A block is an administrative division of some South Asian countries.


In Bhutan, a block is called a gewog. It is essentially for oil a group of villages. Gewogs are official administrative units of Bhutan. The country is composed of 205 gewogs.

Each gewog is headed by a gup or headman.


Administrative structure of India

Block is a district sub-division for the purpose of Rural development department and Panchayati raj institutes. Cities have similar arrangements under the Urban Development department. Tehsils (also called Taluk) are common across urban and rural areas for the administration of land and revenue department to keep tract of land ownership and levy the land tax.

For planning purpose district is divided into four levels

  1. Taluks
  2. Blocks
  3. Gram Panchayats
  4. Villages

A taluk may consist of one or more number of blocks. Blocks are normally Planning & Development units of district in addition to taluks. Block would represent a compact area for which effective plans will prepared & implemented through Village Panchayats.

For example, Muzaffarnagar District of Uttar Pradesh has 9[1] blocks namely:

Sr. No. Block Name
1 Muzaffarnagar
2 Budhana
3 Baghra
4 Shahpur
5 Purquazi
6 Charthawal
7 Morna
8 Jansath
9 Khatauli

Block Development Officer

The Block Development Officer is the official in charge of the block. Block Development Officers monitor the implementation of all the programs related to planning and development of the blocks. Coordination of development and implementation of plans in all blocks of district is provided by a Chief Development Officer (CDO). BDO office is the main operation wing of the government for the development administration as well as regulatory administration.

See also