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Birendra Nath Mallick (born 1 August 1956) is an Indian neurobiologist and a professor of neurobiology at the School of Life Sciences of
Jawaharlal Nehru University Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is a public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different conce ...
. Known for his research on the Neuroscience of sleep, Mallick has authored and edited articles and texts on the subject, which included the first monograph on REM Sleep. He is a J. C. Bose National Fellow of the Department of Biotechnology and an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science academies viz. National Academy of Sciences, India, Indian Academy of Sciences, and Indian National Science Academy. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards for his contributions to Medical Sciences in 2001.


Biography

B. N. Mallick, born on 1 August 1956 at Jamalpur, Bardhaman, Jamalpur, a small village in the Indian state of West Bengal, Bihar to Manju Mukherjee and Baidya Nath Mallick. He received his BSc hons at the University of Calcutta in 1978 winning B. K. S. Medal for standing first in City College, Kolkata and earned a master's degree in physiology in 1981 with a University Gold Medal for securing the first rank in the university. While pursuing his master's studies, he simultaneously did a medical course at Pratap Chandra Memorial Homoeopathic Hospital & College, Calcutta Homoeopathic Medical College and obtained a degree in homeopathic medicine (DMS) from the Central Council of Homoeopathy. Subsequently, he moved to Delhi for his doctoral studies, and joined the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi as a teaching fellow in 1981. By the time he secured a PhD for his thesis on neurophysiology of sleep-wakefulness in 1986 from AIIMS, he had already worked there as a senior demonstrator during 1983–86. He moved to
Jawaharlal Nehru University Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is a public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different conce ...
(JNU) in 1986 as an assistant professor at the School of Life Sciences and, moved up the ranks to the position ofa professor. He also heads the Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Laboratory, where he hosts a number of scholars and research students. In between, he had five sabbaticals; as a research associate (1987–88) and as a visiting associate professor (March–July 1995 and March–July 1997) at University of California, Los Angeles, as a visiting assistant professor at Harvard Medical School (March–July 1993) and at University of Nice Sophia Antipolis as a guest professor (November–December 2002). Mallick is married to Roma Banerjee and the couple has two children. The family lives in the Dakshinapuram campus of Jawaharlal Nehru University.


Career

Mallick carried his doctoral research on sleep and wakefulness on to his later career and worked on the neural mechanisms involved with sleep. His studies combined the electrophysiological and biochemical aspects of rapid eye movement sleep (REM sleep) and he established that the increased production of noradrenaline activated neuronal Na+/K+-ATPase, triggering REM sleep-loss and resultant brain excitability. According to him, REM sleep maintains brain excitability and suggested that this unique phase of sleep could be regulated by ceasing REM-off neurons present in the locus coeruleus; his research has been documented by way of texts and articles and ResearchGate, an online repository of scientific articles have listed 108 of them. Besides, he has published four books viz. ''Rapid Eye Movement Sleep'', ''Sleep-Wakefulness'', ''Environment and Physiology'' and ''Rapid Eye Movement Sleep: Regulation and Function''; the first listed, which is a monograph co-edited with Shojiro Inoue, is reported to be the first book published on REM sleep. He has also contributed chapters to books published by others and his work has been cited in a number of publications. He is a member of the Neurobiology Task force of the Department of Biotechnology.


Awards and honors

Mallick received B. K. Anand Prize of the Association of Physiologists and Pharmacologists of India in 1984 for the best research paper in physiology and the Shakuntala Amir Chand Award of the Indian Council of Medical Research in 1992. He was one of the first recipients of the National Bioscience Award for Career Development of the Department of Biotechnology in 1999. The National Academy of Sciences, India elected him as a fellow in 2000 and he received the Chandra Kanta Dandiya Prize of P. C. Dandiya Trust in 2001. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research awarded him Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, one of the highest Indian science awards the same year and he became an elected member of Guha Research Conference in 2004. The Indian National Science Academy elected him as a fellow in 2005 and he became a fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences in 2010, the same year as he was awarded the J. C. Bose National Fellowship by the Science and Engineering Research Board of the Department of Science and Technology (India), Department of Science and Technology. The award orations delivered by him include the Ramendra Sundar Sinha Memorial Oration Award (2001) as well as Platinum Jubilee Lecture (2009) of Physiological Society of India and J. N. Mukherjee Memorial Lecture of City College, Kolkata (2007).


Selected bibliography


Books

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Chapters

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Articles

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See also

* Sleep and learning * Dopamine * Lucid dream * Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder


Notes


References


External links

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Further reading

* * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Mallick, Birendra Nath 1956 births Living people People from Purba Bardhaman district Scientists from West Bengal Indian medical writers University of Calcutta alumni City College, Kolkata alumni All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi alumni Jawaharlal Nehru University faculty University of California, Los Angeles faculty University of Nice faculty Harvard Medical School faculty Fellows of The National Academy of Sciences, India Fellows of the Indian Academy of Sciences Fellows of the Indian National Science Academy Recipients of the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in Medical Science N-BIOS Prize recipients Indian neuroscientists