The Info List - Biffeche

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BIFFECHE or BIFECHE is an area of Senegal
centred on the town of Savoigne, around 30 kilometres north-east of the major coastal city of Saint-Louis .

Part of a series on



* Roog * Kopé Tiatie Cac * Kokh Kox * Takhar * Tiurakh

Main doctrines

* Animism * Astronomy * Divination * Intercession of saints * Rainmaker

Sacred places

* Baol
* Cekeen Tumulus * Fandène * Fatick * Index of holy sites * Saloum
* Senegambian stone circles * Sine * Somb * Tassili n\'Ajjer * Point of Sangomar
Point of Sangomar
* Thiouthioune * Tukar * Yaboyabo

Related articles

* Lamane * Pangool * Saltigue * Serer prehistory * Serer creation myth * Serer people
Serer people
* States headed by Serer Lamanes * Timeline of Serer history

Notable figures

* Amar Godomat * Lamane Jegan Joof * Issa Laye Thiaw * Maad Semou Njekeh Joof * Index of Serer patriarchs * Index of Serer matriarchs

Relations with other religions

* Serer views on incarnation * Serer history * Religious persecution * Serer views on interfaith marriage * Serer views on heaven and hell


* Ndut initiation rite

See also

* Index of articles relating to Serer history * Index of articles relating to Serer religion
Serer religion
* Index of all articles relating to Serer people
Serer people



* Serer people
Serer people

* Serer religion
Serer religion

* v * t * e

Low-lying and largely flat, the region has Fula , Serer-Ndut people (the original founders of Biffeche
and Mt Rolland, and strong adherents to Serer religion
Serer religion
, even after the French and the Muslim communities of Senegal
tried to kill them off ), Wolof and Moor ethnic groups engaged in pasturing animals (mainly the Fulas) and irrigation-based agriculture (mostly the Serer-Ndut who are usually mixed-farmers ). Savoigne is the region's largest town, twinned with La Ferté Macé; its SOCAS tomato-paste factory imports and dilutes tomato paste for re-shipment within Senegal. The population is primarily Muslim
, but also contains Catholics and animists . The Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary
Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary
is located to the north.

Early European accounts used the word for a different location, describing a medium-sized island (Isle de Bifeche) in the delta of the Senegal
River in West Africa , some two miles upstream from the island of N'Dar on which Saint-Louis was founded. The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge described the island in 1843 as being "entirely covered with wood, and in the wet season a great portion of them is laid under water."

Currently, the river marks this section of the border between Mauritania
and Senegal
. The island can perhaps most easily be seen on the map with one of its main towns Maka clearly marked. A contemporary map can be found at - this map shows N'Dar under its older French name of Isle St. Louis and the Pointe de isle de Bifeche is also visible. On the island is written Emboulan which appears to be a European variant of a local town name Mboubène . It can also be just seen at the extreme top of Senegal
in 1753.

In the 17th century a chief known as the Petit Brak or Little King ruled over a region known variously as Biffeche
or Gangueul with capital at Maka. The Grand Brak or Big King ruled the kingdom of Waalo , whose capital was originally at Diourbel . The area was nearly depopulated by repeated slaving raids by