Boarding (horses)
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A livery yard, livery stable or boarding stable, is a
stable A stable is a building in which livestock, especially horses, are kept. It most commonly means a building that is divided into separate Stall (livestock), stalls for individual animals and livestock. There are many different types of stables ...
where horse owners pay a weekly or monthly fee to keep their horses. A livery or boarding yard is not usually a
riding school An equestrian facility is created and maintained for the purpose of accommodating, training or competing equids Equidae (sometimes known as the horse family) is the Taxonomy (biology), taxonomic Family (biology), family of horses and related anim ...
and the horses are not normally for hire (unless on working livery - see below). Facilities at a livery yard normally include a
loose box
loose box
or
stable A stable is a building in which livestock, especially horses, are kept. It most commonly means a building that is divided into separate Stall (livestock), stalls for individual animals and livestock. There are many different types of stables ...
and access for the horse to graze on grass.


History of livery stables in North America

Historically in North America, "livery stable" had a somewhat different meaning: a stable where horses, teams and wagons were for hire, but also where privately owned horses could be boarded for a short time. Because of the temporary boarding aspect, livery stables were often attached to a hotel or boarding house. Located at
Buffalo, New York Buffalo is the list of cities in New York, second-largest city in the U.S. state of New York (state), New York (behind only New York City) and the seat of Erie County, New York, Erie County. It is at the eastern end of Lake Erie, at the head o ...

Buffalo, New York
, the C. W. Miller Livery Stable is an example of a multi-story livery stable. The livery stable was a necessary institution of every American town, but its role has been generally overlooked by historians. In addition to providing vital transportation service, the livery usually also sold hay, grain, coal, and wood. Because of the stench, noise, and vermin that surrounded the livery, cities and towns attempted to control their locations and activities. Often the scene of gambling,
cockfighting A cockfight is a blood sport, held in a ring called a cockpit. The history of raising fowl for fighting goes back 6,000 years. The first documented use of the ''word'' gamecock, denoting use of the cock (bird), cock as to a "game", a sport, pas ...

cockfighting
, and stag shows, they were condemned as sources of vice. With the advent of the automobile after 1910, the livery stables quietly disappeared.Clark C. Spence, "The Livery Stable in the American West," '' Montana: The Magazine of Western History'', June 1986, Vol. 36 Issue 2, pp 36-49.


Types of livery

*Full livery - The staff undertake all care of the
horse The horse (''Equus ferus caballus'') is a Domestication, domesticated, odd-toed ungulate, one-toed, ungulate, hoofed mammal. It belongs to the taxonomic family Equidae and is one of two Extant taxon, extant subspecies of wild horse, ''Equus fer ...

horse
and often exercise or even compete the horse on behalf of the owner. This is normally the most expensive option. *Part livery - The horse is normally fed, watered, and the stall or loose box is mucked out (cleaned) on behalf of the owner. It is not trained or exercised. *Do it yourself or DIY livery - A stall in the stable and paddock or field are usually provided. The owner undertakes all care of the horse and provides all hay, feed and bedding. This is usually the least expensive option. Sometimes an amount of
hay Hay is grass Poaceae () or Gramineae () is a large and nearly ubiquitous Family (biology), family of monocotyledonous flowering plants commonly known as grasses. It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassla ...

hay
and/or
straw Straw is an agricultural byproduct consisting of the dry wikt:stalk, stalks of cereal plants after the grain and chaff have been removed. It makes up about half of the yield of cereal crops such as barley, oats, rice, rye and wheat. It has ...

straw
for bedding is included in the fee. The horse owner or a paid worker will visit the yard one or more times a day to care for the horse. *Grass livery or agistment - A form of DIY livery in which a field or paddock is provided, often with a field shelter, but without stabling. Grass livery is often usable only during drier weather or during the grass-growing season. Horses must be stabled elsewhere in other seasons. This arrangement is similar to the owner renting a field or paddock for the horse, but fees are charged per horse rather than by the size of the field; also different owners' animals may be mixed. The horse owners are not responsible for maintenance of the fences and other facilities. *Working livery - Working liveries are particularly common at
riding school An equestrian facility is created and maintained for the purpose of accommodating, training or competing equids Equidae (sometimes known as the horse family) is the Taxonomy (biology), taxonomic Family (biology), family of horses and related anim ...
s. The horse owner may pay a discounted livery fee if the riding school is permitted to use the
horse The horse (''Equus ferus caballus'') is a Domestication, domesticated, odd-toed ungulate, one-toed, ungulate, hoofed mammal. It belongs to the taxonomic family Equidae and is one of two Extant taxon, extant subspecies of wild horse, ''Equus fer ...

horse
for students to ride in lessons.


American horse boarding

In the United States, terminology is less defined and varies by region. Boarding usually falls into one of the following categories: *Full board: Generally includes all food, water, stabling, stall-cleaning, and, sometimes, daily turnout for exercise. In a few locations, particularly in the eastern US, "full board" may also encompass grooming and riding of the horse, but this is not a common practice nationally. If a horse is groomed, ridden and taken into competition by someone other than the owner, it is usually referred to as "in training" or "at training," and the owner pays additional fees on top of full boarding costs. *Part or Partial board: The horse is provided shelter, water, stabling, and twice daily feedings of
hay Hay is grass Poaceae () or Gramineae () is a large and nearly ubiquitous Family (biology), family of monocotyledonous flowering plants commonly known as grasses. It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassla ...

hay
. All other care, including feeding of grain, stall-cleaning, grooming and all exercise, is the responsibility of the owner. *Self-board: Similar to "DIY livery" in the UK. The stabling is provided, and the owner is responsible for all care. In most cases, hay and stall bedding is available for the use of the boarders. In some places, this is included in the term "partial board." *Pasture board: Essentially the same as "Grass livery" in the UK. Often used year-round in the United States, particularly in the west. In the winter, if there is insufficient grass, some pasture board situations include hay fed to the horses; in other places, the owner must provide all supplemental feeding.


See also

*
Equestrian facility An equestrian facility is created and maintained for the purpose of accommodating, training or competing Equidae, equids, especially horses. Based on their use, they may be known as a barn, stables, or riding hall and may include commercial operati ...
*
Horse care There are many aspects to horse management. Horse The horse (''Equus ferus caballus'') is a Domestication, domesticated, odd-toed ungulate, one-toed, ungulate, hoofed mammal. It belongs to the taxonomic family Equidae and is one of two Exta ...
*
Livery Stable Blues "Livery Stable Blues" is a jazz composition copyrighted by Ray Lopez ''(né'' Raymond Edward Lopez; 1889–1979) and Alcide Nunez in 1917. It was recorded by the Original Dixieland Jass Band on February 26, 1917, and, with the A-side and B-side, ...
*
Parking garage A multistorey car park (British English, British and Singapore English) or parking garage (American English), also called a multistory, parking building, parking structure, parkade (mainly Canadian English, Canadian), parking ramp, parking ...

Parking garage


References


Further reading

{{commons category, Livery stables *Houghton-Brown, J. (2001) ''Horse Business Management: Managing a Successful Yard''. Blackwell Science. *Macdonald, J. M. (1995) ''Running a Stables as a Business''. London: J. A. Allen. * Spence, Clark C. "The Livery Stable in the American West," ''Montana: The Magazine of Western History,'' June 1986, Vol. 36 Issue 2, pp 36–49


External links

*https://web.archive.org/web/20060427005743/http://www.horsedata.co.uk/LiveryYards.asp Directory of livery yards in the UK. *https://web.archive.org/web/20140502004702/http://www.ukliveryyards.co.uk/guide-finding-reliable-livery-yards-horse/ Horse management Agricultural buildings