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OLMO GRAPES are wine and table grape varieties produced by University of California, Davis viticulturist Dr. Harold Olmo . Over the course of his nearly 50-year career, Dr. Olmo bred a wide variety of both grapes by means of both crossing varieties from the same species or creating hybrid grapes from cultivars of different Vitis
Vitis
species.

Over 30 new grape varieties were created by Dr. Olmo and introduced to the California wine and table grape industries.

CONTENTS

* 1 Ruby Cabernet
Ruby Cabernet
* 2 Rubired * 3 Emerald Riesling
Riesling
* 4 Other wine grapes * 5 See also * 6 References

RUBY CABERNET

Ruby Cabernet
Ruby Cabernet
wine.

Ruby Cabernet
Ruby Cabernet
is the most notable and widely planted Olmo grape. It is a crossing between the Vitis
Vitis
vinifera varieties Cabernet Sauvignon and Carignan
Carignan
that was first trialed by Dr. Olmo in 1936 before being released in 1948. The grape is primarily used in blending, adding color and tartness, but producers such as E "> Dr. Olmo frequently used Carignan
Carignan
(pictured) in his crossings.

* Carnelian is a crossing of the Vitis
Vitis
vinifera Carignan
Carignan
and a separate vinifera crossing between Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache . It was created in 1972 to combine the genetic traits that allow Carignan
Carignan
and Grenache to produce well in warm climates with some of flavor and wine characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon. * Centurian (also known as CENTURION) is a vinifera crossing between Carignan
Carignan
and a separate crossing of Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache. The grape was developed by Dr Olmo in 1975 matching the same grape varieties used to produce the Carnelian grape a few years earlier. Today it is mostly planted in the Central Valley of California. * Flora is a crossing of two vinifera varieties, Semillon and Gewürztraminer
Gewürztraminer
, that was created in 1938 by Dr. Olmo at the California Agricultural Experiment Station . A separate red Flora hybrid exist but it is not related in any way to the Olmo Flora. * Royalty is a crossing of the Vitis
Vitis
vinifera Trousseau gris
Trousseau gris
variety from the Jura wine
Jura wine
region of France
France
and the teinturier grape Alicante Ganzin that, itself, is a hybrid of a Vitis
Vitis
rupestris variety and the Vitis
Vitis
vinifera grape Aramon . The variety was first developed in 1938 but wasn't released for commercial use until 1958 when it was released with Rubired. * Symphony is a crossing of the vinifera varieties Muscat of Alexandria and Grenache gris . that Dr. Olmo first began developing in 1948. It took over 30 years to complete crossing trials and produce a viable cultivar. Symphony was finally completed and introduced commercially in 1981 and patented in 1983. The grape makes a white wine with a slight spiciness with tree fruit aromas of citrus , apricot and peach . It is primarily a blending grape but can be made into a varietal wine.

SEE ALSO

* Seibel grapes * Rogers\' Hybrids

REFERENCES

* ^ A B J Janick, James Troop Professor in Horticulture, Purdue University, USA, R E Paull, Department Chair, Professor of Horticulture, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA (2008). The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts. CABI International. p. 918. ISBN 978-0-85199-638-7 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ A B C D E F Robinson, Jancis Vines, Grapes & Wines Mitchell Beazley pgs 226-227, 264-265 1986 ISBN 1-85732-999-6 * ^ Israel Wine
Wine
Board, 2012 * ^ Emerald Riesling, Vitis
Vitis
International Variety Catalogue , accessed 2010-07-15 * ^ J. Robinson Jancis Robinson's Guide to Wine
Wine
Grapes pg 46 Oxford University Press 1996 ISBN 0-19-860098-4 * ^ J. Robinson Jancis Robinson's Wine
Wine
Course Third Edition pg 109 Abbeville Press 2003 ISBN 0-7892-0883-0 * ^ Vitis
Vitis
International Variety Catalogue: Flora (blanc), accessed on October 20, 2008 * ^ Vitis
Vitis
International Variety Catalogue: Flora (rouge), accessed on October 20, 2008 * ^ J. Robinson Vines Grapes ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Hybrid grape
Hybrid grape
varieties

GRAPE ( VITIS ) SPECIES

* V. acerifolia * V. adenoclada * V. aestivalis * V. amurensis * V. × andersonii * V. arizonica * V. balansana * V. barbata * V. bashanica * V. bellula * V. berlandieri * V. betulifolia * V. biformis * V. blancoi * V. bloodworthiana * V. bourgaeana * V. × bourquina * V. bryoniifolia * V. californica * V. × champinii * V. chunganensis * V. chungii * V. cinerea * V. coignetiae * V. davidii * V. × doaniana * V. erythrophylla * V. fengqinensis * V. ficifolia * V. flexuosa * V. girdiana * V. hancockii * V. heyneana * V. hui * V. jacquemontii * V. jaegeriana * V. jinggangensis * V. Kelungensis * V. labrusca * V. lanceolatifoliosa * V. lincecumii * V. longquanensis * V. luochengensis * V. menghaiensis * V. mengziensis * V. monticola * V. mustangensis * V. nesbittiana * V. × novae-angliae * V. palmata * V. peninsularis * V. piasezkii * V. pilosonerva * V. popenoei * V. pseudoreticulata * V. retordii * V. riparia * V. romanetii * V. rotundifolia * V. rupestris * V. ruyuanensis * V. shenxiensis * V. shuttleworthii * V. silvestrii * V. sinocinerea * V. × slavinii * V. tiliifolia * V. treleasei * V. tsoii * V. vinifera * V. vulpina * V. wenchouensis * V. wilsonae * V. wuhanensis * V. xunyangensis * V. Yeshanensis * V. yunnanensis * V. zhejiang-adstricta

NOTABLE HYBRIDS

* Agawam * Alexander * Aurore * Baco blanc
Baco blanc
* Baco noir
Baco noir
* Beta * Black Spanish * Blanc du Bois * Breidecker * Cabernet blanc
Cabernet blanc
* Cabernet Cortis
Cabernet Cortis
* Cascade * Cassady * Catawba * Cayuga White * Chambourcin * Chancellor * Chardonel * Chelois * Clinton * Corot noir * Couderc noir
Couderc noir
* De Chaunac * Edelweiss * Flora * Flot rouge * Frontenac * Goethe * Herbert * Himrod seedless * Ives noir * Jaeger 70 * Kay Gray * Kyoho * L\'Acadie blanc * La Crosse * Lakemont seedless * Landal noir
Landal noir
* Landot noir * Léon Millot * Malverina * Marechal Foch * Marechal Joffre * Marquette * Massasoit * Melody * Merzling * Muscat bleu
Muscat bleu
* Niagara * Noiret * Norton * Olmo grapes * Onaka * Orion * Phoenix * Plantet * Ravat blanc * Regent * Requa * Rogers\' Hybrids * Rondo * Royalty * Seibel grapes * Severny * Seyval blanc