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The BISMARCK SEA lies in the southwestern Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
within the nation of Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
. It is located northeast of the island of New Guinea
New Guinea
and south of the Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago
and the Admiralty Islands . It has coastlines in districts of the Islands Region
Islands Region
, Momase Region , and Papua Region .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Official boundaries * 1.2 Mineral wealth

* 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Like the Bismarck Archipelago, it is named in honour of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
. The Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago
extends round to the east and north of the sea, enclosing the Bismarck Sea
Sea
and separating it from the Southern Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
. To the south it is linked to the Solomon Sea
Sea
by the Vitiaz Strait .

OFFICIAL BOUNDARIES

Ulawun
Ulawun
Volcano and Lolobau Island in the Bismarck Sea.

The International Hydrographic Organization
International Hydrographic Organization
defines the Bismarck Sea as "that area of the South Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
off the northeast coast of New Guinea
New Guinea
", with the following limits:

On the North and East. By the Northern and Northeastern coasts of the islands of New Ireland , New Hanover , the Admiralty Islands
Admiralty Islands
, Hermit Island, and the Ninigo Group, through Manu and Aua Islands to Wuvulu Island and thence a line to Baudissin Point in New Guinea
New Guinea
(142°02'E).

On the Southeast. A line from the Southern point of New Ireland along the parallel of 4°50' South to the coast of New Britain
New Britain
, along its Northern coast and thence a line from its Western extreme through the Northern point of Umboi Island
Umboi Island
to Teliata Point, New Guinea
New Guinea
(5°55′S 147°24′E / 5.917°S 147.400°E / -5.917; 147.400 )

On the Southwest. By the Northeast coast of New Guinea.

MINERAL WEALTH

Recent explorations in the Bismarck Sea
Sea
seabed have yielded discoveries of mineral-rich beds of sulfides , copper , zinc , silver and gold . These findings are especially important because they lie in shallow, calm waters. Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
owns the mining rights to these minerals under international law .

HISTORY

It was the site of a major Japanese naval defeat in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea
Sea
during World War II