BLOOMINGTON is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County in the
southern region of the
U.S. state of
The population was 80,405 at the 2010 census . The city's population was estimated at 84,067 as of July 2016 by the U.S. Census Bureau .
Bloomington is the home to
Bloomington is also the home of the
Bloomington has been designated a Tree
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate * 2.2 Geology * 2.3 Water * 2.4 Environment
* 3 Demographics
* 3.1 2010 census * 3.2 2000 census
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Major employers
* 5 Arts and culture
* 6.1 Post-secondary education * 6.2 Elementary schools * 6.3 Middle schools * 6.4 High schools * 6.5 Others
* 7 Media
* 7.1 Newspapers * 7.2 Magazines * 7.3 Television * 7.4 Radio stations
* 8 Transportation
* 8.1 Airports * 8.2 Bicycling * 8.3 Highways
* 9 Sister cities * 10 Notable people * 11 Points of interest * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links
Bloomington was platted in 1818. A post office has been in operation at Bloomington since 1825. Bloomington was incorporated in 1827.
Elias Abel House ,
Blair-Dunning House , Bloomington
According to the 2010 census, Bloomington has a total area of 23.359 square miles (60.50 km2), of which 23.16 square miles (59.98 km2) (or 99.15%) is land and 0.199 square miles (0.52 km2) (or 0.85%) is water.
CLIMATE DATA FOR BLOOMINGTON, INDIANA
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 78 (26) 76 (24) 86 (30) 91 (33) 97 (36) 103 (39) 110 (43) 104 (40) 103 (39) 96 (36) 84 (29) 74 (23) 110 (43)
AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 38.8 (3.8) 42.3 (5.7) 53.0 (11.7) 65.0 (18.3) 75.1 (23.9) 83.2 (28.4) 87.3 (30.7) 85.9 (29.9) 79.7 (26.5) 68.4 (20.2) 53.9 (12.2) 41.6 (5.3) 64.5 (18.1)
AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 21.2 (−6) 23.2 (−4.9) 32.1 (0.1) 42.6 (5.9) 52.5 (11.4) 61.4 (16.3) 65.2 (18.4) 63.4 (17.4) 56.3 (13.5) 44.8 (7.1) 34.7 (1.5) 24.6 (−4.1) 43.5 (6.4)
RECORD LOW °F (°C) −21 (−29) −20 (−29) −2 (−19) 17 (−8) 29 (−2) 36 (2) 46 (8) 41 (5) 26 (−3) 17 (−8) −2 (−19) −20 (−29) −21 (−29)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 2.66 (67.6) 2.71 (68.8) 3.66 (93) 4.29 (109) 5.12 (130) 4.07 (103.4) 4.32 (109.7) 3.99 (101.3) 3.62 (91.9) 3.14 (79.8) 3.95 (100.3) 3.38 (85.9) 44.91 (1,140.7)
AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 5.7 (14.5) 4.4 (11.2) 2.1 (5.3) 0.4 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.1 (0.3) 1.2 (3) 4.7 (11.9) 18.6 (47.2)
Source #1: Weatherbase
Source #2: Noaa.gov
Bloomington is an area of irregular limestone terrain characterized by sinks, ravines, fissures, underground streams, sinking streams, springs and caves. It is situated in the rolling hills of southern Indiana, resting on the intersection of the Norman Uplands and the Mitchell Plain. The relatively varied topography of the city provides a sharp contrast to the flatter terrain more typical of central to northern portions of Indiana.
Bloomington is located on a comparatively high ground, the summit of
the divide between the basins of the West Fork and East Fork of
Indiana's White River . Accordingly, there are no major watercourses
within the city, nor is much groundwater available for wells. The
largest stream within the city itself is Clear Creek , with its
eastern branch known on the
Due to the absence of either natural lakes or rivers or groundwater in or near the city, a number of dams have been constructed on nearby creeks over the last 100 years to provide for the water needs of Bloomington and Monroe County. Early 20th-century damming projects occurred at a number of locations southwest of the city, the most notable of them being the Leonard Springs Dam. Unfortunately, due to the limestone formations underlying the reservoirs and the dams, water kept seeping from the reservoirs through naturally developing underground channels. Despite all efforts, the city was never able to fully stop the leakage, and had to resort to pumping leaking water back to the reservoir.
By the 1920s, a more radical solution was needed to deal with the
water crisis. A new reservoir, known as
PCB pollution, associated with Westinghouse 's operations, long was a concern in the area. A number of sites, in particular, Bennett's Dump and Lemon Lane Landfill at the northwestern edge of the city and Neal's Landfill in the county, were listed as Superfund sites. Clean-up operations at the Bennett Quarry site, started in 1983, were largely completed by 2000., while cleanups at the other sites were completed in 2012.
Location of the Bloomington Metropolitan Statistical Area in
EST. 2016 84,465
Source: US Census Bureau
Bloomington is the principal city of the Bloomington Metropolitan Statistical Area , a metropolitan area that covers Greene , Monroe, and Owen counties and had a combined population of 175,506 at the 2000 census .
As of the 2010 census , there were 80,405 people, 31,425 households, and 11,267 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,471.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,340.4/km2). There were 33,239 housing units at an average density of 1,435.2 per square mile (554.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.0% White , 4.6% African American , 0.3% Native American , 8.0% Asian , 0.1% Pacific Islander , 1.2% from other races , and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.
There were 31,425 households of which 16.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.3% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 64.1% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.76.
The median age in the city was 23.3 years. 11.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 44.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23% were from 25 to 44; 13.3% were from 45 to 64; and 7.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 69,291 people, 26,468 households, and 10,454 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,511.1 people per square mile (1,356.0/km²). There were 28,400 housing units at an average density of 1,439.1 per square mile (555.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.03% White , 4.24% African American , 0.29% Native American , 5.26% Asian , 0.07% Pacific Islander , 1.10% from other races , and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.49% of the population. 22.9% were of German , 10.2% Irish, 9.1% English and 8.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000 . 89.3% spoke English, 2.9% Spanish, 1.3% Korean , 1.1% German and 1.0% Chinese or Mandarin as their first language.
There were 26,468 households out of which 17.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 60.5% were non-families. 39.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the city, the population was spread out with 12.7% under the age of 18, 42.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,377, and the median income for a family was $50,054. Males had a median income of $32,470 compared to $26,100 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,481. About 10.3% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line , including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
The Bloomington and Monroe County region is home to major employers representing a diverse collection of fields, including education , the life sciences , advanced manufacturing and technology .
Bloomington is a regional economic center anchored by Indiana University and home to a diverse business community involved in pharmaceuticals, medical devices, technology, health care, and the arts. Bloomington's concentration of employment in the life sciences is six times greater than the U.S. average, and employment in the technology sector has grown by over 80 percent in recent years.
Bloomington has been recognized by _Inc. Magazine _ as one of
"America’s Best Cities for Doing Business" and as one of
Entrepreneur Magazine's Top 50 "Hottest Small Cities for
Entrepreneurs." Additionally, _
# EMPLOYER # OF EMPLOYEES
2 Cook Group, Inc. 3,330
5 Baxter Healthcare Pharmaceuticals 1,100
8 Cook Pharmica 564
9 Monroe County 532
10 Premier Healthcare 393
ARTS AND CULTURE
_ This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (February 2017)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_
Bloomington is home to several professional and amateur theater
companies, among the most notable are: the
Bloomington is home to the Buskirk-Chumley Theater, which is a
renovated 616 seat vaudeville and movie house built in 1922. Known
locally as the "
Bloomington also has a large folk punk music scene. The town is home
Chris Clavin who runs the DIY punk rock record label Plan-It-X
Records and is in the folk punk band
Ghost Mice who frequently sing
about Bloomington. Every other year
Much of Bloomington's music originates in the Jacobs School of Music
Traditional music is popular in Bloomington due to the presence of
the Archives of Traditional Music and Department of Folklore and
Downtown Bloomington is typically referred to as the area between First to Eleventh Streets and Madison to Lincoln Streets, with the vast majority of the dining, shopping and drinking establishments being located on the two main north/south thoroughfares of Walnut Street and College Avenue, which run parallel on either side of the courthouse. Portions of this one-way pair , along with segments of the east/west Sixth Street and Kirkwood Avenues, comprise Bloomington's historic courthouse square.
Bloomington and Monroe County's B-Line walking trail, on the site of a former railroad line, bisects the downtown area as well, providing an area for walking, biking, running and hiking.
One community service based organization, Habitat for Humanity , provides opportunities to help build hope in families, while Mother Hubbard's Cupboard provides free food to families in need.
* Arlington Heights Elementary School * Bloomington Montessori School * Childs Elementary School * Clear Creek Elementary School * Ellettsville Intermediate * Ellettsville Primary * Fairview Elementary School * Grandview Elementary School * Harmony School * Highland Park Elementary School * Lakeview Elementary School * Lighthouse Christian Academy * Marlin Elementary School * Pinnacle School (K - 12) * Prep Academy * The Project School (K - 8) * Rogers-Binford Elementary School * St. Charles Catholic School * Summit Elementary Schools * Templeton Elementary School * Unionville Elementary School * University Elementary School
* Batchelor Middle School * Edgewood Jr. High * Harmony School * Jackson Creek Middle School * Lighthouse Christian Academy * St. Charles Catholic School * Tri-North Middle School
* Bloomington High School South * Bloomington High School North * Edgewood High School * The Academy of Science and Entrepreneurship * Bloomington Graduation School * Harmony School * Lighthouse Christian Academy
* Monroe County Public Library * MCCSC Adult Education
* _ Bloom Magazine _
Bloomington also receives stations from Indianapolis; it is part of
* Monroe County Airport (No Commercial flights) * Indianapolis International Airport (Nearest commercial airport 50 miles (80 km) away)
Bloomington is a gold-rated bicycle-friendly community by the League of American Bicyclists . There are many on-street and off-street bicycle facilities, most notably the B-Line trail. Bloomington's somewhat compact land use development style has made it easy and convenient to get from point A to point B by bicycle. A map of bicycle friendly facilities is available on-line or a hard copy is available for free at any of the bicycle shops in town.
* I-69 * SR 37 * SR 45 * SR 46 * SR 48 * SR 446
Bloomington, for many years was one of the largest cities without an
interstate or freeway expressway. However, interstate access finally
occurred in December 2015 when the Interstate 69 expansion between
The upgrading of SR 37 from a 4 Lane Highway to Interstate standards
for the next section of I-69 between Bloomington and Martinsville is
under construction and will be completed by the middle of 2018. The
last section between Martinsville and
State Road 45 (SR 45) and State Road 46 (SR 46) run through Bloomington together on a four-lane highway known as the "bypass".
State Road 48 (SR 48) starts as a four-lane highway on the city's west side before narrowing to two-lanes at Oard Rd outside the city limits.
Bloomington has four sister-city relationships.
Note: This list does not include students attending Indiana
University. Please see List of
David Anspaugh , director of _
Hoosiers _ and _Rudy _
Kenny Aronoff , drummer
Jason Ayers ,
POINTS OF INTEREST
Bloomington Playwrights Project – produces only new plays by
* List of public art in Bloomington,
* ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau.
Retrieved Jul 28, 2017.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Feature ID 431207". _Geographic Names Information
United States Geological Survey
_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to