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Bijnor, is a city and a municipal board in Bijnor district
Bijnor district
in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. To boost its development, there is demand for the inclusion of Bijnor
Bijnor
in the Delhi
Delhi
NCR.One another demand is to transfer this district into Uttarakhand as it is the Gateway to Uttarakhand. [1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Indus Valley Civilization 1.3 Vedic history 1.4 Medieval history 1.5 Colonial era

2 Demographics 3 In popular culture 4 Education 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit] Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
(copper age). Indus Valley Civilization[edit] Alamgirpur, also called "Parasaram ka khera", is an archaeological site of the Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization
that thrived along Yamuna River (c. 3300–1300 BC) from the Harappan-Bara period, located in Meerut district, Uttar Pradesh, India.[2][3] It is the easternmost site of the civilization. It was partially excavated in 1958 and 1959 by Archaeological Survey of India, that found four cultural periods with interevening breaks; the earliest of them represented by a thickness of 6 feet, belonged to Harappan Culture. Although kiln burnt bricks were in evidence, no structure of this period was found, probably due to the limited nature of the excavations. Brick sizes were, 11.25 to 11.75 in. in length,5.25 to 6.25 in. in breadth and 2.5 to 2.75 in. in thickness; larger bricks averaged 14 in. x 8 in.x 4 in. which were used in furnace only.[3] Typical Harappan pottery was found and the complex itself appeared to be a pottery workshop. Ceramic items found included roof tiles, dishes, cups, vases, cubicle dice, beads, terrecotta cakes, carts and figurines of a humped bull and a snake.[3] There were also beads and possibly ear studs made of steatite paste, faience, glass, carnelian, quartz, agate and black jasper. Little metal was in evidence. However, a broken blade made of copper was found.[4] Vedic history[edit] During Vedic period, Bijnor district
Bijnor district
was related to Mahabharat, and there is a Vidur kuti in Bijnor. Medieval history[edit] During the time of Akbar, Bijnor
Bijnor
was part of his Mughal Empire. During early 18th century, the Rohilla
Rohilla
Pashtuns established their independence in the this area called by them Rohilkhand. Around 1748, the Rohilla
Rohilla
chief Ali Mohammed Khan
Ali Mohammed Khan
made his first annexations in Bijnor, the rest of which soon fell under the Rohilla
Rohilla
domination. The northern districts were granted by Ali Mohammed Khan
Ali Mohammed Khan
to Khurshid Ahmed Baig, who gradually extended his influence west of the Ganges
Ganges
and at Delhi, receiving the title of Najib-ud-daula
Najib-ud-daula
with the position of the paymaster of the Mughal forces. Marathas invaded Bijnor
Bijnor
who were also instigated by enemies of Rohillas, leading to several battles. Rohilla chief, Najib, who sided with Ahmad Shah Abdali in Panipat, was made vizier of the empire.[5] Colonial era[edit] In 1772 the Nawab of Oudh
Nawab of Oudh
made a treaty with the Rohillas, to expel the Marathas in return for a money payment. Nawab of Oudh
Nawab of Oudh
carried out his part of the bargain; but the Rohilla
Rohilla
chieftains refused to pay. In 1774 the Nawab
Nawab
concluded with the East India
India
Company government of Calcutta
Calcutta
a treaty of alliance, and he now called upon the British, in accordance with its terms, to supply a brigade to assist him in enforcing his claims against the Rohillas. This was done; in the Rohilla
Rohilla
War, the Rohillas were driven beyond the Ganges
Ganges
to the east, and Bijnor
Bijnor
was incorporated in the territories of the nawab, who in the same year (1774) ceded it to the British East India
India
Company. During the rebellion of 1857 Bijnor
Bijnor
was occupied by the nawab of Najibabad, a grandson of Zabita Khan, on 1 June. In spite of fighting between the Hindus
Hindus
and the Muslim Pashtuns, the Nawab
Nawab
succeeded in maintaining his position until the 21 April 1858, when he was defeated by the British at Nagina. Demographics[edit]

Religions in Bijnor

Religion

Percent

Muslims

57%

Hindus

42%

Jains

0.4%

Others†

1.6%

Distribution of religions †Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As per 2011 census, Bijnor
Bijnor
urban agglomeration had a population of 115,381 out of which males were 60,656 and females were 54,725. The literacy rate was 77.90 per cent.[6] In popular culture[edit]

The popular Hindi TV show, Yahan Ke Hum Sikandar
Yahan Ke Hum Sikandar
was set in Bijnor.

Education[edit] Schools in Bijnor, whether using English or Hindi as a medium of instruction, are affiliated to one of the four bodies, Central Board of Secondary Education (C.B.S.E.), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (C.I.S.C.E), University of Cambridge International Examinations and Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (U.P. Board). See also[edit]

List of cities in Uttar Pradesh Dehra, Uttar Pradesh Shivala Kalan, Bijnor

References[edit]

^ UP seeks to include 6 districts in NCR, Indian Express. ^ Ghosh, Amalananda (1991). An Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-9-00409-264-8.  ^ a b c Amalananda Ghosh (ed.). "Excavations at Alamgirpur". Indian Archaeology, A Review (1958-1959). Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. pp. 51–52.  ^ Singh, Upinder (2008). A history of ancient and early medieval India: from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 214. ISBN 9788131711200.  ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bijnor". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 928–929.  ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India
India
2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 

External links[edit]

Bijnor
Bijnor
District Factbook- Social Economic Data Guide for District Bijnor Official Website Bijnor
Bijnor
District at the Imperial Gazetteer of India

v t e

Cities and towns in Bijnor
Bijnor
district

Bijnor

Afzalgarh Bijnor Chandpur Dhampur Haldaur Jalalabad Jhalu Kiratpur Mandawar Mukrampur Khema Nagina Najibabad Nehtaur Noorpur Rashidpur Garhi Sahanpur Sahaspur Seohara Sherkot Tatarpur Lallu Warhapur

Other districts

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Amroha Auraiya Azamgarh Badaun Bagpat Bahraich Ballia Balrampur Banda Barabanki Bareilly Basti Bhimnagar Bulandshahr Chandauli Chitrakoot Deoria Etah Etawah Faizabad Farrukhabad Fatehpur Firozabad Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Ghazipur Gonda Gorakhpur Hamirpur Hardoi Hathras Jalaun Jaunpur Jhansi Kannauj Kanpur Nagar Kanshi Ram Nagar Kaushambi Kushinagar Lakhimpur Kheri Lalitpur Lucknow Maharajganj Mahoba Mainpuri Mathura Mau Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Muzaffarnagar Panchsheel Nagar Pilibhit Prabuddhanagar Pratapgarh Raebareli Ramabai Nagar Rampur Saharanpur Sant Kabir Nagar Sant Ravidas Nagar Shahjahanpur Shravasti Siddharthnagar Sitapur Sonbhadra Sultanpur Unnao Varanasi

v t e

Moradabad division
Moradabad division
topics

General

Rohilkhand

Districts

Amroha Sambhal Bijnor Moradabad Rampur

Rivers, dams, lakes

Ganges Ramganga

Languages, people

Hindustani Khariboli Standard Hindi Urdu Western Hindi

Transport

NH 24 NH 87 NH 93 Moradabad Airport

Lok Sabha constituencies

Bijnor Amroha Moradabad Sambhal Rampur Nagina

See also

Cities and towns in Amroha district Cities and towns in Bhimnagar district Cities and towns in Bijnor
Bijnor
district Cities and towns in Moradabad district Cities and towns in Rampur district Villages in Amroha district Villages in Bhimnagar district Villages in Bijnor
Bijnor
district Villages in Moradabad district People from Amroha People from Bijnor People from Moradabad People from Rampur

Other Divisions

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Azamgarh Bareilly Basti Chitrakoot Devipatan Faizabad Gorakhpur Jhansi Kanpur Lucknow Meerut Mirzapur S

.