
– mixing John Davenport – assistant engineer Jeff Hendrickson – assistant engineer Andrea Klein – art direction, design, cover design Bruce Lampcov – assistant engineer Annie Leibovitz
Annie Leibovitz
– photography Bob Ludwig
Bob Ludwig
– mastering Bill Scheniman – engineer Toby Scott – engineer Billy Straus – assistant engineer Zoe Yanakis – assistant engineer

Charts[edit]

Weekly charts[edit]

Chart (1984-2003) Peak position

Australian Albums (Kent Music Report)[13] 1

Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[14] 1

Belgian Albums ( Ultratop Wallonia)[49] 37

Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)[50] 1

Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[16] 1

French Albums (SNEP)[51] 2

German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[15] 1

Italian Albums (Hitparade)[52] 2

Japanese Albums (Oricon)[53] 6

New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[17] 1

Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[18] 1

Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[54] 2

Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[19] 1

Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[20] 1

UK Albums (OCC)[55] 1

US Billboard 200[56] 1

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (1984) Position

Australian Albums Chart[13] 7

Canadian Albums Chart[57] 1

Dutch Albums Chart[58] 61

Japanese Albums Chart[53] 53

UK Albums Chart[59] 37

U.S. Billboard Year-End[60] 28

Chart (1985) Position

Australian Albums Chart[13] 2

Austrian Albums Chart[61] 4

Canadian Albums Chart[62] 7

Danish Albums Chart[63] 5

Dutch Albums Chart[64] 1

French Albums Chart[65] 19

Italian Albums Chart[52] 3

Swiss Albums Chart[66] 3

UK Albums Chart[67] 4

U.S. Billboard Year-End[68] 1

Chart (1986) Position

Canadian Albums Chart[69] 67

Spanish Albums Chart[54] 11

U.S. Billboard Year-End[70] 16

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales

Australia (ARIA)[71] 13× Platinum 910,000^

Canada (Music Canada)[72] Diamond 1,000,000^

Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[73] 2× Platinum 108,913[73]

France (SNEP)[74] Platinum 458,500[75]

Germany (BVMI)[76] 2× Platinum 1,000,000^

Italy (FIMI)[77] Platinum 100,000*

Japan ( Oricon
Oricon
Charts)

212,700[53]

New Zealand (RMNZ)[78] 17× Platinum 255,000^

Spain (PROMUSICAE)[79] Gold 50,000^

Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[80] 3× Platinum 150,000^

United Kingdom (BPI)[81] 3× Platinum 1,120,000[59]

United States (RIAA)[23] 15× Platinum 15,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone ^shipments figures based on certification alone

See also[edit]

List of best-selling albums List of best-selling albums
List of best-selling albums
in Australia List of best-selling albums
List of best-selling albums
in Italy List of best-selling albums
List of best-selling albums
in New Zealand List of best-selling albums
List of best-selling albums
in the United States Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
in music

References[edit]

^ a b c Dreier, Peter (2012). The 100 Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame. Nation Books. p. 436. ISBN 1568586817.  ^ a b Scott, Rogert; Humphries, Patrick (2013). " Roger Scott and Patrick Humphries, Hot Press—November 2, 1984". In Phillips, Christopher; Masur, Louis P. Talk
Talk
About a Dream: The Essential Interviews of Bruce Springsteen. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 131. ISBN 1620400723. Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
was such a defiantly rock 'n' roll album, the reviews were surprisingly favourable.  ^ a b Perone, James E. (2012). The Album: A Guide to Pop Music's Most Provacative, Influential, and Important Creations. ABC-CLIO. p. 239. ISBN 0313379068.  ^ a b c Kurt Loder (December 6, 1984). "The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Interview: Bruce Springsteen". Retrieved December 30, 2009.  ^ a b c d Rodgers, Larry (June 4, 2009). "Bruce Springsteen, Born in the USA, 25 Years Old Today". The Arizona Republic.  ^ Horowitz, Is. "First Domestic CD Plant Opens" Billboard October 6, 1984: 6 ^ Wiersema, Robert J. (2011). Walk Like a Man: Coming of Age with the Music of Bruce Springsteen. Greystone. pp. 21–. ISBN 9781553658467. Retrieved 18 July 2013.  ^ Garman, Bryan K. (August 9, 1985). A race of singers: Whitman's working ... – Google Libros. Books.google.com.ar. ISBN 978-0-8078-4866-1. Retrieved November 30, 2009.  ^ Burger, Jeff (2013). Springsteen on Springsteen: Interviews, Speeches, and Encounters. Chicago Review Press. p. 131. ISBN 1613744374. Retrieved August 4, 2015.  ^ "Top 200 Albums". Billboard. June 23, 1984. Retrieved October 22, 2017.  ^ "Top 200 Albums". Billboard. July 7, 1984. Retrieved October 22, 2017.  ^ a b " Bruce Springsteen
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full Official Chart History Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2017-10-22.  ^ a b c d Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book
Book
1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.  ^ a b "Austriancharts.at – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born In The U.S.A." (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ a b "Offiziellecharts.de – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born In The U.S.A." (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ a b "Dutchcharts.nl – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born In The U.S.A." (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ a b "Charts.org.nz – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born In The U.S.A.". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ a b "Norwegiancharts.com – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born In The U.S.A.". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ a b "Swedishcharts.com – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born In The U.S.A.". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ a b "Swisscharts.com – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born In The U.S.A.". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ "British album certifications – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born In The USA". British Phonographic Industry. July 25, 1985. Retrieved October 22, 2017.  ^ Trust, Gary (March 27, 2009). "Ask Billboard: Basia, Bon Jovi
Bon Jovi
and The Boss". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-10-22.  ^ a b "American album certifications – Bruce Springsteen
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– Born in the U.S.A." Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH ^ Forde, Ian (July 13, 2013). " Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
still shows who's boss". Irish Examiner. Retrieved September 21, 2012.  ^ a b Ruhlmann, William. " Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
– Bruce Springsteen". AllMusic. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ a b Kot, Greg (August 23, 1992). "The Recorded History of Springsteen". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ a b Christgau, Robert (1990). Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s. Pantheon Books. p. 382. ISBN 067973015X.  ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). "Bruce Springsteen". Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0857125958.  ^ Atkinson, Terry; et al. (December 16, 1984). "Guiding the Unitiated Through the Top 40". Los Angeles Times. p. T68. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  (subscription required) ^ Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album
Album
Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 1076. ISBN 1-57859-061-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Williams, Richard (December 1989). "All or Nothing: The Springsteen back catalogue". Q. p. 149.  ^ a b Marsh, Dave (July 1984). "Record Rack". Rolling Stone. New York: 23.  ^ Sheffield, Rob; et al. (2004). Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. The Rolling Stone
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Album
Album
Guide (4th ed.). pp. 771–2. ISBN 0743201698.  ^ a b Swenson, John (November–December 1984). "Championing Traditional Rock Values". Saturday Review. 10 (1–2): 70.  ^ Miller, Debby (July 19, 1984). "Born in the U.S.A". Rolling Stone. New York. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ Hilburn, Robert (July 1, 1984). "Pop Music Top Midyear LPs: Prince, Springsteen". Los Angeles Times. Calendar section, p. T62. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  (subscription required) ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 18, 1985). "Pazz & Jop 1984: The Rise of the Corporate Single". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ Christgau, Robert (June 26, 1984). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ Christgau, Robert (February 18, 1985). "Pazz & Jop 1984: Dean's List". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  ^ Christgau, Robert (1990). "Decade Personal Best: '80s". The Village Voice (January 2). New York. Retrieved May 10, 2015.  ^ Williams, Richard (December 1989). "All or Nothing: The Springsteen back catalogue". Q. p. 150.  ^ Taylor, Jonathan (March 25, 1987). "Pop Critics Pick Rock's Top 100". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved August 4, 2015.  ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. New York: 116. December 11, 2003.  ^ Kaye, Ben (October 25, 2013). "The Top 500 Albums of All Time, according to NME". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved August 4, 2014.  ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (7 February 2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.  ^ Redmond, Mike (January 23, 1992). "Mellencamp is real force in American music". Indianapolis Star. Free Time section, p. F.4. Retrieved July 8, 2013.  (subscription required) ^ Andy Greene (2013-12-17). " Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
on New Album
Album
'High Hopes': Exclusive Interview Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2014-02-13.  ^ "Springsteen Offers Live Born In The U.S.A. DVD With High Hopes Pre-Order". American Songwriter. 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2014-02-13.  ^ "Ultratop.be – Bruce Springsteen
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– Born In The U.S.A." (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 6815a". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste > Choisir Un Artiste Dans la Liste" (in French). infodisc.fr. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2012. Note: user must select 'Bruce SPRINGSTEEN' from drop-down ^ a b "Hit Parade Italia – Gli album più venduti del 1985" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved October 12, 2011.  ^ a b c Oricon
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Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.  ^ a b Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.  ^ " Bruce Springsteen
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Artist Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ " Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved October 12, 2017. ^ "Top 100 Albums of 1984". RPM. January 5, 1985. Retrieved April 6, 2012.  ^ "Dutch charts jaaroverzichten 1984" (ASP) (in Dutch). Retrieved April 2, 2014.  ^ a b "Complete UK Year-End Album
Album
Charts". Archived from the original on May 19, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "Top Pop Albums of 1984". billboard.biz. December 31, 1981. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "Austriancharts.at – Jahreshitparade 1985" (in German). Hung Medien. Archived from the original on October 12, 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2012.  ^ "RPM's Top 100 Albums of 1985". RPM. December 28, 1985. Retrieved April 6, 2012.  ^ "De mest solgte album i Danmark" (in Danish). Børsen. March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 30, 2017. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Dutch charts jaaroverzichten 1985" (ASP) (in Dutch). Retrieved April 2, 2014.  ^ "Les Albums (CD) de 1985 par InfoDisc" (in French). infodisc.fr. Archived from the original (PHP) on October 27, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "Hitparade.ch – Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1985" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved January 11, 2012.  ^ 1980s Albums Chart Archive "Top Albums of 1984" Check url= value (help). everyhit.com. The Official Charts Company. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "Billboard.BIZ – Year-end Charts – Billboard 200
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– 1985". billboard.biz. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1986". RPM. Retrieved October 3, 2011.  ^ "Billboard.BIZ – Year-end Charts – Billboard 200
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– 1986". billboard.biz. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2011 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "Canadian album certifications – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born in the USA". Music Canada. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ a b "Bruce Springsteen" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "French album certifications – Bruce Springsteen
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– Born in the USA" (in French). InfoDisc.  Select BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN and click OK ^ "Les Meilleures Ventes de CD / Albums "Tout Temps"". infodisc.fr (in French). SNEP. Retrieved February 19, 2017.  ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Bruce Springsteen; 'Born in the USA')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved April 4, 2012.  ^ "Italian album certifications – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born in the U.S.A." (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved August 29, 2017.  ^ "The Official New Zealand Music Chart". THE OFFICIAL NZ MUSIC CHART. Retrieved 10 March 2017.  ^ "Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados 1979–1990". Iberautor Promociones Culturales. ISBN 8480486392.  ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Bruce Springsteen; 'Born in the U.S.A.')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 29, 2017.  ^ "British album certifications – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
– Born in the USA". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 6, 2012.  Enter Born in the USA
Born in the USA
in the search field and then press Enter.

External links[edit]

Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
(Adobe Flash) at Radio3Net (streamed copy where licensed) Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
at Discogs
Discogs
(list of releases)

v t e

Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
and the E Street Band

Bruce Springsteen Garry Tallent Roy Bittan Max Weinberg Steven Van Zandt Nils Lofgren Patti Scialfa

Jake Clemons Charles Giordano Soozie Tyrell

Former members Ernest Carter Clarence Clemons Danny Federici Vini Lopez David Sancious

Former touring musicians

Everett Bradley Barry Danielian Clark Gayton Curtis King Suki Lahav Ed Manion The Miami Horns Cindy Mizelle Michelle Moore Tom Morello Curt Ramm Jay Weinberg

Studio albums

Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J.
Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J.
(1973) The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle (1973) Born to Run
Born to Run
(1975) Darkness on the Edge of Town
Darkness on the Edge of Town
(1978) The River (1980) Nebraska (1982) Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
(1984) Tunnel of Love (1987) Human Touch
Human Touch
(1992) Lucky Town
Lucky Town
(1992) The Ghost of Tom Joad
The Ghost of Tom Joad
(1995) The Rising (2002) Devils & Dust (2005) We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions (2006) Magic (2007) Working on a Dream
Working on a Dream
(2009) Wrecking Ball (2012) High Hopes (2014)

Live albums & Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
Archives

Live 1975–85
Live 1975–85
(1986) In Concert/MTV Plugged
In Concert/MTV Plugged
(1993) Live in New York City
New York City
(2001) Hammersmith Odeon London '75
Hammersmith Odeon London '75
(2006) Live in Dublin (2007) Live from the Carousel
Live from the Carousel
(2011) Apollo Theater 3/09/12
Apollo Theater 3/09/12
(2014) The Agora, Cleveland 1978
The Agora, Cleveland 1978
(2015) Tower Theater, Philadelphia 1975
Tower Theater, Philadelphia 1975
(2015) Nassau Coliseum, New York 1980
Nassau Coliseum, New York 1980
(2015) Brendan Byrne Arena, New Jersey 1984
Brendan Byrne Arena, New Jersey 1984
(2015) LA Sports Arena, California 1988
LA Sports Arena, California 1988
(2015) Schottenstein Center, Ohio 2005
Schottenstein Center, Ohio 2005
(2015) Ippodromo delle Capannelle, Rome 2013
Ippodromo delle Capannelle, Rome 2013
(2015) Arizona State University, Tempe 1980
Arizona State University, Tempe 1980
(2015) The Christic Shows 1990
The Christic Shows 1990
(2016) HSBC Arena, Buffalo, NY, 11/22/09
HSBC Arena, Buffalo, NY, 11/22/09
(2016) Scottrade Center, St. Louis, MO, 8/23/08
Scottrade Center, St. Louis, MO, 8/23/08
(2017) Olympiastadion, Helsinki, July 31, 2012
Olympiastadion, Helsinki, July 31, 2012
(2017) Wachovia Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA 10/20/09
Wachovia Spectrum, Philadelphia, PA 10/20/09
(2017) Palace Theatre, Albany 1977
Palace Theatre, Albany 1977
(2017) Auditorium Theatre, Rochester, NY 1977
Auditorium Theatre, Rochester, NY 1977
(2017) King's Hall, Belfast March 19, 1996
King's Hall, Belfast March 19, 1996
(2017) The Summit, Houston, TX December 8, 1978
The Summit, Houston, TX December 8, 1978
(2017)

Compilations

Greatest Hits (1995) 18 Tracks
18 Tracks
(1999) The Essential Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(2003) Greatest Hits (2009) The Promise (2010) Collection: 1973–2012 (2013) Chapter and Verse (2016)

Box sets

The Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
12" Single Collection
Collection
(1985) Tracks (1998) The Collection
Collection
(2004) Born to Run: 30th Anniversary Edition (2005) The Collection
Collection
1973–1984 (2010) The Promise: The Darkness on the Edge of Town
Darkness on the Edge of Town
Story (2010) The Album
Album
Collection
Collection
Vol. 1 1973–1984 (2014) The Ties That Bind: The River Collection
Collection
(2015)

EPs

Live Collection
Collection
(1987) Chimes of Freedom (1988) Blood Brothers (1996) PBS Exclusive (2007) Magic Tour Highlights
Magic Tour Highlights
(2008) American Beauty (2014)

Singles

"Blinded by the Light" (1973) "Spirit in the Night" (1973) "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)" (1974) "Born to Run" (1975) "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out" (1976) "Prove It All Night" (1978) "Badlands" (1978) "The Promised Land" (1978) "Rosalita (Come Out Tonight)" (1979) "Hungry Heart" (1980) "Fade Away" (1981) "Sherry Darling" (1981) "The River" (1981) "Cadillac Ranch" (1981) "Point Blank" (1981) "Atlantic City" (1982) "Open All Night" (1982) "Dancing in the Dark" (1984) "Cover Me" (1984) "Born in the U.S.A." (1984) "I'm on Fire" (1985) "Glory Days" (1985) "I'm Goin' Down" (1985) "My Hometown" (1985) "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" (1985) "War" (1986) "Fire" (1987) "Brilliant Disguise" (1987) "Tunnel of Love" (1987) "One Step Up" (1988) "Tougher Than the Rest" (1988) "Spare Parts" (1988) "Human Touch" (1992) "57 Channels (And Nothin' On)" (1992) "Better Days" (1992) "Streets of Philadelphia" (1994) "Secret Garden" (1995) "The Ghost of Tom Joad" (1996) "Sad Eyes" (1999) "The Rising" (2002) "Lonesome Day" (2002) "Waitin' on a Sunny Day" (2003) "Devils & Dust" (2005) "All The Way Home" (2005) "Radio Nowhere" (2007) "Girls in Their Summer Clothes" (2008) "Working on a Dream" (2008) "My Lucky Day" (2008) "The Wrestler" (2009) "We Take Care of Our Own" (2012) "Death to My Hometown" (2012) "High Hopes" (2013) "Just Like Fire Would" (2014)

Charting songs

"Be True" (1981) "Ramrod" (1981) "Nebraska" (1982) "Johnny 99" (1982) "No Surrender" (1984) "Stand on It" (1985) "Trapped" (live) (1985) "Because the Night" (live) (1986) "Chimes of Freedom" (live) (1988) "Youngstown" (1995) "American Skin (41 Shots)" (2001) "Pay Me My Money Down" (2006) "Long Walk Home" (2006) "My City of Ruins" (2011) "Rocky Ground" (2012)

Other notable songs

"Growin' Up" (1973) "For You" (1973) "Incident on 57th Street" (1973) "The Fever" (1973) "Thunder Road" (1975) "Night" (1975) "Backstreets" (1975) "She's the One" (1975) "Meeting Across the River" (1975) "Jungleland" (1975) "Adam Raised a Cain" (1978) "Racing in the Street" (1978) "Darkness on the Edge of Town" (1978) "Stay" (1979) "The Ties That Bind" (1980) "Independence Day" (1980) "Out in the Street" (1980) "Stolen Car" (1980) "Wreck on the Highway" (1980)

"Highway Patrolman" (1982) "Darlington County" (1984) "Working on the Highway" (1984) "Downbound Train" (1984) "Bobby Jean" (1984) "Pink Cadillac" (1984) "Jersey Girl" (1986) "Light of Day" (1993) "The New Timer" (1995) "Land of Hope and Dreams" (2012) "Hunter of Invisible Game" (2014)

Video releases

Video Anthology / 1978–88 (1989) In Concert/MTV Plugged
In Concert/MTV Plugged
(1992) Blood Brothers (1996) The Complete Video Anthology / 1978–2000 (2001) Live in New York City
New York City
(2001) Live in Barcelona (2003) VH1 Storytellers (2005) Wings For Wheels
Wings For Wheels
(2005) Hammersmith Odeon London '75
Hammersmith Odeon London '75
(2005) Live in Dublin (2007) Magic Tour Highlights
Magic Tour Highlights
(2008) London Calling: Live in Hyde Park (2010) The Promise: The Making of Darkness on the Edge of Town
Darkness on the Edge of Town
(2010) Springsteen & I (2013) Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
Live: London 2013 (2014) A MusiCares Tribute to Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(2014) Bruce Springsteen's High Hopes (2014) High Hopes in South Africa (2014) Hunter of Invisible Game
Hunter of Invisible Game
(2014)

Tours

Born to Run
Born to Run
tours (1974–77) Darkness Tour
Darkness Tour
(1978) The River Tour
The River Tour
(1980–81) Born in the U.S.A. Tour
Born in the U.S.A. Tour
(1984–85) Tunnel of Love Express (1988) Human Rights Now! (1988) Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
1992–1993 World Tour (1992–93) Ghost of Tom Joad Tour
Ghost of Tom Joad Tour
(1995–97) Reunion Tour (1999–2000) Rising Tour (2002–03) Vote for Change
Vote for Change
(2004) Devils & Dust Tour (2005) Seeger Sessions Band Tour (2006) Magic Tour (2007–08) Working on a Dream
Working on a Dream
Tour (2009) Wrecking Ball Tour
Wrecking Ball Tour
(2012-13) High Hopes Tour
High Hopes Tour
(2014) The River Tour
The River Tour
2016 (2016) Summer '17 (2017) Springsteen on Broadway
Springsteen on Broadway
(2017-18)

Related

Discography E Street Band Steel Mill The Sessions Band The Miami Horns Born to Run
Born to Run
autobiography E Street Radio Little Steven's Underground Garage Outlaw Pete Mike Appel Jon Landau Brendan O'Brien Bob Clearmountain The Max Weinberg
Max Weinberg
7 Southside Johnny Joe Grushecky Badlands: A Tribute to Bruce Springsteen's Nebraska Greetings from E Street

Book Category

v t e

Rolling Stone's Albums of the Year

1978–1979

1978 Rolling Stones – Some Girls 1979 Neil Young – Rust Never Sleeps

1980–1989

1980 The Clash – London Calling 1981 Rolling Stones – Tattoo You 1982 Bruce Springsteen – Nebraska 1983 R.E.M. – Murmur 1984 Bruce Springsteen – Born in the USA 1985 Talking Heads – Little Creatures 1986 Paul Simon – Graceland 1987 Bruce Springsteen – Tunnel of Love 1988 Midnight Oil – Diesel and Dust 1989 Neil Young – Freedom

1990–1999

1990 Sinead O'Connor – I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got 1991 R.E.M. – Out of Time 1992 R.E.M. – Automatic For The People 1993 Nirvana – In Utero 1994 Hole – Live Through This 1995 PJ Harvey – To Bring You My Love 1996 Beck – Odelay 1997 Bob Dylan – Time Out of Mind 1998 Lauryn Hill – The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill 1999 Rage Against The Machine – The Battle of Los Angeles

2000–2009

2000 Eminem – The Marshall Mathers LP 2001 Bob Dylan – Love and Theft 2002 Beck – Sea Change 2003 Outkast – Speakerboxxx/The Love Below 2004 Kanye West – The College Dropout 2005 Kanye West – Late Registration 2006 Bob Dylan – Modern Times 2007 M.I.A. – Kala 2008 TV On The Radio – Dear Science 2009 U2 – No Line On The Horizon

2010–present

2010 Kanye West – My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy 2011 Adele – 21 2012 Bruce Springsteen – Wrecking Ball 2013 Vampire Weekend – Modern Vampires of the City 2014 U2 – Songs of Innocence 2015 Kendrick Lamar – To Pimp a Butterfly 2016 Beyoncé – Lemonade 2017 Kendrick Lamar – DAMN.

Chart succession

Preceded by Diggi Loo, Diggi Ley by Herrey's Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits Swedish Chart number-one album June 26, 1984 – August 3, 1984 June 28, 1985 – August 9, 1985 Succeeded by Chicago 17
Chicago 17
by Chicago Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits

Preceded by Sports by Huey Lewis and the News Purple Rain by Prince and The Revolution Billboard 200
Billboard 200
number-one album July 7, 1984 – August 3, 1984 January 19, 1985 – February 8, 1985 Succeeded by Purple Rain by Prince and The Revolution Like a Virgin by Madonna

Preceded by Footloose (soundtrack)
Footloose (soundtrack)
by Various artists Private Dancer
Private Dancer
by Tina Turner She's So Unusual
She's So Unusual
by Cyndi Lauper Top Canadian Chart number-one album July 14, 1984 – August 25, 1984 December 15, 1984 – January 5, 1985 February 2, 1985 – February 9, 1985 Succeeded by Purple Rain by Prince and the Revolution Volume 1 by The Honeydrippers Reckless by Bryan Adams

Preceded by Levva livet! by Åge Aleksandersen Norwegian VG-lista number-one album 14 – 30 / 1984 Succeeded by Midt om natten by Kim Larsen

Preceded by Bodyswerve
Bodyswerve
by Jimmy Barnes Australian Kent Music Report
Kent Music Report
number-one album October 22, 1984 – October 28, 1984 February 18, 1985 – March 3, 1985 April 1, 1985 – May 5, 1985 Succeeded by The Unforgettable Fire
The Unforgettable Fire
by U2

Preceded by The Unforgettable Fire
The Unforgettable Fire
by U2 Make It Big
Make It Big
by Wham! Alf by Alison Moyet No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
by Phil Collins New Zealand Chart number-one album November 25, 1984 February 10, 1985 – February 17, 1985 March 3, 1985 – April 7, 1985 April 28 – June 2, 1985 Succeeded by Diamond Life
Diamond Life
by Sade Alf by Alison Moyet No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
by Phil Collins Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits

Preceded by Agent Provocateur by Foreigner Misplaced Childhood
Misplaced Childhood
by Marillion UK number one album February 16, 1985 – February 22, 1985 July 6, 1985 – August 2, 1985 Succeeded by Meat Is Murder
Meat Is Murder
by The Smiths Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits

Preceded by Around the World in a Day
Around the World in a Day
by Prince and The Revolution Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits Dutch Mega Top 100 number-one album May 18, 1985 – May 25, 1985 June 15, 1985 – September 7, 1985 Succeeded by Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits Like a Virgin by Madonna

Preceded by The 1st Album
Album
by Modern Talking West German Media Control Chart number-one album June 28, 1985 – September 12, 1985 Succeeded by Like a Virgin by Madonna

Preceded by Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits Austrian Chart number-one album July 15, 1985 – September 15, 1985 Succeeded by Grenzenlos by STS

Preceded by Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits Swiss Music Chart number-one album August 18, 1985 September 1, 1985 – September 22, 1985 Succeeded by Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits Sonne in der Nacht by Peter Maffay

v t e

Billboard Year-End number one albums

1956–1975

1956: Calypso – Harry Belafonte 1957: Music from My Fair Lady
My Fair Lady
– Original Cast 1958: Music from My Fair Lady
My Fair Lady
– Original Cast 1959: The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
– Henry Mancini 1960: Music from The Sound of Music
The Sound of Music
– Original Cast 1961: Camelot – Original Cast 1962: West Side Story – Soundtrack 1963: West Side Story – Soundtrack 1964: Music from Hello, Dolly! – Original Cast 1965: Music from Mary Poppins – Soundtrack 1966: Whipped Cream & Other Delights – Herb Alpert
Herb Alpert
& the Tijuana Brass 1967: More of the Monkees
More of the Monkees
– The Monkees 1968: Are You Experienced
Are You Experienced
– The Jimi Hendrix Experience 1969: In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida – Iron Butterfly 1970: Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel 1971: Jesus Christ Superstar – Soundtrack 1972: Harvest – Neil Young 1973: The World Is a Ghetto
The World Is a Ghetto
– War 1974: Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
– Elton John 1975: Greatest Hits – Elton John

1976–2000

1976: Frampton Comes Alive!
Frampton Comes Alive!
– Peter Frampton 1977: Rumours – Fleetwood Mac 1978: Saturday Night Fever – Soundtrack 1979: 52nd Street – Billy Joel 1980: The Wall
The Wall
– Pink Floyd 1981: Hi Infidelity
Hi Infidelity
– REO Speedwagon 1982: Asia – Asia 1983: Thriller – Michael Jackson 1984: Thriller – Michael Jackson 1985: Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A.
– Bruce Springsteen 1986: Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
– Whitney Houston 1987: Slippery When Wet
Slippery When Wet
– Bon Jovi 1988: Faith – George Michael 1989: Don't Be Cruel – Bobby Brown 1990: Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814
Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814
– Janet Jackson 1991: Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
– Mariah Carey 1992: Ropin' the Wind
Ropin' the Wind
– Garth Brooks 1993: The Bodyguard – Soundtrack 1994: The Sign – Ace of Base 1995: Cracked Rear View
Cracked Rear View
– Hootie & the Blowfish 1996: Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
– Alanis Morissette 1997: Spice – Spice Girls 1998: Titanic: Music from the Motion Picture – James Horner 1999: Millennium – Backstreet Boys 2000: No Strings Attached – NSYNC

2001–present

2001: 1 – The Beatles 2002: The Eminem
Eminem
Show – Eminem 2003: Get Rich or Die Tryin'
Get Rich or Die Tryin'
– 50 Cent 2004: Confessions – Usher 2005: The Massacre
The Massacre
– 50 Cent 2006: Some Hearts
Some Hearts
– Carrie Underwood 2007: Daughtry – Daughtry 2008: As I Am
As I Am
– Alicia Keys 2009: Fearless – Taylor Swift 2010: I Dreamed a Dream – Susan Boyle 2011: 21 – Adele 2012: 21 – Adele 2013: The 20/20 Experience
The 20/20 Experience
– Justin Timberlake 2014: Frozen – Soundtrack 2015: 1989 – Taylor Swift 2016: 25 – Adele 2017: Damn

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