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Bofors
Bofors
AB is a Swedish arms manufacturer. The name has been associated with the iron industry and artillery manufacturing for more than 350 years.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Bofors
Bofors
gun scandal 3 Present ownership 4 Products

4.1 Guns 4.2 Missiles 4.3 Other products

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Located in Karlskoga, Sweden, the company originates from the hammering trip hammer mill "Boofors", which was founded as a royal state-owned company in 1646. The modern corporate structure was created in 1873 with the foundation of Aktiebolaget (AB) Bofors-Gullspång. A leading Swedish steel producer by the early 1870s, Bofors
Bofors
expanded into weapons manufacture when steel produced by the Siemens-Martin process
Siemens-Martin process
began to be used for gun manufacture. The company's first cannon workshop was opened in 1884. Bofors' most famous owner was Alfred Nobel, who owned the company from 1894 until his death in December 1896.[2] Nobel played the key role in reshaping the former iron and steel producer to a modern cannon manufacturer and chemical industry participant.[3][4] The powder manufacturer AB Bofors Nobelkrut, later an explosives and general organic-chemical producer, was created in 1898 as a wholly owned subsidiary. By 1911, AB Bofors-Gullspång had outcompeted, bought and closed down its Finspång
Finspång
Swedish competitor in cannon manufacture. The company's name was shortened to AB Bofors
Bofors
in 1919.[5] Bofors
Bofors
gun scandal[edit]

Finnish soldiers operating a Bofors
Bofors
gun during WWII.

Main article: Bofors
Bofors
scandal In 1986, the Government of India
Government of India
and Bofors
Bofors
signed a US$ 285 million contract for the supply of 410 155 mm field howitzers.[6] In 1987, Swedish Radio alleged that Bofors
Bofors
paid illegal commissions to top Indian politicians and key defence officials to seal the deal.[6] The scandal contributed to the defeat of Rajiv Gandhi government
Rajiv Gandhi government
in the elections three years later.[7][8] Present ownership[edit] In 1999, Saab AB
Saab AB
purchased the Celsius Group, then the parent company of Bofors.[9] In September 2000, United Defense
United Defense
Industries (UDI) of the United States acquired Bofors
Bofors
Weapons Systems (the heavy weapons division), while Saab retained the missile interests. BAE Systems
BAE Systems
acquired United Defense
United Defense
and its Bofors
Bofors
subsidiary in 2005, and BAE Systems
BAE Systems
Bofors
Bofors
is now a business unit of BAE Systems
BAE Systems
AB, Saab Bofors
Bofors
Dynamics is a unit of Saab AB[10] Products[edit] The name Bofors
Bofors
is strongly associated with the 40 mm anti-aircraft gun used by both sides during World War II. This automatic cannon is often simply called the Bofors
Bofors
gun and saw service on both land and sea. It became so widely known that anti-aircraft guns in general were often referred to as Bofors
Bofors
guns.[11] Another well-known gun made by the company was the Bofors 37 mm
Bofors 37 mm
anti-tank gun, a standard anti-tank weapon used by a variety of armies early in the war. It was built under licence in Poland and the United States and was also used in a variety of tanks, including the 7TP
7TP
and M3A3 Stuart.[12] Guns[edit]

Bofors
Bofors
20mm Bofors
Bofors
25mm Bofors
Bofors
37mm Bofors
Bofors
40mm Bofors
Bofors
57mm Bofors
Bofors
120 mm Bofors
Bofors
152 mm Bofors
Bofors
283 mm Archer Artillery
Artillery
System

Missiles[edit]

Bantam (missile) BILL 1 Anti-tank guided weapon BILL 2 Anti-tank guided weapon RBS 23 RBS 70

Other products[edit]

Bofors
Bofors
375 mm multi-barrel ASW rocket launcher Bofors HPM Blackout high-powered microwave weapon system

See also[edit]

Bofors
Bofors
scandal Alfred Nobel The Bofors
Bofors
Gun— 1968 British drama film directed by Jack Gold, based on the play "Events While Guarding the Bofors
Bofors
Gun" by John McGrath List of modern armament manufacturers List of oldest companies

References[edit]

^ Oza, B.M (1997). Bofors : The Ambassador's Evidence. India: Konark Publishers.  ^ Bergengren, Erik (1962). Alfred Nobel: The Man and His Work. Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd.  ^ Schück, H (1950). Nobel - The Man and His Prizes. Stockholm: Solhmans Förlag. ISBN 0444001174.  ^ "Latter life". Alfred Nobel : Biography. Nobel Prize : Official website. Retrieved 4 March 2014.  ^ Subramaniam, Chitra (1993). Bofors: the story behind the news. India: Viking. ISBN 0670845256.  ^ a b "25 years of India's 'Watergate': The Bofors
Bofors
scandal". Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016.  ^ Mukherjee, A.P (2012). Unknown Facets of Rajiv Gandhi, Jyoti Basu and Indrajit Gupta. India: Pragun Publications. ISBN 81-7049470-2.  ^ Subramaniam, Chitra (1993). Bofors: The Story Behind The News. Viking. ISBN 0-67084525-6.  ^ "Press release". Celsius group. 12 September 2000. Retrieved 4 March 2014.  ^ Professor Øyvind Østerud, Professor Janne Haaland Matlary (March 2013). Denationalisation of Defence: Convergence and Diversity. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 152.  ^ Gander, Terry (January 1, 1986). The Bofors
Bofors
40mm Gun. Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 12. ISBN 0850598400.  ^ "Present day". About BTC. Official website : Bofors
Bofors
Test Center. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bofors.

BAE Systems
BAE Systems
Bofors Sa

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