Bismuth(III) nitrate a salt composed of bismuth in its cationic +3 oxidation state and nitrate anions. The most common solid form is the pentahydrate. It is used in the synthesis of other bismuth compounds. It is available commercially. It is the only nitrate salt formed by a group 15 element, indicative of bismuth's metallic nature.
Bismuth nitrate can be prepared by the reaction of bismuth metal and concentrated nitric acid.
It is also soluble in acetone, acetic acid and glycerol but practically insoluble in ethanol and ethyl acetate.
Some uses in organic synthesis have been reported for example the nitration of aromatic compounds and selective oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides. It is also used as to form Dragendorff reagent, which is used as a TLC stain.
The crystal form is triclinic, and contains 10 coordinate Bi3+, (three bidentate nitrate ions and four water molecules).
Salts and covalent derivatives of the Nitrate ion