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Samuel "Billy" Wilder (/ˈwaɪldər/; German: [ˈvɪldɐ]; June 22, 1906 – March 27, 2002) was an Austrian-American filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, artist, and journalist whose career spanned more than five decades. He is regarded as one of the most brilliant and versatile filmmakers of Hollywood's golden age. With The Apartment, Wilder became the first person to win Academy Awards
Academy Awards
as producer, director, and screenwriter for the same film.[1] Wilder became a screenwriter in the late 1920s while living in Berlin. After the rise of the Nazi Party, he left for Paris, where he made his directorial debut. He moved to Hollywood
Hollywood
in 1933, and in 1939 he had a hit when he co-wrote the screenplay for the romantic comedy Ninotchka, starring Greta Garbo. Wilder established his directorial reputation with an adaption of James M. Cain's Double Indemnity (1944), a film noir. Wilder co-wrote the screenplay with crime novelist Raymond Chandler. Wilder earned the Best Director and Best Screenplay Academy Awards for the adaptation of a Charles R. Jackson story The Lost Weekend (1945), about alcoholism. In 1950, Wilder co-wrote and directed the critically acclaimed Sunset Boulevard, as well as Stalag 17 in 1953. From the mid-1950s on, Wilder made mostly comedies.[2] Among the classics Wilder created in this period are the farces The Seven Year Itch (1955) and Some Like It Hot
Some Like It Hot
(1959), and satires such as The Apartment (1960). He directed fourteen different actors in Oscar-nominated performances. Wilder was recognized with the American Film Institute (AFI) Life Achievement Award in 1986. In 1988, Wilder was awarded the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. In 1993, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Austria and Germany 1.2 Hollywood
Hollywood
career 1.3 Directorial style 1.4 Later life

2 Personal life 3 Death

3.1 Legacy

4 Filmography 5 Awards

5.1 Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations

5.1.1 Directed Academy Award
Academy Award
performances

5.2 Major awards for directed films

6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Life and career[edit] Austria and Germany[edit] Samuel Wilder was born on June 22, 1906[3] to a family of Austrian Jews in Sucha Beskidzka, the son of Eugenia (née Dittler) and Max Wilder. He was nicknamed "Billie" by his mother (he changed this to "Billy" after arriving in America). He had an elder brother, William Lee Wilder (1904–1982), who also became a screenwriter, film producer and director. His parents had a successful and well-known cake shop in Sucha's train station and unsuccessfully tried to persuade their son to join the family business. Soon the family moved to Vienna, where Wilder attended school. Instead of attending the University of Vienna, Wilder became a journalist. To advance his career, Wilder decided to move to Berlin, where, before achieving success as a writer, he allegedly worked as a taxi dancer.[4][5] After writing crime and sports stories as a stringer for local newspapers, he was eventually offered a regular job at a Berlin tabloid. Developing an interest in film, he began working as a screenwriter. He collaborated with several other novices (with Fred Zinnemann and Robert Siodmak) on the 1929 feature People on Sunday. He wrote the screenplay for the 1931 film adaptation of a novel by Erich Kästner, Emil and the Detectives. After the rise of Adolf Hitler, Wilder, Jewish, left for Paris, where he made his directorial debut with the 1934 film Mauvaise Graine. He relocated to Hollywood
Hollywood
prior to its release.[citation needed] Wilder's mother, grandmother, and stepfather all died in the Holocaust. For decades it was assumed that it happened at Auschwitz, but while researching Polish and Israeli archives, his Austrian biographer Andreas Hutter discovered in 2011 that they were murdered at different and disparate places: his mother, Eugenia "Gitla" Siedlisker - in 1943 at Plaszow; his stepfather, Bernard "Berl" Siedlisker, in 1942 at Belzec and his grandmother, Balbina Baldinger, died in 1943 in the ghetto in Nowy Targ.[6] Hollywood
Hollywood
career[edit] After arriving in Hollywood
Hollywood
in 1933, Wilder continued his career as a screenwriter. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1939, having spent time in Mexico waiting for the US government after his six-month visa had expired in 1934, an episode reflected in his 1941 Hold Back the Dawn.[7] Wilder's first significant success was Ninotchka
Ninotchka
in 1939, a collaboration with fellow German immigrant Ernst Lubitsch. This romantic comedy starred Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
(generally known as a tragic heroine in film melodramas), and was popularly and critically acclaimed. With the byline, "Garbo Laughs!", it also took Garbo's career in a new direction. The film also marked Wilder's first Academy Award nomination, which he shared with co-writer Charles Brackett (although their collaboration on Bluebeard's Eighth Wife
Bluebeard's Eighth Wife
and Midnight had been well received). For twelve years Wilder co-wrote many of his films with Brackett, from 1938 through 1950. He followed Ninotchka with a series of box office hits in 1942, including his Hold Back the Dawn and Ball of Fire, as well as his directorial feature debut, The Major and the Minor. His third film as director, Double Indemnity (1944) was a major hit. A film noir, nominated for Best Director and Screenplay, it was co-written with mystery novelist Raymond Chandler, although the two men did not get along. Double Indemnity not only set conventions for the noir genre (such as "venetian blind" lighting and voice-over narration), but was also a landmark in the battle against Hollywood censorship. The original James M. Cain
James M. Cain
novel Double Indemnity featured two love triangles and a murder plotted for insurance money. While the book was highly popular with the reading public, it had been considered unfilmable under the Hays Code, because adultery was central to its plot. Double Indemnity is credited by some as the first true film noir, combining the stylistic elements of Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
with the narrative elements of The Maltese Falcon (1941). During the liberation of concentration camps in 1945, the Psychological Warfare Department
Psychological Warfare Department
(PWD) of the United States Department of War produced an American propaganda documentary film directed by Billy Wilder. The film known as Death Mills, or Die Todesmühlen, was intended for German audiences to educate them about the atrocities committed by the Nazi regime. For the German version, Die Todesmühlen, Hanuš Burger is credited as the writer and director, while Wilder supervised the editing. Wilder is credited with the English-language version.[citation needed] Two years later, Wilder earned the Best Director and Best Screenplay Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for the adaptation of a Charles R. Jackson story The Lost Weekend (1945), the first major American film to make a serious examination of alcoholism, another difficult theme under the Production Code. In 1950, Wilder co-wrote and directed the dark and cynical Sunset Boulevard, which paired rising star William Holden
William Holden
with Gloria Swanson. Swanson played Norma Desmond, a reclusive silent film star who, with delusions of her greatness from a bygone era, dreams of a comeback. Holden portrays an aspiring screenwriter who can't make ends meet and becomes a kept man to her. It was critically acclaimed, and marked the end of Wilder's long writing partnership with Charles Brackett. In 1951, Wilder followed Sunset Boulevard with Ace in the Hole (a.k.a. The Big Carnival), a tale of media exploitation of a caving accident. The idea for the film had been pitched over the phone to Wilder's secretary by Victor Desny. Desny sued Wilder for breach of an implied contract in the California copyright case Wilder v Desny, ultimately receiving a settlement of $14,350.[8][9] Although a critical and commercial failure at the time, its reputation has grown over the years. In the 1950s, Wilder also directed two adaptations of Broadway plays, the prisoner of war drama Stalag 17
Stalag 17
(1953), which resulted in a Best Actor Oscar for William Holden, and the Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie
mystery Witness for the Prosecution (1957). In the mid-1950s, Wilder became interested in doing a film with one of the classic slapstick comedy acts of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Golden Age. He first considered, and rejected, a project to star Laurel and Hardy. He then held discussions with Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
concerning a new Marx Brothers
Marx Brothers
comedy, tentatively titled "A Day at the U.N." This project was abandoned when Chico Marx
Chico Marx
died in 1961.[10] From the mid-1950s onwards, Wilder made mostly comedies.[2] Among the classics Wilder created in this period are the farces The Seven Year Itch (1955) and Some Like It Hot
Some Like It Hot
(1959), satires such as The Apartment (1960), and the romantic comedy Sabrina (1954). Wilder's humor is sometimes sardonic. In Love in the Afternoon (1957), a young and innocent Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
does not wish to be young or innocent with playboy Gary Cooper, and pretends to be a married woman in search of extramarital amusement. The film was Wilder's first collaboration with writer-producer I. A. L. Diamond, an association that continued until the end of both men's careers. In 1959, United Artists released Wilder's Prohibition-era farce Some Like It Hot without a Production Code seal of approval, withheld due to the film's unabashed sexual comedy, including a central cross-dressing theme. Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
and Tony Curtis
Tony Curtis
play musicians who disguise themselves as women to escape pursuit by a Chicago gang. Curtis's character courts a singer played by Marilyn Monroe, while Lemmon is wooed by Joe E. Brown—setting up the film's final joke in which Lemmon reveals that his character is a man and Brown blandly replies "Well, nobody's perfect". A box office success, the film was lightly regarded during its original release. But its critical reputation grew prodigiously; in 2000, the American Film Institute selected it as the best American comedy ever made.[11] In 2012, the British Film Institute
British Film Institute
decennial Sight and Sound
Sight and Sound
poll of the world's film critics rated it as the 43rd best movie ever made, and the second-highest ranking comedy.[12] After winning three Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for 1960's The Apartment
The Apartment
(for Best Picture, Director, and Screenplay), Wilder's career slowed. His Cold War farce One, Two, Three
One, Two, Three
(1961) featured a rousing comic performance by James Cagney. It was followed by apparently lesser films that now are of cult status, such as Irma la Douce
Irma la Douce
and Kiss Me, Stupid. Wilder gained his last Oscar nomination for his screenplay The Fortune Cookie (UK: Meet Whiplash Willie) (1966). His 1970 film The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes was intended as a major roadshow release, but was heavily cut by the studio and has never been fully restored. Later films such as Fedora (1978) and Buddy Buddy
Buddy Buddy
(1981) failed to impress critics or the public. After that Wilder complained, futilely, that he was being discriminated against, due to his age. For whatever reason, the studios were unwilling to hire him. One "consolation" which Wilder had in his later years, besides his art collection (see "Later Life," below), was the Andrew Lloyd Webber stage musical version of Sunset Boulevard.[citation needed] Directorial style[edit] Wilder's directorial choices reflected his belief in the primacy of writing. He avoided, especially in the second half of his career, the exuberant cinematography of Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
because, in Wilder's opinion, shots that called attention to themselves would distract the audience from the story. Wilder's pictures have tight plotting and memorable dialogue. Despite his conservative directorial style, his subject matter often pushed the boundaries of mainstream entertainment. Once a subject was chosen, he would begin to visualize in terms of specific artists. His belief was that no matter how talented the actor, none were without limitations and the end result would be better if you bent the script to their personality rather than force a performance beyond their limitations.[13] Wilder was skilled at working with actors, coaxing silent era legends Gloria Swanson and Erich von Stroheim
Erich von Stroheim
out of retirement for roles in Sunset Boulevard For Stalag 17, Wilder squeezed an Oscar-winning performance out of a reluctant William Holden
William Holden
(Holden had wanted to make his character more likeable; Wilder refused). Wilder sometimes cast against type for major parts such as Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
in Double Indemnity and The Apartment. MacMurray had become Hollywood's highest-paid actor portraying a decent, thoughtful character in light comedies, melodramas, and musicals; Wilder cast him as a womanizing schemer. Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
shed his tough-guy image to give one of his warmest performances in Sabrina. James Cagney, not usually known for comedy, was memorable in a high-octane comic role for Wilder's One, Two, Three. Wilder coaxed a very effective performance out of Marilyn Monroe in Some Like It Hot.[citation needed] In total, he directed fourteen different actors in Oscar-nominated performances: Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
in Double Indemnity, Ray Milland
Ray Milland
in The Lost Weekend, William Holden
William Holden
in Sunset Boulevard and Stalag 17, Gloria Swanson in Sunset Boulevard, Erich von Stroheim
Erich von Stroheim
in Sunset Boulevard, Nancy Olson
Nancy Olson
in Sunset Boulevard, Robert Strauss in Stalag 17, Audrey Hepburn in Sabrina, Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
in Witness for the Prosecution, Elsa Lanchester
Elsa Lanchester
in Witness for the Prosecution, Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
in Some Like It Hot and The Apartment, Jack Kruschen
Jack Kruschen
in The Apartment, Shirley MacLaine in The Apartment
The Apartment
and Irma la Douce
Irma la Douce
and Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
in The Fortune Cookie. Milland, Holden and Matthau won Oscars for their performances in Wilder films. Wilder mentored Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
and was the first director to pair him with Walter Matthau, in The Fortune Cookie (1966). Wilder had great respect for Lemmon, calling him the hardest working actor he had ever met. Lemmon starred in seven of Wilder's films. Wilder's work has had to meet some critical challenges. Although he is admired by many critics and filmgoers, he has not won approval from noted critic David Thomson, author of A Biographical Dictionary of Film, and other works. Thomson summarizes his attitude toward Wilder by saying, "I remain skeptical."[14] Thomson emphasizes that, although Wilder created some brilliant films, he also directed some poor ones, especially at the end of his career. Thomson notes that critic Andrew Sarris did not approve of Wilder for a long time but then changed his attitude much later.[15] Some[citation needed] say that Wilder's films often lacked any discernible political tone or sympathies, which was not unintentional. He was less interested in current political fashions than in human nature and the issues that confronted ordinary people. He was not affected by the Hollywood
Hollywood
blacklist, and had little sympathy for those who were.[citation needed] Of the blacklisted ' Hollywood
Hollywood
Ten' Wilder said, "Of the ten, two had talent, and the rest were just unfriendly." In general, Wilder had an intense dislike for formula and genre films.[16] Others say that his films derive their parodies from the politics of the world around him, capitalist and Communist, and that Wilder opposed the House Un-American Activities Committee
House Un-American Activities Committee
(HUAC). He co-created the “Committee for the First Amendment”, of 500 Hollywood
Hollywood
personalities and stars to “support those professionals called upon to testify before the HUAC who had classified themselves as hostile with regard to the interrogations and the interrogators”. Some anti-Communists wanted those in the cinema industry to take oaths of allegiance. The Screen Directors Guild had a vote by show of hands. Only John Huston
John Huston
and Wilder opposed. Huston said, "I am sure it was one of the bravest things that Billy, as a naturalized German, had ever done. There were 150 to 200 directors at this meeting, and here Billy and I sat alone with our hands raised in protest against the loyalty oath."[17] Wilder reveled in poking fun at those who took politics too seriously. In Ball of Fire, his burlesque queen 'Sugarpuss' points at her sore throat and complains "Pink? It's as red as the Daily Worker
Daily Worker
and twice as sore." Later, she gives the overbearing and unsmiling housemaid the name "Franco". Wilder is sometimes confused with director William Wyler; the confusion is understandable, as both were German-speaking Jews with similar backgrounds and names. However, their output as directors was quite different: Wyler preferreed to direct epics and heavy dramas, while Wilder was noted for his comedies and film noir type dramas. Later life[edit]

Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
in Berlin, 1989

Wilder was recognized with the AFI Life Achievement Award
AFI Life Achievement Award
in 1986. In 1988, Wilder was awarded the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. In 1993, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts. He has a star on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame. Wilder became well known for owning one of the finest and most extensive art collections in Hollywood, mainly collecting modern art. As he described it in the mid 80s, "It's a sickness. I don't know how to stop myself. Call it bulimia if you want – or curiosity or passion. I have some Impressionists, some Picassos from every period, some mobiles by Calder. I also collect tiny Japanese trees, glass paperweights and Chinese vases. Name an object and I collect it."[18] Wilder's artistic ambitions led him to create a series of works of his own. By the early 90s, Wilder had amassed a beguiling assortment of plastic-artistic constructions, many of which were made in collaboration with artist Bruce Houston. In 1993, art dealer Louis Stern, a longtime friend, helped organize an exhibition of Wilder's work at his Beverly Hills gallery. The exhibition was titled Billy Wilder's Marché aux Puces and the Variations on the Theme of Queen Nefertete segment was an unqualified crowd pleaser. This series featured busts of the Egyptian queen wrapped à la Christo, or splattered à la Jackson Pollock, or sporting a Campbell's soup can in homage to Andy Warhol.[19] Personal life[edit] Wilder married Judith Coppicus on December 22, 1936. The couple had twins, Victoria and Vincent (born 1939), but Vincent died shortly after birth. They divorced in 1946. Wilder met Audrey Young at Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
on the set of The Lost Weekend in 1945, and she became his second wife on June 30, 1949. Death[edit] Wilder died in 2002 of pneumonia at the age of 95 after battling health problems,[20] including cancer, at his home in Beverly Hills, California. He was interred in the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Westwood, Los Angeles
Westwood, Los Angeles
near Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
and Walter Matthau. Marilyn Monroe's crypt is located in the same cemetery. Wilder died the same day as two other comedy legends: Milton Berle
Milton Berle
and Dudley Moore. The next day, French newspaper Le Monde
Le Monde
titled its first-page obituary, " Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
dies. Nobody's perfect." - quoting the final gag line in Some Like It Hot. Legacy[edit]

Wilder's gravestone

Wilder holds a significant place in the history of Hollywood censorship for expanding the range of acceptable subject matter. He is responsible for two of the film noir era's most definitive films in Double Indemnity and Sunset Boulevard Along with Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and the Marx Brothers, he leads the list of films on the American Film Institute's list of 100 funniest American films with five films written and holds the honor of holding the top spot with Some Like it Hot. Also on the list are The Apartment
The Apartment
and The Seven Year Itch
The Seven Year Itch
which he directed, and Ball of Fire
Ball of Fire
and Ninotchka
Ninotchka
which he co-wrote. The American Film Institute
American Film Institute
has ranked four of Wilder's films among their top 100 American films of the 20th century: Sunset Boulevard (no. 12), Some Like It Hot
Some Like It Hot
(no. 14), Double Indemnity (no. 38) and The Apartment (no. 93). For the tenth anniversary edition of their list, the AFI moved Sunset Boulevard to No. 16, Some Like it Hot
Some Like it Hot
to No. 22, Double Indemnity to No. 29 and The Apartment
The Apartment
to No. 80. Spanish filmmaker Fernando Trueba
Fernando Trueba
said in his acceptance speech for the 1993 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Foreign Language Film: "I would like to believe in God in order to thank him. But I just believe in Billy Wilder... so, thank you Mr. Wilder." According to Trueba, Wilder called him the day after and told him: "Fernando, it's God." French filmmaker Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
also thanked Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
in the 2012 Best Picture Oscar acceptance speech for The Artist by saying "I would like to thank the following three people, I would like to thank Billy Wilder, I would like to thank Billy Wilder, and I would like to thank Billy Wilder." Wilder's 12 Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations for screenwriting were a record until 1997 when Woody Allen
Woody Allen
received a 13th nomination for Deconstructing Harry. Filmography[edit] Main article: Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
filmography Awards[edit] Wilder received twenty-one Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations; eight for Best Director, twelve for writing, and one as the producer of Best Picture. With eight nominations for Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director, Wilder is, together with Martin Scorsese, the second most nominated director in the history of the Academy Awards, behind William Wyler, and the second most nominated screenwriter, behind Woody Allen. Wilder won a total of six Oscars: Best Director for The Lost Weekend and The Apartment, Best Screenplay for The Lost Weekend, Sunset Boulevard, and The Apartment, and Best Picture for The Apartment. In addition, he received the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
in 1988.

Writers Guild of America west (WGA/W) – Screen Laurel Award, 1957 (with Charles Brackett) and 1980 (with I.A.L. Diamond). In addition to the career awards, Wilder was nominated 15 times for WGA Screenplay awards, winning five times, despite the fact that the award was not offered until 1948. Directors Guild of America (DGA) – D.W. Griffith Award, 1985 (renamed the DGA Lifetime Achievement Award in 1999). In addition to the career award, Wilder was nominated eight times for the DGA Screen Director award, winning for 1960's The Apartment. WGAw/DGA – Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
Award, 1991 Golden Globes: Wilder won five Golden Globes after the awards started in 1944: twice as the producer of Best Picture winners (Some Like It Hot and The Apartment); twice as a director (The Lost Weekend and Sunset Boulevard); and once as a screenwriter (Sabrina) (this award wasn't presented from 1955 to 1965, during Wilder's most successful years). Honorary Golden Bear at the 43rd Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival (1993).[21]

Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations[edit]

Year Award Film Result

1939 Best Writing, Screenplay Ninotchka Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
– Gone with the Wind

1941 Best Writing, Screenplay Hold Back the Dawn Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller – Here Comes Mr. Jordan

Best Writing, Original Story Ball of Fire Harry Segall – Here Comes Mr. Jordan

1944 Best Director Double Indemnity Leo McCarey – Going My Way

Best Writing, Screenplay Frank Butler and Frank Cavett – Going My Way

1945 Best Director The Lost Weekend Won

Best Writing, Screenplay Won

1948 Best Writing, Screenplay A Foreign Affair John Huston
John Huston
– The Treasure of the Sierra Madre

1950 Best Director Sunset Boulevard Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
– All About Eve

Best Writing, Story and Screenplay Won

1951 Best Writing, Story and Screenplay Ace in the Hole Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
– An American in Paris

1953 Best Director Stalag 17 Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
– From Here to Eternity

1954 Best Director Sabrina Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
– On the Waterfront

Best Writing, Screenplay George Seaton
George Seaton
– The Country Girl

1957 Best Director Witness for the Prosecution David Lean
David Lean
– The Bridge on the River Kwai

1959 Best Director Some Like It Hot William Wyler
William Wyler
– Ben-Hur

Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium Neil Paterson – Room at the Top

1960 Best Motion Picture The Apartment Won

Best Director Won

Best Writing, Story and Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen Won

1966 Best Writing, Story and Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen The Fortune Cookie Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
– A Man and a Woman

1987

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

Won

Directed Academy Award
Academy Award
performances[edit]

Year Performer Film Result

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actor

1945 Ray Milland The Lost Weekend Won

1950 William Holden Sunset Boulevard Nominated

1953 William Holden Stalag 17 Won

1957 Charles Laughton Witness for the Prosecution Nominated

1959 Jack Lemmon Some Like It Hot Nominated

1960 Jack Lemmon The Apartment Nominated

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actress

1944 Barbara Stanwyck Double Indemnity Nominated

1950 Gloria Swanson Sunset Boulevard Nominated

1954 Audrey Hepburn Sabrina Nominated

1960 Shirley MacLaine The Apartment Nominated

1963 Shirley MacLaine Irma la Douce Nominated

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Supporting Actor

1950 Erich von Stroheim Sunset Boulevard Nominated

1953 Robert Strauss Stalag 17 Nominated

1960 Jack Kruschen The Apartment Nominated

1966 Walter Matthau The Fortune Cookie Won

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Supporting Actress

1950 Nancy Olson Sunset Boulevard Nominated

1957 Elsa Lanchester Witness for the Prosecution Nominated

Major awards for directed films[edit]

Year Film Academy Award Noms. Academy Award Wins Golden Globe Noms. Golden Globe Wins (beg. 1943) DGA Award (beg. 1948) WGA Award (beg. 1948)

1934 Mauvaise Graine

1942 The Major and the Minor

1943 Five Graves to Cairo

3

*

1944 Double Indemnity

7

*

1945 The Lost Weekend

7

4

*

3

1948 The Emperor Waltz 2

*

Nominated

A Foreign Affair

2

*

Nominated

1950 Sunset Boulevard

11

3

7

4

Nominated Won

1951 Ace in the Hole

1

1953 Stalag 17

3

1

*

Nominated Nominated

1954 Sabrina

6

1

*

1

Nominated Won

1955 The Seven Year Itch

*

1

Nominated Nominated

1957 The Spirit of St. Louis

1

Love in the Afternoon

3

Nominated Won

Witness for the Prosecution

6

5

1

Nominated

1959 Some Like It Hot

6

1

3

3

Nominated Won

1960 The Apartment

10

5

4

3

Won Won

1961 One, Two, Three

1

2

Nominated

1963 Irma la Douce

3

1

3

1

Nominated

1964 Kiss Me, Stupid

1966 The Fortune Cookie

4

1

1

Nominated

1970 The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes

Nominated

1972 Avanti!

6

1

Nominated

1974 The Front Page

3

Nominated

1978 Fedora

1981 Buddy Buddy

Only Golden Globe winners reported in these years

See also[edit]

List of film director and actor collaborations

References[edit]

^ "Oscar Firsts and other Trivia" (PDF). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 25, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2015.  ^ a b Cook, David A. (2004). A History of Narrative: Film Fourth Edition. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-97868-0.  ^ " Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
Biography". Biography.com. 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2015.  ^ Philips, Alastair. City of Darkness, City of Light: Emigre Filmmakers in Paris, 1929–1939. Amsterdam University Press, 2004. p. 190. ^ Silvester, Christopher. The Grove Book of Hollywood. Grove Press, 2002. p. 311 ^ Andreas Hutter and Heinz Peters (October 6, 2011). "Gitla stand nicht auf Schindlers Liste" (in German). Neue Zuercher Zeitung.  ^ Armstrong, Richard (2004). Billy Wilder, American Film Realist. McFarland & Company. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7864-2119-0.  ^ 46 Cal.2d 715, 299 P.2d 257, CAL. 1956. ^ Sikov, Ed. On Sunset Boulevard: The Life and Times of Billy Wilder, Hyperion Press, 1998, pg. 328 ^ Gore, Chris (1999). The Fifty Greatest Movies Never Made, New York: St. Martin's Griffin ^ "AFI's 100 Funniest American Movies Of All Time". American Film Institute. 2000. Retrieved June 6, 2016.  ^ "Critics' top 100". British Film Institute. 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2016. - ^ "One Head Is Better than Two," in Films and Filming (London), February 1957. ^ David Thomson. A Biographical Dictionary of Film, London: Little, Brown, 2002, p.936 ^ Andrew Sarris, in The American Cinema: Directors and Directions 1929–1968 (Da Capo, 1996 [originally published in 1968], p.166) commented that Wilder is too "cynical to believe even his own cynicism" and referred to the "superficial nastiness of his personality". "You Ain't Heard Nothin' Yet": The American Talking Film, History and Memory, 1927–1949 (1998) contains Sarris's revised opinion. ^ Morris Dickstein (Spring 1988). "Sunset Boulevard" Grand Street Vol. 7 No. 3 p. 180 ^ José-Vidal Pelaz López. Filming History: Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
and the Cold War. Communication & Society, 25(1), pp.113-136. (2012). ^ Ed Sikov. On Sunset Boulevard – the Life and Times of Billy Wilder "Turnaround", pg. 582. ^ Charlotte Chandler. Nobody's Perfect: Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
– A Personal Biography. "Nefertete", pg. 317. ^ Clinton, Paul (March 29, 2002). "Legendary director Billy Wilder dead at 95". CNN.  ^ "Prizes & Honours 1993". Berlinale. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Armstrong, Richard, Billy Wilder, American Film Realist (McFarland & Company, Inc.: 2000) Dan Auiler, "Some Like it Hot" (Taschen, 2001) Chandler, Charlotte, Nobody's Perfect. Billy Wilder. A Personal Biography (New York: Schuster & Schuster, 2002) Crowe, Cameron, Conversations with Wilder (New York: Knopf, 2001) Guilbert, Georges-Claude, Literary Readings of Billy Wilder (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007) Gyurko, Lanin A., The Shattered Screen. Myth and Demythification in the Art of Carlos Fuentes and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(New Orleans: University Press of the South, 2009) Hermsdorf, Daniel, Billy Wilder. Filme – Motive – Kontroverses (Bochum: Paragon-Verlag, 2006) Hopp, Glenn, Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(Pocket Essentials: 2001) Hopp, Glenn / Duncan, Paul, Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(Köln / New York: Taschen, 2003) Horton, Robert, Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
Interviews (University Press of Mississippi, 2001) Hutter, Andreas / Kamolz, Klaus, Billie Wilder. Eine europäische Karriere (Vienna, Cologne, Weimar: Boehlau, 1998) Jacobs, Jérôme, Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(Paris: Rivages Cinéma, 2006) Hellmuth Karasek, Billy Wilder, eine Nahaufnahme (Heyne, 2002) Lally, Kevin, Wilder Times: The Life of Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(Henry Holt & Co: 1st ed edition, May 1996) Phillips, Gene D., Some Like It Wilder (The University Press of Kentucky: 2010) Sikov, Ed, On Sunset Boulevard. The Life and Times of Billy Wilder (New York: Hyperion, 1999) Neil Sinyard & Adrian Turner, "Journey Down Sunset Boulevard" (BCW, Isle of Wight, UK, 1979) Tom Wood, The Bright Side of Billy Wilder, Primarily (New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc, 1969) Zolotow, Maurice, Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
in Hollywood
Hollywood
(Pompton Plains: Limelight Editions, 2004)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Billy Wilder.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Billy Wilder

Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
at Encyclopædia Britannica Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
on IMDb Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
at the TCM Movie Database Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
Accepts the AFI Life Achievement Award
AFI Life Achievement Award
in 1986 video, 6 min. The Films of Billy Wilder, video, 8.5 min. American Master – Billy Wilder Wilder Bibliography (via UC Berkeley) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
Tribute at NPR Lifetime Honors – National Medal of Arts
National Medal of Arts
at the Wayback Machine (archived 2013-08-26) Writers Guild of America, west – Laurel Award Recipients at Archive.is
Archive.is
(archived 2012-12-28) Directors Guild of America at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived 2010-11-20) Paris
Paris
Review 1996 interview

v t e

Films directed by Billy Wilder

Filmography

Mauvaise Graine
Mauvaise Graine
(1934) The Major and the Minor
The Major and the Minor
(1942) Five Graves to Cairo
Five Graves to Cairo
(1943) Double Indemnity (1944) The Lost Weekend (1945) Death Mills
Death Mills
(1945, documentary) The Emperor Waltz
The Emperor Waltz
(1948) A Foreign Affair
A Foreign Affair
(1948) Sunset Boulevard (1950) Ace in the Hole (1951) Stalag 17
Stalag 17
(1953) Sabrina (1954) The Seven Year Itch
The Seven Year Itch
(1955) The Spirit of St. Louis (1957) Love in the Afternoon (1957) Witness for the Prosecution (1957) Some Like It Hot
Some Like It Hot
(1959) The Apartment
The Apartment
(1960) One, Two, Three
One, Two, Three
(1961) Irma la Douce
Irma la Douce
(1963) Kiss Me, Stupid
Kiss Me, Stupid
(1964) The Fortune Cookie
The Fortune Cookie
(1966) The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes
The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes
(1970) Avanti!
Avanti!
(1972) The Front Page (1974) Fedora (1978) Buddy Buddy
Buddy Buddy
(1981)

Awards for Billy Wilder

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Adapted Screenplay

1928–1950

Benjamin Glazer (1928) Hanns Kräly (1929) Frances Marion
Frances Marion
(1930) Howard Estabrook
Howard Estabrook
(1931) Edwin J. Burke (1932) Victor Heerman
Victor Heerman
and Sarah Y. Mason
Sarah Y. Mason
(1933) Robert Riskin
Robert Riskin
(1934) Dudley Nichols (1935) Pierre Collings
Pierre Collings
and Sheridan Gibney (1936) Heinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly Raine
Norman Reilly Raine
(1937) Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb, and George Bernard Shaw (1938) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1939) Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
(1940) Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller (1941) George Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West, and Arthur Wimperis (1942) Philip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein, and Howard E. Koch (1943) Frank Butler, and Frank Cavett (1944) Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Robert Sherwood (1946) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

Harry Brown and Michael Wilson (1951) Charles Schnee (1952) Daniel Taradash (1953) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1954) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1955) John Farrow, S. J. Perelman, and James Poe (1956) Carl Foreman
Carl Foreman
and Michael Wilson (1957) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958) Neil Paterson (1959) Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks
(1960) Abby Mann (1961) Horton Foote (1962) John Osborne
John Osborne
(1963) Edward Anhalt (1964) Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) James Goldman (1968) Waldo Salt (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975)

1976–2000

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Alvin Sargent (1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Kurt Luedtke (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
and Mark Peploe (1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Bill Condon (1998) John Irving
John Irving
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000)

2001–present

Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson, and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Geoffrey S. Fletcher
Geoffrey S. Fletcher
(2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay

1940–1960

Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
(1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1941) Michael Kanin
Michael Kanin
and Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960)

1961–1980

William Inge
William Inge
(1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1968) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward
David S. Ward
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980)

1981–2000

Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
and Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

AFI Life Achievement Award

John Ford
John Ford
(1973) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1974) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1975) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1976) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1977) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1978) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1979) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1980) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1981) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1982) John Huston
John Huston
(1983) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
(1984) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1985) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1986) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1987) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1988) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1989) David Lean
David Lean
(1990) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1991) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1992) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1993) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1994) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1997) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1998) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1999) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2002) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2005) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2006) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2007) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2008) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2009) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2010) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2011) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(2012) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2013) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2014) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(2015) John Williams
John Williams
(2016) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2017) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2018)

v t e

European Film Academy Lifetime Achievement Award

  Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988)   Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1988)   Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1989)   Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1990)   Alexandre Trauner (1991)   Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1992)   Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1993)   Robert Bresson (1994)   Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1995)   Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1996)   Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1997)   Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1999)   Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(2000)   Monty Python
Monty Python
(2001)   Tonino Guerra
Tonino Guerra
(2002)   Claude Chabrol
Claude Chabrol
(2003)   Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(2004)   Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2005)   Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2006)   Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(2007)   Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2008)   Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2009)   Bruno Ganz
Bruno Ganz
(2010)   Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2011)   Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(2012)   Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2013)   Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2014)   Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2015)   Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
(2016) Alexander Sokurov
Alexander Sokurov
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award
Directors Guild of America Award
for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Film Society of Lincoln Center
Film Society of Lincoln Center
Gala Tribute Honorees

Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1972) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1973) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1974) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
and Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1975) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1978) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1979) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1984) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1985) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1986) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1987) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1988) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1989) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1990) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1991) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1992) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1993) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1994) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1999) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2000) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2001) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2002) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(2003) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2004) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2005) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2006) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2007) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2008) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2009) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2010) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2011) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2012) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2013) Rob Reiner
Rob Reiner
(2014) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2015) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2016) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2017) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2018)

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (1990s)

1990

Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder

1991

Roy Acuff Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw

1992

Lionel Hampton Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor

1993

Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams

1994

Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger

1995

Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon

1996

Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief

1997

Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella

1998

Bill Cosby Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
Black

1999

Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1938) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1939) David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
(1940) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1942) Sidney Franklin (1943) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1944) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1945) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1947) Jerry Wald
Jerry Wald
(1949) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1951) Arthur Freed (1952) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1953) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1954) Buddy Adler (1957) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1959) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1962) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1964) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1966) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1967) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1968) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1971) Lawrence Weingarten (1974) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1976) Pandro S. Berman
Pandro S. Berman
(1977) Walter Mirisch (1978) Ray Stark (1980) Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1988) David Brown and Richard D. Zanuck
Richard D. Zanuck
(1991) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1992) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1995) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(1997) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1999) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2000) Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
(2001) John Calley (2009) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2010)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112274535 LCCN: n79145593 ISNI: 0000 0001 2284 2100 GND: 118632795 SELIBR: 226009 SUDOC: 030300975 BNF: cb12174555p (data) BIBSYS: 90639253 NLA: 35607780 NDL: 00621646 NKC: xx0005680 BNE: XX859843 SN

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