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Robert Louis Fosse
Fosse
(June 23, 1927 – September 23, 1987) was an American dancer, musical theatre choreographer, director, screenwriter, film director and actor.[2] He won eight Tony Awards
Tony Awards
for choreography, more than anyone else, as well as one for direction. He was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning for his direction of Cabaret.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Stage productions 2.2 Filmography

3 Innovations 4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Awards and nominations 7 Legacy 8 Work

8.1 Stage productions 8.2 Filmography

9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Early life[edit] Fosse
Fosse
was born in Chicago, Illinois
Illinois
on June 23, 1927, to a Norwegian American father, Cyril K. Fosse, a traveling salesman for The Hershey Company,[3] and Irish-born mother, Sara Alice Fosse
Fosse
(née Stanton), the second youngest of six.[2][4] He teamed up with Charles Grass, another young dancer, and began a collaboration under the name The Riff Brothers. They toured theaters throughout the Chicago
Chicago
area. After being recruited, Fosse
Fosse
was placed in the variety show Tough Situation, which toured military and naval bases in the Pacific. Fosse
Fosse
moved to New York City
New York City
with the ambition of being the new Fred Astaire. His appearance with his first wife and dance partner Mary Ann Niles (1923–1987) in Call Me Mister brought him to the attention of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis. Fosse
Fosse
and Niles were regular performers on Your Hit Parade
Your Hit Parade
during its 1950-51 season, and during this season Martin and Lewis caught their act in New York's Pierre Hotel
Pierre Hotel
and scheduled them to appear on the Colgate Comedy Hour. Fosse
Fosse
was signed to a MGM contract in 1953.[5] His early screen appearances included Give A Girl A Break, The Affairs of Dobie Gillis
The Affairs of Dobie Gillis
and Kiss Me Kate, all released in 1953. A short sequence that he choreographed in the last (and danced with Carol Haney) brought him to the attention of Broadway producers.[6] Career[edit] Stage productions[edit] Fosse
Fosse
moved from on-screen acting to theater, and in 1954, he choreographed his first musical, The Pajama Game, followed by George Abbott's Damn Yankees
Damn Yankees
in 1955. It was while working on the latter show that he first met the rising star whom he was to marry in 1960, Gwen Verdon. For he work in Damn Yankees, Verdon won her first Tony Award for Best Actress. In 1957 Fosse
Fosse
choreographed New Girl in Town, also directed by Abbott, and Verdon won her second Leading Actress Tony. In 1960, Fosse
Fosse
was, for the first time, both director and choreographer of a musical called simply Redhead.[7] With Redhead, Fosse
Fosse
won the Tony Award
Tony Award
for best choreography, Verdon won her third Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress in a Musical, and the show won the Tony for best musical.[8] Although he was replaced as the director/choreographer for the short-lived 1961 musical The Conquering Hero, he quickly took on the job of choreographer of the 1961 musical hit How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, which starred Robert Morse.[9][10] With Fosse
Fosse
again the choreographer-director, Verdon starred in Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
in 1966[11]. In 1973, Fosse's work on Pippin won him the Tony for Best Direction of a Musical.[12] He was also director and choreographer of Chicago
Chicago
in 1975, which also starred Verdon.[13] In 1986, Fosse
Fosse
directed, wrote, and choreographed the Broadway production of Big Deal. Although nominated for five Tony awards, and winning for best choreography, the production closed after only 69 performances. Filmography[edit] In 1957 he also choreographed the film version of The Pajama Game starring Doris Day. The next year, Fosse
Fosse
appears in the film version of Damn Yankees, which he also choreographed, in which Verdon reprises her stage triumph as "Lola"; they partner each other in the mambo number, "Who's Got the Pain". Fosse
Fosse
performed a song and dance number in Stanley Donen's 1974 film version of The Little Prince. According to AllMusic, "Bob Fosse
Fosse
stops the show with a slithery dance routine."[14] In 1977, Fosse
Fosse
had a small role in the romantic comedy Thieves.[15] Fosse
Fosse
directed five feature films. His first, Sweet Charity (1969), starring Shirley MacLaine, is an adaptation of the Broadway musical he had directed and choreographed. Fosse
Fosse
shot the film largely on location in Manhattan. His second film, Cabaret (1972), won eight Academy Awards, including Best Director, which he won over Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
for The Godfather, starring Marlon Brando. The film was shot on location in Berlin
Berlin
and Munich, Germany; [16] Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
and Joel Grey
Joel Grey
both won Oscars for their roles.[17] In 1974 Fosse
Fosse
directed Lenny, a biographical movie about comic Lenny Bruce starring Dustin Hoffman. The film was nominated for Best Picture and Best Director Oscars, among other awards. In 1979, Fosse
Fosse
co-wrote and directed a semi-autobiographical film All That Jazz (1979), which portrayed the life of a womanizing, drug-addicted choreographer-director in the midst of triumph and failure. Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
appears in the film as the protagonist's lover, protégé and domestic-partner, and the film also features Gwen Verdon. All That Jazz won four Academy Awards, earning Fosse
Fosse
his third Oscar nomination for Best Director. It also won the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 1980 Cannes Film Festival. In the summer and fall of 1980, working with All That Jazz executive producer Daniel Melnick, Fosse commissioned documentary research for a follow-up feature having to do with the motivations that compel people to become performers, but he found the results uninspiring and abandoned the project.[citation needed] Fosse's final film, Star 80
Star 80
(1983), was a controversial biographical movie about slain Playboy
Playboy
Playmate Dorothy Stratten. The film is based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning article on the same topic. The film was nominated for several awards, and was screened out of competition at the 34th Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival.[18] During this time, Fosse
Fosse
also considered directing more motion pictures. He was close to filming the life of controversial gossip columnist Walter Winchell
Walter Winchell
starring Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
as Winchell, which, like Star 80, would have dealt with the dark side of fame, the underbelly of show business, and portraying a Svengali-like character much like Paul Snider. However, Fosse
Fosse
died before starting the Winchell project. Prior to 1983, Fosse
Fosse
was approached by Arnon Milchan and Paul D. Zimmerman to direct Zimmerman's script The King of Comedy (1983), which would have starred Andy Kaufman, Sandra Bernhard, and Sammy Davis Jr., among others. Although the subject matter and the script itself intrigued him, Fosse
Fosse
passed on the project.[19]. Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
approached Fosse
Fosse
twice to direct Dick Tracy (1990) and a film about the life of Edie Sedgwick
Edie Sedgwick
which was to have starred Jennifer Jason Leigh
Jennifer Jason Leigh
as Sedgwick and Al Pacino
Al Pacino
as Andy Warhol. Fosse turned both projects down, and the Edie Sedgwick
Edie Sedgwick
project was never made. Fosse
Fosse
was also considered making a film based on his musicals, Big Deal and Chicago
Chicago
with Madonna as Roxie Hart, Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
as Velma Kelly and Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
as the slick lawyer, Billy Flynn. Both projects never materialized. Other projects that Fosse
Fosse
was approached to direct were A Single Man based on the novel by Christopher Isherwood, who wrote The Berlin
Berlin
Stories which was later adapted into Cabaret and Fosse
Fosse
was also in talks to direct a remake of The Bad and the Beautiful, towards the end of his life.[clarification needed][citation needed] Innovations[edit] Fosse
Fosse
was an innovative choreographer and had multiple achievements in his life. Notable distinctions of Fosse's style included the use of turned-in knees, the famous " Fosse
Fosse
Amoeba," sideways shuffling, rolled shoulders, and jazz hands.[20] With Astaire as an influence, he used props such as bowler hats, canes and chairs. His trademark use of hats was influenced by his own self-consciousness. According to Martin Gottfried in his biography of Fosse, "His baldness was the reason that he wore hats, and was doubtless why he put hats on his dancers."[9] He used gloves in his performances because he did not like his hands. Some of his most popular numbers include "Steam Heat" (The Pajama Game) and "Big Spender" (Sweet Charity). The "Rich Man's Frug" scene in Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
is another example of his signature style. For Damn Yankees, he took a great deal of inspiration from the "father of theatrical jazz dance", Jack Cole.[9] In 1957, both Verdon and Fosse
Fosse
were studying with Sanford Meisner
Sanford Meisner
to develop a better acting technique for themselves. According to Michael Joosten, Fosse
Fosse
once said: "The time to sing is when your emotional level is too high to just speak anymore, and the time to dance is when your emotions are just too strong to only sing about how you 'feel.'"[21] He also took influence from Jerome Robbins. New Girl in Town
New Girl in Town
gave Fosse
Fosse
the inspiration to direct and choreograph his next piece because of the conflict of interest within the collaborators. During that piece, Redhead, Fosse
Fosse
utilized one of the first ballet sequences in a show that contained five different styles of dance; Fosse's jazz, a cancan, a gypsy dance, a march, and an old-fashioned English music hall number. Fosse
Fosse
utilized the idea of subtext and gave his dancers something to think about during their numbers. He also began the trend of allowing lighting to influence his work and direct the audience's attention to certain things. During Pippin, Fosse
Fosse
made the first ever television commercial for a Broadway show.[6] Personal life[edit] Fosse
Fosse
married dance partner Mary Ann Niles (1923–1987) on May 3, 1947 in Detroit.[22] In 1952, he married dancer Joan McCracken
Joan McCracken
in New York City;[23] this marriage lasted until 1959, when it, too, ended in divorce.[24] His third wife was dancer and actress Gwen Verdon. In 1963, they had a daughter, Nicole Fosse, who later also became a dancer and actress. Though Fosse's extramarital affairs put a strain on his and Verdon's marriage and by 1971 they were separated, they never divorced. They remained legally married until his death in 1987. Verdon never remarried.[9][25][26] Fosse
Fosse
met Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
during the run of Pippin. According to Reinking, their romantic relationship ended "toward the end of the run of Dancin."[27] Throughout the 1970s Fosse
Fosse
was also sporadically linked with actress Jessica Lange. During rehearsals for The Conquering Hero
The Conquering Hero
in 1961, it became known that Fosse
Fosse
had epilepsy, when he suffered a seizure onstage.[9] Death[edit] On September 23, 1987, Fosse
Fosse
died at George Washington University Hospital from a heart attack, while the revival of Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
was opening at the nearby National Theatre.[2] Verdon held him in her arms as he suffered a fatal heart attack on the sidewalk outside the Willard Hotel as the revival of Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
was beginning across the street. He was taken to George Washington University Hospital, where he was pronounced dead. He was cremated and shortly thereafter Verdon and Nicole Fosse took his ashes to Quogue, Long Island, where Fosse
Fosse
had been living with his girlfriend of four years, and scattered his ashes in the Atlantic Ocean as he had requested.[1] Awards and nominations[edit] At the 1973 Academy Awards, Fosse
Fosse
won the Academy Award for Best Director for Cabaret. In the same year he won Tony Awards
Tony Awards
for directing and choreographing Pippin and Primetime Emmy Awards for producing, choreographing and directing Liza Minnelli's television special Liza with a Z. He was the first and so far only person to win all three major industry awards in the same year.

Year Award Category Work Result

1955 Tony Award Best Choreography The Pajama Game Won

1956 Damn Yankees Won

1957 Bells are Ringing Nominated

1958 New Girl in Town Nominated

1959 Redhead Won

1963 Best Direction of a Musical Little Me Nominated

Best Choreography Won

1964 Best Actor
Actor
in a Musical Pal Joey Nominated

1966 Best Direction of a Musical Sweet Charity Nominated

Best Choreography Won

1972 National Board of Review Awards Best Director Cabaret Won

1973 Academy Awards Best Director Won

Golden Globe Award Best Director Nominated

BAFTA Awards Best Direction Won

Bodil Awards Best Non-European Film Won

David di Donatello
David di Donatello
Awards Best Foreign Director Won

Directors Guild of America Award Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Nominated

Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Liza with a Z Won

Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy. Variety or Music Won

Outstanding Choreography Won

Directors Guild of America Award Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Musical/Variety Won

Tony Award Best Direction of a Musical Pippin Won

Best Choreography Won

Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director Won

Outstanding Choreography Won

Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Won

New York Drama Critics' Circle Best Musical Nominated

1975 Academy Awards Best Director Lenny Nominated

Golden Globe Award Best Director - Motion Picture Nominated

Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Nominated

Directors Guild of America Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Nominated

1976 Blue Ribbon Awards Best Foreign Film Won

Tony Award Best Book of a Musical Chicago Nominated

Best Direction of a Musical Nominated

Best Choreography Nominated

1978 Sant Jordi Awards Best Foreign Film (Mejor Película Extranjera) Lenny Won

Tony Award Best Direction of a Musical Dancin' Nominated

Best Choreography Won

Drama Desk Award Outstanding Choreography Won

1979 New York Film Critics Circle Best Director All That Jazz 3rd place

1980 Academy Awards Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen Nominated

Best Director Nominated

Bodil Awards Best Non-European Film (Bedste ikke-europæiske film) Won

1984 Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival Golden Bear Star 80 Nominated

1986 Tony Award Best Book of a Musical Big Deal Nominated

Best Direction of a Musical Nominated

Best Choreography Won

Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Nominated

Sweet Charity Nominated

Outstanding Choreography Big Deal Nominated

Outer Critics Circle Outstanding Choreography Won

Sweet Charity Won

1994 American Choreography Awards Won

Legacy[edit] Fosse
Fosse
was inducted into the National Museum of Dance
National Museum of Dance
in Saratoga Springs, New York on 27 April 2007. The Los Angeles Dance Awards, founded in 1994, were called the " Fosse
Fosse
Awards", and are now called the American Choreography Awards. The Bob Fosse- Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
Fellowship was established by his daughter Nicole Fosse in 2003 at the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater. Ann Reinking, as well as Verdon, helped keep Fosse's unique choreography alive after his death. Reinking played the role of Roxie Hart in the New York revival of Chicago, which opened in 1996. She choreographed the dances "in the style of Bob Fosse" for that revival, which is still running on Broadway as of September 2017. In 1999, Verdon served as artistic consultant on a plotless Broadway musical designed to showcase examples of classic Fosse
Fosse
choreography. Called simply Fosse, the three-act musical revue was conceived and directed by Richard Maltby, Jr. and Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
and choreographed by Reinking and Chet Walker. Verdon and Fosse's daughter, Nicole, received a "special thanks" credit. The show won a Tony for best musical.[28] Work[edit]

Stage productions[edit]

Call Me Mister, 1947, actor Make Mine Manhattan, 1948, actor Dance Me a Song, 1950, actor Billion Dollar Baby, 1951, actor The Roaring Twenties, 1951, actor Pal Joey, 1952, actor The Pajama Game, 1954, choreographer Damn Yankees, 1955, choreographer Bells Are Ringing, 1956, co-choreographer New Girl in Town, 1958, choreographer Redhead, 1959, director and choreographer How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, 1961, choreographer (credited as "musical staging") Little Me, 1962, co-director and co-choreographer Pleasures and Palaces, 1965, director and choreographer Sweet Charity, 1966, director and choreographer Pippin, 1972, uncredited book, director, and choreographer Liza with a Z, 1972, filmed for television concert, director, and choreographer[29] Chicago, 1975, book; director and choreographer Dancin', 1978, director and choreographer Big Deal, 1986, director and choreographer

Filmography[edit]

The Affairs of Dobie Gillis, 1953 (actor) Give a Girl a Break, 1953 (actor) Kiss Me Kate, 1953 (actor) White Christmas, 1954 (choreographer—uncredited) My Sister Eileen, 1955 (actor/choreographer) The Pajama Game, 1957 (choreographer) Damn Yankees, 1958 (dancer/choreographer) Sweet Charity, 1969 (director/choreographer) Cabaret, 1972 (director/choreographer) Lenny, 1974 (director) The Little Prince, 1974 (actor/choreographer) Thieves, 1977 (actor) All That Jazz, 1979 (screenwriter/director/choreographer) Star 80, 1983 (screenwriter/director)

References[edit]

^ a b Gottfried 2003, pp. 449–50. ^ a b c McQuiston, John T. (September 24, 1987). "Bob Fosse, Director and Choreographer, Dies". The New York Times. Robert Louis Fosse
Fosse
was born in Chicago
Chicago
on June 23, 1927, the son of a vaudeville entertainer. He began performing on the vaudeville circuit as a child, and by the age of 13 he was a seasoned veteran of many burlesque shows. ...  ^ Gottfried 2003, p. 11. ^ "Hardcover in Brief". The Washington Post. November 18, 1990. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  ^ " Choreographer
Choreographer
and Director Bob Fosse
Fosse
Dies". Los Angeles Times.  ^ a b "Bob Fosse
Fosse
Biography" PBS; accessed January 27, 2010 ^ 'Redhead' PBS, accessed January 27, 2010 ^ "'Redhead' Broadway" Playbill, accessed January 12, 2016 ^ a b c d e Gottfried, Martin (1998). All His Jazz: The Life and Death of Bob Fosse. Da Capo Press. pp. 49, 65, 81, 85, 104, 116, 124–125, 130, 139. ISBN 978-0306812842. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "That's Dancin: Fosse
Fosse
on Broadway, How To Succeed in Business Without Really Trying" PBS. ^ "'Sweet Charity' Broadway"Playbill, accessed January 12, 2016 ^ "'Pippin' Broadway" Playbill, accessed January 12, 2016 ^ "'Chicago' Broadway" Archived December 20, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.Playbill, accessed January 12, 2016 ^ Brenner, Paul. [The Little Prince at AllMovie] accessed January 12, 2016 ^ Eder, Richard. "Movie Review. 'Thieves'" The New York Times, February 12, 1977 ^ "'Cabaret' Notes" Turner Classic Movies, accessed April 20, 2016 ^ "'Cabaret' Awards" Turner Classic Movies, accessed April 20, 2016 ^ "Berlinale: 1984 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-01-06.  ^ "The King of Comedy (1982)". IMDb. Retrieved 2017-08-14.  ^ Cutcher, Jenai (May 1, 2005). Bob Fosse. The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 21, 27. ISBN 978-1404206403.  ^ Joosten, Michael (September 4, 2009). Dance and Choreography. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 4. ISBN 978-1435852617. Retrieved 2017-09-21.  ^ Michigan, Marriage Records, 1867-1952 ^ New York City, Marriage Indexes, 1907-1995 ^ Sagolla, Lisa Jo. The girl who fell down: a biography of Joan McCracken (2003), UPNE; ISBN 1-55553-573-9, p. 204: "They were wed in a simple civil ceremony by New York's deputy chief clerk at 3:30 pm on December 30, 1952." ^ Berkvist, Robert (October 19, 2000). "Gwen Verdon, Redhead Who High-Kicked Her Way to Stardom, Dies at 75". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2009.  ^ Pacheo, Patrick (November 3, 2000). "Remembering Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
— Bob Fosse's inspiration was perhaps Broadway's greatest dancer". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 8, 2009.  ^ Pacheco, Patrick. "Every Step She Takes" Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1998 ^ "Fosse". Internet Broadway Database.  ^ "Liza with a 'Z". The Internet Movie Database. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 

Further reading[edit]

Beddow, Margery (1996). Bob Fosse's Broadway. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. ISBN 0-435-07002-9.  Gottfried, Martin (1990). All His Jazz: The Life and Death of Bob Fosse. Bantam. ISBN 978-0553070385.  Grubb, Kevin Boyd (1989). Razzle Dazzle: The Life and Work of Bob Fosse. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-03414-8.  Wasson, Sam (2013). Fosse. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0-547-55329-0. 

External links[edit]

Dance portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bob Fosse.

Bob Fosse
Fosse
at Encyclopædia Britannica Bob Fosse
Fosse
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Bob Fosse
Fosse
on IMDb Archival footage of Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
and Gary Chryst performing in Bob Fosses's Big Noise from Winnetka in 1987 at Jacob’s Pillow Dance Festival.

Awards for Bob Fosse

v t e

Academy Award for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Direction

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1971) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director

Jack Landau (1955) José Quintero
José Quintero
(1956) William Ball (1959) Ulu Grosbard (1965) Joseph Hardy (1967) Robert Moore / Tom O'Horgan (1968) Tom O'Horgan / Neal Kenyon / Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
/ Michael Schultz / Gordon Davidson / Edwin Sherin (1969) Jerzy Grotowski
Jerzy Grotowski
/ Alan Arkin
Alan Arkin
/ Ron Field / Joseph Hardy / Harold Prince (1970) Robert Wilson / Andre Gregory / Peter Brook
Peter Brook
/ Michael Bennett / Harold Prince / Tom O'Horgan / Paul Sills (1971) Mel Shapiro / Andrei Serban / Peter Hall / Jeff Bleckner / A. J. Antoon / Mel Shapiro (1972) Victor Garcia / Joseph Chaikin
Joseph Chaikin
/ Roberta Sklar / Harold Prince / Bob Fosse
Fosse
/ Michael Rudman / Harold Prince (1973) José Quintero
José Quintero
/ Harold Prince / Frank Dunlop / Marvin Felix Camillo / Harold Prince (1974)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography

Grover Dale (1969) Ron Field (1970) Michael Bennett / Donald Saddler (1971) Patricia Birch / Jean Erdman
Jean Erdman
(1972) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1973) Patricia Birch (1974) George Faison (1975) Bob Avian / Michael Bennett (1976) Peter Gennaro (1977) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1978) Bob Avian / Michael Bennett (1979) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1980) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1981) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
/ Thommie Walsh (1983) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1986) Michael Smuin (1988) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1990) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1991) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(1992) Wayne Cilento (1993) Jane Elliott / Kenneth MacMillan (1994) Savion Glover
Savion Glover
(1996) Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
(1997) Garth Fagan
Garth Fagan
(1998) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(1999) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2000) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2001) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2002) Twyla Tharp
Twyla Tharp
(2003) Kathleen Marshall (2004) Jerry Mitchell (2005) Kathleen Marshall (2006) Andy Blankenbuehler (2007) Rob Ashford
Rob Ashford
(2008) Peter Darling (2009) Twyla Tharp
Twyla Tharp
(2010) Kathleen Marshall (2011) Christopher Gattelli (2012) Chet Walker and Gypsy Snyder (2013) Warren Carlyle (2014) Christopher Wheeldon (2015) Savion Glover
Savion Glover
(2016) Andy Blankenbuehler (2017)

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Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography

Grover Dale (1969) Ron Field (1970) Michael Bennett / Donald Saddler (1971) Patricia Birch / Jean Erdman
Jean Erdman
(1972) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1973) Patricia Birch (1974) George Faison (1975) Bob Avian / Michael Bennett (1976) Peter Gennaro (1977) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1978) Bob Avian / Michael Bennett (1979) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1980) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1981) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
/ Thommie Walsh (1983) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1986) Michael Smuin (1988) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1990) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1991) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(1992) Wayne Cilento (1993) Jane Elliott / Kenneth MacMillan (1994) Savion Glover
Savion Glover
(1996) Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
(1997) Garth Fagan
Garth Fagan
(1998) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(1999) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2000) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2001) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2002) Twyla Tharp
Twyla Tharp
(2003) Kathleen Marshall (2004) Jerry Mitchell (2005) Kathleen Marshall (2006) Andy Blankenbuehler (2007) Rob Ashford
Rob Ashford
(2008) Peter Darling (2009) Twyla Tharp
Twyla Tharp
(2010) Kathleen Marshall (2011) Christopher Gattelli (2012) Chet Walker and Gypsy Snyder (2013) Warren Carlyle (2014) Christopher Wheeldon (2015) Savion Glover
Savion Glover
(2016) Andy Blankenbuehler (2017)

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Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Choreography (1950–1975)

June Taylor
June Taylor
(1955) Tony Charmoli (1956) Hermes Pan (1959) Norman Maen (1970) Ernest O. Flatt (1971) Alan Johnson (1972) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1973) Tony Charmoli (1974) Marge Champion
Marge Champion
(1975)

Complete list (1950–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–present)

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Laurence Olivier Award for Best Theatre Choreographer

Charles Augins (1991) Rafael Aguilar (1992) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(1993) Luke Cresswell / Steve McNicholas (1994) David Atkins
David Atkins
/ Dein Perry (1995) Dein Perry (1996) Bob Avian (1997) Simon McBurney
Simon McBurney
(1998) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(1999) Garth Fagan
Garth Fagan
(2000) Bob Fosse
Fosse
/ Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
(2001) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(2002) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(2003) Karen Bruce (2004) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
/ Stephen Mear (2005) Peter Darling (2006) Javier de Frutos (2007) Toby Sedgwick (2008) Steven Hoggett (2009) Stephen Mear (2010) Leon Baugh (2011) Peter Darling (2012) Bill Deamer (2013) Casey Nicholaw (2014) Sergio Trujillo (2015) Drew McOnie (2016) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Direction of a Musical

1950s

Joshua Logan (1950) George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
(1951) Moss Hart
Moss Hart
(1957)

1960s

George Abbott
George Abbott
(1960) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1961) Abe Burrows
Abe Burrows
(1962) George Abbott
George Abbott
(1963) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1964) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1965) Albert Marre (1966) Harold Prince (1967) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1968) Peter H. Hunt (1969)

1970s

Ron Field (1970) Harold Prince (1971) Harold Prince and Michael Bennett (1972) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1973) Harold Prince (1974) Geoffrey Holder
Geoffrey Holder
(1975) Michael Bennett (1976) Gene Saks (1977) Richard Maltby Jr. (1978) Harold Prince (1979)

1980s

Harold Prince (1980) Wilford Leach (1981) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1982) Trevor Nunn (1983) Arthur Laurents
Arthur Laurents
(1984) Des McAnuff (1985) Wilford Leach (1986) Trevor Nunn and John Caird (1987) Harold Prince (1988) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1989)

1990s

Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1990) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1991) Jerry Zaks
Jerry Zaks
(1992) Des McAnuff (1993) Nicholas Hytner (1994) Harold Prince (1995) George C. Wolfe
George C. Wolfe
(1996) Walter Bobbie (1997) Julie Taymor
Julie Taymor
(1998) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(1999)

2000s

Michael Blakemore (2000) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2001) John Rando (2002) Jack O'Brien (2003) Joe Mantello
Joe Mantello
(2004) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2005) John Doyle (2006) Michael Mayer (2007) Bartlett Sher (2008) Stephen Daldry
Stephen Daldry
(2009)

2010s

Terry Johnson (2010) Casey Nicholaw and Trey Parker
Trey Parker
(2011) John Tiffany (2012) Diane Paulus (2013) Darko Tresnjak (2014) Sam Gold (2015) Thomas Kail (2016) Christopher Ashley (2017)

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Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Choreography

1947-1975

Agnes de Mille
Agnes de Mille
/ Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1947) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1948) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1949) Helen Tamiris
Helen Tamiris
(1950) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1951) Robert Alton
Robert Alton
(1952) Donald Saddler (1953) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1954) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1955) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1956) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1957) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1958) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1959) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1960) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1961) Joe Layton
Joe Layton
(1962) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1963) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1964) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1965) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1966) Ron Field (1967) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1968) Joe Layton
Joe Layton
(1969) Ron Field (1970) Donald Saddler (1971) Michael Bennett (1972) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1973) Michael Bennett (1974) George Faison (1975)

1976-2000

Michael Bennett and Bob Avian (1976) Peter Gennaro (1977) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1978) Michael Bennett and Bob Avian (1979) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
and Thommie Walsh (1980) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1981) Michael Bennett and Michael Peters (1982) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
and Thommie Walsh (1983) Danny Daniels (1984) No Award (1985) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1986) Gillian Gregory (1987) Michael Smuin (1988) Cholly Atkins, Henry LeTang, Frankie Manning
Frankie Manning
and Fayard Nicholas (1989) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1990) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1991) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(1992) Wayne Cilento (1993) Kenneth MacMillan (1994) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(1995) Savion Glover
Savion Glover
(1996) Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
(1997) Garth Fagan
Garth Fagan
(1998) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(1999) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2000)

2001-present

Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2001) Rob Ashford
Rob Ashford
(2002) Twyla Tharp
Twyla Tharp
(2003) Kathleen Marshall (2004) Jerry Mitchell (2005) Kathleen Marshall (2006) Bill T. Jones
Bill T. Jones
(2007) Andy Blankenbuehler (2008) Peter Darling (2009) Bill T. Jones
Bill T. Jones
(2010) Kathleen Marshall (2011) Christopher Gattelli (2012) Jerry Mitchell (2013) Warren Carlyle (2014) Christopher Wheeldon (2015) Andy Blankenbuehler (2016) Andy Blankenbuehler (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Choreography

1947-1975

Agnes de Mille
Agnes de Mille
/ Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1947) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1948) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1949) Helen Tamiris
Helen Tamiris
(1950) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1951) Robert Alton
Robert Alton
(1952) Donald Saddler (1953) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1954) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1955) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1956) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1957) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1958) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1959) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1960) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1961) Joe Layton
Joe Layton
(1962) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1963) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1964) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1965) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1966) Ron Field (1967) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1968) Joe Layton
Joe Layton
(1969) Ron Field (1970) Donald Saddler (1971) Michael Bennett (1972) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1973) Michael Bennett (1974) George Faison (1975)

1976-2000

Michael Bennett and Bob Avian (1976) Peter Gennaro (1977) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1978) Michael Bennett and Bob Avian (1979) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
and Thommie Walsh (1980) Gower Champion
Gower Champion
(1981) Michael Bennett and Michael Peters (1982) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
and Thommie Walsh (1983) Danny Daniels (1984) No Award (1985) Bob Fosse
Fosse
(1986) Gillian Gregory (1987) Michael Smuin (1988) Cholly Atkins, Henry LeTang, Frankie Manning
Frankie Manning
and Fayard Nicholas (1989) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1990) Tommy Tune
Tommy Tune
(1991) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(1992) Wayne Cilento (1993) Kenneth MacMillan (1994) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(1995) Savion Glover
Savion Glover
(1996) Ann Reinking
Ann Reinking
(1997) Garth Fagan
Garth Fagan
(1998) Matthew Bourne
Matthew Bourne
(1999) Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2000)

2001-present

Susan Stroman
Susan Stroman
(2001) Rob Ashford
Rob Ashford
(2002) Twyla Tharp
Twyla Tharp
(2003) Kathleen Marshall (2004) Jerry Mitchell (2005) Kathleen Marshall (2006) Bill T. Jones
Bill T. Jones
(2007) Andy Blankenbuehler (2008) Peter Darling (2009) Bill T. Jones
Bill T. Jones
(2010) Kathleen Marshall (2011) Christopher Gattelli (2012) Jerry Mitchell (2013) Warren Carlyle (2014) Christopher Wheeldon (2015) Andy Blankenbuehler (2016) Andy Blankenbuehler (2017)

v t e

The works of Bob Fosse

Films

Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
(1969) Cabaret (1972) Lenny (1974) All That Jazz (1979) Star 80
Star 80
(1983)

Television

Liza with a Z
Liza with a Z
(1972)

Theatre

Pleasures and Palaces (1965) Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
(1966) Pippin (1972) Chicago
Chicago
(1975) Dancin'
Dancin'
(1978) Big Deal (1986)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 12445328 LCCN: n86138329 ISNI: 0000 0001 0870 8837 GND: 118943960 SELIBR: 285848 SUDOC: 035220627 BNF: cb131749955 (data) ULAN: 500335163 NKC: pna2008424716 BNE: XX1621879 SN