* v * t * e
BIBLICAL STUDIES is the academic application of a set of diverse
disciplines to the study of the Hebrew and Christian scriptures , the
Many secular as well as religious universities and colleges offer courses in biblical studies, usually in departments of religious studies , theology , Judaic studies , history, or comparative literature . Biblical scholars do not necessarily have a faith commitment to the texts they study, but many do.
* 1 Definition
* 2 Academic societies
The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies defines the field as a set of various, and in some cases independent disciplines for the study of the collection of ancient texts generally known as the Bible. These disciplines include but are not limited to archaeology , Egyptology , textual criticism , linguistics , history , sociology and theology .
Several academic associations and societies promote research in the field. The largest is the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) with around 8,500 members in more than 80 countries. It publishes many books and journals in the biblical studies, including its flagship, the Journal of Biblical Literature . SBL hosts one academic conference in North America and another international conference each year, as well as smaller regional meetings.
It also addresses the physical text, including the meaning of the
words and the way in which they are used, its preservation, history
Main article: Textual criticism
Textual criticism is a branch of textual scholarship, philology, and literary criticism that is concerned with the identification and removal of transcription errors in texts, both manuscripts and printed books. Ancient scribes made errors or alterations when copying manuscripts by hand.Given a manuscript copy, several or many copies, but not the original document, the textual critic seeks to reconstruct the original text (the archetype or autograph) as closely as possible. The same processes can be used to attempt to reconstruct intermediate editions, or recensions, of a document's transcription history. The ultimate objective of the textual critic's work is the production of a "critical edition" containing a text most closely approximating the original.
There are three fundamental approaches to textual criticism: eclecticism, stemmatics, and copy-text editing. Techniques from the biological discipline of cladistics are currently also being used to determine the relationships between manuscripts.
The phrase "lower criticism" is used to describe the contrast between textual criticism and "higher criticism ", which is the endeavor to establish the authorship, date, and place of composition of the original text.
HISTORY OF THE BIBLE
Historical research has often dominated modern biblical studies. Biblical scholars usually try to interpret a particular text within its original historical context and use whatever information is available to reconstruct that setting. Historical criticism aims to determine the provenance , authorship, and process by which ancient texts were composed. Famous theories of historical criticism include the documentary hypothesis , which suggests that the Pentateuch was compiled from four different written sources, and different reconstructions of "the historical Jesus", which are based primarily on the differences between the canonical Gospels.
Most of the Hebrew Bible, the
Tanakh , which is the basis of the
Old Testament , was written in
Biblical Hebrew , though a
few chapters were written in
Biblical Aramaic . The
New Testament was
Koine Greek , with possible Aramaic undertones , as was the
first translation of the Hebrew
* ^ A B C D The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies by J. W.
Rogerson and Judith M. Lieu (May 18, 2006) ISBN 0199254257 page xvii
* ^ Introduction to Biblical Studies, Second Edition by Steve
Moyise (Oct 27, 2004) ISBN 0567083977 pages 11–12
* ^ Harper\'s
* The Cambridge
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* Creation * Angels * Angelic hierarchy * Humanity * Fallen angels * Satan * Theodicy
* Eternal life
* Summary of differences
Millenarianism (Pre- / Post- / A-millennialism )
* Apophatic theology * Cataphatic theology * Economy * Essence–energies * Filioque * Gnomic will * Metousiosis * Phronema * Phyletism * Proskynesis * Sobornost * Symphonia * Tabor Light * Theoria * Theosis * Theotokos
ARMINIAN / WESLEYAN
* Christian Reconstructionism * Covenant theology * Free Grace * Monergism * Predestination * Five solae ( Sola fide * Sola gratia * Sola scriptura * Soli Deo gloria * Solus Christus ) * Supersessionism * Total depravity * TULIP
* Outline of Christian theology * CHRISTIANITY PORTAL
* v * t * e
Historicity of Jesus
* Historicity of the