HOME
The Info List - Bishopsgate


--- Advertisement ---



Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
is one of the 25 wards of the City of London
City of London
and also the name of a major road (part of the A10) between Gracechurch Street
Gracechurch Street
and Norton Folgate
Norton Folgate
in the northeast corner of London's main financial district.[2] Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
is named after one of the original eight gates in the London
London
Wall. The site of this former gate is marked by a stone bishop's mitre, fixed high upon a building located at Bishopsgate's junction with Wormwood Street, by the gardens there and facing the Heron Tower. Although tens of thousands of people commute to and work in the ward, it has a resident population of only 222 (2011).[3]

Contents

1 Ward geography 2 History 3 Skyscrapers 4 Politics 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Ward geography[edit] The ward (which is large by City standards) is bounded by Worship Street to the north, where the edge of the City meets the boroughs of Islington and Hackney. It neighbours Portsoken
Portsoken
ward and the borough of Tower Hamlets in the east. The western boundary is formed by Old Broad Street and Broad Street ward itself. Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
also bounds the wards of Aldgate
Aldgate
(southeast), Coleman Street
Coleman Street
(west), Cornhill (southwest) and Lime Street (south). Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
ward straddles the (now former) line of the Wall and the old gate and is often (even today)[4] divided into "Within" and "Without" parts, with a deputy (alderman) appointed for each part. Since the 1994 (City) and 2003 (ward) boundary changes, almost all of the ward is Without; only a small area surrounding the Leathersellers' livery hall remains as Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Within.[5] The ward previously extended much further south, along the Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
road and Gracechurch Street
Gracechurch Street
to meet Langbourn
Langbourn
ward, but in the 2003 changes much of the Within part was transferred to Cornhill and Lime Street. No changes to Bishopsgate's ward boundaries occurred in the 2013 boundary changes.[5] History[edit] Originally Roman, the Bishop's Gate was rebuilt by the Hansa merchants in 1471 in exchange for Steelyard
Steelyard
privileges. Its final form was erected in 1735 by the City authorities and demolished in 1760. This gate often displayed the heads of criminals on spikes. London
London
Wall (which is no longer extant in this sector) divided the ward and road into an intramural portion called Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Within and an extramural portion called Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Without. The Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
thoroughfare forms part of the A10 and the section to the north of the site of the original Gate is the start of Roman Ermine Street, also known as the 'Old North Road'. The parish church for the area of Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Without is St Botolph-without-Bishopsgate. This is located just to the north of the original Gate on the west side of the road. Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Within was originally divided into many parishes, each with its own parish church: St Andrew Undershaft, St Ethelburga Bishopsgate, St Martin Outwich, St Mary Axe and St Helen's Bishopsgate, now all amalgamated under the last of these. St Helen's is a very historic medieval church and former monastic establishment with many ancient funerary monuments and a stained glass window depicting William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
— commemorating a very famous former parishioner who lived in the area in the early to mid 1590s.

Bishopsgate-Street Ward in 1720.

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
was originally the location of many coaching inns which accommodated passengers setting out on the Old North Road. These, though they survived the Great Fire of London, have now all been demolished, though the modern White Hart pub, to the north of St Botolph's at the junction with Liverpool Street, is the successor of an inn of the same name. Others included the Dolphin, the Flower Pot, the Green Dragon, the Wrestlers, the Angel and the Black Bull. The latter was a venue for the Queen's Men
Queen's Men
theatrical troupe in the 16th century. The name of an inn called the Catherine Wheel (demolished 1911) is commemorated by Catherine Wheel Alley which leads off Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
to the east. The 17th century facade of Sir Paul Pindar's House, demolished to make way for Liverpool Street railway station in 1890, on Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
was also preserved and can now be seen in the Victoria and Albert Museum. In the 18th century this grand residence became a tavern called Sir Paul Pindar's Head; another notable venue was the London
London
Tavern (1768-1876). Also demolished (but then re-erected in Chelsea) was the old Crosby Hall, at one time the residence of Richard III and Thomas More.

Looking north from a pedestrian bridge across Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
in 2004.

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
is also the site of Dirty Dick's (a pub over 200 years old), the Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Institute, and many offices and skyscrapers. On 24 April 1993 it was the site of an IRA truck bombing which killed journalist Ed Henty, injured over 40 people and caused £1 billion worth of damage,[6] including the destruction of St Ethelburga's church and damage to the NatWest Tower and Liverpool Street station. Police had received a coded warning, but were still evacuating the area at the time of the explosion. The area had already suffered damage from the Baltic Exchange bombing one year before. The street is home to the main London
London
offices of several major banks, including the Royal Bank of Scotland
Royal Bank of Scotland
and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Within the ward falls the Broadgate Estate. Skyscrapers[edit]

Looking south from Norton Folgate
Norton Folgate
down Bishopsgate.

The following are tall buildings and skyscrapers built, under construction or approved for Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
(the street), from north to south:

Broadgate
Broadgate
Tower Heron Plaza (proposed) Heron Tower 99 Bishopsgate 100 Bishopsgate
100 Bishopsgate
(under construction) Tower 42 22 Bishopsgate
22 Bishopsgate
(under construction)

Politics[edit] Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an Alderman to the Court of Aldermen, and Commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) to the Court of Common Council
Court of Common Council
of the City of London Corporation. Only electors who are Freemen of the City of London
City of London
are eligible to stand. Gallery[edit]

This section contains what may be an unencyclopedic or excessive gallery of images. Galleries containing indiscriminate images of the article subject are discouraged; please improve or remove the section accordingly. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
and the extramural part of Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
Street, as shown on the "Copperplate" map of London
London
of the 1550s

The bishop's mitre at Bishopsgate's junction with Wormwood Street

A former London Fire Brigade
London Fire Brigade
station on Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
(designed by Robert Pearsall), now a supermarket

The southernmost portion of Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
pictured in 1955, looking north toward the National Provincial Bank

Bas relief on the former National Provincial Bank

From the same building

Overview of another part of the building

See also[edit]

Fortifications of London

References[edit]

^ " City of London
City of London
ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.  ^ The City of London-a history Borer, M.I.C. : New York, D.McKay Co, 1978 ISBN 0-09-461880-1. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.  ^ Wardmote minutes 2010 Archived 9 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. – see page 9 ^ a b City of London
City of London
Corporation Archived 12 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Ward boundary review 2010 (final recommendations) – see page 15 ^ De Baróid, Ciarán (2000). Ballymurphy And The Irish War. Pluto Press. p. 325. ISBN 0-7453-1509-7. 

Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert (1983) The London
London
Encyclopedia. Michael Wood (2003) In Search of Shakespeare. London: BBC Worldwide.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bishopsgate, London
London
(street).

Ward map from the Corporation of London Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
ward newsletter Map of Early Modern London, with scholarly commentary. Bishopsgate
Bishopsgate
is in grid square B6, right side. Pubs within the City of London

v t e

City of London

City of London
City of London
Corporation

Parks and open spaces

Wards

Aldersgate Aldgate Bassishaw Billingsgate Bishopsgate Bread Street Bridge Broad Street Candlewick Castle Baynard Cheap Coleman Street Cordwainer Cornhill Cripplegate Dowgate Farringdon Within Farringdon Without Langbourn Lime Street Portsoken Queenhithe Tower Vintry Walbrook

Enclaves

Inner Temple Middle Temple

Localities

Barbican Bishops Square Blackfriars Broadgate Farringdon Holborn Minories Smithfield Temple

Attractions

20 Fenchurch Street Bank of England
England
Museum Barbican Centre Clockmakers' Museum College of Arms Dr Johnson's House Finsbury Circus Guildhall Art Gallery Leadenhall Market London
London
Mithraeum London
London
Stone Mansion House The Monument Museum of London One New Change Prince Henry's Room Royal Exchange St Paul's Cathedral Smithfield Market

Notable structures

2 Hare Court 2 King's Bench Walk 30 St Mary Axe Aldgate
Aldgate
Pump Bank of England Bevis Marks Synagogue Golden Boy of Pye Corner Guildhall Heron Tower Holborn
Holborn
Circus Lloyd's building London
London
Stock Exchange Merchant Taylors' Hall National Firefighters Memorial Old Bailey Old Billingsgate
Billingsgate
Market Tower 42

Civil parishes

List of civil parishes in the City of London

Bridges

Blackfriars Bridge Blackfriars Railway Bridge Cannon Street Railway Bridge Holborn
Holborn
Viaduct London
London
Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge

Rail and tube stations

 Aldgate   Bank–Monument  Barbican    Blackfriars   Cannon Street  City Thameslink  Fenchurch Street     Liverpool Street  Mansion House   Moorgate  St. Paul's  Tower Gateway

Topics

Coat of arms Flag History Listed buildings

at Grade I at Grade II*

Livery companies Lord Lieutenants Lord Mayors Lord Mayor's Show Public art and memorials Sheriffs Street names

Category Commons

v t e

Gates and bars of the City of London

Former gates of London
London
Wall and City bars Listed clockwise from the West

Temple Bar Ludgate† Holborn
Holborn
Bar Newgate† Aldersgate† Cripplegate† Moorgate Bishopsgate† Bars Aldgate† (Tower) Posterngate

Water-gates: Billingsgate
Billingsgate
and Dowgate

Bridge-gates: Great Stone Gateway and New Stone Gate

†T

.