HOME
The Info List - Bishopsgate



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i)

BISHOPSGATE is one of the 25 wards of the City of London
City of London
and also the name of a major road (part of the A10 ) between Gracechurch Street and Norton Folgate in the northeast corner of London
London
's main financial district. Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
is named after one of the original eight gates in the London
London
Wall . The site of this former gate is marked by a stone bishop 's mitre , fixed high upon a building located at Bishopsgate's junction with Wormwood Street , by the gardens there and facing the Heron Tower
Heron Tower
.

Although tens of thousands of people commute to and work in the ward, it has a resident population of only 222 (2011 ).

CONTENTS

* 1 Ward geography * 2 History * 3 Skyscrapers * 4 Politics * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

WARD GEOGRAPHY

The ward (which is large by City standards) is bounded by Worship Street to the north, where the edge of the City meets the boroughs of Islington and Hackney . It neighbours Portsoken ward and the borough of Tower Hamlets in the east. The western boundary is formed by Old Broad Street and Broad Street ward itself. Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
also bounds the wards of Aldgate
Aldgate
(southeast), Coleman Street (west), Cornhill (southwest) and Lime Street (south). Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
ward straddles the (now former) line of the Wall and the old gate and is often (even today) divided into "Within" and "Without" parts, with a deputy (alderman ) appointed for each part.

Since the 1994 (City) and 2003 (ward) boundary changes, almost all of the ward is Without; only a small area surrounding the Leathersellers ' livery hall remains as Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Within. The ward previously extended much further south, along the Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
road and Gracechurch Street to meet Langbourn ward, but in the 2003 changes much of the Within part was transferred to Cornhill and Lime Street. No changes to Bishopsgate's ward boundaries occurred in the 2013 boundary changes.

HISTORY

Originally Roman , the Bishop's Gate was rebuilt by the Hansa merchants in 1471 in exchange for Steelyard privileges. Its final form was erected in 1735 by the City authorities and demolished in 1760. This gate often displayed the heads of criminals on spikes. London Wall (which is no longer extant in this sector) divided the ward and road into an intramural portion called Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Within and an extramural portion called Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Without. The Bishopsgate thoroughfare forms part of the A10 and the section to the north of the site of the original Gate is the start of Roman Ermine Street , also known as the 'Old North Road'.

The parish church for the area of Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Without is St Botolph-without- Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
. This is located just to the north of the original Gate on the west side of the road.

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Within was originally divided into many parishes, each with its own parish church: St Andrew Undershaft , St Ethelburga Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
, St Martin Outwich , St Mary Axe and St Helen\'s Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
, now all amalgamated under the last of these. St Helen's is a very historic medieval church and former monastic establishment with many ancient funerary monuments and a stained glass window depicting William Shakespeare — commemorating a very famous former parishioner who lived in the area in the early to mid 1590s. Bishopsgate-Street Ward in 1720.

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
was originally the location of many coaching inns which accommodated passengers setting out on the Old North Road. These, though they survived the Great Fire of London
London
, have now all been demolished, though the modern White Hart pub, to the north of St Botolph's at the junction with Liverpool Street, is the successor of an inn of the same name. Others included the Dolphin, the Flower Pot, the Green Dragon, the Wrestlers, the Angel and the Black Bull. The latter was a venue for the Queen\'s Men theatrical troupe in the 16th century.

The name of an inn called the Catherine Wheel (demolished 1911) is commemorated by Catherine Wheel Alley which leads off Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
to the east. The 17th century facade of Sir Paul Pindar 's House, demolished to make way for Liverpool Street railway station in 1890, on Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
was also preserved and can now be seen in the Victoria and Albert Museum . In the 18th century this grand residence became a tavern called Sir Paul Pindar's Head; another notable venue was the London
London
Tavern (1768-1876). Also demolished (but then re-erected in Chelsea ) was the old Crosby Hall , at one time the residence of Richard III and Thomas More
Thomas More
. Looking north from a pedestrian bridge across Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
in 2004.

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
is also the site of Dirty Dick 's (a pub over 200 years old), the Bishopsgate Institute , and many offices and skyscrapers.

On 24 April 1993 it was the site of an IRA truck bombing which killed journalist Ed Henty, injured over 40 people and caused £1 billion worth of damage, including the destruction of St Ethelburga's church and damage to the NatWest Tower and Liverpool Street station . Police had received a coded warning, but were still evacuating the area at the time of the explosion. The area had already suffered damage from the Baltic Exchange bombing one year before.

The street is home to the main London
London
offices of several major banks, including the Royal Bank of Scotland and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development . Within the ward falls the Broadgate Estate .

SKYSCRAPERS

Looking south from Norton Folgate down Bishopsgate.

The following are tall buildings and skyscrapers built, under construction or approved for Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
(the street), from north to south:

* Broadgate Tower * Heron Plaza (proposed) * Heron Tower
Heron Tower
* 99 Bishopsgate * 100 Bishopsgate (under construction) * Tower 42
Tower 42
* 22 Bishopsgate

POLITICS

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
is one of 25 wards in the City of London
City of London
, each electing an Alderman to the Court of Aldermen , and Commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) to the Court of Common Council of the City of London
London
Corporation . Only electors who are Freemen of the City of London
London
are eligible to stand.

GALLERY

This section contains what may be an unencyclopedic or excessive GALLERY OF IMAGES. Galleries containing indiscriminate images of the article subject are discouraged ; please improve or remove the section accordingly. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

*

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
and the extramural part of Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Street, as shown on the "Copperplate" map of London
London
of the 1550s *

The bishop's mitre at Bishopsgate's junction with Wormwood Street

*

A former London Fire Brigade station on Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
(designed by Robert Pearsall ), now a supermarket *

The southernmost portion of Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
pictured in 1955, looking north toward the National Provincial Bank *

Bas relief on the former National Provincial Bank *

From the same building *

Overview of another part of the building

SEE ALSO

* Fortifications of London
London

REFERENCES

* ^ " City of London
City of London
ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.

* ^ The City of London-a history Borer, M.I.C. : New York, D.McKay Co, 1978 ISBN 0-09-461880-1 . * ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6499838&c=bishopsgate&d=14&e=61&g=6479546&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1366837745031&enc=1&dsFamilyId=2491 * ^ Wardmote minutes 2010 – see page 9 * ^ A B City of London
City of London
Corporation Archived 12 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Ward boundary review 2010 (final recommendations) – see page 15 * ^ De Baróid, Ciarán (2000). Ballymurphy And The Irish War. Pluto Press . p. 325. ISBN 0-7453-1509-7 .

* Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert (1983) The London
London
Encyclopedia . * Michael Wood (2003) In Search of Shakespeare. London: BBC Worldwide.

EXTERNAL