The Town of Blanca is a Statutory Town
in Costilla County
, United States. The town population was 385 at the 2010 census
The town, named for Blanca Peak
, was founded in August 1908 from a land lottery in the San Luis Valley
of south central Colorado. It was incorporated in 1909.
In the mid-1990s Polish
settlers set up shop at the Red Rocks General Store selling liquor, beer, polish sausages, and other eastern European goods. Blanca is the region's main supplier of bilberry
syrup. Blanca is known for elk hunting and alpine trout fishing.
Blanca is at (37.440569, -105.509901)
in the east of the San Luis Valley
and northern Costilla County. The United States Census Bureau
reports that the town has an area of , all of it land.
The town lies along U.S. Route 160
, east of Alamosa
and west of Walsenburg
The region has a cool, dry climate, with 107 frost-free days each year. Temperatures range from to . Annual rainfall is about .
In areas not irrigated, dunes carry sparse vegetation such as greasewood
, rubber rabbitbrush
, salt grass
, sandhill muhly
and sand dropseed
. The dunes are intermingled with depressions and basins of historical playas
. The Blanca Wetlands
, an Area of Critical Environmental Concern
, lies northwest of the town. The wetlands receive groundwater for irrigation from the Closed Basin Project
, which delivers groundwater to the Rio Grande
As of the census
of 2000, there were 391 people, 142 households, and 105 families in the town. The population density
was 219.6 people per square mile (84.8/km). There were 183 housing units at an average density of 102.8 per square mile (39.7/km). The racial makeup was 53.45% White
, 0.77% African American
, 1.28% Native American
, 2.81% Asian
, 39.64% from other races
, and 2.05% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 67.01%.
There were 142 households, of which 35.2% had children under 1, 63.4% were married couples
living together, 7.7% a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 21.1% of households were of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size 3.26.
In the town, the population was 27.9% under 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% 65 or older. The median age was 37. For every 100 females, there were 106.9 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 102.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $22,875, and the median income for a family $22,411. Males had a median income of $20,125 versus $15,833 for females. The per capita income
for the town was $10,200. About 19.5% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 29.1% of those under 18 and 11.3% of those 65 or over.
Town of Blanca CO official website
*Outline of Colorado
**Index of Colorado-related articles
*State of Colorado
**Colorado cities and towns
***Costilla County, Colorado
*San Luis Valley
CDOT map of the Town of Blanca
Category:Towns in Costilla County, Colorado
Category:Towns in Colorado