A bird's-eye view is an elevated view of an object from above, with a perspective as though the observer were a bird, often used in the making of blueprints, floor plans, and maps. It can be an aerial photograph, but also a drawing. Before manned flight was common, the term "bird's eye" was used to distinguish views drawn from direct observation at high locations (for example a mountain or tower), from those constructed from an imagined (bird's) perspectives. Bird's eye views as a genre have existed since classical times. The last great flourishing of them was in the mid-to-late 19th century, when bird's eye view prints were popular in the United States and Europe.
1 Terminology 2 Gallery 3 Bird's-flight view 4 See also 5 References
The terms aerial view and aerial viewpoint are also sometimes used
synonymous with bird's-eye view. The term aerial view can refer to any
view from a great height, even at a wide angle, as for example when
looking sideways from an airplane window or from a mountain top.
Overhead view is fairly synonymous with bird's-eye view but tends to
imply a less lofty vantage point than the latter term. For example, in
computer and video games, an "overhead view" of a character or
situation often places the vantage point only a few feet (a meter or
two) above human height. See top-down perspective.
Recent technological and networking developments have made satellite
images more accessible. Microsoft Bing
A view of central London
Flying above the ESO's
Atacama Large Millimeter Array
Bird's Eye View drawing of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition 1909
Aerial view of Disneyland in 2004
Painting of Schiphol Airport by the Dutch artist Janneke Viegers
Part of the "Copperplate" map of London, surveyed between 1553 and
1559, depicting a bird's-flight view of the
A distinction is sometimes drawn between a bird's-eye view and a bird's-flight view, or "view-plan in isometrical projection". Whereas a bird's-eye view shows a scene from a single viewpoint (real or imagined) in true perspective, including, for example, the foreshortening of more distant features, a bird's-flight view combines a vertical plan of ground-level features with perspective views of buildings and other standing features, all presented at roughly the same scale. The landscape appears "as it would unfold itself to any one passing over it, as in a balloon, at a height sufficient to abolish sharpness of perspective, and yet low enough to allow of distinct view of the scene beneath". The technique was popular among local surveyors and cartographers of the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. See also
Look up bird's-eye view in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bird's-eye view.
Aerial landscape art
Aerial perspective (other)
^ Hurst, Herbert (1899). "Introduction". Oxford Topography: an essay.
Oxford Historical Society. 39. Oxford: Oxford Historical Society.
pp. 1–12 (4–5).
^ Ravenhill, William (1986). "
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Background Cameo Fill Flood High-key Key Lens flare Low-key Mood Rembrandt Stage Soft
Long / Extreme long / Full American Medium Close-up Italian Two shot
Perspective Over-the-shoulder Point-of-view (POV) Reverse Trunk Single / multiple-camera setup
Tilt Aerial High-angle Bird's-eye Crane shot Jib / boom shot Low-angle Worm's-eye view Dutch angle
Hand-held Shaky Tracking Dolly Steadicam SnorriCam Walk and talk Follow Dolly zoom
Racking Depth of field Shallow Deep
Establishing shot Master shot B-roll Freeze-frame shot Long take Insert
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Prosthetic makeup Animatronics Puppetry Creature suit Miniature effect (hanging) Pyrotechnics Aerial rigging (Wire-flying) Squib Matte painting Sugar glass Theatrical blood
Tilted plane focus Forced perspective Schüfftan process Dolly zoom Lens flares Lighting effects Filtration Shutter effects Time-lapse
Slow motion Fast motion Speed ramping
Bipacks Slit-scan Reverse motion Front projection Rear projection Multiple exposure Infrared photography Bullet time
Computer-generated imagery Split screen Stop motion Go motion Chroma key Compositing (digital) Optical printing Introvision Smallgantics