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The Info List - Billboard Charts


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The _BILLBOARD_ CHARTS tabulate the relative weekly popularity of singles or albums in the United States and elsewhere. The results are published in _Billboard _ magazine. _BILLBOARD_ BIZ, the online extension of the _Billboard_ charts, provides additional weekly charts. There are also Year End charts. The charts may be dedicated to specific genre such as R&B, country or rock, or they may cover all genres. The charts can be ranked according to sales, streams or airplay, and for main song charts such as the Hot 100 song chart, all three pools of data are used to compiled the charts. For the _Billboard_ 200 album chart, streams and track sales are included in addition to album sales.

The weekly sales and streams charts are monitored on a Friday to Thursday cycle since July 2015, previously it was on a Monday to Sunday cycle. Radio airplay song charts however follows the Monday to Sunday cycle (previously Wednesday to Tuesday). The charts are updated the following Tuesday, but dated the Saturday a further week (i.e. 11 days) later.

CONTENTS

* 1 History, methods and description

* 1.1 Incorporating digital platforms

* 2 Singles and tracks

* 2.1 All-genre * 2.2 R each musical genre has a core audience or retail group. Each genre's department at _Billboard_ is headed up by a chart manager, who makes these determinations.

For many years, a song had to be commercially available as a single to be considered for any of the _Billboard_ charts. At the time, instead of using Nielsen SoundScan or Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems (BDS), _Billboard_ obtained its data from manual reports filled out by radio stations and stores. According to the 50th Anniversary issue of _Billboard_, prior to the official implementation of SoundScan tracking in November 1991, many radio stations and retail stores removed songs from their manual reports after the associated record labels stopped promoting a particular single. Thus songs fell quickly after peaking and had shorter chart lives. In 1990, the country singles chart was the first chart to use SoundScan and BDS. They were followed by the Hot 100 and the R the following week began the "Hot 100". _Billboard_ publishes many different charts, with the Hot 100 and Billboard 200 being the most famous. _Billboard_ also has charts for the following music styles: rock , country , dance , bluegrass , jazz , classical , R" rowspan="3">sales + airplay + streaming 100

* The US music industry standard singles popularity chart

Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles 25

* Ranks the top 25 songs below #100 that have not previously appeared on the Hot 100. * Positions do not directly correspond to positions 101-125 of an extended Hot 100, but many sources use this notation

Heatseekers Songs 25

* Ranks songs from new artists/bands that have never attained the top 50 of the Hot 100. * If a song reaches the top 50, it and any of the artist's/band's subsequent singles are ineligible for the chart.

Hot 100 Airplay airplay (audience) 50

* Measures radio airplay audience impressions on 1,233 radio stations encompassing all formats. * One of the component charts of the Hot 100

Hot Singles Sales physical sales 15

* Measures sales of commercial singles * One of the component charts of the Hot 100 * No recurrent chart

Digital Songs digital sales 50

* Ranks top-selling digital song sales * Combines different versions of songs for a summarized figure * One of the component charts of the Hot 100

Hot Digital Tracks 75

* Ranks digital song sales with different versions of songs listed * No recurrent chart

Streaming Songs On-Demand Songs streaming 50

* Ranks top-streaming songs * Combines different versions of songs for a summarized figure * One of the component charts of the Hot 100

Billboard Twitter Real-Time Twitter real-time 140

* "Trending 140" - An up-to-the-minute ranking of the fastest moving songs shared on Twitter in the U.S., measured by acceleration over the past hour.

* "Emerging Artists" - A ranking of the most shared songs on Twitter in the U.S. by up-and-coming artists (defined as artists with fewer than 50,000 Twitter followers who have also not appeared as a lead artist in the top 50 songs on the Billboard Hot 100), ranked by the number of times each song was shared over the past 24 hours.

R&B/HIP-HOP

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs airplay + sales + streaming 50 Ranks the most popular by combining airplay from all formats of radio stations, digital download sales, streaming data and YouTube views of R&B and hip-hop songs.

R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay airplay (audience) 50 Measures airplay based on audience impressions from various R&B /hip-hop stations.

Mainstream R&B/Hip-Hop airplay (spins) 50 Ranks songs by combining airplay base on radio plays (spins) from 76 R&B/hip-hop stations.

Adult R&B Songs airplay (spins) 30 Measures airplay from 65 Urban AC radio stations.

Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles Sales physical sales 15 Sales component of Hot R&B/ Hip-Hop Songs. It is a separate panel of sales of commercial 12" Maxi singles in the urban market.

Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles airplay + sales + streaming 10 Ranks the top 10 songs below #50 that have not previously appeared on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.

Rhythmic Top 40 airplay (spins) 40 Measures airplay spins on 72 rhythmic stations. Rhythmic is a music radio format that includes of a mix of dance, upbeat rhythmic pop, hip hop and R&B hits. These stations also contribute to Dance/Mix Show Airplay panel

Hot Rap Songs airplay + sales + streaming 25 Ranks the top 25 hip-hop/rap songs by combining airplay from all formats of radio stations, digital download sales, streaming data and YouTube
YouTube
views of rap songs.

Rap Airplay airplay (spins) 25 Ranks the top 25 hip-hop/rap songs by airplay spins from R&B/hip-hop and rhythmic radio stations

Hot R&B/ Hip-Hop Recurrents airplay (spins) 20 Ranks songs that have fallen below No. 50 on Hot R&B/ Hip-Hop Songs and have been on that chart for over 20 weeks.

Hot R&B/ Hip-Hop Recurrent Airplay airplay (spins) 20 Ranks the songs that have fallen below No. 25 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay chart and have been on that chart for over 20 weeks.

R&B Songs airplay + sales + streaming 25 Ranks the top 25 R&B songs by combining airplay from all formats of radio stations, digital download sales, streaming data and YouTube views of R&B songs.

ADULT/POP

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Mainstream Top 40 (also Pop Songs) airplay (spins) 40 Measures airplay detections (spins) on 157 Contemporary hit radio stations. These stations also contribute to the Dance/Mix Show Airplay panel

Adult Top 40 (also Adult Pop Songs) 40 Measures airplay spins on 90 Hot adult contemporary stations

Adult Contemporary 30 Measures airplay spins on 85 adult contemporary stations

Pop Digital Songs digital sales 50 Top-downloaded pop songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan.

COUNTRY

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Hot Country Songs sales + all format airplay + streaming 50 Combines sales, airplay from all radio formats and streaming data

Country Airplay airplay (audience) 60 Measures airplay audience impression on 128 country music stations

Country Digital Songs digital sales 50 Top-downloaded country songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan.

Country Streaming Songs streaming 50 Most streamed country songs.

ROCK

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Hot Rock Songs
Hot Rock Songs
Sales, airplay, and streaming 50 Ranks the top rock songs based on radio airplay across all formats, sales data, and streaming activity

Rock Airplay Airplay (audience) 50 Airplay audience impressions on mainstream rock, alternative, and Triple A radio stations

Rock Digital Songs Digital sales 50 Top-downloaded rock songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan

Alternative Songs (also Alternative) Airplay (spins) 40 Measures airplay spins on 50 alternative /modern rock stations

Alternative Digital Songs Digital sales 25 Top-downloaded songs classified as alternative, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan. Component of Rock Digital Songs.

Mainstream Rock Airplay (spins) 40 Measures airplay spins on 77 mainstream rock radio stations encompassing active rock and heritage rock

Adult Alternative Songs (Triple A) 30 Measures airplay spins on 24 adult album alternative radio stations

Hard Rock Digital Songs Digital sales 25 Top-downloaded songs classified as hard rock, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan. Component of Rock Digital Songs.

DANCE

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Dance Club Songs
Dance Club Songs
reports from DJs 50

* Compiled exclusively from playlists submitted by nightclub disc jockeys, who must apply and meet certain criteria to become _Billboard_-reporting DJs

Dance/Electronic Songs Continuous airplay, single sales, digital downloads, online streaming, reports from DJs 50

* A chart which uses the same methodology as the Hot 100, which tracks the top Dance/Electronic singles based on club play reports, monitored airplay, single sales, digital downloads and monitored online streaming. * The songs will be used to determine eligibility for entry into the Hot 100. * Criteria will be based on the song's tempo. * Remixed versions of Pop, Rock, R the radio charts are compiled using information tracked by from Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems . It was established by the magazine in 1994.

Latin Tropical Airplay Airplay (spins) The Latin Tropical Airplay (a.k.a., Latin Tropical/Salsa Airplay) is a weekly monitored chart that ranks Tropical music information from different genres like Merengue , Salsa , Bachata , Guaracha and others on 18 Latin music stations. It was established by the magazine in 1994.

Latin Rhythm Airplay Airplay (spins) The Latin Rhythm Airplay chart comprises singles and tracks from artists who represent the Hispanic rhythmic / Hurban genre including Reggaeton , Hispanic R&B / Hip-Hop , Rhythmic Pop/Dance and crossovers from English-language and/or bilingual acts, monitoring 15 Latin rhythm radio stations. This chart came about as a result of radio stations tapping into the growing second and third generation Hispanic audience who wanted a Spanish-speaking or bilingual alternative to the formats they felt represented them. The magazine established it in 2005.

Latin Streaming Songs Streaming The Latin Streaming Songs chart is a weekly monitored chart that ranks Latin streamed radio songs and on-demand songs and music videos on leading online music services.

CHRISTIAN

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Christian Songs Sales, streaming, all format airplay 50 Combines sales, airplay from all radio formats, and streaming data

Christian Digital Songs Digital downloads 50 Top-downloaded Christian songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan

Christian Streaming Songs Streaming 50 Most streamed Christian songs

Christian Airplay Airplay (audience) 50 Audience impressions from Christian AC, Hot AC/CHR, Soft AC, and Christian Rock stations

Christian AC Songs Airplay (spins)

Measures airplay spins on Christian adult contemporary stations

Christian Hot AC/CHR Airplay (spins)

Measures airplay spins on Christian CHR stations

Christian Soft AC Airplay (spins)

Measures airplay spins on Christian Soft ACstations

Christian Rock Airplay (spins)

Measures airplay spins on Christian rock stations

Christian AC Indicator Airplay (spins)

Gospel Songs Sales, streaming, allformat airplay 30

JAZZ

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Smooth Jazz
Jazz
Songs airplay (spins) 30 Measures airplay spins on 14 smooth jazz stations

HOLIDAY

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Holiday 100 Sales, streaming and airplay 100 Combines sales, airplay and streaming data. Only in December.

Holiday Digital Songs Digital downloads 50 Top-downloaded Holiday songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan. Only in December.

Holiday Streaming Songs Streaming 50 Most streamed Holiday songs. Only in December.

Holiday Airplay Airplay (audience) 50 Audience impressions from all radio stations. Only in December.

RINGTONES

CHART TITLE CHART TYPE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Hot Ringtones ringtone sale 40 Ranks weekly sales of polyphonic ringtones for mobile phones , launched in 2004

Hot RingMasters 40 Ranks weekly sales of master ringtones for mobile phones

Hot Videoclips

25 Ranks top 25 most popular music videos according to digital sales and TV play on shows such as _TRL _ and _106 ">

* ^ 100 positions prior to October 2012.

ALBUMS

CHART TITLE No. of Positions DESCRIPTION

_Billboard_ 200 200

* Industry standard, includes albums from any genre. * Includes both new and catalog albums. * Includes data from on-demand streaming services

Top Album
Album
Sales 100

* A pure album sales chart.

Top Current Albums 100

* The same chart as Top Album
Album
Sales, with catalog titles removed

Top Pop Catalog Albums 50

* An album becomes a catalog title when it is more than 18 months old and has fallen below position 100 on the _Billboard_ 200.

Top Internet Albums 40

* Ranks physical albums ordered through Internet merchants.

Tastemakers

* Ranked albums based on "an influential panel of indie stores and small regional chains."

Digital Albums 50

Heatseekers Albums 25

* Ranks albums from new artists/bands that have never attained the top 100 of the _Billboard_ 200. * If an album reaches the top 100, it and any of the artist's/band's subsequent albums are ineligible for the chart.

Heatseekers Albums (East North Central)

Heatseekers Albums (Middle Atlantic)

Heatseekers Albums (Mountain)

Heatseekers Albums (Northeast)

Heatseekers Albums (Pacific)

Heatseekers Albums (South Atlantic)

Heatseekers Albums (South Central)

Heatseekers Albums (West North Central)

Independent Albums 50

* Ranks top 50 albums released through independent record labels .

Top Rock Albums 50

Alternative Albums 25

Hard Rock Albums 25

Americana/Folk Albums 25

Top R&B/ Hip-Hop Albums 50

R&B/ Hip-Hop Catalog Albums 25

Rap Albums 25

R&B Albums 25

* Ranks top R&B albums by sales as compiled by Nielsen Music. Albums must be less than 18 months old, or if older than 18 months then they must reside on the _Billboard_ 200's top 100.

Top Country Albums 50

Country Catalog Albums 25

Bluegrass Albums 15

Top Latin Albums 30

* Ranks the best-selling Latin albums weekly. An album must have at least 51% of its content recorded in Spanish to rank on this chart.

Regional Mexican Albums

Latin Pop Albums 30

Tropical Albums

Latin Rhythm Albums

Classical Albums Top Classical Albums

Traditional Classical Albums

Classical Crossover Albums

Classical Budget/Midline Albums

Christian Albums 50

Gospel Albums 40

Christian & Gospel Albums

Jazz
Jazz
Albums 35

Traditional Jazz
Jazz
Albums 15

Contemporary Jazz
Jazz
Albums 15

* Debuted on February 28, 1987 with 25 positions.

Dance/Electronic Albums 25

Blues Albums

Cast Albums

* Measuring sales of cast recordings

Comedy Albums

Compilation Albums 20

Holiday Albums 50

* see Best-selling Christmas/holiday albums in the United States

Kid Albums 15

New Age Albums

Reggae Albums

Soundtracks 30

Vinyl Albums 25

World Albums

* Ranks biggest-selling world music albums, including catalog titles

VIDEO

CHART TITLE Number of positions DESCRIPTION

Music Video DVD 100

* Industry standard, includes video albums from any genre.

OTHER CHARTS

In December 2010, _Billboard_ announced a new chart titled _Social 50 _, which ranks the most active artists on the world's leading social networking sites. The Social 50 chart tallies artists' popularity using their weekly additions of friends/fans/followers, along with weekly artist page views and weekly song plays on Myspace , YouTube
YouTube
, Facebook
Facebook
, Twitter and iLike .

In January 2011, _Billboard_ introduced another chart called _Uncharted _, which lists new and developing artists, who are yet to appear on any major _Billboard_ chart, "...regardless of their country of origin." The ranking is based on the views and fans on social networking websites like Myspace and Facebook. To appear on _Uncharted_, the artists must be registered Myspace Music artists, and should not have appeared on any major _Billboard_ charts before.

In May 2014, after the Korea K-Pop Hot 100 chart was discontinued in the U.S., the Billboard K-Town column continued to provide chart information for K-pop artists on all Billboard charts.

The _Billboard_ Artist 100 began in 2014.

FURTHER READING

* Durkee, Rob. "American Top 40: The Countdown of the Century." Schriner Books, New York City , 1999. * Battistini, Pete. " American Top 40 with Casey Kasem The 1970s." _Authorhouse.com_, January 31, 2005. ISBN 1-4184-1070-5 * Parker, Martin (1991). "Making Sense with the _ Hit Parade _". _Popular Music_. 10 (2): 205–17. doi :10.1017/s0261143000004517 . * Hakanen, Ernest (1998). "Counting Down to the Number One:Evolution of the Meaning of Popular Music Charts". _Popular Music_. 17 (1): 98–111. doi :10.1017/s0261143000000507 . * "About Us". Nielsen Business Media Inc. 2009. * "Billboard.com FAQ". Nielsen Business Media Inc. 2009. * "Billboard Latest Charts Lyrics". MetroLyrics. Retrieved September 5, 2010.

REFERENCES

* ^ Billboard biz charts, Billboard's online reference for the music community, retrieved on December 6, 2014 * ^ "Charts - Year End". _Billboard_. * ^ "Billboard Charts Legend". _Billboard_. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Billboard 200 Makeover: Album
Album
Chart to Incorporate Streams & Track Sales". _Billboard_. Billboard. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Billboard to Alter Chart Tracking Week for Global Release Date" from Billboard (June 24, 2015) * ^ Sale, Jonathan (January 4, 1996). "Sixty years of hits, from Sinatra to ... Sinatra". _ The Independent
The Independent
_. Retrieved January 3, 2017. * ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (February 12, 2005). _Billboard_. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 64. ISSN 0006-2510 . Retrieved July 25, 2013. * ^ " Hot 100 To Include Digital Streams". Billboard. 2007-07-31. Retrieved 2013-11-09. * ^ Knopper, Steve (19 October 2012). "Fans React as Billboard Changes Charts Formula". _ Rolling Stone _. Retrieved 26 January 2013. * ^ _Billboard_ staff (November 25, 2013). "Billboard Christian & Gospel Charts to Get a Consumer-Focused Facelift". _Billboard _. Retrieved November 27, 2013. * ^ " Hot 100 News: Billboard and Nielsen Add YouTube
YouTube
Video Streaming to Platforms". Billboard. 2013-02-20. Retrieved 2013-11-09. * ^ " Billboard Twitter Real-Time Charts FAQ". Billboard. May 27, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014. * ^ "Ariana Grande – Chart History: Holiday 100". _Billboard _. December 5, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2014. * ^ "Billboard Bows Ringtones Chart Billboard". _Billboard_. Retrieved 2016-02-12. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Spotify Velocity". _Billboard_ . Retrieved December 28, 2016. * ^ "Viral 50". _Billboard_ . Retrieved December 28, 2016. * ^ "Billboard\'s Canadian Hot 100 Now Incorporates Spotify Listening". _Billboard_ . December 23, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2015. * ^ "Mexico Airplay". _Billboard_. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved September 2, 2012. * ^ "Billboard K-Pop Hot 100 Launches; Sistar Is No. 1 on New Korea Chart". _Billboard_. Prometheus Global Media
Prometheus Global Media
. August 25, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Korea K-Pop Hot 100". Billboard . Retrieved October 9, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Benjamin, Jeff (April 9, 2014). "Billboard K-Pop Hot 100 Launches; Sistar Is No. 1 on New Korea Chart". Yahoo! Music . Retrieved October 9, 2014. * ^ Binkert, Lisa. "Bruno Mars Live: Billboard Tastemakers". _Billboard _. Retrieved October 23, 2010. * ^ "Billboard R&B Albums". billboard.com. Retrieved December 16, 2015. Description per "How it works" section of webpage. * ^ "Billboard #1 Contemporary Jazz
Jazz
Albums of 1987". _JAZZ LPS_. * ^ "Billboard - Music Video DVD". _Billboard_. Billboard. Retrieved November 21, 2016. * ^ Billboard debuts new Social 50 chart. _Billboard_. Prometheus Global Media . Retrieved December 5, 2010 * ^ _A_ _B_ "Billboard - Music Charts, Music News, Artist Photo Gallery & Free Video". _Billboard_.

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