BISHOPSGATE is one of the 25 wards of the
City of London and also the
name of a major road (part of the A10 ) between
Gracechurch Street and
Norton Folgate in the northeast corner of
London 's main financial
Bishopsgate is named after one of the original eight gates
London Wall . The site of this former gate is marked by a stone
bishop 's mitre , fixed high upon a building located at Bishopsgate's
Wormwood Street , by the gardens there and facing the
Heron Tower .
Although tens of thousands of people commute to and work in the ward,
it has a resident population of only 222 (2011 ).
* 1 Ward geography
* 2 History
* 3 Skyscrapers
* 4 Politics
* 5 Gallery
* 6 See also
* 7 References
* 8 External links
The ward (which is large by City standards) is bounded by Worship
Street to the north, where the edge of the City meets the boroughs of
Islington and Hackney . It neighbours
Portsoken ward and the borough
of Tower Hamlets in the east. The western boundary is formed by Old
Broad Street and Broad Street ward itself.
Bishopsgate also bounds the
Coleman Street (west), Cornhill
(southwest) and Lime Street (south).
Bishopsgate ward straddles the
(now former) line of the Wall and the old gate and is often (even
today) divided into "Within" and "Without" parts, with a deputy
(alderman ) appointed for each part.
Since the 1994 (City) and 2003 (ward) boundary changes, almost all of
the ward is Without; only a small area surrounding the Leathersellers
' livery hall remains as
Bishopsgate Within. The ward previously
extended much further south, along the
Bishopsgate road and
Gracechurch Street to meet
Langbourn ward, but in the 2003 changes
much of the Within part was transferred to Cornhill and Lime Street.
No changes to Bishopsgate's ward boundaries occurred in the 2013
Originally Roman , the Bishop's Gate was rebuilt by the Hansa
merchants in 1471 in exchange for
Steelyard privileges. Its final form
was erected in 1735 by the City authorities and demolished in 1760.
This gate often displayed the heads of criminals on spikes. London
Wall (which is no longer extant in this sector) divided the ward and
road into an intramural portion called
Bishopsgate Within and an
extramural portion called
Bishopsgate Without. The Bishopsgate
thoroughfare forms part of the A10 and the section to the north of the
site of the original Gate is the start of Roman
Ermine Street , also
known as the 'Old North Road'.
The parish church for the area of
Bishopsgate Without is St
Bishopsgate . This is located just to the north of the
original Gate on the west side of the road.
Bishopsgate Within was originally divided into many parishes, each
with its own parish church:
St Andrew Undershaft
St Andrew Undershaft , St Ethelburga
St Martin Outwich , St Mary Axe and St Helen\'s
Bishopsgate , now all amalgamated under the last of these. St Helen's
is a very historic medieval church and former monastic establishment
with many ancient funerary monuments and a stained glass window
William Shakespeare — commemorating a very famous former
parishioner who lived in the area in the early to mid 1590s.
Bishopsgate-Street Ward in 1720.
Bishopsgate was originally the location of many coaching inns which
accommodated passengers setting out on the Old North Road. These,
though they survived the Great Fire of
London , have now all been
demolished, though the modern White Hart pub, to the north of St
Botolph's at the junction with Liverpool Street, is the successor of
an inn of the same name. Others included the Dolphin, the Flower Pot,
the Green Dragon, the Wrestlers, the Angel and the Black Bull. The
latter was a venue for the Queen\'s Men theatrical troupe in the 16th
The name of an inn called the Catherine Wheel (demolished 1911) is
commemorated by Catherine Wheel Alley which leads off
the east. The 17th century facade of Sir
Paul Pindar 's House,
demolished to make way for Liverpool Street railway station in 1890,
Bishopsgate was also preserved and can now be seen in the Victoria
and Albert Museum . In the 18th century this grand residence became a
tavern called Sir Paul Pindar's Head; another notable venue was the
London Tavern (1768-1876). Also demolished (but then re-erected in
Chelsea ) was the old Crosby Hall , at one time the residence of
Richard III and
Thomas More . Looking north from a pedestrian
Bishopsgate in 2004.
Bishopsgate is also the site of
Dirty Dick 's (a pub over 200 years
Bishopsgate Institute , and many offices and skyscrapers.
On 24 April 1993 it was the site of an IRA truck bombing which killed
journalist Ed Henty, injured over 40 people and caused £1 billion
worth of damage, including the destruction of St Ethelburga's church
and damage to the NatWest Tower and
Liverpool Street station . Police
had received a coded warning, but were still evacuating the area at
the time of the explosion. The area had already suffered damage from
the Baltic Exchange bombing one year before.
The street is home to the main
London offices of several major banks,
Royal Bank of Scotland
Royal Bank of Scotland and the European Bank for
Reconstruction and Development . Within the ward falls the Broadgate
Looking south from
Norton Folgate down Bishopsgate.
The following are tall buildings and skyscrapers built, under
construction or approved for
Bishopsgate (the street), from north to
* Heron Plaza (proposed)
100 Bishopsgate (under construction)
Bishopsgate is one of 25 wards in the
City of London , each electing
Alderman to the
Court of Aldermen , and Commoners (the City
equivalent of a councillor) to the
Court of Common Council of the City
London Corporation . Only electors who are Freemen of the City of
London are eligible to stand.
This section contains what may be an unencyclopedic or excessive
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Bishopsgate and the extramural part of
Bishopsgate Street, as shown
on the "Copperplate" map of
London of the 1550s
The bishop's mitre at Bishopsgate's junction with
London Fire Brigade station on
Bishopsgate (designed by
Robert Pearsall ), now a supermarket
The southernmost portion of
Bishopsgate pictured in 1955, looking
north toward the
National Provincial Bank
Bas relief on the former
National Provincial Bank
From the same building
Overview of another part of the building
* Fortifications of
* ^ "
City of London ward population 2011". Neighbourhood
Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
* ^ The City of London-a history Borer, M.I.C. : New York, D.McKay
Co, 1978 ISBN 0-09-461880-1 .
* ^ Wardmote minutes 2010 – see page 9
* ^ A B
City of London Corporation Archived 12 June 2011 at the
Wayback Machine . Ward boundary review 2010 (final recommendations)
– see page 15
* ^ De Baróid, Ciarán (2000). Ballymurphy And The Irish War.
Pluto Press . p. 325. ISBN 0-7453-1509-7 .
* Ben Weinreb and
Christopher Hibbert (1983) The
* Michael Wood (2003) In Search of Shakespeare. London: BBC