BirdLife International
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BirdLife International is a global partnership of
non-governmental organization A non-governmental organization, or simply an NGO, is an that is, generally, formed independent from . They are typically s, and many of them are active in or the ; they can also include and that provide services to their members and other ...
s that strives to conserve
birds Birds are a group of s constituting the Aves , characterised by s, toothless beaked jaws, the of eggs, a high rate, a four-chambered , and a strong yet lightweight . Birds live worldwide and range in size from the to the . There ar ...

birds
and their
habitat Ibex in an alpine habitat In ecology Ecology (from el, οἶκος, "house" and el, -λογία, label=none, "study of") is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment. ...

habitat
s. BirdLife International's priorities include preventing extinction of bird species, identifying and safeguarding important sites for birds, maintaining and restoring key bird habitats, and empowering conservationists worldwide. It has a membership of more than 2.5 million people across 116 country partner organizations, including the
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a charitable organisation registered in England and Wales England and Wales () is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom, parts of ...
, the
Wild Bird Society of Japan Wild Bird Society of Japan (日本野鳥の会) was founded in 1934 in Tokyo, Japan. The organization has 47,000 members and publishes a newsletter called ''Strix''. Other relevant publications include the ''Field Guide to the Birds of Japan'', ''Bi ...

Wild Bird Society of Japan
, the
National Audubon SocietyAudubon may refer to: People * John James Audubon (1785–1851), French-American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter Places in the United States * Audubon, Georgia, an unincorporated community * Audubon, Iowa, city * Audubon, Louisville, Kentuc ...
and
American Bird Conservancy The American Bird Conservancy (ABC) is a non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or ...
. BirdLife International has identified 13,000 Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas and is the official
International Union for Conservation of Nature The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural ...
’s
Red List The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data Book), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global Conservation movement, conserv ...
authority for birds. As of 2015, BirdLife International has established that 1,375 bird species (13% of the total) are threatened with extinction ( critically endangered,
endangered An endangered species is a species In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactio ...
or
vulnerable Vulnerable may refer to: General *Vulnerability *Vulnerability (computing) *Vulnerable adult *Vulnerable species Music Albums *Vulnerable (Marvin Gaye album), ''Vulnerable'' (Marvin Gaye album), 1997 *Vulnerable (Tricky album), ''Vulnerable'' (T ...
). BirdLife International publishes a quarterly magazine, ''BirdLife: The Magazine'', which contains recent news and authoritative articles about birds and their conservation.


History

BirdLife International was founded in 1922 as the ''International Council for Bird Protection'' by American
ornithologist Ornithology is a branch of zoology Zoology ()The pronunciation of zoology as is typically regarded as nonstandard, though it is not uncommon. is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the anatomy, structure, embryol ...
s T. Gilbert Pearson and Jean Theodore Delacour. The group was renamed ''International Committee for Bird Preservation'' in 1928, ''International Council for Bird Preservation'' in 1960, and ''BirdLife International'' in 1993.


Global programmes

BirdLife International has nine conservation programmes implemented across Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Central Asia, the Middle East and the Pacific. The programmes provide the framework for planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating conservation work and include the Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas Programme, Marine Programme, Preventing Extinctions Programme, and Flyways Programme.


Controversies


Rename of Wild Bird Federation Taiwan

In 2008, the English name of Wild Bird Federation Taiwan was renamed to Chinese Wild Bird Federation in order to comply with BirdLife International's demand, stemming from People's Republic of China's pressure. Following the organization's removal from BirdLife International in 2020, the English name was changed to Taiwan Wild Bird Federation (TWBF).


Removal of Taiwan's Chinese Wild Bird Federation

In December 2019, BirdLife International asked Taiwan, Taiwan's then named Taiwan Wild Bird Federation, Chinese Wild Bird Federation (CWBF), to address the following issues or risk removal from its partnership program: # The organization's Chinese name ( ) poses an operational risk for BirdLife International and should be changed. # CWBF was to sign a document formally committing to not promote or advocate for the legitimacy of the Republic of China (Taiwan). # BirdLife International would no longer participate in or allow its logo to be associated with any event related to or funded, in part or in whole, by the Taiwanese government or its agencies. # BirdLife International would no longer allow its name or logo to be used in any document where the Taiwanese flag, symbols, or emblems were displayed. However, BirdLife International stated that even if CWBF were to address all of its demands, it may still be removed from BirdLife International's partnership program. On 7 September 2020, before CWBF had the opportunity to discuss BirdLife International's demands in its General Assembly meeting, BirdLife International Global Council voted to remove CWBF from its partnership program. BirdLife International CEO Patricia Zurita subsequently issued what Reuters described as a "gag order", directing her staff to not comment publicly on the "sadly public statement" from CWBF. "If you receive any queries regarding this matter, please DO NOT offer comment and instead refer the matter to me directly," Zurita wrote. Correspondence between CWBF and BirdLife International was released by CWBF on 19 September 2020 to demonstrate that CWBF had been negotiating in good faith prior to its removal, and was willing to discuss the name change.


References


External links

*
American Friends of BirdLife International

Taiwan Wild Bird Federation
{{authority control BirdLife International, Ornithological organizations International environmental organizations Organizations established in 1922 Bird conservation organizations Organisations based in Cambridge