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Bijnor
Bijnor
district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
state of India. Bijnor
Bijnor
city is the district headquarters. The Uttar Pradesh Government wants Bijnor
Bijnor
to be included under National Capital Region (NCR) due to its close distance from Delhi.[1]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Divisions

2.1 Politics 2.2 Assembly constituencies

3 Demographics

3.1 Languages

4 Culture

4.1 Tourism

5 Settlements in the district 6 Religion 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit] Bijnor, or more correctly Bijnaur, occupies the north-west corner of the Moradabad Division (historically, Rohilkhand
Rohilkhand
or Bareilly region), and is a roughly triangular stretch of country with its apex to the north. The western boundary is formed throughout by the deep stream of the river Ganges, beyond which lie the four districts of Dehradun, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar and Meerut. To the north and north-east in the hill country of Garhwal, the dividing ling being the submontane road, which runs from Hardwar along the foot of the Himalayas to Ramanagar, Haldwani and Tanakpur. This road, popularly known as the Kandi Saradk, belongs throughout its length to Garhwal, the transfer having taken place a few years since. On the east the Phika river for the greater part of its course constitutes the boundary, separating this district from Naini Tal and Moradabad, as far as its junction with the Ramganga; and to the south lie the Thakurdwara Tehsil of Moradabad. Amroha, and Hasanpur tahsils of Amroha District. The boundary being conventional and undetermined by natural features. The extreme parallels of north latitude are 29° 2' and 29° 58' and of east longitude 78° 0' and 78° 57' from Lalitpur, the most northerly point, to koti Rao in the furthest eastern corner the distance in 56 miles (90 km); and from koti Rao to Kamharia in the south-westerly angle 57 miles (92 km); and from Kamharia to Lalitpur 62 miles (100 km). The total area of the district is liable to change slightly from time to time by reason of the erratic action of the Ganges
Ganges
and Ramganga: in 1906 it amounted to 1,145,272 acres (1789.5 square miles, 4634.75 km²) the average for the last five years being 1,147,967 acres (4,645.66 km²). There remains the low fringe of khadir along the Ganges
Ganges
to the west. This generally resembles the lowlands that skirt the rivers of the interior, the low flats which adjoin the stream itself being purely alluvial in character, while above them rises a terrace of higher ground extending inland as far as the chain of stagnant morasses lying immediately under the bangar cliff. Divisions[edit] Politics[edit] The MP of Bijnor
Bijnor
is Kunwar Bhartendra Singh. He represents Bharatiya Janta Party. He belongs to the Jat
Jat
community and is a native of Sahanpur
Sahanpur
Village. Assembly constituencies[edit] Najibabad
Najibabad
, Chandpur, Noorpur, Dhampur, Nagina
Nagina
(reserved), Bijnor, Barhapur, Nehtaur
Nehtaur
(Reserved) Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 census Bijnor
Bijnor
district has a population of 3,683,896,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[3] or the US state of Oklahoma.[4] This gives it a ranking of 74th in India
India
(out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 808 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,090/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.64%.[2] Bijnor has a sex ratio of 913 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 70.43%.[2] Languages[edit] The common tongue of the people in the Hindi and Urdu
Urdu
dialect of Western Hindi. It has sometimes been classified separately as Rohilkhandi, but there is really no marked distinction in idiom or vocabulary between this and Hindustani. The last census returns show that the entire population gave either Hindi or Urdu
Urdu
as their mother tongue.[dubious – discuss] Culture[edit] Agriculture is the main source of income in Bijnor, with sugarcane being the main crop. Tourism[edit] Vidur Kuti is about 12 km from Bijnor
Bijnor
and has historical importance. Vidur spent his rest of life after dispute with Duryodhan. This is the place where Lord Krishana visited. During Mahabharat
Mahabharat
when the battle between Kauravas and Pandavas was about to begin, then on the request of both the sides, all wives and children were to be guardianed by Mahatma Vidur. He had no sufficient space for their living then he decided an exclusive area for ladies and children, which is now known as Daranagar. This place popularly known as a village Saindwar where Jawahar Navodaya Vidhalaya is established. Two of the Akbar's Navratnas, namely Abul Fazzal and his brother Faizi, were born in the village Azampur
Azampur
which is 4 km from Basta . They studied in this village and were very intelligent. Najibudaulah's Fort is situated in Najibabad. This fort was built by "Gulam Kadir" alias "Najibudaulah" during the 18th century after the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Settlements in the district[edit]

Bijnor
Bijnor
city Jhalu
Jhalu
Town Chandok Nagina
Nagina
city Sherkot
Sherkot
city Najibabad
Najibabad
city is a city founded by Nawab Najib-ud-Daula, also known as Najib Khan. Chandpur city Ratangarh village Dhampur
Dhampur
city Seohara
Seohara
city Bahupura
Bahupura
or Kalanpur Buzurg village Askaripur
Askaripur
village Haldaur
Haldaur
city Umri Village Harewali Village Shahzadpur
Shahzadpur
Village Tajpur
Tajpur
Town/ Village Basi Kiratpur
Basi Kiratpur
is situated with the tiger reserve forest on a bank of the Vanaily River. it is just 70 km from Ramganga Dam (Kalagarh Dam). Sahanpur
Sahanpur
village is famous for its Soan Papri, Batisa, Sohan Halwa and Namkeen (Indian Snacks). It is situated on Najibabad
Najibabad
- Haridwar highway and just 2 km. from najibabad. Nehtaur Ranipur A famous village in Bijnor
Bijnor
District. Afzalgarh
Afzalgarh
city Shikarpur Village Linderpur
Linderpur
village Mandawali village

. Religion[edit]

Religions in Bijnor[5]

Religion

Percent

Hindus

55.18%

Muslims

43.04%

Christians

0.17%

Jains

0.06%

Others†

1.4%

Distribution of religions †Includes Sikhs (1.37%), Buddhists (<0.05%).

Kanva Ashram
Ashram
is an ashram in broken condition near Rawli town according to the great legend "Abhigyan Shakuntalam". Hastinapur's King Dushyant reached there while hunting and fell in love with Shakuntala at first sight. Ganj is about 12 km from District HQ and just 1 km from Daranagar on the banks of the Ganges. There are ancient temples and ashrams. Jahanabad is situated on the bank of river Ganges
Ganges
and just about 1 km from Ganj. This village used to be a riyasat with around 101 villages under it during Mughal Period. Around that period a saint was living there who was famous for curing snake bites. Once when Shahjahan's wife got bit by a snake, he treated and got "Jahanabad Riyasat" as a prize from Shah Jahan. Presently Ganges
Ganges
flows 2 km from here. Sita's temple without any idol is situated one km from Nanore Village on Chandpur-Jalilpur road. This is popularly known as "Sita Mandir Math". It is believed that this is the place where the earth tored and Sita jumped into. Sena Ka Dawar means Army's Gate where Pandavas had settled their Army. There is a temple of Dronacharya presently. This place popularly known as a village Saindwar where Jawahar Navodaya Vidhalaya is established.Bakharpur Garhi village is situated on the bank of Malan river and known for its ancient GOGAJI temple. Village is about 5 km from District HQ. Every year, GOGAJI's fair is organized in the first week of Shravan month. Urban areas of Bijnor
Bijnor
district are predominantly Muslim. [6] There are poorer living conditions for Muslims
Muslims
than for Hindus.[7] In rural areas, there are particular processes against Muslim women. [8] Few Muslim villages have government primary schools.[9] Bakharpur Garhi village is situated on the bank of Malan river and known for its ancient GOGAJI temple. Village is about 5 km from District HQ. Every year, GOGAJI's fair is organized in the first week of Shravan month. References[edit]

"History of the Bijnor
Bijnor
Rebellion," Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Idarah-i-Adabiyat-i-Dlli, Delhi, 1982. Originally, "Tareekh-e-Sarkashi-e-Zilaa-e-Bijnor," published in 1858. "History of Bijnor," B.C. Verma, 1974.

^ "UP seeks to include 6 districts in NCR". indianexpress.com. 11 January 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2018.  ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.  ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Liberia
Liberia
3,786,764 July 2011 est.  ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oklahoma 3,751,351  ^ " Bijnor
Bijnor
Religion Census 2011". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2015-11-16.  ^ http://www.e-migration.ro/jims/Vol11_No2_2017/JIMS_Vol11_No2_2017_pp74_97_AHMAD.pdf ^ http://icssr.org/Bijnor%20Final%20Report%20(Baseline).pdf ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=BifL_A9RN4wC&pg=PA127&dq=bijnor+gender&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiyzuGZ--DXAhWLcBoKHdBsCeUQ6AEIMjAB#v=onepage&q=bijnor%20gender&f=false ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=BifL_A9RN4wC&pg=PA127&dq=bijnor+gender&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiyzuGZ--DXAhWLcBoKHdBsCeUQ6AEIMjAB#v=onepage&q=bijnor%20gender&f=false

External links[edit]

Bijnor
Bijnor
website

Places adjacent to Bijnor
Bijnor
district

Haridwar district, Uttarakhand Pauri Garhwal district, Uttarakhand

Muzaffarnagar district

Bijnor
Bijnor
district

Nainital district, Uttarakhand Udham Singh Nagar district, Uttarakhand

Meerut district Jyotiba Phule Nagar district Moradabad district

Coordinates: 29°25′N 78°31′E / 29.417°N 78.517°E / 29.417; 78.517

Links to related articles

v t e

Cities and towns in Bijnor
Bijnor
district

Bijnor

Afzalgarh Bijnor Chandpur Dhampur Haldaur Jalalabad Jhalu Kiratpur Mandawar Mukrampur Khema Nagina Najibabad Nehtaur Noorpur Rashidpur Garhi Sahanpur Sahaspur Seohara Sherkot Tatarpur Lallu Warhapur

Other districts

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Amroha Auraiya Azamgarh Badaun Bagpat Bahraich Ballia Balrampur Banda Barabanki Bareilly Basti Bhimnagar Bulandshahr Chandauli Chitrakoot Deoria Etah Etawah Faizabad Farrukhabad Fatehpur Firozabad Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Ghazipur Gonda Gorakhpur Hamirpur Hardoi Hathras Jalaun Jaunpur Jhansi Kannauj Kanpur Nagar Kanshi Ram Nagar Kaushambi Kushinagar Lakhimpur Kheri Lalitpur Lucknow Maharajganj Mahoba Mainpuri Mathura Mau Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Muzaffarnagar Panchsheel Nagar Pilibhit Prabuddhanagar Pratapgarh Raebareli Ramabai Nagar Rampur Saharanpur Sant Kabir Nagar Sant Ravidas Nagar Shahjahanpur Shravasti Siddharthnagar Sitapur Sonbhadra Sultanpur Unnao Varanasi

v t e

Divisions and Districts of Uttar Pradesh, India

Agra division

Agra Firozabad Mainpuri Mathura

Aligarh division

Aligarh Etah Hathras Kasganj

Allahabad division

Allahabad Fatehpur Kaushambi Pratapgarh

Azamgarh division

Azamgarh Ballia Mau

Bareilly division

Bareilly Budaun Pilibhit Shahjahanpur

Basti division

Basti Sant Kabir Nagar Siddharthnagar

Chitrakoot division

Banda Chitrakoot Hamirpur Mahoba

Devipatan division

Bahraich Balrampur Gonda Shravasti

Faizabad division

Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Barabanki Faizabad Sultanpur

Gorakhpur division

Deoria Gorakhpur Kushinagar Maharajganj

Jhansi division

Jalaun Jhansi Lalitpur

Kanpur division

Auraiya Etawah Farrukhabad Kannauj Kanpur Nagar Kanpur Dehat

Lucknow division

Hardoi Lakhimpur Kheri Lucknow Raebareli Sitapur Unnao

Meerut division

Bagpat Bulandshahr Gautam Buddh Nagar Ghaziabad Hapur Meerut

Mirzapur division

Mirzapur Sant Ravidas Nagar Sonbhadra

Moradabad division

Amroha Bijnor Moradabad Rampur Sambhal

Saharanpur division

Muzaffarnagar Saharanpur Shamli

Varanasi division

Chandauli Ghazipur Jaunpur Varanasi

v t e

Minority Concentrated Districts in India

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Nicobar

Arunachal Pradesh

East Kameng Lower Subansiri Changlang Tirap Tawang West Kameng Papum Pare

Assam

Kokrajhar Dhubri Goalpara Bongaigaon Barpeta Darrang Morigaon Nagaon Cachar Karimganj Hailakandi Kamrup North Cachar Hills

Bihar

Araria Kishanganj Purnia Katihar Sitamarhi Pashchim Champaran Darbhanga

Delhi

North East

Haryana

Gurgaon Sirsa

Jammu & Kashmir

Leh

Jharkhand

Sahibganj Pakaur Ranchi Gumla

Karnataka

Gulbarga Bidar

Kerala

Wayanad

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

Maharashtra

Parbhani Buldana Washim Hingoli

Manipur

Thoubal Senapati Tamenglong Churachandpur Ukhrul Chandel

Meghalaya

West Garo Hills

Mizoram

Lawngtlai Mamit

Odisha

Gajapati

Sikkim

North

Uttar Pradesh

Bulandshahar Budaun Barabanki Kheri Shahjahanpur Moradabad Sambhal Rampur Jyotiba Phule Nagar Bareilly Pilibhit Bahraich Shrawasti Balrampur Siddharthnagar Bijnor Lucknow Saharanpur Muzaffarnagar Meerut Baghpat Ghaziabad

Uttarakhand

Haridwar Udham Singh Nagar

West Bengal

Uttar Dinajpur Dakshin Dinajpur Maldah Murshidabad Birbhum Nadia South 24 Parganas Barddhaman Koch Bihar Haora North 24 Parganas Kolkata

Source: "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 

v t e

Moradabad division
Moradabad division
topics

General

Rohilkhand

Districts

Amroha Sambhal Bijnor Moradabad Rampur

Rivers, dams, lakes

Ganges Ramganga

Languages, people

Hindustani Khariboli Standard Hindi Urdu Western Hindi

Transport

NH 24 NH 87 NH 93 Moradabad Airport

Lok Sabha constituencies

Bijnor Amroha Moradabad Sambhal Rampur Nagina

See also

Cities and towns in Amroha district Cities and towns in Bhimnagar district Cities and towns in Bijnor
Bijnor
district Cities and towns in Moradabad district Cities and towns in Rampur district Villages in Amroha district Villages in Bhimnagar district Villages in Bijnor
Bijnor
district Villages in Moradabad district People from Amroha People from Bijnor People from Moradabad People from Rampur

Other Divisions

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Azamgarh Bareilly Basti Chitrakoot Devipatan Faizabad Gorakhpur Jhansi Kanpur Lucknow Meerut Mirzapur S

.