Bihar Province
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Bihar Province was a province of
British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcontinent. Collectively, they have been called British India. In one ...
, created in 1936 by the partition of the
Bihar and Orissa Province Bihar and Orissa was a province of Presidencies and provinces of British India, British India, which included the present-day Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha. The territories were conquered by the British in the 18th and 19th centur ...

Bihar and Orissa Province
.


History

In 1756, Bihar was part of
Bengal Bengal (; Bengali language, Bengali: ', ) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal, predominantly covering present-day Bang ...
. On 14 October 1803, Orissa was occupied by the
British Raj The British Raj (; from Hindi language, Hindi ''rāj'': kingdom, realm, state, or empire.) was the rule of the The Crown, British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947.''Oxford English Dictionary'', 3rd edition (June 2008), on- ...
. On 1 August 1912, both Bihar and Orissa were separated from Bengal as Bihar and Orissa Province. On 1 April 1936, Bihar and
Orissa Odisha (English: , The 'sha' spelling comes about from the historical or Sanskritic letter śa (ଶ), however all Odia sibilants today are realised as sa (ସ). ), formerly Orissa (), is an Indian state located in Eastern India. It is the 8th ...
became separate provinces. The Government of India Act provided for the election of a provincial legislative assembly and a responsible government. Elections were held in 1937 and the
Indian National Congress The Indian National Congress (often called the Congress Party or simply Congress, INC) is a political parties in India, political party in India with widespread roots. Founded in 1885, it was the first modern Nationalism, nationalist movement ...
took a majority of the seats but declined to form the government. A minority provisional government was formed under
Muhammad Yunus Muhammad Yunus (born 28 June 1940) is a Bangladeshi social entrepreneur, banker, economist, and civil society leader who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for founding the Grameen Bank and pioneering the concepts of microcredit and microf ...
. The Congress reversed its decision and resolved to accept office in July 1937. Therefore, the Governor invited
Shri Krishna Sinha Shri Krishna Sinha (21 October 1887 – 31 January 1961, also spelt Singh), also known as Shri Babu, was the first chief minister of the India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is ...
to form the government. In 1939, along with Congress ministries in other provinces, Sinha resigned in protest of the Governor-General's declaration of war on Germany without consulting with Indian leaders and Bihar came under
Governor's Rule In India, President's rule is the suspension of state government and imposition of direct Union government rule in a States of India, state. Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a State governments of India, state go ...
. Another round of elections were held in 1946, yielding another Congress majority and Sinha again became Premier. Finally on 15 August 1947, Bihar Province became part of independent India.Provinces of British India
/ref>


Governors

*1 Apr 1936 – 11 Mar 1937 Sir James David Sifton (s.a.) *11 Mar 1937 – 5 Aug 1939 Sir
Maurice Garnier Hallett Sir Maurice Garnier Hallett (28 October 1883 30 May 1969) was a British administrator who served governor of two British Raj, British Indian provinces, including 5th and 6th governor of United Provinces of British India, United Provinces and 2nd ...
(b. 1883 – d. 1969) *5 Aug 1939 – 9 Jan 1943 Sir Thomas Alexander Stewart (b. 1888 – d. 1964) (acting to Sep 1939) *9 Jan 1943 – 6 Sep 1943 Sir Thomas George Rutherford (b. 1886 – d. 1957) (1st time) *6 Sep 1943 – 23 Apr 1944 Sir Robert Francis Mudie (acting) (b. 1890 – d. 1976) *23 Apr 1944 – 13 May 1946 Sir Thomas George Rutherford (s.a.) (2nd time) *13 May 1946 – 15 Aug 1947 Sir Hugh Dow (b. 1886 – d. 1978)


Premiers

*1 Apr 1937 – 19 Jul 1937 Muhammad Yunus (b. 1884 – d. 1952) MIP *20 Jul 1937 – 31 Oct 1939
Shri Krishna Sinha Shri Krishna Sinha (21 October 1887 – 31 January 1961, also spelt Singh), also known as Shri Babu, was the first chief minister of the India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is ...
(1st time) (b. 1888 – d. 1961) INC *31 Oct 1939 – 23 Mar 1946 Governor's Rule *23 Mar 1946 – 15 Aug 1947
Shri Krishna Sinha Shri Krishna Sinha (21 October 1887 – 31 January 1961, also spelt Singh), also known as Shri Babu, was the first chief minister of the India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is ...
(2nd time) (s.a.) INC


See also

* List of Governors of Bihar


References

{{coord, 25.6, N, 85.1, E, region:IN_type:landmark_source:kolossus-svwiki, display=title Provinces of British India History of Bihar