BOLIVIANS (Spanish : Bolivianos) are the people that inhabit the
Plurinational State of
The Bolivian population, estimated at 10.9 million is multiethnic ,
* 1 Ethnic groups
* 1.1 Indigenous
* 1.5 Other
* 1.5.1 Indigenous peoples
* 2 Religion
* 3 Culture
* 3.1 Dances * 3.2 Clothing * 3.3 Cuisine
* 4 See also * 5 References
Indigenous self-identification 60 %
None self-identification 40 %
ETHNIC SELF-IDENTIFICATION ²
Indigenous 21 %
White 4 %
Cholo 2 %
Afro Bolivian 1 %
Other 1 %
n/a 3 %
1 = National Census of Population and Living 2001, National
Statistics Institute of
The ethnic composition of
The ethnic distribution of
Indigenous , also called "originarios" ("native" or "original") and,
less frequently, Amerindians. This ethnic group is composed by the
descendents of the Pre-
Hispanic cultures . They can be Andean , as the
Bolivians composed 12.72% or 231,088 of the total population in
the 1900 census, the last official census that collected data of
racial origin. Most people of European origin are second-generation
descendants of criollos and
Europeans or Arabs , coming mostly from
Bolivians are descendants of African slaves , who arrived in the
times of the
* Asians . Mainly Japanese (14.000 ) and Lebanese (12.900 ).
* Other: There are small amounts of European citizens of
The Indigenous peoples of
* ANDEAN ETHNICITIES
* Aymaras . They live on the high plateau of the departments of La
Paz, Oruro and Potosí, as well as some small regions near the
* ETHNICITIES OF THE ORIENTAL LLANOS
* Guaraníes . Formed by Guarayos, Pausernas, Sirionos, Chiriguanos, Wichí , Chulipis, Tapietes (es), Tobas and Yuquis. * TACANAS : Formed by Tacanas, Lecos, Ese Ejas , Araonas, Reyesanos and Maropas. * PANOS: Formed by Chacobos, Caripunas, Sinabos, Capuibos and Guacanaguas. * ARUACOS: Formed by Apolistas, Baures, Moxos , Chané , Movimas, Cayabayas, Carabecas, Paiconecas or Paucanacas. * CHAPACURAS: Formed by Itenez or More, Chapacuras, Sansinonianos, Canichanas, Itonamas, Yuracares, Guatoses and Chiquitos . * BOTOCUDOS: Formed by Bororos y Otuquis. * ZAMUCOS: Formed by Ayoreos .
1 Quechua 1.558.277 15,54% 6 Afro Bolivian 22.000 0,22%
2 Aymara 1.098.317 10,95% 7 Movima 10.152 0,11%
3 Chiquitano 184.288 1,84% 8 Guarayo 9.863 0,10%
4 Guaraní 133.393 1,33% 9 Chiman 4.528 0,05%
5 Moxo 76.073 0,76% 10 Tacana 3.056 0,03%
Source: Wigberto Rivero Pinto (2006)
The Roman Catholic church has a dominant religious presence in Bolivia. While a vast majority of Bolivians are Catholic Christians, a much smaller portion of the population participates actively. In the decades following the Second Vatican Council (1962–65), the Church tried to make religion a more active force in social life.
A 2008 survey for Americas Barometer, with 3,003 respondents and an error (+/- 1,8%) returned these results:
RELIGION PERCENTAGE NOTES
Evangelical 10.3% Pentecostal, Non-Catholic Charismatic
No religion 3.3% Secular, Atheist
Other Protestant 2.6% Historic Protestant: Adventist, Baptist, Calvinist, Salvation Army, Lutheran, Methodist, Nazarene, Presbyterian
Non-Christian 0.4% Bahá'í Faith, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu
Traditional religions 0.1% Native religions
Other reviews of the population vary from these specific results.
Some cultural development of what is now
The Spanish brought their own tradition of religious art which, in
the hands of local indigenous and mestizo builders and artisans,
developed into a rich and distinctive style of architecture,
literature, and sculpture known as "
Many dances and songs contain elements from both the native and
In the Lowlands, there are:
* Macheteros * Taquirari * Chovena chiquitana * Brincao * Carnavalito" * El Sarao" * Los moperas * La Paica * Danzas del Sol y de la Luna * Danza de la Saraza * Danzas de los pescadores * Danzas del cazador amazónico * Danza Rosita Pochi * Arete guazú * Toritos * Danzas Vallegrandinas de Santa Cruz * Cueca Cruceña
It is fashionable among Bolivian Andean women of indigenous descent to wear a skirt called a pollera . It was originally a Spanish peasant skirt that the colonial authorities forced indigenous women to wear. Now it is a symbol of pride in being indigenous and is considered a status symbol.
Another fashion is the bowler hat , which was adopted from the British. The position of the hat can indicate a woman's marital status and aspirations.
Main article: Bolivian cuisine
Bolivian cuisine stems mainly from the combination of Spanish cuisine
with traditional native Bolivian ingredients, with later influences
The traditional staples of Bolivian cuisine are corn , potatoes , and beans . These ingredients have been combined with a number of staples brought by the Spanish, such as rice , wheat , and meat, such as beef , pork , and chicken
* ^ Cónsul Boliviano con los días contados por Raúl Kollman,
Página 12, 9 de abril de 2006.
* ^ US Census Bureau 2012 American Community Survey B03001 1-Year
Estimates HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN Archived August
15, 2014, at the
Wayback Machine . retrieved September 20, 2013
* ^ La Razón. "Bolivianos en Chile" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4
* ^ "Las religiones en tiempos del Papa Francisco" (in Spanish).
Latinobarómetro. April 2014. pp. 6, 31. Archived from the original
(pdf) on 10 May 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
* ^ INE (2001). "Autoidentificación con Pueblos Originarios o
Indígenas de la Población de 15 años o más de edad- UBICACIÓN,
ÁREA GEOGRÁFICA, SEXO Y EDAD". Retrieved 7 October 2009.
* ^ Fundación Boliviana para la Democracia Multipartidaria (FBDM)
y Fondo para la Democracia de Naciones Unidas (Undef) (13 March 2009).
"Encuesta Nacional Sobre Valores y Actitudes Frente a la
Conflictividad en Bolivia" (PDF). Retrieved 7 October 2009.
* ^ A B Bolivian people
* ^ Censo National De La Poblacion de la Republica 1900 Census of
Bolivia. "Segunda parte" - (Page: 25 - 32)
* ^ Bolivian Reforms Raise Anxiety on
* v * t * e
Dependencies and other territories
* Falkland Islands * French Guiana * South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
* v * t * e
* To 1809
* Spanish colonization
* Cities * Climate * Departments * Environmental issues * Extreme points * Lakes * Mountains * Provinces * Rivers * Volcanoes
* Constitution * Elections * Foreign relations
* Human rights
* Law enforcement * Military * Political parties * President
* Boliviano (currency) * Energy * International rankings * Telecommunications * Tourism * Transport * Water supply and sanitation
* Crime * Demographics * Education * Health * Languages * Religion * Women
* Architecture * Cuisine * Flag * Literature * Media * Music * Public holidays
* Outline * Index