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Biffeche
Biffeche
or Bifeche is an area of Senegal
Senegal
centred on the town of Savoigne, around 30 kilometres north-east of the major coastal city of Saint-Louis.

Part of a series on

Serers and Serer religion

Deities

Roog Kopé Tiatie Cac Kokh Kox Takhar Tiurakh

Main doctrines

Animism Astronomy Divination Intercession of saints Rainmaker

Sacred places

Baol Cekeen Tumulus Fandène Fatick Index of holy sites Saloum Senegambian stone circles Sine Somb Tassili n'Ajjer Point of Sangomar Thiouthioune Tukar Yaboyabo

Related articles

Lamane Pangool Saltigue Serer prehistory Serer creation myth Serer people States headed by Serer Lamanes Timeline of Serer history

Notable figures

Amar Godomat Lamane
Lamane
Jegan Joof Issa Laye Thiaw Maad Semou Njekeh Joof Index of Serer patriarchs Index of Serer matriarchs

Relations with other religions

Serer views on incarnation Serer history Religious persecution Serer views on interfaith marriage Serer views on heaven and hell

Education

Ndut initiation rite

See also

Index of articles relating to Serer history Index of articles relating to Serer religion Index of all articles relating to Serer people

Serer people
Serer people
category

Serer religion
Serer religion
category

Serer people
Serer people
portal

Serer religion
Serer religion
portal

v t e

Low-lying and largely flat, the region has Fula,[1] Serer-Ndut people (the original founders of Biffeche
Biffeche
and Mt Rolland, and strong adherents to Serer religion,[2][3][4][5] even after the French and the Muslim
Muslim
communities of Senegal
Senegal
tried to kill them off[6][7]), Wolof and Moor ethnic groups engaged in pasturing animals (mainly the Fulas) and irrigation-based agriculture (mostly the Serer-Ndut who are usually mixed-farmers[7]). Savoigne is the region's largest town, twinned with La Ferté Macé; its SOCAS tomato-paste factory imports and dilutes tomato paste for re-shipment within Senegal. The population is primarily Muslim, but also contains Catholics and animists. The Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary is located to the north. Early European accounts used the word for a different location, describing a medium-sized island (Isle de Bifeche) in the delta of the Senegal
Senegal
River in West Africa, some two miles upstream from the island of N'Dar on which Saint-Louis was founded. The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge described the island in 1843 as being "entirely covered with wood, and in the wet season a great portion of them is laid under water." [2] Currently, the river marks this section of the border between Mauritania
Mauritania
and Senegal. The island can perhaps most easily be seen on the map [3] with one of its main towns Maka [4] clearly marked. A contemporary map can be found at [5][permanent dead link] - this map shows N'Dar under its older French name of Isle St. Louis and the Pointe de isle de Bifeche is also visible. On the island is written Emboulan which appears to be a European variant of a local town name Mboubène. It can also be just seen at the extreme top of Senegal
Senegal
in 1753. In the 17th century a chief known as the Petit Brak or Little King ruled over a region known variously as Biffeche
Biffeche
or Gangueul with capital at Maka. The Grand Brak or Big King ruled the kingdom of Waalo, whose capital was originally at Diourbel. The area was nearly depopulated by repeated slaving raids by Moors
Moors
from the north. At times, the Petit Brak was tributary to Waalo, at other times allied with Bethio. In the 1720s, the Brak of Waalo
Waalo
was Erim M'Bagnick and Béquio Malicouri, king of the Royaume d'Oral (Bethio), was his vassal.

Senegal
Senegal
portal Gambia portal Serer portal

Contents

1 References

1.1 General 1.2 Notes

2 Historical maps 3 External links

References[edit] General[edit]

Barry, Boubacar. Le royaume du Waalo
Waalo
- Le Senegal
Senegal
avant la conquete. Karthala, 1985. Becker, Charles and Martin, Victor. Journal Historique et Suitte du Journal Historique (1729-1731) 39.2 (1977): 223-289. [6] Cultru, Prosper. Premier voyage du Sieur de la Courbe.... Paris: Larose, 1913. Encyclopedie, dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, par une société de gens de lettres, mis en ordre et publié par Mr. * * *, tome quinzieme. Neufchastel, France: Samuel Faulche, 1765. Facsimile page Knight, Charles. The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Vol. XXI. London, 1843: 231. Public domain copy Labat, Jean-Baptiste. Nouvelle Relation de l’Afrique occidentale. Paris: Cavelier, 1727. t. 2, p. 174. Thésée, Françoise. Actes du colloque de Nantes, tome I. 1988. 223-245. [7]. Thilmans, Guy. Bull. Les planches sénégalaises et mauritaniennes des “Atlas Vingboons” , G. IFAN, B. t. 37.1 (1975): 106-109. Gravrand, Henry, "La civilisation Sereer - Cosaan : les origines, vol.1, pp 140-146, Nouvelles Editions Africaines, 1983, ISBN 2-7236-0877-8 Echenberg, Myron J, "Black death, white medicine: bubonic plague and the politics of public health in colonial Senegal, 1914-1945", pp 141–146, Heinemann (2002), ISBN 0-325-07017-2 Klein, Martin A., "Islam and Imperialism in Senegal, Sine-Saloum", pp VII-5, Edinburgh University Press, (1968), ISBN 0-85224-029-5 Dupire, Marguerite, "Sagesse sereer: Essais sur la pensée sereer ndut", [8] Becker, Charles, "Les Serer Ndut: Études sur les mutations sociales et religieuses", Microéditions Hachette (1974)

Notes[edit]

^ In French: Peul or Peulh; in Fula: Fulɓe. ^ Gravrand, Henry, "La civilisation Sereer - Cosaan : les origines, vol.1, pp 140-146, Nouvelles Editions Africaines, 1983, ISBN 2-7236-0877-8 ^ For more about the Serer-Ndut people, see  : Dupire, Marguerite, "Sagesse sereer: Essais sur la pensée sereer ndut", [1] ^ Klein, Martin A., "Islam and Imperialism in Senegal, Sine-Saloum" 1847-1914, pp vii-5, Edinburgh University Press, (1968), ISBN 0-85224-029-5 ^ Serer-Ndut people
Serer-Ndut people
in Lingua Món Casa de les Llengües Archived 2014-05-17 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Becker, Charles, "Les Serer Ndut: Études sur les mutations sociales et religieuses", Microéditions Hachette (1974) ^ a b Echenberg, Myron J, "Black death, white medicine: bubonic plague and the politics of public health in colonial Senegal, 1914-1945", pp 141-146, Heinemann (2002), ISBN 0-325-07017-2,

Historical maps[edit]

Cours de la rivière de Sanaga ou Sénégal depuis son embouchure jusqu'à l'île de Bilbas / Suite du cours de la rivière de Sénégal depuis l'isle de Bilbas jusqu'au sault du Rocherde Govina / levé par un ingénieur francois, 1718. Online at BNF Carte de la rivière du Sénégal depuis la Barre jusqu'au Panier Foule des petites rivières et marigots qui en dérivent avec les noms des villages qui sont au bord, fait au Sénégal, 1720. Online at BNF Anville, Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon, Carte manuscrite de la côte d'Afrique aux environs de Gorée et de la rivière du Sénégal depuis Cagneux jusqu'à son embouchure. 1724. Online at BNF

External links[edit]

Google Maps satellite image of the Senegal
Senegal
River delta Area Map History (in French) Ethnicity (in French) Religion (in French) Senegalese History and Geography (mainly in French) Horticulture (in French) Parc du Djoudj Indigenous chief Béquio Malicouri

v t e

Serer topics

 Peoples

Serer peoples

Laalaa Ndut Niominka Noon Palor Saafi Seex

 Religion

Key topics

Ciiɗ Classical Ndut teachings Creation myth Criticism Festivals Jaaniiw Junjung Lamane Sadax Saltigue Symbolism Women

Supreme deities

Kokh Kox Koox Kopé Tiatie Cac Roog
Roog
(main)

Other deities

Kumba Njaay Takhar Tiurakh

Saints and ancestral spirits

Ginaaru Julang Joof Laga Ndong Lunguñ Joof Mindiss Moussa Sarr Njemeh (of Languème) Njoxona Ngojil Joof Ngolum Joof Pangool

list

Sacred sites

Fatick Sine River Sine-Saloum Somb Point of Sangomar Tattaguine Tukar Yaboyabo

 History Philosophy Science Law Geography Politics

History

Cekeen Tumulus Khasso Kingdom of Baol Kingdom of Biffeche kingdom of Saloum Kingdom of Sine Serer ancient history Serer history
Serer history
(medieval era to present) States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune The Battle of Logandème Timeline of Serer history Western Sahara

Philosophy

Science Law

Medicine

medicinal plants

CEMETRA Loup (healer)

Saltigues and Loup practitioners

MALANGO Philosophy of beauty Jom principle Cosmology Customary law

Geography Politics

Farba Kaba Jaraff Serer countries

 Demographics Culture

Demographics

By region

Gambia Mauritania Senegal

Language

Cangin Lehar Ndut Noon Palor Safen Serer

Culture

Birth Chere Death Inheritance Marriage Mbalax Njuup Sabar Tama Tassu Njom

 Royalty

Kings and lamanes

Lamane
Lamane
Jegan Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Fa Ndeb Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Mahecor Joof Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Maysa Wali Jaxateh Manneh Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Ama Joof Gnilane Faye Joof Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof Maad Semou Njekeh Joof

Queens and queen mothers

Lingeer
Lingeer
Fatim Beye Lingeer
Lingeer
Ndoye Demba Serer maternal clans

Dynasties and royal houses

Faye family Guelowar Joof family Joos Maternal Dynasty The Royal House of Boureh Gnilane Joof The Royal House of Jogo Siga Joof The Royal House of Semou Njekeh Joof

Families and royal titles

Buumi Faye family Joof family Lamane Lingeer Loul Maad Saloum Maad a Sinig Njie family Sarr family Sene family Teigne Thilas

Serer people
Serer people
category

Serer religion
Serer religion
category

Serer people
Serer people
portal

Ser

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