The Bimaal or Bimal, ( so|italic=yes|Biyomaal) is a sub-clan of the major Dir clan
family. This clan is widely known for leading a resistance against the colonials in southern Somalia for decades which can be compared to the war of the Sayyid in Somaliland.
The Biimaal mainly lives in Southern Somalia
, the Somali region
, which their Gaadsen sub-clan mainly inhabits and in the NEP
region of Kenya
The Bimal are the dominant clan in Lower Shabelle
and make up the majority as well as in Lower Jubba
mainly in Jammaame
and nearby districts, but they also live in the NEP
region of Kenya
and especially in large numbers inhabit the Somali region
. The Bimal are a war-like clan that was known for their struggle and long resistance against the Italians.
The Bimal are a Dir clan that migrated to Lower Shabelle centuries ago and settled on the coast between Gelib-marka and Brava as sedentary farmers. The Bimal are divided into four subclans , the Saad , Yasmin , Suleyman and Daud .
As a Dir
sub-clan, the Bīmāli have immediate lineal ties with the Gadabuursi
(Abdalle and Qubeys
), the Issa
, the Bajimal, the Bursuk
, the Madigan, the Gurgura
, the Garre
sub-clan to be precise as they claim descent from Dir
), Gurre, Gariire, other Dir
sub-clans and they have lineal ties with the Hawiye
, Ajuraan, Degoodi
clan groups, who share the same ancestor Samaale
[The Quranyo section of the Garre claim descent from Dirr, who are born of the Irrir Samal. UNDP Paper in Kenya http://www.undp.org/content/dam/kenya/docs/Amani%20Papers/AP_Volume1_n2_May2010.pdf]
Following the Ajuran state disintegration
. A mysterious new group in the vincity of Merca, known as the El Amir believe to be from the Abgaal
origin made its appearance in the late 17th century. According to an account collected by Guillain in 1847, a leader known as Amir formed a following which invaded the territory of Merca and expelled the Ajuran clan. The El Amir then ruled for thirty-four years until the Biimaal expelled them and definitively occupied Merca. They quickly gained control of the city and trade of the region.
Traditions of Bimal clan of Merka district reflect preoccupied agricultural production for at least the last 200 years.
Besides the Biimal revolt against the Ajuran. Later, they had engaged in multiple wars and revolts with the Sultanate of the Geledi
. The Biimaal clan had defeated the Geledi and killed their Sultan during their 30-year conflict in the latter half of the 19th century. Ensuing Merca
independence from Geledi's
The Biimaal sultanate maintained armies, courts, prisons, and were highly dynamic and out seeking eager to link with global trade. They invited experts from India and around the world, to train their people in skills such as weaving, textile industry, milling and agricultural production, and topographical surveys used to make irrigation canals. This massive development the Biimaal were undertaking with their sultanate was sabotaged by the Italians, which was one the reasons the Biimaal revolt began.
The Bimaal also engage in pastoral-ism, settled farming and were also successful merchants and traders in the 19th century.
The Bimaal have proved in the past to be a bellicose clan, not only against their neighbours, but also against Italian colonial encroachment.
The Italians undermined the Biimaal Sultanate, and changed the traditional structures in the South Central by re titling the elders "capo qabiil" and incorporating them into their administrative system. The Bimaal violently resisted the imposition of colonialism fought against the Italian colonialists in a twenty-year war known as the Bimaal revolt in which many of their warriors assassinated several Italian governors.
The Bimal also formed their own organization during the Somali Civil War
, the Southern Somali National Movement (SSNM). Colonel Abdi Warsame in 1993, broke with General Aideed and took part of the SSNM with him when he aligned himself with Ali Mahdi.
The Bimal Revolt or Bimal Resistance or Merca Revolt (Somali
: ''Dagaalkii Biimaal iyo Talyaaniga'' ) is widely known resistance or war fought against the colonials in southern Somalia in and around the current Lower Shebelle
, Middle Shabelle
(Somali: ''Shabeela Hoose'') for decades 1896 - 1926 which can be compared to the war of the Mad Mullah in northern Somalia.
''For more about the Bimal resistance or revolt visit the following:''
Abdirahman Eremage( Geedsan)
The name of Geedsan or gadsen is a nickname, which means "genuine" given by his Scholar called Sheikh Abdirahman Ulamadoobe.
The Gaadsen or reer ''Aw-Gaadsan'' branch of the Bimaal. The Aw Gaadsen trace themselves from holymen and sheikhs living as pastoral nomads. Such religious lineages of sheikhs and holy-men are generally referred to as 'reer aw' or 'wadaaddo' . They are nominally men of God''
' possessed of blessing by definition rather than learned. Although it doesn't necessary mean that all their lineages make religion their profession.
The following list is based on the ''People of the Horn of Africa'' and a paper published in March 2002 by Ambroso Guido
[Clan tables after page 64 CLANSHIP, CONFLICT AND REFUGEES: AN INTRODUCTION TO SOMALIS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA Guido Ambroso March 2002 http://dspace-roma3.caspur.it/bitstream/2307/4150/1/Clanship,%20conflict%20and%20refugees_An%20introduction%20to%20Somalis%20in%20the%20Horn%20of%20Africa.pdf
Bimaal (Jamal) bin Mahamed
* Gaadsen (Sheikh Abdirahman)
* Suleiman (Saleiban)
* Sheikh Abdi Abikar Gafle
, famous religious leader and warrior
* Abdullahi Sheikh Ismail
, former Somali Ambassador to Russian federation and former foreign minister
* Colonel Abdi Warsame Isaq
, chairman of the Southern Somali National Movement