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ROBERT WILLIAM "BOB" HOSKINS (26 October 1942 – 29 April 2014) was an English actor. His work included lead roles in _Pennies from Heaven _ (1978), _ The Long Good Friday _ (1980), _Mona Lisa _ (1986), _ Who Framed Roger Rabbit _ (1988), _Mermaids _ (1990), and _Super Mario
Mario
Bros. _ (1993), and supporting performances in _Brazil _ (1985), _Hook _ (1991), _Nixon _ (1995), _ Enemy at the Gates _ (2001), _Mrs. Henderson Presents _ (2005), _A Christmas Carol _ (2009), _Made in Dagenham _ (2010), and _ Snow White and the Huntsman _ (2012). He also directed two feature films.

Hoskins received the best actor award at the Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
, the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama for his role in _Mona Lisa_. He was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for the same role. In 2009, Hoskins won an International Emmy
International Emmy
Award for Best Actor for his appearance on the BBC
BBC
One drama _The Street _. In 2012, Hoskins retired from acting due to his battle with Parkinson\'s disease , and he died from pneumonia on 29 April 2014, at age 71.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Illness and death

* 5 Filmography

* 5.1 Film * 5.2 Television

* 6 References * 7 External links

EARLY LIFE

Hoskins was born in Bury St Edmunds
Bury St Edmunds
, West Suffolk , on 26 October 1942 to Robert Hoskins, a bookkeeper and lorry driver , and Elsie (née Hopkins) Hoskins, a cook and nursery school teacher. His grandmother was a Romani . From two weeks old, he was brought up in Finsbury Park, London
London
. He left school at the age of 15 with a single O-Level and worked as a porter , lorry driver, and window cleaner . He started on a 3-year accountancy course but dropped out.

CAREER

In 1968, Hoskins' acting career began at the Victoria Theatre, Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
. He portrayed a servant named Peter in a production of _ Romeo and Juliet _. In 1969, he worked at the Unity Theatre in London
London
, England
England
. One evening, he was waiting in the Unity Theatre bar for his friend, the actor Roger Frost, to finish an audition. Whilst drinking at the bar, he was given a script and told, "You're next." He got the part, with Frost ending up his understudy. Frost recalled, "Bob was a natural. He just got up on stage and was brilliant."

His first major television role was in _On the Move _ (1975-6), an educational series intended to tackle adult illiteracy, in which he portrayed Alf Hunt, a removal man who had problems reading and writing. According to eventual producer George Auckland , up to 17 million people watched the series. Hoskins' breakthrough television role came in the original BBC
BBC
version of Dennis Potter 's innovative 6-part fantasy-drama _Pennies from Heaven _ (1978) as adulterous sheet music salesman Arthur Parker. Later, he portrayed Iago in Jonathan Miller 's BBC Television Shakespeare production of _ Othello
Othello
_.

Hoskins' performances in British films , such as _The Long Good Friday _ (1980) and _Mona Lisa _ (1986), won him the wider approval of the critics and, in the case of the latter, a Cannes Award , Best Actor Golden Globe and BAFTA
BAFTA
Awards, and an Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination for Best Actor . He also delivered comic turns in Terry Gilliam 's _Brazil _ (1985) and as Mario
Mario
in _Super Mario
Mario
Bros. _ (1993). In 2007, Hoskins told _ The Guardian
The Guardian
_ that he regretted starring in _Super Mario
Mario
Bros._, stating that he was extremely unhappy with the film and greatly angered by his experiences making it, referring to it as the "worst thing I ever did". In 1983, Hoskins' voice was used in an advert for Weetabix and during the late 1980s and early 1990s, he appeared in advertising for the recently privatized companies of British Gas and British Telecom (now BT Group). _ Hoskins filming Ruby Blue_ in 2007

He had a small role as Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
's manager in _The Wall _. He was slated to be a last-minute replacement in _The Untouchables _ if Robert De Niro had not decided to portray Al Capone . When De Niro took the part, director Brian De Palma mailed Hoskins a cheque for £20,000 with a _"Thank You"_ note, which prompted him to call up De Palma and ask him if there were any more films he did not want him to be in.

In 1988, Hoskins played private investigator Eddie Valiant in the Disney , Touchstone , and Amblin Entertainment
Amblin Entertainment
live-action/animated family blockbuster , _ Who Framed Roger Rabbit _ (1988). Hoskins was not the first choice for the role; Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
, Bill Murray , and Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
were all considered for the part, but film critics agreed that Hoskins was perfect for the role, the most prominent among them being Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert . As Hoskins' character interacts and makes physical contact with animated characters in the film, Hoskins was required to take mime training courses in preparation, and after shooting ended, he suffered from hallucinations for months afterward. Hoskins was nominated for a Golden Globe award for this performance and won a British Evening Standard award.

Some of Hoskins' other work include playing opposite Cher
Cher
in _Mermaids _ (1990), portraying Smee
Smee
in _Hook _ (1991) and in _Neverland _ (2011), and playing Uncle Bart, the psychopathic and violent "owner" of Jet Li in _Unleashed _ aka _Danny The Dog_. He returned to television in productions for the BBC, including _Flickers_, _David Copperfield _ as Wilkins Micawber (1999), and _The Wind in the Willows _ (2006). He portrayed Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
as a political commissar in _ Enemy at the Gates _ (2001). Hoskins received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in _ Mrs Henderson Presents _, a film he also produced with Norma Heyman . In 2007, Hoskins appeared in the music video for Jamie T\'s single "Sheila".

Hoskins also directed two films, both of which he starred in; _The Raggedy Rawney _ (1988) and _Rainbow _ (1996). In 2009, he made a return to television in Jimmy McGovern 's drama serial _The Street _, where he played a publican who stands up to a local gangster. For this role, he received his only Emmy when he won Best Actor at the 2010 International Emmys . In 2011, _ In Search of La Che _ featured a character named Wermit and every line of his dialogue was a quote of Bob Hoskins.

On 8 August 2012, Hoskins announced his retirement from acting after being diagnosed with Parkinson\'s disease in 2011.

PERSONAL LIFE

Hoskins' father was a communist and brought up Hoskins to be an atheist . In 1967, aged 25, Hoskins spent a short period of time volunteering in kibbutz Zikim in Israel
Israel
, and also herded camels in Syria
Syria
. In an interview, when asked what he owed his parents, he said, "Confidence. My mum used to say to me, 'If somebody doesn't like you, fuck 'em, they've got bad taste.'" When asked which living person he most despised, Hoskins named Tony Blair
Tony Blair
and claimed that "he's done even more damage than Thatcher ". He made light of his similarities with film actor Danny DeVito
Danny DeVito
, whom he joked would play him in a film about his life.

With his first wife Jane Livesey, Hoskins had two children named Alex (born 1968) and Sarah (born 1972). With his second wife Linda Banwell, he had two more children named Rosa (born c. 1983) and Jack (born c. 1986).

ILLNESS AND DEATH

In August 2012, Hoskins retired from acting due to being diagnosed with Parkinson\'s disease in 2011.

On 29 April 2014, he died of pneumonia at a hospital in London
London
, England
England
at age 71. He is survived by his second wife Linda Banwell and his four children.

After his death, Robert Zemeckis , the director of _Who Framed Roger Rabbit _, released a statement saying that Hoskins brought enjoyment to audiences worldwide. Among the actors who paid tribute at his funeral were Stephen Fry
Stephen Fry
, Samuel L. Jackson , and Helen Mirren , who said that " London
London
will miss one of her best and most loving sons".

On the second anniversary of his death, as a tribute to Hoskins, some Twitter users posted links to articles about his death. This led to some confusion, as others believed he had just died. There was then a flood of tributes to him on social media.

FILMOGRAPHY

FILM

YEAR TITLE ROLE NOTES

1972 _ Up the Front _ Recruiting sergeant

1973 _The National Health _ Foster

1975 _Royal Flash _ Police Constable

_Inserts _ Big Mac

1979 _ Zulu Dawn _ CSM Williams

1980 _ The Long Good Friday _ Harold Shand Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

1982 _ Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
The Wall _ Band manager

1983 _The Honorary Consul _ Colonel Perez Nominated – BAFTA
BAFTA
Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role

1984 _Lassiter _ Inspector John Becker

_The Cotton Club _ Owney Madden

1985 _The Woman Who Married Clark Gable_ George

_ The Dunera Boys _ Morrie Mendellsohn

_Brazil _ Spoor

1986 _ Sweet Liberty _ Stanley Gould

_Mona Lisa _ George BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Cannes Film Festival: Best Actor (tied with Michel Blanc in _Ménage _) Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor London
London
Film Critics Circle Award for Actor of the Year (tied with William Hurt
William Hurt
in _Kiss of the Spider Woman _) Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor Valladolid International Film Festival: Best Actor Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor

1987 _ A Prayer for the Dying _ Father Michael Da Costa

_ The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne _ James Madden Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor

1988 _ Who Framed Roger Rabbit _ Eddie Valiant Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actor

_ The Raggedy Rawney _ Darky Also director

1990 _Heart Condition _ Jack Moony

_Mermaids _ Lou Landsky

1991 _ The Favour, the Watch and the Very Big Fish _ Louis Aubinard

_Shattered _ Gus Klein

_Hook _ Smee
Smee

_The Inner Circle _ Lavrentiy Beria

1992 _Passed Away _ Johnny Scanlan

_Blue Ice _ Sam Garcia

1993 _Super Mario
Mario
Bros. _ Mario
Mario

_The Big Freeze _ Sidney

1995 _Nixon _ J. Edgar Hoover Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture

_Balto _ Boris Voice only

1996 _Rainbow _ Frank Bailey Also director

_The Secret Agent _ Verloc

_Michael _ Vartan Malt

1997 _Twenty Four Seven _ Alan Darcy European Film Award for Best Actor

_Spice World _ Ginger Spice\'s disguise

1998 _Cousin Bette _ Cesar Crevel

1999 _ Parting Shots _ Gerd Layton

_Captain Jack _ Jack Armistead

_Felicia\'s Journey _ Hilditch Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role

_ A Room for Romeo Brass _ Steven Laws

_The White River Kid_ Brother Edgar

2000 _American Virgin _ Joey

2001 _ Enemy at the Gates _ Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev

_Last Orders _ Ray "Raysie" Johnson National Board of Review Award for Best Acting by an Ensemble Nominated – European Film Award for Best Actor (shared with ensemble cast)

2002 _ Where Eskimos Live _ Sharkey

_ Maid in Manhattan _ Lionel Bloch

2003 _ The Sleeping Dictionary _ Henry DVD Exclusive Award for Best Supporting Actor in a DVD Premiere Movie

_ Den of Lions _ Darius Paskevic

2004 _Vanity Fair _ Sir Pitt Crawley

_Beyond the Sea _ Charlie Maffia

2005 _Unleashed _ Bart

_ Son of the Mask _ Odin Nominated – Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor

_ Mrs Henderson Presents _ Vivian Van Damm National Board of Review Award for Best Acting by an Ensemble Nominated – British Independent Film Award for Best Actor Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Nominated – St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor

_Stay _ Dr. Leon Patterson

2006 _Paris, je t\'aime _ Bob Leander Segment: "Pigalle"

_The Wind in the Willows _ Badger

_Garfield: A Tail of Two Kitties _ Winston Voice only

_ Hollywoodland _ Eddie Mannix

2007 _Sparkle _ Vince

_Outlaw _ Walter Lewis

_Ruby Blue _ Jack Oxford International Film Festival - Best Actor

_ Go Go Tales _ The Baron

2008 _Doomsday _ Bill Nelson

2009 _A Christmas Carol _ Mr. Fezziwig / Old Joe

2010 _ Made in Dagenham _ Albert Nominated – British Independent Film Award for Best Supporting Actor

2011 _Will _ Davey

2012 _ Outside Bet _ Percy "Smudge" Smith

2012 _ Snow White and the Huntsman _ Muir

TELEVISION

YEAR TITLE ROLE NOTES

1972 _Villains_

_ Play for Today _ Taxi driver Episode: "The Bankrupt"

1973 _Crown Court _

_New Scotland Yard _ Eddie Wharton

_Softly, Softly: Taskforce _ Parker

_ Play for Today _ Woodbine Episode: "Her Majesty's Pleasure"

1974 _ Shoulder to Shoulder _ Jack Dunn

_Thick as Thieves_ Dobbs

_ Play for Today _ Blake Episode: "Schmoedipus"

1975 _On the Move _ Alf

1976 _Thriller _ Sammy Draper

_The Crezz_ Detective Sergeant Marble

1977 _Van der Valk _ Johnny Palmer

_Rock Follies of \'77 _ Johnny Britten

1978 _Pennies from Heaven _ Arthur Parker Nominated – BAFTA
BAFTA
TV Award for Best Actor

1979 _Of Mycenae and Men_ Mr. Taramasalatopoulos

1980 _Flickers_ Arnie Cole

1981 _ Othello
Othello
_ Iago

1983 _The Beggar\'s Opera _ Beggar

1985 _ Mussolini and I _ Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini

1985 _ The Dunera Boys _ Morrie Mendellsohn Australian mini-series

1994 _The Changeling_ De Flores

_World War II: When Lions Roared _ Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill

1995–1999 _ The Forgotten Toys _ Teddy Voice only

1996 _Tales from the Crypt _

1998 _ Saturday Night Live _ Himself

1999 _David Copperfield _ Wilkins Micawber

2000 _Noriega: God's Favorite_ Manuel Noriega Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film

_Don Quixote _ Sancho Panza

2001 _The Lost World _ Professor George Challenger

2003 _ Frasier _ Coach Fuller

_The Good Pope: Pope John XXIII
Pope John XXIII
_ Angelo Roncalli / Pope John XXIII
Pope John XXIII

2008 _The Englishman\'s Boy _ Damon Ira Chance

_Pinocchio _ Geppetto

_The Last Word Monologues_ unnamed hitman Episode: "A Bit of Private Business"

2009 _The Street _ Paddy Gargan International Emmy
International Emmy
Award for best actor

2011 _Neverland _ Smee
Smee

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ John Anderson (April 30, 2014). "Bob Hoskins, Actor Who Combined Charm and Menace, Dies at 71". _ New York Times
New York Times
_. * ^ " Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
Obituary". _The Herald _. Retrieved 24 December 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Hattenstone, Simon (2 August 2007). "The Method? Living it out? Cobblers!". _The Guardian_. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 26 April 2010. * ^ Moline, Karen (1988). _Bob Hoskins: An Unlikely Hero_. Michigan: Sidgwick & Jackson. p. 201. ISBN 0-283-99508-4 . * ^ Confirmed on Desert Island Discs in November 1988 * ^ Farndale, Nigel (27 November 2009). " Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
interview: \'My own mum wouldn\'t call me pretty\'". _The Daily Telegraph_. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 13 May 2014. * ^ "Bob Hoskins". 1 May 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014. * ^ "Bob Hoskins: Sold as seen". _The Guardian_. Guardian Media Group. 9 October 1999. Retrieved 26 February 2013. * ^ Karen Moline, _Bob Hoskins: an unlikely hero_, p17, (Sidgwick & Jackson), 1988, ISBN 0283995084 , 9780283995088 * ^ "On the Move", BFI Film & TV database, * ^ "On the Move: How Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
helped adults learn to read". _BBC_. 3 May 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Helen Mirren on Bob Hoskins: \'A spectacular firework just as it takes off\'. The Guardian. Retrieved 24 December 2014 * ^ Chris Fillm (2002). "Marketing Communications: Contexts, Strategies, and Applications". p. 516. Financial Times Prentice Hall * ^ "Much-loved British actor Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
dies age 71". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 24 December 2014 * ^ " Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
paid not to play Capone". _Metro_. UK. 19 March 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2011. * ^ James B. Stewart (2005). _ DisneyWar _. New York City: Simon & Schuster . p. 86. ISBN 0-684-80993-1 . * ^ Evans, Bradford (7 April 2011). "The Lost Roles of Eddie Murphy". Splitsider . Retrieved 18 July 2015. * ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=glSkzgw9Ly4 * ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VGeIoLel4MQ * ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=668YHcLC8rw * ^ " Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
to retire after Parkinson\'s diagnosis". BBC Retrieved 24 December 2014 * ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4-L7Cadb-c0 * ^ Movie Pilot Article on Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
Death * ^ " Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
retires from acting". Itv.com. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2013. * ^ " Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
– Celebrity Atheist List". Celebatheists.com. Retrieved 24 August 2011. * ^ Sharrock, David (24 February 2007). "After nearly a century, Israel\'s first kibbutz calls time on communism". _The Times_. UK. Retrieved 20 May 2010. * ^ Stuart, Jan (7 November 1999). "MOVIES Still Breathing Fire BOB HOSKINS dropped out of high school. Joined a circus. Fled to Israel. Then, he discovered acting.". _Newsday_. Retrieved 20 May 2010. * ^ " Bob Hoskins