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Boggle
Boggle
is a word game designed by Bill Cooke, invented by Allan Turoff[1] and originally distributed by Parker Brothers.[2] The game is played using a plastic grid of lettered dice, in which players attempt to find words in sequences of adjacent letters.

Contents

1 Rules 2 Game variants 3 Club and tournament play 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Rules[edit] The game begins by shaking a covered tray of 16 cubic dice, each with a different letter printed on each of its sides. The dice settle into a 4×4 tray so that only the top letter of each cube is visible. After they have settled into the grid, a three-minute sand timer is started and all players simultaneously begin the main phase of play.[3] Each player searches for words that can be constructed from the letters of sequentially adjacent cubes, where "adjacent" cubes are those horizontally, vertically, and diagonally neighboring. Words must be at least three letters long, may include singular and plural (or other derived forms) separately, but may not use the same letter cube more than once per word. Each player records all the words he or she finds by writing on a private sheet of paper. After three minutes have elapsed, all players must immediately stop writing and the game enters the scoring phase. In the scoring phase, each player reads off his or her list of discovered words. If two or more players wrote the same word, it is removed from all players' lists. Any player may challenge the validity of a word, in which case a previously nominated dictionary is used to verify or refute it. For all words remaining after duplicates have been eliminated, points are awarded based on the length of the word. The winner is the player whose point total is highest, with any ties typically broken by count of long words. One cube is printed with "Qu". This is because Q is nearly always followed by U in English words (see exceptions), and if there were a Q in Boggle, it would be challenging to use if a U did not, by chance, appear next to it. For the purposes of scoring Qu counts as two letters: squid would score two points (for a five-letter word) despite being formed from a chain of only four cubes. Early versions of the game had a "Q" without the accompanying "u". The North American National Scrabble Association publishes the Official Scrabble
Scrabble
Players Dictionary, which is also suitable for Boggle.[4] This dictionary includes all variant forms of words up to eight letters in length. A puzzle book entitled 100 Boggle
Boggle
Puzzles (Improve Your Game) offering 100 game positions was published in the UK in 2003 but is no longer in print.

Word length Points

3, 4 1

5 2

6 3

7 5

8+ 11

Different versions of Boggle
Boggle
have varying distributions of letters. For example, a more modern version in the UK has easier letters, such as only one K, but an older version (with a yellow box, from 1986) has two Ks and a generally more awkward letter distribution. Using the sixteen cubes in a standard Boggle
Boggle
set, the list of longest words that can be formed includes inconsequentially, quadricentennials, and sesquicentennials, all seventeen-letter words made possible by q and u appearing on the same face of one cube.[2] Words within words are also allowed, for example: master, the two separate words being mast and aster. Neither the cubes nor the board may be touched while the timer is running. Game variants[edit] Parker Brothers
Parker Brothers
has introduced several licensed variations on the game. As of 2006[update], only Boggle
Boggle
Junior and Travel Boggle
Boggle
(also marketed as Boggle
Boggle
Folio), continue to be manufactured and marketed in North America alongside the standard Boggle
Boggle
game, apart from a licensed keychain miniature version. Boggle
Boggle
Junior is a much simplified version intended for young children. Boggle
Boggle
Travel is a car-friendly version of the standard 4×4 set. The compact, zippered case includes pencils and small pads of paper, as well as an electronic timer, and notably, a cover made from a soft plastic that produces much less noise when the board is shaken. Big Boggle, later marketed as Boggle
Boggle
Master and Boggle
Boggle
Deluxe, featured a 5×5 tray, and disallowed 3-letter words. Some editions of the Big Boggle
Boggle
set included an adapter which could convert the larger grid into a standard 4×4 Boggle
Boggle
grid. In the United Kingdom, Hasbro UK currently[when?] markets Super Boggle, which features both the 4×4 and 5×5 grid and an electronic timer which flashes to indicate the start and finish.[5] Despite the game's popularity in North America, no version of Boggle
Boggle
offering a 5×5 grid was marketed outside Europe for an extended period until 2011, when Winning Moves revived the Big Boggle
Boggle
name for a new version. Their variant features a two-letter die with popular letter combinations such as Qu, Th and In.[6] In 2008, Parker Brothers
Parker Brothers
released a self-contained version of the game with the dice sealed inside a plastic unit, and featuring an integrated timer. Although the older version has been discontinued, some retailers refer to the newer one as " Boggle
Boggle
Reinvention" to avoid confusion. In 2012, Winning Moves released a 6×6 version of the game called Super Big Boggle. In addition to the two-letter dice with popular letter combinations, there is also a die containing three faces which are solid squares. These solid squares represent a word stop, which is simply a space which may not be used in any word. The other changes are that the time limit was increased from 3 minutes to 4 minutes, 3-letter words are no longer allowed, and there is a modified scoring scheme, outlined below.

Scoring for the 6×6 version

Word length Points

4 1

5 2

6 3

7 5

8 11

9+ 2 points per letter

Other Boggle
Boggle
variants have included:

A version of the standard 4×4 set that included a special red "Boggle challenge cube," featuring six relatively uncommon letters. Bonus points are awarded for all words making use of the red cube. Boggle
Boggle
CD-ROM, a version for Windows, produced and marketed by Hasbro Interactive, including both 4×4 and 5×5 versions, several 3-D versions, and facilities allowing up to four players to compete directly over the Internet. Body Boggle, which is more akin to Twister than it is to standard Boggle. Two players work together as a team, using their hands and feet to spell words on a large floor mat containing pre-printed Boggle letters. Boggle
Boggle
Bowl, in which players roll their own dice and compete to build longer words in order to move their token toward their goal on a (bowl-shaped) playing area. Similar to Scrabble, the play area has special spaces, but here they alter the play for the next round. Boggle
Boggle
was once an interactive TV game show hosted by game show veteran Wink Martindale, that aired on The Family Channel (now ABC Family) replacing the interactive version of Trivial Pursuit. Coggle, which functions in a similar manner to Boggle
Boggle
but involves creating a word to fit a particular theme. Was mainly aimed at the French and Canadian market. Boggle
Boggle
Flash. An electronic version of Boggle, but consists of 5 tiles in which 1–10 players make words by swapping tiles. This product is sold in the United States under the name Scrabble
Scrabble
Flash.[7] Foggle, where the 16 dice have to be used to form valid mathematical equations. [8]

Numerous unofficial computer versions and variants of the game are available. By 1989, users of MIT's Project Athena
Project Athena
competed in the online game "mboggle".[9] In 2013, Ruzzle, a mobile phone game based on Boggle, topped the most-downloaded iPhone apps chart.[10] Other games similar to or influenced by Boggle
Boggle
include Bananagrams, Bookworm, Dropwords, Letterpress, Puzzlage, SpellTower, Word
Word
Factory, Wordquest, WordSpot, Word
Word
Streak with Friends, WordTwist, and Zip-It. Club and tournament play[edit] While not as widely institutionally established as Scrabble, several clubs have been established for the purpose of organizing Boggle
Boggle
play. Official Boggle
Boggle
clubs exist at a number of educational institutions, including the Dartmouth Union of Bogglers at Dartmouth College,[11] the Western Oregon University
Western Oregon University
Boggle
Boggle
Club,[12] the University of Michigan Boggle
Boggle
Club,[13] Berkeley Boggle
Boggle
Club at the University of California, Berkeley,[14] CCA Boggle
Boggle
Club at Canyon Crest Academy, and Grinnell College
Grinnell College
Boggle
Boggle
Club.[15] Unlike Scrabble, there is no national or international governing or rule-making body for Boggle
Boggle
competition and no official tournament regulations exist.[16] See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boggle.

Boggle
Boggle
(game show) Perquackey

References[edit]

^ Murphy, Mary Beth (1978-12-09). "Toy Designer's Creations Boggle
Boggle
the Mind". Milwaukee Sentinel. sec. 1 p. 10.  ^ a b Hinebaugh, Jeffrey P. (2009), A Board Game Education, R&L Education, pp. 57–65, ISBN 9781607092605, retrieved 2013-08-22  ^ BOGGLE Game Instructions - Hasbro, Retrieved December 3, 2013 ^ By Dalia Col'n, Board silly? Try these gaming clubs, Tampa Bay Time, Retrieved December 3, 2013 ^ " Hasbro
Hasbro
catalog". Hasbro.com. 2012-04-03. Retrieved 2012-11-22.  ^ " Winning Moves Big Boggle
Boggle
product listing". Winning-moves.com. Retrieved 2012-11-22.  ^ Scrabble
Scrabble
Flash page on Board Game Geek. ^ Foggle page on Board Game Geek. ^ Garfinkel, Simson L. (April 1989). "The Hackers are Still Ahead" (PDF). Technology Review. pp. 4–7. Retrieved 25 January 2016.  ^ Wasserman, Todd. " Ruzzle
Ruzzle
Is the First Breakout Hit of 2013".  ^ "Collis Center for Student Involvement -". www.dartmouth.edu.  ^ Western Oregon University
Western Oregon University
Student Union site Archived January 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ University of Michigan
University of Michigan
Student Union site Archived November 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "University of California Student Union site". Uga.berkeley.edu. 2008-02-21. Archived from the original on 2006-07-03. Retrieved 2012-11-22.  ^ "Grinnell Student Union site". Grinnell.edu. 2012-04-15. Archived from the original on 2013-01-28. Retrieved 2012-11-22.  ^ Turner, Julia (2013-08-01). " Boggle
Boggle
Is Better Than Scrabble". Slate. The Slate Group. Retrieved 2013-08-22. 

External links[edit]

DeepSearch Solution To The Top Ten 5×5 Boggle
Boggle
Boards Search - By JohnPaul Adamovsky Fun and Games with the English Language 4×4 Boggle
Boggle
board generator and solver - By Dr. Phillip M. Feldman Boggle
Boggle
Solver Fast multiple languages Boggle
Boggle
word solver - By M. van Moorselaar Serpentine Online multiplayer boggle game

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