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The Big Ten Conference (stylized B1G, formerly the Western Conference and the Big Nine Conference) is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. Founded as the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives in 1896, it predates the founding of its regulating organization, the NCAA. It is based in the Chicago area in Rosemont, Illinois. For many decades the conference consisted of 10 universities, and it has 14 members and 2 affiliate institutions. The conference competes in the NCAA Division I and its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. Big Ten member institutions are major research universities with large financial endowments and strong academic reputations. Large student enrollment is a hallmark of its universities, as 12 of the 14 members enroll more than 30,000 students. They are largely state public universities; founding member
Northwestern University Northwestern University is a private research university in Evanston, Illinois. Founded in 1851, Northwestern is the oldest chartered university in Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern Unite ...

Northwestern University
is the lone
private university Private universities and private colleges are institutions of higher education, not operated, owned, or institutionally funded by governments. They may (and often do) receive from governments tax breaks, public student loans, and grant (money ...
in the Big Ten. Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni. The members engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year; 13 out of 14 are members of the Association of American Universities and all are members of the Universities Research Association (URA). Some Big Ten universities are also members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, formerly the Committee on Institutional Cooperation. Though the Big Ten existed for nearly a century as an assemblage of universities in the Midwest, the conference's geographic footprint now stretches from the
Atlantic Ocean The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest of the world's five oceans, with an area of about . It covers approximately 20% of Earth's surface and about 29% of its water surface area. It is known to separate the " Old World" of Africa ...
to the Great Plains and in 2024 will extend to the Pacific Ocean. The conference has maintained its historic name, while expanding to 14 members and 2 affiliate members.


Member schools


Current members

;Notes:


Future members

On June 30, 2022, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and the (USC) announced plans to withdraw from the Pac-12 Conference to join the Big Ten in 2024 as full members.


Associate members

;Notes:


Former member

;Notes:


Membership timeline

DateFormat = yyyy ImageSize = width:1000 height:auto barincrement:20 Period = from:1896 till:2036 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal PlotArea = right:20 left:0 bottom:50 top:5 #> to display a count on left side of graph, use "left:20" to suppress the count, use "left:20"<# Colors = id:barcolor id:line value:pink id:bg value:white id:Full value:rgb(0.742,0.727,0.852) # Use this color to denote a team that is a member in all sports id:FullxF value:rgb(0.551,0.824,0.777) # Use this color to denote a team that is a member in all sports except for football id:AssocF value:rgb(0.98,0.5,0.445) # Use this color to denote a team that is a member for football only id:AssocOS value:rgb(0.78,0.391,0.654) # Use this color to denote a team that is a member in some sports, but not all (consider identifying in legend or a footnote) id:OtherC1 value:rgb(0.996,0.996,0.699) # Use this color to denote a team that has moved to another conference id:OtherC2 value:rgb(0.988,0.703,0.383) # Use this color to denote a team that has moved to another conference where OtherC1 has already been used, to distinguish the two PlotData= width:15 textcolor:black shift:(5,-5) anchor:from fontsize:s bar:1 color:Full from:1896 till:end text:
Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern United States. Its largest metropolitan areas include the Chicago metropolitan area, and the Metro East section, of Greater St. Louis. Other smaller metropolitan areas inc ...
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Purdue Purdue University is a Public university#United States, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university in West Lafayette, Indiana, and the flagship campus of the Purdue University system. The university was founded in 1869 after L ...
(1896–present) bar:5 color:Full from:1896 till:end text: Wisconsin (1896–present) bar:6 color:Full from:1896 till:1907 text:
Michigan Michigan () is a U.S. state, state in the Great Lakes region, Great Lakes region of the Upper Midwest, upper Midwestern United States. With a population of nearly 10.12 million and an area of nearly , Michigan is the List of U.S. states and ...

Michigan
(1896–1907; 1917–present) bar:6 color:Full from:1917 till:end bar:7 color:Full from:1896 till:1940 text:
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Sports

The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 men's and 14 women's NCAA sanctioned sports.


Men's sponsored sports by school

Notes: * Notre Dame joined the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in men's ice hockey. It continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent. ° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in men's lacrosse, with women's lacrosse following in 2016. It continues to field its other sports in the NCAA Division III Centennial Conference.Big Ten Announces Institution of Men's and Women's Lacrosse and Addition of Johns Hopkins as Men's Lacrosse Sport Affiliate Member – BIG TEN CONFERENCE Official Athletic Site
. Bigten.org (June 3, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-08-17.


Women's sponsored sports by school

;Notes Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools


History

In an initiative led by Purdue University President James Henry Smart, the presidents of the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, , University of Wisconsin,
Northwestern University Northwestern University is a private research university in Evanston, Illinois. Founded in 1851, Northwestern is the oldest chartered university in Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern Unite ...

Northwestern University
, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive Map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = List of sovereign states, Count ...

Chicago
on January 11, 1895, to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion. The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896. Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting and was replaced by the
University of Michigan The University of Michigan (U-M, UMich, or Michigan) is a public university, public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Founded in 1817 by an act of the old Michigan Territory as the History of the University of Michigan#The Catholepistemi ...

University of Michigan
. At the time, the organization was more commonly known as the Western Conference, consisting of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Chicago, Purdue, and Northwestern. The first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Iowa and Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911, but was turned away both times. In April 1907,
Michigan Michigan () is a U.S. state, state in the Great Lakes region, Great Lakes region of the Upper Midwest, upper Midwestern United States. With a population of nearly 10.12 million and an area of nearly , Michigan is the List of U.S. states and ...

Michigan
was voted out of the conference for refusing to adhere to league rules limiting football teams to no more than five games and players to three years of eligibility. Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912. The first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in December 1916, when Michigan rejoined the conference after a nine-year absence. The conference was again known as the Big Nine after the University of Chicago decided to de-emphasize varsity athletics just after World War II. In 1939 UChicago President Robert Maynard Hutchins made the decision to abolish the football program, based on his negative views of big-time college football’s excesses and associated problems of the time. and withdrew from the conference in 1946 after struggling to obtain victories in many conference matchups. It was believed that one of several schools, notably Iowa State, , Michigan State, Nebraska, Notre Dame, and
Pittsburgh Pittsburgh ( ) is a city in the Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, United States, and the county seat of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, Allegheny County. It is the most populous city in both Allegheny County and Wester ...
would replace Chicago at the time. On May 20, 1949, Michigan State ended the speculation by joining and the conference was again known as the Big Ten. The Big Ten's membership would remain unchanged for the next 40 years. The conference's official name throughout this period remained the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives. It did not formally adopt the name ''Big Ten'' until 1987, when it was incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation.


Early history

As intercollegiate football rapidly increased during the 1890s, so did the ruthless nature of the game. Tempers flared, fights erupted, and injuries soared. Between 1880 and 1905, college football players suffered more than 325 deaths and 1,149 injuries. To deal with mounting criticism of the game, President James H. Smart of Purdue University invited representatives from the University of Chicago, University of Illinois,
University of Michigan The University of Michigan (U-M, UMich, or Michigan) is a public university, public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Founded in 1817 by an act of the old Michigan Territory as the History of the University of Michigan#The Catholepistemi ...

University of Michigan
, ,
Northwestern University Northwestern University is a private research university in Evanston, Illinois. Founded in 1851, Northwestern is the oldest chartered university in Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern Unite ...

Northwestern University
, and University of Wisconsin to a Chicago meeting to create policies aimed at regulating intercollegiate athletics. These schools were the original seven members. In 1899, Indiana University and the University of Iowa joined the conference to increase the membership to nine schools. Ohio State University joined in 1912 and Michigan State University joined in 1948. In 1905, the conference was officially incorporated as the "Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives". The conference is one of the nation's oldest, predating the founding of the NCAA by a decade and was one of the first collegiate conferences to sponsor men's basketball. The Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association was also established in 1895; its successor, the Southern Conference, eventually spawned the Southeastern Conference and the Atlantic Coast Conference.


1990 expansion: Penn State

In 1990, the Big Ten universities voted to expand the conference to 11 teams and extended an invitation to Atlantic 10 member and football independent
Pennsylvania State University The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State or PSU) is a Public university, public Commonwealth System of Higher Education, state-related Land-grant university, land-grant research university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvan ...
, which accepted it. When Penn State joined in 1990, it was decided the conference would continue to be called the Big Ten, but its was modified to reflect the change; the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the traditionally blue "Big Ten" lettering. Missouri showed interest in Big Ten membership after Penn State joined. Around 1993, the league explored adding Kansas,
Missouri Missouri is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern region of the United States. Ranking List of U.S. states and territories by area, 21st in land area, it is bordered by eight states (tied for the most with Tennessee ...

Missouri
and Rutgers or other potential schools, to create a 14-team league with two football divisions. These talks died when the Big Eight Conference merged with former Southwest Conference members to create the . Following the addition of Penn State, efforts were made to encourage the University of Notre Dame, at that time the last remaining non- service academy independent, to join the league. In 1999, Notre Dame and the Big Ten entered into private negotiations concerning a possible membership that would include Notre Dame. Although Notre Dame's faculty senate endorsed the idea with a near-unanimous vote, the school's board of trustees decided against joining the conference. (In 1926, Notre Dame had briefly considered official entry into the Big Ten but chose to retain its independent status.) Notre Dame subsequently joined the Atlantic Coast Conference in all sports except football, in which Notre Dame maintains its independent status as long as it plays at least five games per season against ACC opponents. This was believed to be the major stumbling block to Notre Dame joining the Big Ten, as Notre Dame wanted to retain its independent home game broadcasting contract with
NBC Sports NBC Sports is an American programming division of the broadcast network NBC, owned and operated by NBC Sports Group division of NBCUniversal and subsidiary of Comcast. The division is responsible for sports broadcasts on the network, and its de ...
, while the Big Ten insisted upon a full membership with no special exemptions.


2010–2014 expansion: Nebraska, Maryland, Rutgers

In December 2009, Big Ten Conference commissioner Jim Delany announced that the league was looking to expand in what would later be part of a nationwide trend as part of the 2010–2014 NCAA conference realignment. On June 11, 2010, the University of Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten and was unanimously approved as the conference's 12th school, which became effective July 1, 2011. The conference retained the name "Big Ten". This briefly led to the interesting and ironic result of the Big Ten consisting of twelve teams, and the Big 12 consisting of ten teams (with fellow former Big 12 member
Colorado Colorado (, other variants) is a state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. It encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains, as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the wes ...
's move to the Pac-12 Conference).


Legends and Leaders divisions

On September 1, 2010, Delany revealed the conference's football divisional split, but noted that the division names would be announced later. Those division names, as well as the conference's new logo, were made public on December 13, 2010. For its new logo, the conference replaced the "hidden 11" logo with one that uses the "B1G" character combination in its branding. Delany did not comment on the logo that day, but it was immediately evident that the new logo would "allow fans to see 'BIG' and '10' in a single word." For the new football division names, the Big Ten was unable to use geographic names, because they had rejected a geographic arrangement. Delany announced that the new divisions would be known as the "Legends Division" and "Leaders Division". In the Legends division were Iowa, Michigan, Michigan State, Minnesota, Nebraska and Northwestern. The Leaders division was composed of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio State, Penn State, Purdue and Wisconsin. Conference officials stated they had focused on creating competitive fairness rather than splitting by geographical location. However, the new "Legends" and "Leaders" divisions were not met with enthusiasm. Some traditional rivals, including Ohio State and Michigan, were placed in separate divisions. For the football season, each team played the others in its division, one "cross-over" rivalry game, and two rotating cross-divisional games. At the end of the regular season the two division winners met in a new Big Ten Football Championship Game. The Legends and Leaders divisional alignment was in effect for the
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,
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and
2013 File:2013 Events Collage V2.png, From left, clockwise: Edward Snowden becomes internationally famous for leaking classified NSA wiretapping information; Typhoon Haiyan kills over 6,000 in the Philippines and Southeast Asia; The Dhaka garment facto ...
football seasons.


West and East divisions

On November 19, 2012, the University of Maryland's Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC and join the Big Ten as its 13th member effective on July 1, 2014. The Big Ten's Council of Presidents approved the move later that day. One day later, Rutgers University of the Big East also accepted an offer for membership from the Big Ten as its 14th member school. On April 28, 2013, the Big Ten presidents and chancellors unanimously approved a football divisional realignment that went into effect when Maryland and Rutgers joined in 2014. Under the new plan, the Legends and Leaders divisions were replaced with geographic divisions. The West Division includes Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Northwestern, Purdue and Wisconsin (of which all but Purdue are in the
Central Time Zone The North American Central Time Zone (CT) is a time zone in parts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America, some Caribbean Islands, and part of the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Central Standard Time (CST) is six hours behind Coordin ...
), while the East Division includes Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Michigan State, Ohio State, Penn State and Rutgers (all of which are in the
Eastern Time Zone The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing part or all of 23 U.S. states, states in the eastern part of the United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama, Colombia, mainland Ecuador, Peru, and ...
). The final issue in determining the new divisions was which of the two Indiana schools would be sent to the West; Purdue was chosen because its
West Lafayette West Lafayette () is a city in Wabash Township, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, Wabash Township, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States, about northwest of the state capital of Indianapolis, Indiana, Indianapolis and ...
campus is geographically west of Indiana's home city of Bloomington. In the current divisional alignment, the only permanently protected cross-divisional rivalry game in football is Indiana–Purdue. As before, the two division winners play each other in the Big Ten Football Championship Game. On June 3, 2013, the Big Ten announced the sponsorship of men's and women's lacrosse. For any conference to qualify for an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament, at least six member schools must play the sport. In women's lacrosse, the addition of Maryland and Rutgers to the Big Ten brought the conference up to the requisite six participants, joining programs at Michigan, Northwestern, Ohio State and Penn State. In men's lacrosse, Ohio State and Penn State were the only existing participants. Coincident with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers, Michigan agreed to upgrade its successful club team to varsity status, giving the Big Ten five sponsoring schools, one short of the minimum six for an automatic bid.
Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University (Johns Hopkins, Hopkins, or JHU) is a private university, private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, Johns Hopkins is the oldest research university in the United States and in the western hem ...

Johns Hopkins University
opted to join the conference as its first affiliate member beginning in 2014. Johns Hopkins had been independent in men's lacrosse for 130 years, claiming 44 national championships. As long-time independents joined conferences (for example, Syracuse joining the Atlantic Coast Conference), other schools competing as independents in some cases concluded that the inability to earn an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament was becoming a more serious competitive disadvantage in scheduling and recruiting. On March 23, 2016, the Big Ten Conference and Notre Dame announced the Fighting Irish would become a men's ice hockey affiliate beginning with the 2017–18 season. Notre Dame had been a member of
Hockey East The Hockey East Association, also known as Hockey East, is a college ice hockey Sports league, conference which operates entirely in New England. It participates in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, NCAA's NCAA Division I, Division I a ...
, and the move saves travel time and renews rivalries with former CCHA and WCHA members. In 2012, the conference announced it would move its headquarters from its location in Park Ridge, Illinois to neighboring Rosemont by the end of 2013. The current office building is situated within Rosemont's MB Financial Entertainment District, alongside
Interstate 294 Interstate 294 (I-294) is a tolled auxiliary Interstate Highway in northeastern Illinois. It forms the southern portion of the Tri-State Tollway in Illinois. I-294 runs from South Holland, Illinois, South Holland at Interstate 80 in Illinois, I ...
. The move into the building was finalized on October 14, 2013.


UCLA and USC, future expansion

On June 30, 2022,
UCLA The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university in Los Angeles, California. UCLA's academic roots were established in 1881 as a Normal school, teachers colle ...
and USC announced that they will be joining the Big Ten Conference effective August 2, 2024, enabling both schools to remain in the Pac-12 Conference for the duration of the Pac-12's existing media rights agreements. The expansion delayed the announcement of a new media deal, which would eventually be unveiled at $7 billion, with the potential to grow to $10 billion. This deal ended the conference's long-running partnership with ESPN/ABC and specifically states how much more money each broadcaster would pay if Notre Dame (and Notre Dame alone) were to join.


Commissioners

The office of the commissioner of athletics was created in 1922 "to study athletic problems of the various member universities and assist in enforcing the eligibility rules which govern Big Ten athletics." All Big Ten members are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, formerly known as the Committee on Institutional Cooperation. The University of Chicago, a former Big Ten Conference member, was a member of the CIC from 1958 to June 29, 2016.


Schools ranked by revenue

The schools below are listed by conference rank of total revenue. Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Surplus (or deficit) is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by ''
USA Today ''USA Today'' (stylized in all uppercase) is an American daily middle-market newspaper and news broadcasting company. Founded by Al Neuharth on September 15, 1982, the newspaper operates from Gannett's corporate headquarters in Tysons, Virgini ...
'', individual institutions and the
United States Department of Education The United States Department of Education is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government. It began operating on May 4, 1980, having been created after the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was split into the Departme ...
.


Television and media rights

For the 2007 season, the Big Ten negotiated a ten-year television deal with ABC/
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American international basic cable sports channel owned by ESPN Inc., owned jointly by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%). T ...

ESPN
for tier-1 football media rights. The men's basketball rights were earned by . The conference also joined with
Fox Sports Fox Sports is the brand name for a number of sports channels, broadcast divisions, programming, and other media around the world. The ''Fox Sports'' name has since been used for other sports media assets. These assets are held mainly by the Fo ...
to form the
Big Ten Network Big Ten Network (BTN) is an American sports network based in Chicago, Illinois. The channel is dedicated to coverage of College athletics, collegiate sports sanctioned by the Big Ten Conference, including live and recorded event telecasts, news, ...
which would air multiple sports, including football. In 2016, the conference negotiated a six-year deal which made Fox the primary football rights holder and guaranteed the network the football Championship game. ABC/ESPN secured the rights for a significant amount of additional games and CBS retained the rights to top-tier men's basketball rights and Fox earned the right to air several basketball games as well. In total, the rights earned the conference more than $2.6 billion. On August 18, 2022, the Big Ten announced a media rights deal with Fox, CBS, NBC and
Peacock Peafowl is a common name for three bird species in the genera ''Pavo (genus), Pavo'' and ''Afropavo'' within the tribe Pavonini of the family Phasianidae, the pheasants and their allies. Male peafowl are referred to as peacocks, and female pea ...
. The deal is reportedly worth more than $7 billion per year, which is estimated to bring $80–$100 million per year to each member school. Fox/FS1 earned the tier-1 rights which included 24–27 football games in 2023–24, then 30–32 games for the remainder of the contract. It also earned the right to air four of the seven Big Ten championship games during the contract. The network will also broadcast 45 men’s basketball games in ’23–24 and at least that many in the years thereafter. The Big Ten Network also will continue to air up to 50 football games per year and a minimum of 126 men's basketball games. The primary timeslot for Fox College Football will be Noon,
Eastern Time The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing part or all of 23 U.S. states, states in the eastern part of the United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama, Colombia, mainland Ecuador, Peru, and ...
. NBC earned the rights to air 16 football games in 2023, then 14–15 after. Peacock will air eight football games and up to 47 men's basketball games and 30 women's basketball games. The primary slot for football was announced as the
Prime time Prime time or the peak time is the block of broadcast programming taking place during the middle of the evening for a television show. It is mostly targeted towards adults (and sometimes families). It is used by the major television networks to ...
block. NBC will also air one football championship game. CBS will air seven football games during the 2023–24 season, and then increase to 14 to 15 per year. Additionally, CBS will air two football title games. The main timeslot will be 3:30pm. Eastern Time. The network will maintain the rights to several basketball games including the final rounds of the men's and women's tournaments. For the first time in 40 years, ESPN did not earn the rights to air any conference sporting events. However, commissioner Kevin Warren stated that the conference remains open to negotiating smaller deals with the network in the future.


Awards and honors


Big Ten Athlete of the Year

The Big Ten Athlete of the Year award is given annually to the athletes voted as the top male and female athlete in the Big Ten Conference.


Big Ten Medal of Honor

(annual; at each school; one male scholar-athlete and one female scholar-athlete) * Big Ten Sportsmanship Award (annual; at each school; one male student-athlete and one female student-athlete)


NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup rankings

The NACDA Directors' Cup, NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup is an annual award given by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the U.S. colleges and universities with the most success in collegiate athletics. Big Ten universities typically finish ranked in the top-50 of the final Directors' Cup annual rankings.


2021–22 Capital One Cup standings

The Capital One Cup (college sports), Capital One Cup is an award given annually to the best men's and women's Division I college athletics programs in the United States. Points are earned throughout the year based on final standings of NCAA Championships and final coaches' poll rankings.


Conference records

For Big Ten records, by sport (not including football), see footnote


NCAA national titles

Totals are per NCAA annual list published every July and NCAA-published gymnastics history, with subsequent results as of June 30, 2021, obtained from
NCAA.org
', which provides intermittent updates throughout the year. Excluded from this list are all national championships earned List of college athletics championship game outcomes, outside the scope of NCAA competition, including College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS, Division I FBS football titles, women's Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women championships, AIAW championships (17) and retroactive Helms Athletic Foundation, Helms Athletic Foundation titles. See also: List of NCAA schools with the most NCAA Division I championships and List of NCAA schools with the most Division I national championships


Conference titles

For Big Ten championships, by year, see footnote. Totals do not include Big Ten tournament championships. # Johns Hopkins was added in 2014 as an associate member that competed in men's lacrosse only. Johns Hopkins also began competing as an associate member in women's lacrosse in the 2016–17 school year. # Maryland won 196 conference championships as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), second most in ACC history. # Nebraska won 80 conference championships as a member of the Big 12 Conference, second most in Big 12 history. Nebraska also won 230 conference championships as a member of the Big Eight Conference, the most in Big Eight history. # Notre Dame was added in 2017 as an associate member that competed in men's ice hockey only. # Penn State won or shared 70 conference championships as a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference (1982–91) and earlier when it was known as the Eastern 8 Conference (1976–79). # Rutgers won six conference championships as a member of the Middle Three Conference, the Middle Atlantic Conferences, Middle Atlantic Conference, the Atlantic 10 Conference, the Big East Conference (1979–2013), original Big East Conference, and both of its offshoots, the current non-football Big East Conference and the American Athletic Conference. # Chicago won 73 conference championships as a member of the Big Ten from 1896 to 1946.


Current champions

‡ Denotes national champion


Football

When Maryland and Rutgers joined the Big Ten in 2014, the division names were changed to "East" and "West", with Purdue and the six schools in the Central Time Zone in the West and Indiana joining the remaining six
Eastern Time Zone The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing part or all of 23 U.S. states, states in the eastern part of the United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama, Colombia, mainland Ecuador, Peru, and ...
schools in the East. The only protected cross-division game is Indiana–Purdue. Beginning in 2016, the Big Ten adopted a nine-game conference schedule. All teams have one cross-division opponent they play annually that changes every six years except for Indiana and Purdue, whose crossover is permanent. The other six opponents are played every three years during that cycle. For 2016–2021, the pairings are Maryland-Minnesota, Michigan-Wisconsin, Michigan State-Northwestern, Ohio State-Nebraska, Penn State-Iowa, and Rutgers-Illinois, and for 2022-2027 the pairings are Maryland-Northwestern, Michigan-Nebraska, Michigan State-Minnesota, Ohio State-Wisconsin, Penn State-Illinois, and Rutgers-Iowa. In 2016, the Big Ten no longer allowed its members to play Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) teams and also requires at least one non-conference game against a school in the Power Five conferences ( ACC, , Pac-12 Conference, Pac-12, Southeastern Conference, SEC). Contracts for future games already scheduled against FCS teams would be honored. However, in 2017, the Big Ten started to allow teams to schedule an FCS opponent during years in which they only have four conference home games (odd-numbered years for East division teams, even-numbered years for West division teams). At the time this policy was first announced, games against NCAA Division I FBS independent schools, FBS independents Notre Dame Fighting Irish football, Notre Dame and BYU Cougars football, BYU would automatically count toward the Power Five requirement. ESPN, citing a Big Ten executive, reported in 2015 that the Big Ten would allow exceptions to the Power Five rule on a case-by-case basis, and also that the other FBS independent at that time, Army Black Knights football, Army, had been added to the list of non-Power Five schools that would automatically be counted as Power Five opponents.


All-time school records

This list goes through the 2021 season. Future conference members in gray. † Ohio State vacated 12 wins and its Big Ten title in 2010 due to NCAA sanctions. †† Numbers of division and conference championships shown reflect Big Ten history only and do not include division and conference championships in former conferences. USC and UCLA join the Big Ten in 2024, Maryland and Rutgers joined in 2014, and Nebraska joined in 2011. Number of Claimed National Championships, as well as win–loss–tie records, include all seasons played, regardless of conference membership.


Big Ten Conference champions


Bowl games

Since 1946, the Big Ten champion has had a tie-in with the Rose Bowl (game), Rose Bowl game. Michigan appeared in the first bowl game, the 1902 Rose Bowl. After that, the Big Ten did not allow their schools to participate in bowl games, until the agreement struck with the Pacific Coast Conference for the 1947 Rose Bowl. From 1946 through 1971, the Big Ten did not allow the same team to represent the conference in consecutive years in the Rose Bowl with an exception made after the 1961 season in which Minnesota played in the 1962 Rose Bowl after playing in the 1961 Rose Bowl due to Ohio State declining the bid because of Ohio State faculty concerns about academics. It was not until the 1975 season that the Big Ten allowed teams to play in bowl games other than the Rose Bowl. Michigan, which had been shut out of the postseason the previous three years, was the first beneficiary of the new rule when it played in the Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma. Due to the pre-1975 rules, Big Ten teams such as Michigan and Ohio State have lower numbers of all-time bowl appearances than powerhouse teams from the Big 12 Conference (previously Big Eight and Southwest Conferences) and Southeastern Conference, which always placed multiple teams in bowl games every year. Since the 2020–21 season, a new slate of bowl game selections has included several new bowl games. * If the conference champion is picked for the College Football Playoff in years the Rose Bowl does not host a semifinal, the next highest ranked team in the committee rankings, or runner up, shall take its place at the Rose Bowl. ^ The Big Ten, along with the SEC, will be eligible to face the ACC representative in the Orange Bowl at least three out of the eight seasons that it does not host a semifinal for the Playoff over a 12-year span. Notre Dame will be chosen the other two years if eligible. † The Big Ten will switch between the Las Vegas Bowl and Duke's Mayo Bowl on odd and even years, respectively.


Bowl selection procedures

Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the win–loss records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after CFP selections; the bowl with the #2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference. For all non-College Football Playoff partners, the bowl partner will request a Big Ten team. The Big Ten will approve or assign another team based on internal selection parameters. When not hosting a semifinal, the Orange Bowl will select the highest-ranked team from the Big Ten, SEC or Notre Dame to face an ACC opponent. (However, in an 8-game cycle [12 years due to not counting when the Orange Bowl is a semifinal], the Big Ten must be selected at least three times and no more than four times; the SEC similarly will be selected between three and four times while Notre Dame may be selected up to two times.) The Big Ten Champion cannot play in the Orange Bowl. If a Big Ten team is not selected by the Orange Bowl, the Citrus Bowl will submit a request for a Big Ten team.


Head coach compensation

Guaranteed compensation is due to the coaches regardless of performance. Though most of the pay is directed from the university, some also comes in the form of guaranteed endorsements and other income streams. Most coaches also have performance-based bonuses that can significantly raise their salaries. Two Big Ten member schools—Northwestern, a private institution, and Penn State, exempt from most open records laws due to its status as what Pennsylvania calls a "Commonwealth System of Higher Education, state-related" institution—are not obligated to provide salary information for their head coaches, but choose to do so.


Marching bands

All Big Ten member schools have marching bands which perform regularly during the football season. Ten of fourteen member schools have won the Sudler Trophy, generally considered the most prestigious honor a collegiate marching band can receive. * The first three Sudler trophies were awarded to Big Ten marching bands—Michigan Marching Band, Michigan (1982), Marching Illini, Illinois (1983) and Ohio State University Marching Band, Ohio State (1984). The Big Ten also has more Sudler Trophy recipients than any other collegiate athletic conference.


Conference individual honors

Coaches and media of the Big Ten Conference award individual honors at the end of each football season.


Men's basketball

The Big Ten has participated in basketball since 1904, and has led the nation in attendance every season since 1978. It has been a national powerhouse in College basketball, men's basketball, having multiple championship winners and often sending four or more teams to the NCAA Division I men's basketball tournament, NCAA men's basketball tournament. Previous NCAA champions include Indiana with five titles, Michigan State with two, and Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio State with one each. Maryland, which joined the Big Ten in 2014, won one NCAA championship as a member of the ACC. Ohio State played in the first NCAA tournament national championship game in 1939, losing to Oregon. Despite this, Jimmy Hull of Ohio State was the first NCAA tournament MVP. The first three tournament MVPs came from the Big Ten (Marv Huffman of Indiana in 1940 and John Katz of Wisconsin in 1941). Big Ten teams have also experienced success in the postseason National Invitation Tournament, NIT. Since 1974, 13 Big Ten teams have played in the championship game, winning nine championships. Michigan, Ohio State, Penn State, and Minnesota have won two NIT championships, while Indiana and Purdue have won one each. Two other current members, Maryland and Nebraska, won NIT titles before they joined the Big Ten. In addition, in 1943 the defunct Helms Athletic Foundation retrospectively awarded national titles to Northwestern for 1931 and Purdue for 1932; then in 1957, it selected Illinois for 1915, Minnesota for 1902 and 1919, and Wisconsin for 1912, 1914 and 1916. Former member Chicago won a post-season national championship series in 1908. Since 1999, the Big Ten has taken part in the ACC–Big Ten Challenge with the Atlantic Coast Conference. The ACC holds an 11–5–2 record against the Big Ten; Minnesota, Nebraska, Penn State, Purdue, and Wisconsin are the only Big Ten schools without losing records in the challenge.


All-time school records

This list goes through March 1, 2022 and is listed by win percentage in NCAA Division I men's college basketball. Future members in gray. † Minnesota vacated its 1997 Big Ten Conference regular season title, Michigan vacated its 1998 Big Ten tournament title, and Ohio State vacated its 2002 Big Ten tournament, as well as 2000 and 2002 regular season titles, due to NCAA sanctions.


National championships, Final Fours, and NCAA tournament appearances

Big Ten Conference basketball programs have combined to win 10 NCAA men's basketball championships as Big Ten members, with another current member having won a national championship before joining the conference. Indiana has won five, Michigan State has won two, while Michigan, Ohio State and Wisconsin have won one national championship each as Big Ten members. Maryland won one national championship while a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. Future member UCLA has won 11 national championships, matching the total of all current Big Ten members. Of the 14 current conference members, 11 have advanced to the Final Four at least once in their history, and both future members have also done so. Nine Big Ten schools (Indiana, Michigan State, Illinois, Purdue, Ohio State, Maryland, Iowa, Michigan, and Wisconsin) plus future member UCLA are among the national top-50 in all-time NCAA tournament appearances. Seasons are listed by the calendar years in which they ended. ''Italics'' indicate honors earned before the school competed in the Big Ten.


NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations

''† denotes overtime games. Multiple †'s indicate more than one overtime.''


Post-season NIT championships and runners-up


Women's basketball

Women's basketball teams have played a total of ten times in the NCAA Division I women's basketball tournament (since 1982) and Women's National Invitation Tournament, Women's National Invitation Tournament Championship (since 1998). Purdue is the only current Big Ten member to have won the NCAA women's basketball national title while a member of the conference. Both schools that joined in 2014, Maryland and Rutgers, won national titles before joining the Big Ten—Rutgers won the final Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, AIAW AIAW women's basketball tournament, championship in 1982, when it was a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference, Eastern 8, and Maryland won the NCAA title in 2006 as a member of the ACC. Big Ten women's basketball led conference attendance from 1993 to 1999. Like the men's teams, the women's basketball teams in the Big Ten participate in the Big Ten–ACC Women's Challenge, which was founded in 2007.


National championships, Final Fours, and NCAA tournament appearances

Seasons are listed by the calendar years in which they ended. ''Italics'' indicate seasons before the school competed in the Big Ten.


NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations


Women's National Invitation Tournament championship games


Field hockey

Big Ten field hockey programs have won 11 NCAA Women's Field Hockey Championship, NCAA Championships, although only three of these titles were won by schools as Big Ten members. Maryland won eight national championships as a member of the ACC, second most in the sport all-time. Penn State's two AIAW championships were also won before it became a Big Ten member and before the NCAA sponsored women's sports.


Men's gymnastics

The Big Ten fields seven of the remaining fifteen Division I men's gymnastics teams, though Iowa and Minnesota will drop the sport after the 2020–21 season. In 2014, Michigan edged out Oklahoma for their 6th NCAA Men's Gymnastics Championships, NCAA Men's Gymnastics championship, the school's third in five years.


NCAA championships and runners-up

†–Chicago left the Big Ten in 1946. ††–Finishes prior to Penn State and Nebraska joining the Big Ten. †††–Michigan State no longer competes in gymnastics.


Men's ice hockey

The Big Ten began sponsoring men's College ice hockey, ice hockey in the 2013–14 season, the only Power Five conference to do so. The inaugural season included 6 schools: Michigan Wolverines men's ice hockey, Michigan, Michigan State Spartans men's ice hockey, Michigan State and Ohio State Buckeyes men's ice hockey, Ohio State joined from the disbanded CCHA; Minnesota Golden Gophers men's ice hockey, Minnesota and Wisconsin Badgers men's ice hockey, Wisconsin joined from the WCHA; and Penn State Nittany Lions men's ice hockey, Penn State joined after playing its first NCAA Division I season (2012–13) as an independent. Notre Dame joined the league as an associate member beginning with the 2017–18 season. Arizona State Sun Devils men's ice hockey, Arizona State has a scheduling agreement with the conference for the 2020–21 season as an all-away game team, playing all seven Big Ten squads four times, but is not part of the conference and therefore is ineligible for the conference tournament or associated NCAA tournament automatic berth.


All-time school records

This list goes through the 2021–22 season. Totals for conference regular-season and tournament championships include those won before the schools played Big Ten hockey.


Conference records

Team's records against current conference opponents (as of the end of the 2018–19 season). Note: games where one or more of the programs was not a varsity team are not included.


Conference champions


Big Ten Men's Ice Hockey Tournament champions


NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations


Awards

At the conclusion of each regular season schedule the coaches of each Big Ten team, as well as a media panel, vote which players they choose to be on the three All-Conference Teams: first team, second team and rookie team. Additionally they vote to award the 5 individual trophies to an eligible player at the same time. The Big Ten also awards a Tournament Most Outstanding Player which is voted on after the conclusion of the conference tournament. Each team also names one of their players to be honored for the conference Sportsmanship Award. All of the awards were created for the inaugural season (2013–14 NCAA Division I men's ice hockey season, 2013–14).


Men's lacrosse

The Big Ten began sponsoring men's College lacrosse, lacrosse in the 2015 season. The Big Ten lacrosse league includes Maryland Terrapins men's lacrosse, Maryland, Michigan Wolverines men's lacrosse, Michigan, Ohio State Buckeyes men's lacrosse, Ohio State, Penn State Nittany Lions men's lacrosse, Penn State, Rutgers Scarlet Knights men's lacrosse, Rutgers, and Johns Hopkins Blue Jays men's lacrosse, Johns Hopkins, which joined the Big Ten conference as an affiliate member in 2014. The teams that compete in Big Ten men's lacrosse have combined to win 13 NCAA Men's Lacrosse Championship, NCAA national championships. With the addition of Johns Hopkins and Maryland to the league, Big Ten men's lacrosse boasts two of the top programs and most heated rivals in the history of the sport. Johns Hopkins (29) and Maryland (26) combine for 55 NCAA Men's Lacrosse Championship, NCAA Men's Lacrosse Final Four appearances. The media and both schools have called Johns Hopkins-Maryland rivalry, Johns Hopkins–Maryland rivalry the greatest and most historic rivalry in men's lacrosse. Since 1895, the two teams have matched up more than 100 times.The Rivalry
''Johns Hopkins Magazine'', Johns Hopkins University, retrieved March 25, 2009.

University of Maryland, April 10, 2008.


All-time school records

This list goes through the 2022 season.


National championships, Final Fours, and NCAA tournament appearances


Big Ten Conference champions


Big Ten men's lacrosse tournament champions


Women's lacrosse

Women's College lacrosse, lacrosse became a Big Ten-sponsored sport in the 2015 season. The Big Ten women's lacrosse league includes Johns Hopkins Blue Jays women's lacrosse, Johns Hopkins, Maryland Terrapins women's lacrosse, Maryland, Michigan Wolverines, Michigan, Northwestern Wildcats women's lacrosse, Northwestern, Ohio State Buckeyes, Ohio State, Penn State Nittany Lions, Penn State, and Rutgers Scarlet Knights, Rutgers. Big Ten women's lacrosse programs have 23 of the 38 all-time NCAA championships, including 12 of the last 15. Maryland has earned one pre-NCAA national title and has won 14 NCAA national championships, including seven straight from 1995 to 2001 and most recently in 2019. Northwestern has claimed seven NCAA titles, including five straight from 2005 to 2009. Penn State has earned three pre-NCAA national titles and two NCAA titles in 1987 and 1989. Johns Hopkins became the seventh women's lacrosse program in the Big Ten as of July 1, 2016.


All-time school records

This list goes through the 2021 season.


Men's soccer

The Big Ten men's soccer league includes Indiana Hoosiers men's soccer, Indiana, Maryland Terrapins men's soccer, Maryland, Michigan Wolverines men's soccer, Michigan, Michigan State Spartans men's soccer, Michigan State, Northwestern Wildcats men's soccer, Northwestern, Ohio State Buckeyes men's soccer, Ohio State, Penn State Nittany Lions men's soccer, Penn State, Rutgers Scarlet Knights men's soccer, Rutgers, and Wisconsin Badgers men's soccer, Wisconsin. Big Ten men's soccer programs have combined to win 15 NCAA men's soccer tournament, NCAA national championships.


All-time school records

This list goes through the 2013–14 season.


Rivalries


Intra-conference football rivalries

The members of the Big Ten have longstanding rivalries with each other, especially on the football field. Each school, except Maryland and Rutgers, has at least one traveling trophy at stake. The following is a list of active rivalries in the Big Ten Conference with totals & records through the completion of the 2013 NCAA Division I FBS football season, 2016 season.


Extra-conference football rivalries

From 1993 through 2010, the Big Ten football schedule was set up with each team having two permanent matches within the conference, with the other eight teams in the conference rotating out of the schedule in pairs for two-year stints. Permanent matches were as follows: * Illinois: Indiana, Northwestern * Indiana: Illinois, Purdue * Iowa: Minnesota, Wisconsin * Michigan: Michigan State, Ohio State * Michigan State: Michigan, Penn State * Minnesota: Iowa, Wisconsin * Northwestern: Illinois, Purdue * Ohio State: Michigan, Penn State * Penn State: Michigan State, Ohio State * Purdue: Indiana, Northwestern * Wisconsin: Iowa, Minnesota This system was discontinued after the 2010 season, as teams became grouped into two divisions, and would play all teams in their division once, with one protected cross-over game, and two games rotating against the other five opponents from the opposing division. Most of the above permanent rivalries were maintained. By virtue of the new alignment, a handful of new permanent divisional opponents were created, as all pairs of teams within the same division would face off each season. Furthermore, three new permanent inter-divisional matches resulted from the realignment: Purdue–Iowa, Michigan State–Indiana, and Penn State–Nebraska. The following past permanent matches were maintained across divisions: Minnesota–Wisconsin, Michigan–Ohio State, and Illinois–Northwestern. The new alignment, however, caused some of the above permanent rivalries to be discontinued. These were: Iowa–Wisconsin, Northwestern–Purdue, and Michigan State–Penn State. These matchups would continue to be played, but only twice every five years on average. More rivalries were disrupted, and some resumed on a yearly basis, when the league realigned into East and West Divisions for the 2014 season with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers. The two new schools were placed in the new East Division with Penn State, and the two Indiana schools were divided (Indiana to the East and Purdue to the West). With the move to a nine-game conference schedule in 2016, all cross-division games will be held at least once in a four-year cycle except for Indiana–Purdue, which is the only protected cross-division game. The conference later announced that once the new scheduling format takes effect in 2016, members will be prohibited from playing Football Championship Subdivision, FCS teams, and required to play at least one non-conference game against a team in the Power Five conferences ( ACC, , Pac-12 Conference, Pac-12 and Southeastern Conference, SEC; presumably, this would also allow for non-conference games against Big Ten opponents that are not on the conference schedule). Games against NCAA Division I FBS independent schools, independents Notre Dame Fighting Irish football, Notre Dame (an ACC member in non-football sports) and BYU Cougars football, BYU will also count toward the Power Five requirement.


Intra-conference basketball rivalries

* Illinois: Indiana, Iowa, Northwestern * Indiana: Illinois, Purdue * Iowa: Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin * Maryland: Penn State * Michigan: Michigan State, Ohio State * Michigan State: Michigan, Ohio State, Wisconsin * Minnesota: Iowa, Wisconsin * Northwestern: Illinois * Ohio State: Michigan, Penn State, Michigan State * Penn State: Maryland, Ohio State * Purdue: Indiana * Wisconsin: Iowa, Michigan State, Minnesota


Extra-conference basketball rivalries

* Illinois: Missouri * Indiana: Kentucky * Iowa: Drake, Iowa State, Northern Iowa * Maryland: Duke, Georgetown, Virginia * Michigan: Duke, Detroit Mercy *Michigan State: Duke, Oakland * Nebraska: Creighton * Penn State: Bucknell, Pittsburgh * Rutgers: Princeton, Seton Hall * Wisconsin: Green Bay, Marquette, Milwaukee


Other sports


Men's ice hockey

* Michigan–Michigan State ice hockey rivalry, Michigan–Michigan State * Minnesota–Wisconsin (Border Battle (Minnesota–Wisconsin ice hockey rivalry), Border Battle) * Minnesota–North Dakota * Minnesota–Minnesota Duluth * Minnesota–St. Cloud State * Michigan–Notre Dame men's ice hockey rivalry, Michigan–Notre Dame


Men's lacrosse

* Johns Hopkins–Maryland lacrosse rivalry, Maryland–Johns Hopkins * Penn State–Bucknell * Rutgers–Princeton


Men's soccer

* Michigan–Michigan State (Big Bear Trophy)


Wrestling

* Penn State–Lehigh * Iowa-Penn State * Iowa–Iowa State * Iowa–Oklahoma State * Rutgers–Princeton


Extra-conference rivalries

Four Big Ten teams—Purdue, Northwestern, Michigan State and Michigan—had rivalries in football with Notre Dame Fighting Irish football rivalries, Notre Dame. After the University of Southern California with 35 wins (including a vacated 2005 win), the Michigan State Spartans have the most wins against the Irish, with 28. The Purdue Boilermakers follow with 26, and Michigan ranks fourth all-time with 24. Northwestern Wildcats football, Northwestern and Notre Dame Fighting Irish football, Notre Dame had a yearly contest, with the winner taking home a Shillelagh (club), shillelagh, much like the winner of the USC Trojans football, USC–Notre Dame and Purdue–Notre Dame contests now receive. The Northwestern–Notre Dame shillelagh was largely forgotten by the early 1960s and is now solely an element of college football's storied past. Penn State has a longstanding Pitt–Penn State rivalry, rivalry with Pittsburgh Panthers football, Pittsburgh of the ACC, but the two schools did not meet from 2000 until renewing the rivalry with an alternating home-and-home series from 2016 to 2019. Penn State also has long histories with independent Notre Dame Fighting Irish football, Notre Dame; Temple Owls football, Temple of American Athletic Conference, The American; Syracuse Orange football, Syracuse, and Boston College Eagles football, Boston College of the ACC; and West Virginia Mountaineers football, West Virginia, of the Big 12 Conference. Additionally, Penn State maintains strong intrastate rivalries with Patriot League universities Bucknell Bison, Bucknell in men's basketball and men's lacrosse, and Lehigh Mountain Hawks, Lehigh in wrestling. Most of these rivalries were cultivated while Penn State operated independent of conference affiliation; the constraints of playing a full conference schedule, especially in football, have reduced the number of meetings between Penn State and its non-Big Ten rivals. Iowa has an in-state rivalry with Iowa State of the Big 12, with the winner getting the Cy-Hawk Trophy in football. Iowa and Iowa State also compete annually in the Hy-Vee Cy-Hawk Series, Cy-Hawk Series sponsored by Hy-Vee (as of 2011 this series is now sponsored by The Iowa Corngrowers Association), the competition includes all head-to-head regular season competitions in all sports. Iowa also holds rivalries in basketball with the state's other two Division I programs, Drake Bulldogs, Drake and Northern Iowa Panthers, Northern Iowa. Indiana has an out-of-conference rivalry with Kentucky Wildcats, Kentucky of the Southeastern Conference, SEC (see Indiana–Kentucky rivalry). While the two schools played in football for many years, the rivalry was rooted in their decades of national success in men's basketball. The two no longer play one another in football, but their basketball rivalry continued until a dispute about game sites ended the series after 2011. In the last season of the rivalry (2011–12), the teams played twice. During the regular season, then-unranked 2011–12 Indiana Hoosiers men's basketball team, Indiana defeated then-#1 ranked 2011–12 Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team, Kentucky 73–72 at Assembly Hall. The Wildcats avenged the loss in the NCAA tournament, defeating Indiana 102–90 in the South Regional final in Georgia Dome, Atlanta on their way to a national title. The teams next played in the 2016 NCAA tournament, with Indiana winning. Illinois has a longstanding basketball rivalry with the Southeastern Conference, SEC's Missouri Tigers men's basketball, Missouri Tigers, with the two men's teams squaring off annually in the "Braggin' Rights" game. It has been held in St. Louis since 1980, first at the St. Louis Arena and since 1994 at the Enterprise Center. This rivalry has been carried over into football as "The Arch Rivalry" with games played at the The Dome at America's Center, Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis in 2002 and 2003 and four games in 2007 through 201

Wisconsin has a long-standing in-state basketball rivalry with Marquette Golden Eagles men's basketball, Marquette. The series has intensified as of late with both teams having made the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Championship, Final Four in recent years. The schools also played an annual football game before Marquette abandoned its football program in 1961. The school also has minor rivalries in basketball with the two other Division I members of the University of Wisconsin System, which include the Milwaukee Panthers, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee and Green Bay Phoenix, University of Wisconsin–Green Bay. Similarly, Nebraska has an in-state rivalry with another Big East school in Creighton Bluejays men's basketball, Creighton, mostly in basketball and baseball. Minnesota men's ice hockey has a prolific and fierce border rivalry with the University of North Dakota. The two teams played annually between 1948 and 2013 as members of the Western Collegiate Hockey Association prior to the inception of the Big Ten Conference. The rivalry resumed in 2016 in non-conference action. Maryland has many rivalries outside of the conference, most notably Duke Blue Devils, Duke, Virginia Cavaliers, Virginia, West Virginia Mountaineers, West Virginia, and Navy Midshipmen, Navy. Maryland left the Duke and Virginia rivalries behind in the ACC when it joined the Big Ten. In the early days of the Big Ten, the Chicago–Michigan football rivalry, Chicago-Michigan game was played on Thanksgiving (United States), Thanksgiving, usually with conference championship implications. It was considered one of the first major rivalries of the conference.


Facilities and apparel

Three Big Ten football stadiums seat over 100,000 spectators: Michigan Stadium (Michigan), Beaver Stadium (Penn State), and Ohio Stadium (Ohio State). Only five other college football stadiums have a capacity over 100,000 (four in the Southeastern Conference (SEC) and one in the Big 12 Conference). Michigan Stadium and Beaver Stadium, respectively, are the two List of American football stadiums by capacity, largest American football stadiums by capacity in the United States, and all three of the Big Ten's largest venues rank among the ten List of stadiums by capacity, largest sports stadiums in the world. Big Ten schools also play in two of the 10 largest on-campus basketball arenas in the country: Ohio State's Value City Arena and Maryland's Xfinity Center (College Park, Maryland), Xfinity Center. Additionally, arenas at Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, and Penn State rank among the 20 largest on-campus basketball facilities in the United States. The Big Ten Conference has the most on-campus basketball arenas with seating capacities of 15,000 or more of any NCAA conference, with seven. (Of the other conferences considered "power conferences" in men's basketball, the ACC has two such arenas, the Big East none, the Big 12 two, the Pac-12 one, and the SEC five. Outside of these conferences, the Mountain West Conference has four such arenas and the West Coast Conference one through the 2022–23 season, after which the WCC member with such an arena, BYU, will join the Big 12.)


Football, basketball, and baseball facilities

Future members in gray.


Ice hockey arenas


Soccer stadiums


Apparel


Media

As of 2017, the Big Ten currently has broadcast rights agreements with Fox Sports (United States), Fox Sports,
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American international basic cable sports channel owned by ESPN Inc., owned jointly by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%). T ...

ESPN
, and CBS Sports (primarily for college basketball), which last through the 2023–24 academic year. In 2006, the conference formed a dedicated cable network,
Big Ten Network Big Ten Network (BTN) is an American sports network based in Chicago, Illinois. The channel is dedicated to coverage of College athletics, collegiate sports sanctioned by the Big Ten Conference, including live and recorded event telecasts, news, ...
, in partnership with Fox Sports. The network carries coverage of Big Ten athletics (including events not carried by the Big Ten's other media partners), studio shows, as well as other original programs and documentaries profiling the conference and its members. *Fox Sports (United States), Fox Sports: ** 24 to 27 football games per year (including tier 1 rights). *** Nine games in primetime on Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox and Fox Sports 1, FS1. ** Top pick in the draft of weeks to select first in football. ** Football championship game every year. ** 39 to 47 men's basketball games. *** Potentially ten of those games on Fox *
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American international basic cable sports channel owned by ESPN Inc., owned jointly by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%). T ...

ESPN
: ** 27 football games *** All intraconference games on American Broadcasting Company, ABC,
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American international basic cable sports channel owned by ESPN Inc., owned jointly by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%). T ...

ESPN
or ESPN2. *** At least six primetime games per season on American Broadcasting Company, ABC or
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American international basic cable sports channel owned by ESPN Inc., owned jointly by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%). T ...

ESPN
. ** 38 men's basketball games. *** Most intraconference games on
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American international basic cable sports channel owned by ESPN Inc., owned jointly by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%). T ...

ESPN
or ESPN2. ** Broad coverage of women's basketball and Olympic sports. *CBS Sports: ** At least 10 regular season basketball games per-season on CBS, primarily on Sundays. ** Rights to the semifinals and championship of the men's basketball tournament. On August 18, 2022, the Big Ten announced that it had reached seven-year broadcast rights deals with Fox, CBS, and for the first time,
NBC Sports NBC Sports is an American programming division of the broadcast network NBC, owned and operated by NBC Sports Group division of NBCUniversal and subsidiary of Comcast. The division is responsible for sports broadcasts on the network, and its de ...
, beginning in the 2023–24 academic year, ending an association between the conference and ESPN dating back to the 1980s. A major goal for the new contracts was to establish specific broadcast windows for Big Ten football games across its three partners, with Fox, CBS, and NBC primarily holding rights to Noon ET, 3:30 p.m ET, and primetime games respectively. The contracts were estimated to be worth at least $7 billion, but also reportedly includes an "escalator clause" that will raise the value of the contracts if the Notre Dame Fighting Irish were to specifically join the Big Ten. *Fox Sports: ** 24 to 32 football games per season: *** Will primarily air in a Noon ET window, but with the option for games in other windows after USC and UCLA join in 2024. *** Rights to the Big Ten championship game in 2023, 2025, 2027, and 2029. ** At least 45 men's basketball games per-season on Fox and Fox Sports 1, FS1. ** Selected women's basketball games and Olympic sport events. *CBS Sports: ** 14 to 15 football games per season on CBS and Paramount+: *** Once CBS's contract with the Southeastern Conference, SEC expires after the 2023 season, games will primarily air in the 3:30 p.m. ET window beginning in 2024. During the 2023 season, CBS will air seven games in various timeslots, scheduled around its SEC coverage. *** Includes one Friday afternoon game on Thanksgiving (United States), Thanksgiving weekend. *** Rights to the Big Ten championship game in 2024 and 2028. ** Up to 15 men's basketball games per-season: *** Rights to the semi-finals and championship game of the Big Ten men's basketball tournament *** Rights to the championship game of the Big Ten women's basketball tournament *NBC Sports: ** 14 to 16 football games per season on NBC and
Peacock Peafowl is a common name for three bird species in the genera ''Pavo (genus), Pavo'' and ''Afropavo'' within the tribe Pavonini of the family Phasianidae, the pheasants and their allies. Male peafowl are referred to as peacocks, and female pea ...
: *** Games will primarily air in a primetime window on NBC *** Eight games will stream exclusively on Peacock, including four intraconference games. *** Rights to the Big Ten championship game in 2026 ** Up to 77 basketball games per-season on Peacock: *** Up to 47 men's basketball games, including 32 intraconference games. *** Up to 30 women's basketball games, including 20 intraconference games. *** Rights to the opening night doubleheaders of the men's and women's basketball tournaments. ** Up to 40 live Olympic sports events per-season on Peacock. *Big Ten Network ** Up to 50 football games per season ** At least 126 men's basketball games per season *** Second round and quarter-final games of the Big Ten men's basketball tournament ** At least 40 women's basketball games per season *** Coverage of the Big Ten women's basketball tournament (outside of the championship game) ** Coverage of Olympic sports events.


See also

* List of American collegiate athletic stadiums and arenas * List of Big Ten National Championships * Big Ten Universities * Midwest Universities Consortium for International Activities


References


External links

* {{Authority control Big Ten Conference, Sports organizations established in 1896 Park Ridge, Illinois Sports associations based in Chicago Sports in the Midwestern United States Sports in the Eastern United States Articles which contain graphical timelines