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BODELWYDDAN (Welsh pronunciation: ) is a town, electoral ward and community in Denbighshire , Wales
Wales
, approximately 5 miles (8 km) South of Rhyl . The Parish includes several smaller hamlets.

Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
is home to over sixty listed buildings including notable locations such as the Marble Church and Bodelwyddan Castle
Bodelwyddan Castle
.

The population of only 2,106, increasing to 2,147 at the 2011 census, is served by a single public house , a small number of shops, a primary school and a driving range ; as well as having its own Community Centre
Community Centre
.

It is now bypassed by the A55 road , but continues to be a hub of activity due to the presence of Glan Clwyd Hospital . It has a Town Council.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Local Development Plan

* 2 Geography * 3 Demographics

* 4 Notable landmarks

* 4.1 Bodelwyddan Castle
Bodelwyddan Castle
* 4.2 Faenol Fawr * 4.3 Glan Clwyd Hospital * 4.4 Kinmel Camp * 4.5 Marble Church

* 5 Education * 6 Notable residents * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

The name "Bodelwyddan" translates as Abode (Bod) of Elwyddan, he being a fifth century Romano Chieftain of the area.

While Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
may not have a long and notable history, it does contain many historic buildings, and has been the site of several important military training exercises during the two World Wars
World Wars
.

Until 1860, Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
was a part of the parish of St. Asaph
St. Asaph
, before being gazetted as a new and separate parish on the 3rd of August, following the construction of the Marble Church.

During the two World Wars
World Wars
, the nearby Kinmel Camp was used to house soldiers, and was the location of the Kinmel Park Riots in 1919, which led to several Canadian deaths.

Historically, Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
was home to a Lead Mine , which closed sometime between 1860 and 1900. The nearby "Engine Hill" was named after the mine engines designed to keep the mine's water problems under control. Engine Hill has four "main" engine shafts with multiple smaller shafts, however the majority of knowledge on earlier working has been lost.

The A55 road Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
bypass was completed in 1986, and has been fundamental in shaping the changing Bodelwyddan, being at least partially responsible for the Local Development Plan and the continued existence of Ysbyty Glan Clwyd.

LOCAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN

See also: Town and country planning in Wales
Wales

In 2010, it was made public that Denbighshire County Council 's Local Development Plan (LDP) had allocated over 1,700 new houses to be built in Bodelwyddan.

Following the announcement, the proposal has been heavily opposed by locals including Conwy County Borough Council , who said “No evidence has been presented by Denbighshire County Council providing details of the likely impact on services generally in Conwy County (especially Health and Education)"

According to forecasts, the population of Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
would be expected to rise significantly until 2021, potentially tripling the population.

In 2011 a referendum was held by the Town Council on the topic, with a resounding 94% against result. Despite the clear and near-unanimous opposition, the decision was made to go ahead with the plan, following a split vote by Denbighshire County Council.

GEOGRAPHY

Despite Bodelwyddan's small size, it is a town and not a village , as evidenced by its Town Council . The majority of locals refer to it as a village.

To its South lies Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
Castle, which sits on Engine Hill - so named for the Steam Engines that drove the mining operations that took place there in the past.

In the area surrounding Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
lie small farms, including two farm shops . Also nearby are several hamlets - including: Cefn Meiriadog, Marli, Llannefydd and Pengwern.

SETTLEMENTS AND GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES NEAR BODELWYDDAN

Towyn
Towyn
- 7 km Kinmel Bay
Kinmel Bay
- 6 km Rhyl - 8 km Rhuddlan - 4 km Flint - 29 km

Abergele
Abergele
- 7 km BODELWYDDAN St. Asaph
St. Asaph
5 km

Llanrwst
Llanrwst
- 32 km Denbigh - 14 km Ruthin - 26 km

DEMOGRAPHICS

At the time of the 2001 Census , the Usual Resident Population numbered 1,802, of which 915 (50.8%) were male and 887 (49.2%) were female.

With a density of just 20.95 people per hectare, Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
is one of the most sparsely populated towns or villages in North Wales
Wales
that is not classified as a hamlet .

NOTABLE LANDMARKS

Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
Church Vicarage

Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
has over sixty listed buildings within its Town Boundary. In particular, Bodelwyddan Castle
Bodelwyddan Castle
and the Faenol Fawr are two of the oldest buildings.

Notable buildings include the Marble Church , built by John Gibson in the 1850s; Bodelwyddan Castle
Bodelwyddan Castle
, now used as a branch of the National Portrait Gallery ; and Glan Clwyd Hospital, the major hospital for central North Wales.

BODELWYDDAN CASTLE

Main article: Bodelwyddan Castle
Bodelwyddan Castle

Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
Castle, built around 1460 as a manor house is one of the most obvious buildings on the Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
skyline, both at day and at night. Being of a more recent vintage than most other nearby castles, Bodelwyddan Castle
Bodelwyddan Castle
is well preserved. Today, Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
castle is used primarily as a Hotel and Art Gallery, but in the past has served other functions, such as being a private school for girls between 1920 and 1982.

FAENOL FAWR

Main article: Faenol Fawr, Bodelwyddan
Faenol Fawr, Bodelwyddan
Faenol Fawr

Faenol Fawr was built in 1597 as a country house for John Lloyd, registrar for the St Asaph diocese. Dormer windows with stepped gables were installed as part of an 18th-century renovation. It is now a country house hotel. It is a grade II* listed building.

GLAN CLWYD HOSPITAL

Main article: Glan Clwyd Hospital

Also known as Ysbty Glan Clwyd, Glan Clwyd Hospital is one of the largest hospitals in North Wales, and is the major hospital for Central North Wales. Until 2007, it served as the headquarters of the Conwy now legally protected poignant examples of pristine trenches from that era. In the 1919 Kinmel Park Riots , five Canadian soldiers perished; There have been other tragic events in Kinmel Park history, including the death of many soldiers in the 1918 flu pandemic .

MARBLE CHURCH

Main article: Marble Church, Bodelwyddan Marble Church, Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan

St. Margaret's Church, better known as The Marble Church, is clearly visible from a great distance up and down the A55 road and was erected between 1856 and 1860, and was built with local Limestone
Limestone
, sourced from nearby Llanddulas
Llanddulas
, whose appearance closely resembles porcelain .

The Church is dedicated to two Saints, St. Margaret and St. Kentigern , and contains several notable graves - including the grave of Elizabeth James, mother of Sir Henry Morton Stanley
Sir Henry Morton Stanley
, a renowned Victorian Explorer. It is also home to the graves of over eighty Canadian soldiers, dating back to between 1918 and 1919.

EDUCATION

See also: List of schools in Wales
Wales

The local Primary School is Ysgol y Faenol, which primarily feeds into Ysgol Glan Clwyd in St. Asaph
St. Asaph
and Ysgol Emrys Ap Iwan in Abergele .

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

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* ^ Listed Buildings in Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan
- Retrieved April 7, 2013 * ^ "Parish Headcounts: Denbighshire". Neighbourhood Statistics: Census 2001. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 May 2011. * ^ "Community/Ward population 2011". Retrieved 22 May 2015. * ^ Bodelwyddan
Bodelwyddan