Bonneville County, Idaho
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Bonneville County is a
county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment ...
located in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state ...
of
Idaho Idaho () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...

Idaho
. As of the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
, the county had a population of 104,234, making it the fourth-most populous county in Idaho and the most populous in
eastern Idaho Eastern Idaho is the area of Idaho lying east of the Magic Valley region. It is generally understood to include: Bannock County, Idaho, Bannock, Bear Lake County, Idaho, Bear Lake, Bingham County, Idaho, Bingham, Bonneville County, Idaho, Bonnevil ...
. Its
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Township, commune is located. In countries with Fre ...
and largest city is
Idaho Falls Idaho Falls is a city in and the county seat of Bonneville County, Idaho, Bonneville County, Idaho, United States. It is the state's largest city outside the Boise metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the populati ...
. Bonneville County was established in 1911 and named after
Benjamin Bonneville Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville (April 14, 1796 – June 12, 1878) was an American officer in the United States Army, fur trade, fur trapper, and explorer in the American West. He is noted for his expeditions to the Oregon Country and the Gre ...

Benjamin Bonneville
(1796–1878), a
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...

French
-born
officer An officer is a person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason Reason is the capacity of consciously applying logic Logic is an interdisciplinary field which studies truth ...
in the
U.S. Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists ma ...
,
fur trapper Fur is a thick growth of hair Hair is a protein filament In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular bi ...
, and explorer in the
American West The Western United States (also called the American West, the Far West, and the West) is the List of regions of the United States#Census Bureau-designated regions and divisions, region comprising the westernmost U.S. state, states of the United ...

American West
. Benjamin was the son of Nicholas Bonneville of France. His father was an Illuminati member and wrote the "Illuminati Manifesto for World Revolution" in 1792, which played a significant role in the French revolution. Bonneville County is part of the Idaho Falls, ID
Metropolitan Statistical Area #REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area #REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area#REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density a ...
.


History

Bonneville County was established February 7, 1911, by the state legislature from the north and east parts of
Bingham County, Idaho Bingham County is a county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction o ...
. It was named for Capt. B.L.E. Bonneville, of the U.S. Army, who explored throughout the
Snake River The Snake River is a major river of the greater Pacific Northwest The Pacific Northwest (PNW) is a geographic region in western bounded by its coastal waters of the to the west and, loosely, by the to the east. Though no official bounda ...

Snake River
area in the 1830s. A settlement developed at the site of the
Idaho Falls, Idaho Idaho Falls is a city in and the county seat of Bonneville County, Idaho, Bonneville County, Idaho, United States. It is the state's largest city outside the Boise metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the populati ...
ferry on the Snake River in 1864. This settlement was to be known as
Idaho Falls Idaho Falls is a city in and the county seat of Bonneville County, Idaho, Bonneville County, Idaho, United States. It is the state's largest city outside the Boise metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the populati ...
after 1891. Today, Bonneville County stretches up from two desert floors through a fertile valley of plush crops and into heavily forested peaks. The area that became Bonneville County was first associated with Oneida County which stretched through most of southern and southeastern
Idaho Idaho () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...

Idaho
. It was later reapportioned and formed the northern end of Bingham County. It wasn't until 1911 that Bonneville County was formed and Idaho Falls became the County seat. During all of this time, and even before people started making boundaries and setting up towns, villages and governments, there was a rich part to the region. Indians roamed much of the county in travels to Camas Harvest, and in 1808 John Corter came through the area. In 1810, Major Andrew Henry saw the country, and in 1832, the man whose name was later to be immortalized by the institution of the county, Captain B.L.E. Bonneville, visited the area. The first
bona fide Good faith ( la, bona fides), in human interactions, is a sincere intention to be fair, open, and honest, regardless of the outcome of the interaction. While some Latin phrases have lost their literal meaning over centuries, this is not the cas ...
town in the county, Keenan, was in the extreme eastern portion of Bonneville County near Caribou Mountain. Keenan boasted a population of nearly 1,000 people. It was about this same time, 1870, that Caribou City also sprang up and Eagle Rock, the forerunner of present-day Idaho Falls, began to acquire a population. There was a time during this growth and settlement period when it appeared Caribou City would outgrow Eagle Rock. The
gold rush A gold rush or gold fever is a discovery of gold Gold is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, ...

gold rush
into the Caribou region was not considered a small one despite the brevity of the settlements. An estimated $50 million was taken out of the region in gold dust and nuggets. Aside from the gold on Caribou mountain, cattle raising was the first major industry. Before the coming of the railroad, Matt Taylor bought and trailed a herd of cattle into the valley. As more settlers came they too started herds and stock raising became a profitable, growing industry. Experiments proved that many farm products could be raised in the area and farms spread over the valley. In 1888, a group of farmers planted small acreages of potatoes. That fall they sold them for 90 cents per hundred weight, and a new industry was created. During the early 20th century, more experiments had shown that sugar beets could be grown successfully. In 1902, Mark Austin surveyed the possibilities and recommended that a sugar factory be built east of
Idaho Falls Idaho Falls is a city in and the county seat of Bonneville County, Idaho, Bonneville County, Idaho, United States. It is the state's largest city outside the Boise metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the populati ...
. In 1903 the cornerstone for the building was laid. That fall the factory was in production and the small town of Lincoln built up around it. From the building of the ferry in 1863 to 1900 the face of Bonneville County changed considerably. The
Utah Utah ( , ) is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. Utah is a landlocked U.S. state bordered to its east by Colorado, to its northeast by Wyoming, to its north by Idaho, to its so ...

Utah
and Northern Railroad Company made Eagle Rock a division point, built maintenance shops and the town grew. In 1885, Eagle Rock had a population of 1,500. In 1887 the railroad shops moved to
Pocatello Pocatello () is the county seat of and largest city in Bannock County, Idaho, Bannock County, with a small portion on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation in neighboring Power County, Idaho, Power County, in the southeastern part of the U.S. state o ...
, leaving Eagle Rock almost a ghost town. With the development of irrigation, the town took on a new life and it became the most important shipping point between
Ogden, Utah Ogden is a city in and the county seat of Weber County, Utah, Weber County, Utah, United States, approximately east of the Great Salt Lake and north of Salt Lake City. The population was 87,321 in 2020, according to the United States Census Bur ...
and
Butte, Montana Butte is the county seat of Silver Bow County, Montana, Silver Bow County, Montana, United States. In 1977, the city and county governments consolidated to form the sole entity of Butte-Silver Bow. The city covers , and, according to the 2010 U ...
.


Idaho Falls

On August 26, 1891, the name of Eagle Rock was changed to Idaho Falls due to the
cataract A cataract is a cloudy area in the lens A lens is a transmissive optical Optics is the branch of physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physic ...

cataract
in the river on the west edge of the city. The town became a city on April 6, 1900 with Joseph A. Clark as its first Mayor. Idaho Falls was on its way and headed for a future that would one day see it as headquarters for an atomic energy installation; but in the year of 1900, it was still a city under the control of
Blackfoot The Blackfoot Confederacy, ''Niitsitapi'' or ''Siksikaitsitapi'' (ᖹᐟᒧᐧᒣᑯ, meaning "the people" or " Blackfoot-speaking real people"), is a historic collective name for linguistically related groups that make up the Blackfoot or Blac ...

Blackfoot
. Blackfoot was the county seat of Bingham County which still harbored Idaho Falls and it was to be 11 years before Idaho Falls became the county seat.


Geography

According to the
U.S. Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (1.8%) is water. The
Snake River The Snake River is a major river of the greater Pacific Northwest The Pacific Northwest (PNW) is a geographic region in western bounded by its coastal waters of the to the west and, loosely, by the to the east. Though no official bounda ...

Snake River
flows northwest through the Bonneville County, beginning at the
Wyoming Wyoming () is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. The List of U.S. states and territories by area, 10th largest state by area, it is also the List of U.S. states and territories b ...
border as the Palisades Reservoir. The river exits the county about midway on its northern border, turns and re-enters approximately 20 miles (32 km) west to flow southwest through Idaho Falls .


Adjacent counties

*
Madison CountyMadison County may refer to: *Madison County, Alabama *Madison County, Arkansas *Madison County, Florida *Madison County, Georgia *Madison County, Idaho *Madison County, Illinois *Madison County, Indiana *Madison County, Iowa *Madison County, Kentuc ...
- north * Teton County - north *Teton County, Wyoming, Teton County,
Wyoming Wyoming () is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. The List of U.S. states and territories by area, 10th largest state by area, it is also the List of U.S. states and territories b ...
- northeast *Lincoln County, Wyoming, Lincoln County,
Wyoming Wyoming () is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. The List of U.S. states and territories by area, 10th largest state by area, it is also the List of U.S. states and territories b ...
- southeast *Caribou County, Idaho, Caribou County - south *Bingham County, Idaho, Bingham County - west *Jefferson County, Idaho, Jefferson County - northwest


Major highways

* - Interstate 15 in Idaho, Interstate 15 * - U.S. Route 20 in Idaho, US 20 * - U.S. Route 26 in Idaho, US 26 * - U.S. Route 91 in Idaho, US 91 * - Idaho State Highway 31, SH-31 * - Idaho State Highway 43, SH-43


National protected areas

* Caribou National Forest (part) * Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge (part) * Targhee National Forest (part)


Demographics


2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 82,522 people, 28,753 households, and 21,449 families living in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 30,484 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.79% Race (United States Census), White, 0.49% Race (United States Census), Black or Race (United States Census), African American, 0.65% Race (United States Census), Native American, 0.82% Race (United States Census), Asian, 0.07% Race (United States Census), Pacific Islander, 3.72% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. 6.91% of the population were Race (United States Census), Hispanic or Race (United States Census), Latino of any race. 25.3% were of English people, English, 14.3% Germans, German and 12.2% United States, American ancestry. There were 28,753 households, out of which 40.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were Marriage, married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.33. In the county, the population was spread out, with 32.10% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,805, and the median income for a family was $48,216. Males had a median income of $38,745 versus $22,514 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,326. About 7.40% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.


2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 104,234 people, 36,629 households, and 26,787 families living in the county. The population density was . There were 39,731 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 90.6% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.8% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.1% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 11.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.4% were English people, English, 17.4% were Germans, German, 9.9% were Americans, American, and 7.8% were Irish people, Irish. Of the 36,629 households, 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.9% were non-families, and 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.32. The median age was 31.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $50,445 and the median income for a family was $58,346. Males had a median income of $46,498 versus $29,008 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,218. About 8.1% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.


Communities


Cities

*Ammon, Idaho, Ammon *
Idaho Falls Idaho Falls is a city in and the county seat of Bonneville County, Idaho, Bonneville County, Idaho, United States. It is the state's largest city outside the Boise metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the populati ...
*Iona, Idaho, Iona *Irwin, Idaho, Irwin *Ririe, Idaho, Ririe (partially) *Swan Valley, Idaho, Swan Valley *Ucon, Idaho, Ucon


Census-designated place

*Lincoln, Idaho, Lincoln


Unincorporated communities

*Beachs Corner, Idaho, Beachs Corner *Bone, Idaho, Bone *Osgood, Idaho, Osgood *Palisades


Ghost towns

*Herman *Caribou City


Politics

Bonneville County voters have been powerfully Republican for many decades. In no presidential election since 1948 has the county selected the Democratic nominee.


See also

*National Register of Historic Places listings in Bonneville County, Idaho


References


External links


County website
{{coord, 43.38, -111.60, display=title, type:adm2nd_region:US-ID_source:UScensus1990 Bonneville County, Idaho, Idaho counties 1911 establishments in Idaho Populated places established in 1911 Idaho Falls metropolitan area counties