The blue-and-yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), also known as the blue-and-gold macaw, is a large South American parrot with blue top parts and yellow under parts. It is a member of the large group of neotropical parrots known as macaws. It inhabits forest (especially varzea, but also in open sections of terra firme or unflooded forest), woodland and savannah of tropical South America. They are popular in aviculture because of their striking color, ability to talk, ready availability in the marketplace, and close bonding to humans.
1 Taxonomy 2 Description 3 Distribution and habitat 4 Breeding 5 Conservation and threats 6 Aviculture 7 Gallery 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links
Taxonomy The blue-and-yellow macaw (Ara ararauna, Linnaeus 1758) is a member of the genus Ara (Lacepede 1799), one of six genera of Central and South American macaws. Description
These birds can reach a length of 76–86 cm (30–34 in)
and weigh 0.900–1.5 kg (2–3 lb), making them some of the
larger members of their family. They are vivid in appearance with
blue-green wings and tail, dark-blue chin, golden under parts, and a
green forehead. Their beaks are black. The naked face is white,
turning pink in excited birds, and lined with small, black feathers.
Blue-and-yellow macaws live from 30 to 35 years in the wild and reach
sexual maturity between the ages of 3 and 6 years.
Little variation in plumage is seen across the range. Some birds have
a more orange or "butterscotch" underside color, particularly on the
breast. This was often seen in Trinidad birds and others of the
20 days old blue-and-yellow macaw
The blue-and-yellow macaw generally mates for life. They nest almost
exclusively in dead palms and most nests are in Mauritia flexuosa
palms.The female typically lays two or three eggs. The female
incubates the eggs for about 28 days. One chick is dominant and gets
most of the food; the others perish in the nest. Chicks fledge from
the nest about 97 days after hatching. The male bird's color signals
readiness for breeding. The brighter and bolder the colors, the better
the chance of getting a mate.
Conservation and threats
The blue-and-yellow macaw is on the verge of being extirpated in
Paraguay, but it still remains widespread and fairly common in a large
part of mainland South America. The species is therefore listed as
Even well-tended blue-and-yellow macaws are known to "scream" for
attention, and make other loud noises. Loud vocalizations, especially
"flock calls", and destructive chewing are natural parts of their
behavior and should be expected in captivity. Due to their large size,
they also require plentiful space in which to fly around. According to
Head in high detail, Vogelburg (bird park), Weilrod, Germany
Flying at Zoo de Pont-Scorff, Morbihan, France
At World of Birds, Cape Town, South Africa
Head of blue-and-yellow macaw
Ara ararauna in Antioquia
Extended wings Cougar Mountain Zoo
List of macaws
^ a b c
BirdLife International (2012). "Ara ararauna". IUCN Red List
of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for
Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
^ "Blue and Gold Macaws". The Spruce. Patricia Sund. Retrieved 19
^ "World Birds Taxonomic List". Zoonomen. Retrieved 31 October
^ a b ffrench, Richard; O'Neill, John Patton; Eckelberry, Don R.
(1991). A guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd ed.). Ithaca,
N.Y.: Comstock Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8014-9792-6.
^ Krishnan, Karunya. "Macaws on campus 'awesome' but noisy." The Miami
^ Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and
Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 235.
^ "Blue and Gold
Doane, Bonnie Munro & Qualkinbush, Thomas (1994): My parrot, my friend : an owner's guide to parrot behavior. Howell Book House, New York. ISBN 0-87605-970-1 Hilty, Steven L. (2003): Birds of Venezuela. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5 Forshaw, J.M. Parrots of the World. New Jersey. T.F.H. Publications Inc. 1978. ISBN 0-87666-959-3
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ara ararauna.
Data related to Ara ararauna at Wikispecies
v t e
Glaucous macaw Hyacinth macaw Lear's macaw
Hypothetical extinct macaws
Martinique macaw Red-headed macaw Jamaican red macaw Dominican green-and-yellow macaw
Wd: Q205477 ADW: Ara_ararauna ARKive: ara-ararauna eBird: baymac EoL: 1177961 GBIF: 5959231 iNaturalist: 19018 ITIS: 177661 IUCN: 22685539 NCBI: 9226 Sp