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Boma is a port town on the Congo River, some 100 km upstream from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Kongo Central
Kongo Central
province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It had an estimated population of 162,521 in 2012.[2] Boma was the capital city of the Congo Free State
Congo Free State
and Belgian Congo (the modern Democratic Republic of the Congo) from 1 May 1886 to 1926, when the capital was moved to Léopoldville (since renamed Kinshasa). The port handles exports of tropical timber, bananas, cacao, and palm products.

Contents

1 History 2 Transport 3 People 4 Climate 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Boma was founded as a slaving station and entrepôt by merchants of several European countries in the 16th century.[3] Trade was chiefly in the hands of Dutch merchants, but British, French and Portuguese firms also had factories there. No European power exercised sovereignty, though claims were from time to time put forward by Portugal. Henry Morton Stanley
Henry Morton Stanley
arrived here on 9 Aug. 1877, after crossing Africa east to west.[4]:Vol.Two,359 In 1884 the people of Boma 'granted' a protectorate of their country to the International Association of the Congo.[5] Transport[edit] Boma lies on the north bank of the Congo River, some 100 km upstream from Muanda, where the river meets the Atlantic Ocean. The great width and depth of the river allow seagoing ships to reach Boma, which is the second-largest port of DR Congo, after Matadi. Between 1889 and 1984, the port was served by a 610 mm gauge railway line from Tshela. People[edit]

Antoine-Roger Bolamba, politician and poet, was born here in 1913.[6] Mpongo Lanu, popular Congolese singer, born in Boma 1956, d. 1990. (Aimee Fransoise Mpongo Lanu)[7]

Climate[edit] Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
classifies its climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw). The highest record temperature was 41 °C (106 °F) on February 25, 1976, while the lowest record temperature was 10 °C (50 °F) on October 21, 1976.[8]

Climate data for Boma

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 34 (93) 41 (106) 39 (102) 34 (93) 39 (102) 34 (93) 32 (90) 33 (91) 36 (97) 34 (93) 34 (93) 32 (90) 41 (106)

Average high °C (°F) 32.6 (90.7) 33.4 (92.1) 33.8 (92.8) 33.6 (92.5) 32 (90) 29.5 (85.1) 26.7 (80.1) 28 (82) 29.4 (84.9) 31.6 (88.9) 32.4 (90.3) 32.3 (90.1) 31.28 (88.29)

Daily mean °C (°F) 28.9 (84) 29.5 (85.1) 29.8 (85.6) 29.5 (85.1) 28.4 (83.1) 26 (79) 23.5 (74.3) 24.8 (76.6) 26.2 (79.2) 28.4 (83.1) 28.8 (83.8) 28.7 (83.7) 27.71 (81.88)

Average low °C (°F) 25.3 (77.5) 25.7 (78.3) 25.8 (78.4) 25.5 (77.9) 24.9 (76.8) 22.6 (72.7) 20.3 (68.5) 21.6 (70.9) 23.1 (73.6) 25.2 (77.4) 25.3 (77.5) 25.2 (77.4) 24.21 (75.58)

Record low °C (°F) 20 (68) 19 (66) 19 (66) 19 (66) 17 (63) 14 (57) 12 (54) 13 (55) 14 (57) 10 (50) 15 (59) 18 (64) 10 (50)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 83 (3.27) 112 (4.41) 126 (4.96) 173 (6.81) 69 (2.72) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 2 (0.08) 8 (0.31) 50 (1.97) 149 (5.87) 92 (3.62) 866 (34.1)

Source #1: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 10m)[9]

Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures[8]

Gallery[edit]

Boma pier, 1899

Authorities at the end of the pier, Boma, 1899

The nine old kings of Boma (phot. H. A. Shanu, 1898), Royal Museum for Central Africa

Fort de Shinkakasa
Fort de Shinkakasa
– fortification on the Congo River
Congo River
near Boma

Church of Boma, which still exists; oldest in the country

Residence of the Governor-General in Boma

Henry Morton Stanley's map of the area during his expedition down the Congo River

See also[edit]

Transport in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

References[edit]

^ "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2013-02-17.  ^ "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2013-02-17.  ^ This article incorporates text from The Modern World Encyclopædia: Illustrated (1935); out of UK copyright as of 2005. ^ Stanley, H.M., 1899, Through the Dark Continent, London: G. Newnes, Vol. One ISBN 0486256677, Vol. Two ISBN 0486256685 ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Boma". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 181.  This references H. M. Stanley, The Congo and the Founding of its Free State (London, 1885). ^ European-language writing in sub-Saharan Africa, Volume 1, Albert S. Gerard, accessed March 2010 ^ "Rumba on the River". Coldrun Books. Archived from the original on 2012-04-08.  ^ a b "Boma, Zaire". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 2014-02-05.  ^ "Climate: Boma - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 

External links[edit] Media related to Boma, Congo- Kinshasa
Kinshasa
at Wikimedia Commons

"(Boma)" – via Digital Public Library of America.  (Images, etc.) Boma Panorama

Coordinates: 05°51′00″S 13°03′00″E / 5.85000°S 13.05000°E / -5.85000; 13.05000

v t e

Kongo Central
Kongo Central
Province

Cities and communes

Matadi
Matadi
(capital)

Communes Matadi Nzanza Mvuzi

Boma

Communes Kabondo Kalamu Moanda (territory) Nzadi

Districts and territories

Bas-Fleuve District

Territories Lukula Seke-Banza Tshela

Cataractes District

Territories Luozi Mbanza-Ngungu Nkamba Songololo

Lukaya District

Territories Kasangu

.