BORIS ABRAMOVICH GELFAND (Belarusian : Барыс Абрамавіч
Гельфанд, Barys Abramavich Hel'fand; Hebrew : בוריס
אברמוביץ' גלפנד; born 24 June 1968) is an Israeli
chess Grandmaster .
A six-time World Championship Candidate (1991, 1994-95, 2002, 2007,
2011, 2013), he won the
Chess World Cup 2009 and the 2011 Candidates
Tournament , making him Challenger for the World
2012 . Although the match with defending champion Viswanathan Anand
finished level at 6–6, Gelfand lost the deciding rapid tie break
Gelfand has won major tournaments at Wijk aan Zee, Tilburg, Moscow ,
Linares and Dos Hermanas. He has competed in eleven
and has held a place within the top 30 players ranked by
since January 1990.
* 1 Early years
* 2 Rising star
* 3 World Championship 2012
* 4 Career after Moscow
* 5 Team results
* 5.2 Other international team results
* 6 Personal life
* 7 Playing style
* 8 Published works
* 9 References
* 10 External links
Boris Gelfand was born in
Belarussian SSR , on 24 June 1968.
His parents, Abram and Nella, were engineers. His father bought him a
book about chess, Journey to the
Chess Kingdom, by Averbakh and
Beilin, when he was five years old.
Recognised as a talent, Gelfand's first coach from 1974 to 1979 was
Eduard Zelkind. Soon after he studied under
Tamara Golovey for two
years and IM
Albert Kapengut for twelve. In 1980–83, he attended the
Tigran Petrosian School. Early successes included winning the Sokolsky
Memorial in 1983 and consecutive Belarusian
Chess Championships in
1984-5. In 1985 he won the USSR Junior Championship scoring 9/11 and
came second to
Yury Balashov in the 1986
In the July 1987
FIDE rating list, Gelfand made his first appearance
in the top 100 players, ranked number 80. He became European Junior
Champion in 1987, shared second at the USSR Young Masters held in
Uzhgorod and shared sixth place at a USSR Championship qualifier event
in Sverdlovsk in 1987 with 10/17. Gelfand's successes saw him ranked
in the world's top 40 players. After sharing first place in the USSR
Young Masters tournament of 1988 in Vilnius and the OHRA B Group in
Amsterdam, he came second in the World Junior Championship to Joël
Lautier on tiebreaks and shared first with
Sergey Dolmatov at the
Klaipeda USSR Championship qualifier. Gelfand jointly won the European
Junior title with
Alexey Dreev in December 1988, won the Barcza
Memorial held in Debrecen, Hungary, with 7/10 and led the Belarus team
to third place in the USSR Juniors Team Championship at Kramatorsk.
In Gelfand's first appearance at the USSR Championship held in Odessa
in 1989, he shared second place with
Alexander Beliavsky , Dolmatov
Vereslav Eingorn , earning a prize for "greatest amount of
material sacrificed in the course of a tournament". Soon after, he
won the Palma de Mallorca Open with 7½/9.
He received invitations to major tournaments in 1990, placing second
Garry Kasparov with 7½/11 in Linares and Dortmund, sharing
first with Ivanchuk in the Manila
Interzonal and third at Tilburg. At
the Candidates Matches in early 1991, Gelfand defeated Predrag Nikolic
5½-4½ but was beaten in the next round by
Nigel Short 3-5. Despite
the disappointment, Gelfand claimed first place at Belgrade with
7½/11 and shared second place with Kasparov at Reggio Emilia, half a
Viswanathan Anand . He shared first place with Valery
Salov at Wijk aan Zee in 1992, shared second place at Munich, lost in
the final of Tilburg knockout to Michael Adams and shared first with
Anand at the
Alekhine Memorial held in Moscow.
A solid second place at Munich in 1993 preceded his biggest
tournament win to this point, winning the Biel
Interzonal with a score
of 9/13, earning a spot in the 1994 Candidates Matches. Gelfand went
on to defeat Adams 5-3 in the quarter finals and Vladimir Kramnik
4½-3½ in the semi-finals, before losing to
Anatoly Karpov in the
Candidates Final 6-3 in 1995.
Gelfand remained ever-present in the world's top 20 players, winning
the 1994 editions of Dos Hermanas and Cap d'Agde, Belgrade in 1995,
shared first at Tilburg and Vienna in 1996, finished third at Dortmund
and shared second place at Groningen. He came third in a strong Biel
tournament and second at the Rubinstein Memorial held in Polanica
Zdroj. Gelfand's best result at the
FIDE Knockout World Championships
came in 1997, defeating
Joël Lautier (4-2), Vladislav Tkachiev
(3½-2½) and Dreev (2.5-1.5) before being knocked out in the
semi-finals by eventual tournament winner Anand (1½-½).
In 1998, Gelfand won the Rubinstein Memorial, lost the Cap d'Agde
knockout tournament final against Karpov after running out of time in
the decisive tiebreak blitz game while having a winning position, won
the 1999 edition of Sigeman "> Corus
In 2003, he shared third place at Enghien and in 2004 won at
Pamplona. Gelfand shared first in the Bermuda Invitational and Biel in
2005. He also finished in sixth place at the
Chess World Cup 2005 ,
earning a place in the 2007 Candidates Matches. In 2006, Gelfand
shared fifth place with
Sergey Karjakin scoring 7/13 at Corus and
shared third place at Dortmund.
Gelfand won his Candidates matches against Rustam Kasimdzhanov
Gata Kamsky 3½-1½, to qualify for the Championship
tournament, held in Mexico City. Despite being ranked seventh in the
Chess Championship 2007 by
FIDE rating, Gelfand caused an upset
in finishing joint second (third on tiebreak) with
Vladimir Kramnik ,
a point behind
Viswanathan Anand . He also drew a match with David
Navara 2-2, reached the semi finals of the ACP Rapid Cup in Odessa,
shared first place with Shirov, Ivan Sokolov and Fridman at the
Calatrava rapid and shared third place at the
Tal Memorial . He
Israel at the
2009 Maccabiah Games
2009 Maccabiah Games in Israel.
WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP 2012
Chess World Cup 2009 , Gelfand was the top seed, and defeated
Judit Polgár , reigning World Junior Champion Maxime Vachier-Lagrave
Dmitry Jakovenko , and
Sergey Karjakin to reach the final. He then
FIDE World Champion
Ruslan Ponomariov for the
championship, and won the match 7–5 in a playoff. By winning the
Chess World Cup 2009, Gelfand qualified for the World Chess
Candidates Tournament .
In May 2011, Gelfand participated in the Candidates Matches in Kazan,
Russia where he was seeded fourth. In the quarterfinals, he won a
complex struggle on the black side of the Najdorf Defense in game
three to defeat
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov 2½–1½ and advance to the
semifinals, where he faced American
Gata Kamsky . After splitting the
first four games 2–2, Kamsky won game three in the rapid playoff to
go ahead 2–1, forcing Gelfand to win with black in the final rapid
game in order to avoid elimination. Gelfand was up to the task, and
then won the blitz playoff 2–0 to advance to the final. In the
final, he faced
Alexander Grischuk . After drawing the first five
games, Gelfand won the sixth and final game on the white side of a
Grünfeld Defence to win the match and the tournament 3½–2½.
As winner of the Candidates Tournament, Gelfand faced Anand for the
2012 World Championship. His victory in game seven gave him the lead
in the match, only to lose the lead in game 8 in a 17-move miniature.
The match after its conclusion was level at 6 points each, but Anand
won the rapid playoff 2½–1½ to retain the title.
CAREER AFTER MOSCOW
Soon after the match, Gelfand shared first place with Veselin Topalov
and Mamedyarov at the
FIDE Grand Prix event held in London, with a
last round win over Kasimdzhanov, scoring 7/11. He played in the 2013
Candidates Tournament , which took place in
London , from 15 March to
1 April. He finished fifth, with 6½/14. Gelfand-Adams, Alekhine
In the 2013
Alekhine Memorial tournament, held from 20 April to 1
May, Gelfand shared first place with Aronian, who edged him out on the
second tiebreak (number of wins). He scored 5½/9.
From June 2013, Gelfand won the
Tal Memorial beating Alexander
Fabiano Caruana and
Hikaru Nakamura , scoring 6/9, half a
point ahead of
Magnus Carlsen . He gained 18 rating points and
achieved his all-time highest Elo rating of 2773. Gelfand bounced
back from a fourth-round exit from the World Cup to Maxime
Vachier-Lagrave by sharing first with Caruana in the final
Prix in Paris. He gained 11.9 rating points and again achieved a
record personal rating of 2777. He finished fourth in the Grand Prix
overall standings with 325 points missing out on a Candidates place
due to his weak results in the Tashkent and Beijing events. He shared
first with Caruana at the next
FIDE Grand Prix event held in Baku.
He is due to compete in the Tashkent Grand Prix, Petrosian Memorial
and Beijing Mind Games.
Gelfand appeared in a total of eleven
Chess Olympiads , representing
Soviet Union once in 1990, Belarus twice in 1994 and 1996, and
Israel eight times from 2000–14. He has scored a total of 62½
points from 105 games (+26 =73 -6).
Novi Sad 1990
OTHER INTERNATIONAL TEAM RESULTS
Chess Olympiads, Gelfand has competed twice at the
invitational World Team
Chess Championship (Israel), five times in
Chess Championship (
Soviet Union 1989,
and the Soviet Team Championship once (Belarus), winning a team gold
and two team silvers in the ETCC:
1986 Soviet Team Championship
1989 European Team Championship
1999 European Team Championship
2001 European Team Championship
2003 European Team Championship
2005 European Team Championship
2005 World Team Championship
2010 World Team Championship
In 1998, Gelfand immigrated to
Israel and settled in
Rishon LeZion ,
where he became Israel's top ranking chess player. He is married to
Maya. He is a football fan and a member of
FC Barcelona .
This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.
I’ve tried to learn from all players but, no doubt, I was most
impressed by Yury Razuvaev and Valery Myrachvery’s “Akiba
Rubinstein”...The striving to play deeply in the opening, and the
so-called “long plan”, that is when a game’s played from the
beginning to the end in one key… That’s what I like in chess, and
it comes from Akiba. Boris Gelfand, Crestbook interview, Part One.
Gelfand is noted for his strong positional awareness and precise
strategic play. In Gelfand's autobiography My Most Memorable Games,
Kramnik wrote in the preface, "He is not only - and this is accessible
only to a few - a highly universal player, capable of playing equally
well in the most varied types of positions...This inexorable
consistency in the realisation of his strategic conceptions is, in my
view, the main trait of
Boris Gelfand the chess player." Jacob
Aagaard commented "But Gelfand is not a natural attacker; instead he
is a deep strategic player who likes to get into the logic of a
position - and to keep control".
Gelfand is noted for opening as White with 1.d4 and as a specialist
in the Najdorf Sicilian ,
Petroff Defence ,
Slav Defense , and King\'s
Indian Defence as Black. During the World Championship Match in 2012,
the Anand team noted his abrupt change from the expected Sicilian
Najdorf and Petroff openings to the Sicilian Sveshnikov and the
Tigran Petrosian school, he met the former world champion in
person and received advice: "I remember Petrosian saying to me that I
shouldn’t make a single move without having an idea: 'Even when
you’re playing blitz, always think!'.
* Gelfand, Boris (2005). My Most Memorable Games. Edition Olms. ISBN
* Gelfand, Boris; Aagaard, Jacob (17 June 2015). Positional Decision
Making in Chess. Quality Chess. ISBN 978-1-78483-006-9 .
* ^ Israeli grandmaster Gelfand loses World
Haaretz.com Eli Shvidler Published 2 April 2008
* ^ Boris Gelfand: "A person should try to achieve maximum success
in his business" ChessPro.ru Accessed 20 June 2015
Minsk International 1986 Chessmetrics Accessed 27 September
* ^ July 1987
FIDE Rating List
FIDE lists. Accessed 26 September
* ^ OHRA-B Amsterdam July 1988 Chessmetrics Accessed 10 October
* ^ EU U20s Championship, Arnhem 1988 Chessmetrics Accessed 10
* ^ Debrecen 1989 Chessmetrics Accessed 10 October 2014
* ^ The Soviet Championships (1 ed.). Cadogan Chess. 1998. pp.
215–216. ISBN 1-85744-201-6 .
* ^ Linares 1990 Crosstable Toledochess.com Accessed 10 October
* ^ Dortmund Sparkassen
Chess Meeting 1990 ChessFocus.com Accessed
10 October 2014
* ^ Manila
Interzonal Tournament 1990 Mark-Weeks Accessed 10
* ^ 1991-93 Candidates Matches Mark Weeks Accessed 10 October 2014
* ^ Belgrade Investbank 1991 365Chess.com Accessed 10 October 2014
* ^ Reggio Emilia 9192 365Chess.com Accessed 10 October 2014
* ^ 1993 Biel
Interzonal Tournament Mark Weeks Accessed 11
* ^ 1994-96
FIDE Candidates Matches Mark Weeks Accessed 11 October
* ^ 1997
FIDE Knockout Matches Mark Weeks Accessed 11 October 2014
* ^ Karpov wins the Cap D\'Agde rapid tournament TheWeekInChess
Published 2 November 1998
* ^ 2002 Dortmund
Candidates Tournament Mark Weeks Accessed 11
* ^ 2005 World Cup Mark Weeks Accessed 11 October 2014
* ^ 2007m Candidates Matches Mark Weeks Accessed 11 October 2014
* ^ 2007 Mexico City Mark Weeks Accessed 11 October 2014
* ^ 4 Mas rapido in Calatrava ChessNinja Published 11 April 2007
* ^ Gelfand beats Ponomariov to win the Cup Chessbase Published 14
* ^ 2011 Candidates Event Mark Weeks 11 October 2014
* ^ Official
FIDE World Championship 2012 Site
* ^ "Tournament standings". FIDE. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
* ^ Aronian and Gelfand win
Alekhine Memorial 2013 ChessBase.
Published 1 May 2013. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013.
Retrieved 13 October 2014.
* ^ Tal Final: Gelfand wins, Carlsen clear second ChessBase.
Published 23 June 2013. Archived from the original on 25 June 2013.
Retrieved on 13 October 2014
* ^ July 2013
FIDE Rating List: Caruana and Gelfand with Personal
Records chess-news.ru Published 30 June 2013
* ^ Men\'s
Boris Gelfand OlimpBase Accessed 27
* ^ Wife backs
Boris Gelfand to win against Anand.
Indianexpress.com Published 22 May 2012
Boris Gelfand - "hope to play until the age of 75" (in Hebrew)
Tomer Ganor, Ynet.co.il Accessed 19 October 2013
* ^ KC-Conference with Boris Gelfand, Part One Crestbook.com (Chess
In Translation) Published 5 May 2010
* ^ Gelfand, Boris (2005). My Most Memorable Games. Edition Olms.
p. 7. ISBN 3-283-00453-6 .
* ^ Grandmaster Preparation - Attack & Defence. Quality Chess. p.
67. ISBN 9781907982699 .
* ^ Gelfand at Crestbook II
Chess In Translation Published 20 June
* ^ "The toughest so far" Frontline.in Published June 2012
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