Bofors AB is a Swedish arms manufacturer. The name has been associated
with the iron industry and artillery manufacturing for more than 350
Bofors gun scandal
3 Present ownership
4.3 Other products
5 See also
7 External links
Located in Karlskoga, Sweden, the company originates from the
hammering trip hammer mill "Boofors", which was founded as a royal
state-owned company in 1646. The modern corporate structure was
created in 1873 with the foundation of Aktiebolaget (AB)
Bofors-Gullspång. A leading Swedish steel producer by the early
Bofors expanded into weapons manufacture when steel produced by
Siemens-Martin process began to be used for gun manufacture. The
company's first cannon workshop was opened in 1884. Bofors' most
famous owner was Alfred Nobel, who owned the company from 1894 until
his death in December 1896. Nobel played the key role in reshaping
the former iron and steel producer to a modern cannon manufacturer and
chemical industry participant. The powder manufacturer AB Bofors
Nobelkrut, later an explosives and general organic-chemical producer,
was created in 1898 as a wholly owned subsidiary. By 1911, AB
Bofors-Gullspång had outcompeted, bought and closed down its
Finspång Swedish competitor in cannon manufacture. The company's name
was shortened to AB
Bofors in 1919.
Bofors gun scandal
Finnish soldiers operating a
Bofors gun during WWII.
In 1986, the
Government of India
Government of India and
Bofors signed a US$ 285 million
contract for the supply of 410 155 mm field howitzers. In 1987,
Swedish Radio alleged that
Bofors paid illegal commissions to top
Indian politicians and key defence officials to seal the deal. The
scandal contributed to the defeat of
Rajiv Gandhi government
Rajiv Gandhi government in the
elections three years later.
Saab AB purchased the Celsius Group, then the parent company
of Bofors. In September 2000,
United Defense Industries (UDI) of
the United States acquired
Bofors Weapons Systems (the heavy weapons
division), while Saab retained the missile interests.
BAE Systems acquired
United Defense and its
Bofors subsidiary in 2005,
Bofors is now a business unit of
BAE Systems AB, Saab
Bofors Dynamics is a unit of Saab AB
Bofors is strongly associated with the 40 mm anti-aircraft
gun used by both sides during World War II. This automatic cannon is
often simply called the
Bofors gun and saw service on both land and
sea. It became so widely known that anti-aircraft guns in general were
often referred to as
Bofors guns. Another well-known gun made by
the company was the
Bofors 37 mm
Bofors 37 mm anti-tank gun, a standard anti-tank
weapon used by a variety of armies early in the war. It was built
under licence in Poland and the United States and was also used in a
variety of tanks, including the
7TP and M3A3 Stuart.
Bofors 120 mm
Bofors 152 mm
Bofors 283 mm
BILL 1 Anti-tank guided weapon
BILL 2 Anti-tank guided weapon
Bofors 375 mm multi-barrel ASW rocket launcher
Bofors HPM Blackout high-powered microwave weapon system
Bofors Gun— 1968 British drama film directed by Jack Gold, based
on the play "Events While Guarding the
Bofors Gun" by John McGrath
List of modern armament manufacturers
List of oldest companies
^ Oza, B.M (1997). Bofors : The Ambassador's Evidence. India:
^ Bergengren, Erik (1962). Alfred Nobel: The Man and His Work.
Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd.
^ Schück, H (1950). Nobel - The Man and His Prizes. Stockholm:
Solhmans Förlag. ISBN 0444001174.
^ "Latter life". Alfred Nobel : Biography. Nobel Prize :
Official website. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
^ Subramaniam, Chitra (1993). Bofors: the story behind the news.
India: Viking. ISBN 0670845256.
^ a b "25 years of India's 'Watergate': The
Bofors scandal". Yahoo!
News. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016.
^ Mukherjee, A.P (2012). Unknown Facets of Rajiv Gandhi, Jyoti Basu
and Indrajit Gupta. India: Pragun Publications.
^ Subramaniam, Chitra (1993). Bofors: The Story Behind The News.
Viking. ISBN 0-67084525-6.
^ "Press release". Celsius group. 12 September 2000. Retrieved 4 March
^ Professor Øyvind Østerud, Professor Janne Haaland Matlary (March
2013). Denationalisation of Defence: Convergence and Diversity.
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 152.
^ Gander, Terry (January 1, 1986). The
Bofors 40mm Gun. Patrick
Stephens Ltd. p. 12. ISBN 0850598400.
^ "Present day". About BTC. Official website :
Center. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March
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