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The BIBLE BELT is an informal region in the southeastern and south-central United States in which socially conservative evangelical Protestantism plays a strong role in society and politics, and Christian church attendance across the denominations is generally higher than the nation's average. The Bible Belt
Bible Belt
consists of much of the Southern United States
Southern United States
as well as parts of adjacent areas. During the colonial period (1607–1776), the South was a stronghold of the Anglican church . Its transition to a stronghold of non-Anglican Protestantism occurred gradually over the next century as a series of religious revival movements, many associated with the Baptist denomination, gained great popularity in the region.

The region is usually contrasted with the mainline Protestantism and Catholicism of the Northeastern United States, the religiously diverse Midwest and Great Lakes , the Mormon Corridor
Mormon Corridor
in Utah and southern Idaho, and the relatively secular Western United States. Whereas the state with the highest percentage of residents identifying as non-religious is the New England
New England
state of Vermont
Vermont
at 34%, in the Bible Belt state of Alabama
Alabama
it is just 3%. Mississippi
Mississippi
has the highest proportion of Baptists, at 75%. The earliest known usage of the term "Bible Belt" was by American journalist and social commentator H. L. Mencken , who in 1924 wrote in the Chicago Daily Tribune : "The old game, I suspect, is beginning to play out in the Bible Belt." Mencken claimed the term as his invention in 1927.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Buckle * 3 Political and cultural context

* 4 Outside the United States

* 4.1 Finland
Finland
* 4.2 Norway * 4.3 Netherlands * 4.4 New Zealand
New Zealand
* 4.5 Slovakia
Slovakia
* 4.6 Soviet Union

* 4.7 United Kingdom

* 4.7.1 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland

* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading

GEOGRAPHY

The name "Bible Belt" has been applied historically to the South and parts of the Midwest, but is more commonly identified with the South. In a 1961 study, Wilbur Zelinsky delineated the region as the area in which Protestant denominations, especially Southern Baptist, Methodist, and evangelical, are the predominant religious affiliation. The region thus defined included most of the Southern United States, including most of Texas
Texas
and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
, and in the states south of the Ohio River
Ohio River
, and extending east to include central West Virginia and Southern Virginia. In addition, the Bible Belt
Bible Belt
covers most of Missouri and Kentucky
Kentucky
and southern parts of Illinois
Illinois
, Indiana
Indiana
, and Ohio
Ohio
. On the other hand, areas in the South which are not considered part of the Bible Belt
Bible Belt
include heavily Catholic Southern Louisiana, central and southern Florida, which have been settled mainly by immigrants and Americans from elsewhere in the country, and overwhelmingly Hispanic South Texas. A 1978 study by Charles Heatwole identified the Bible Belt as the region dominated by 24 fundamentalist Protestant denominations, corresponding to essentially the same area mapped by Zelinsky.

According to Stephen W. Tweedie, an Associate Professor Emeritus in the Department of Geography at Oklahoma
Oklahoma
State University , the Bible Belt is now viewed in terms of numerical concentration of the audience for religious television. He finds two belts: one more eastern that stretches from Florida, (excluding Miami, Tampa
Tampa
and South Florida), through Alabama
Alabama
, Tennessee
Tennessee
, Kentucky, Georgia , North and South Carolina , and into Southern Virginia ; and another that concentrated in Texas
Texas
(excluding El Paso
El Paso
, and South Texas
Texas
), Arkansas
Arkansas
, Louisiana , (excluding New Orleans
New Orleans
and Acadiana
Acadiana
), Oklahoma, Missouri
Missouri
(excluding St. Louis
St. Louis
), Kansas
Kansas
, and Mississippi
Mississippi
. "is research also broke the Bible Belt
Bible Belt
into two core regions, a western region and an eastern region. Tweedie's western Bible Belt
Bible Belt
was focused on a core that extended from Little Rock, Arkansas
Arkansas
to Tulsa, Oklahoma. His eastern Bible Belt
Bible Belt
was focused on a core that included the major population centers of Virginia and North Carolina. Bible-minded cities map

A study was commissioned by the American Bible Society to survey the importance of the Bible in the metropolitan areas of the United States. The report was based on 42,855 interviews conducted between 2005 and 2012. It determined the 10 most "Bible-minded" cities were Knoxville, Tennessee
Tennessee
; Shreveport, Louisiana
Louisiana
; Chattanooga, Tennessee ; Birmingham, Alabama
Alabama
; Jackson, Mississippi
Mississippi
; Springfield, Missouri
Missouri
; Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte, North Carolina
;, Lynchburg, Virginia ; Huntsville-Decatur, Alabama
Alabama
; and Charleston, West Virginia .

In addition to the South, there is a smaller Bible Belt
Bible Belt
in West Michigan , centered around the heavily Dutch-influenced cities of Holland and Grand Rapids . Christian colleges in that region include Calvin College
Calvin College
, Hope College , Cornerstone University , Grace Bible College , and Kuyper College . West Michigan
West Michigan
is generally fiscally and socially conservative.

BUCKLE

A billboard near the center of Alabama
Alabama

Several locations are occasionally referred to as "the Buckle of the Bible Belt":

* Abilene, Texas
Texas
a city of 117,000, is home to three Christian universities: the Baptist affiliated Hardin-Simmons University , the Church of Christ's Abilene Christian University
Abilene Christian University
, and Methodist founded McMurry University
McMurry University
. * Nashville, Tennessee
Tennessee
, sometimes referred to as "the Protestant Vatican", has over 700 churches, several seminaries, and a number of Christian schools, colleges and universities, including Belmont University , Trevecca Nazarene University , Lipscomb University
Lipscomb University
, Free Will Baptist Bible College and American Baptist College . Nashville is the seat of the National Baptist Convention, USA , the National Association of Free Will Baptists , the Gideons International , the Gospel Music Association , and Thomas Nelson , the world's largest producer of Bibles.

POLITICAL AND CULTURAL CONTEXT

There has been research that links evangelical Protestantism with social conservatism. In 1950, President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
told Catholic leaders he wanted to send an ambassador to the Vatican . Truman said the leading Democrats in Congress approved, but they warned him, "it would defeat Democratic Senators and Congressmen in the Bible Belt."

In presidential elections, the Bible Belt
Bible Belt
states of Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas
Texas
have voted for the Republican candidate in all elections since 1980; Oklahoma
Oklahoma
has supported the Republican presidential candidate in every election since 1968. Other Bible Belt
Bible Belt
states have voted for the Republican presidential candidate in the majority of elections since 1980, but have gone to the Democratic candidate either once or twice since then. However, with the exception of Mississippi, historical geographer Barry Vann shows that counties in the upland areas of the Appalachians and the Ozarks have a more conservative voting pattern than the counties located in the coastal plains.

OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES

FINLAND

Mainly members of Conservative Laestadianism in Northern (Northern Ostrobothnia and Lapland (Finland) ) and Central parts (Northern Savonia ) of Finland
Finland

NORWAY

The Bible Belt
Bible Belt
of Norway is located mainly in the western part of the country .

NETHERLANDS

The Bible Belt
Bible Belt
of the Netherlands stretches from Zeeland
Zeeland
, through the West- Betuwe
Betuwe
and Veluwe
Veluwe
, to the northern parts of the province Overijssel
Overijssel
.

NEW ZEALAND

In New Zealand, Mount Roskill, Auckland, contains the highest number of churches per capita in the country, and is the home of several Christian political candidates. The electorate was one of the last in the country to go "wet", in 1999, having formally been a dry area where the selling of alcohol was prohibited.

At the 2013 New Zealand
New Zealand
Census , the Mangere–Otahuhu local board area of Auckland had the highest concentration of Christians in New Zealand, with 67.7 percent of the local board's 71,000 residents identifying as so.

SLOVAKIA

In the Eastern and Northern parts of Slovakia
Slovakia
, Christians comprise a majority, in some towns and villages almost 100%.

SOVIET UNION

Before its independence, Soviet Ukraine was known as the Bible Belt of the Soviet Union.

UNITED KINGDOM

Northern Ireland

In Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
, the area in County Antrim
County Antrim
stretching from roughly Portrush
Portrush
to Larne
Larne
and centred in the area of Ballymena
Ballymena
is often referred to as a Bible Belt. This is because the area is heavily Protestant with a large evangelical community. From 1970 to 2010, the MP for North Antrim was Ian Paisley , a Free Presbyterian minister well known for his theological fundamentalism. The town of Ballymena, the largest town in the constituency, is often referred to as the "buckle" of the Bible Belt. In the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
, County Wicklow and western parts of County Cork
County Cork
have the highest population of Protestants.

SEE ALSO

* United States portal * Christianity portal

* Born again (Christianity) * Christian right
Christian right
* Great Awakening * List of belt regions of the United States * List of U.S. states by religiosity * Southern Baptist Convention
Southern Baptist Convention
* Quran Belt

REFERENCES

* ^ Murray, William H. Jeynes ; foreword by William J. (2009). A call for character education and prayer in the schools. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger. pp. 122–123. ISBN 031335104X . Retrieved 11 June 2015. * ^ A B "American Religious Identification Survey". www.gc.cuny.edu. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. * ^ Fred R. Shapiro (ed.). Yale Book
Book
of Quotations. Yale University Press (2006). ISBN 978-0-300-10798-2 . * ^ H. L. Mencken
H. L. Mencken
letter to Charles Green Shaw, 1927 Dec. 2 . Charles Green Shaw papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. See also, http://www.lettersofnote.com/2011/06/human-race-is-incurably-idiotic.html * ^ Barry Vann (2008), In search of Ulster-Scots land: the birth and geotheological imagings of a transatlantic people, 1603-1703, Univ of South Carolina
South Carolina
Press, ISBN 1-57003-708-6 , ISBN 978-1-57003-708-5 . Pages 138-140. * ^ Carney, edited by George O. (1995). Fast food, stock cars and rock\'n\' roll : place and space in American pop culture. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 131. ISBN 9780847680801 . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ Tweedie, S.W. (1978) Viewing the Bible Belt. Journal of Popular Culture 11; 865-76 * ^ Rosenberg, Matt. "The Bible Belt
Bible Belt
Extends Throughout the American South (And Perhaps Beyond?)". About.com. About Education. Retrieved 11 June 2015. * ^ America's Most and Least Bible-Minded Cities * ^ "Encyclopedia of the Great Plains
Great Plains
- ABILENE, TEXAS". unl.edu. Retrieved 27 March 2015. * ^ Guier, Cindy Stooksbury; Finch, Jackie Sheckler (2007). Insiders' Guide to Nashville (6th ed.). pp. 13, 35, 396. * ^ "Nashville Area Churches". NashCity.com. Retrieved 2008-04-30. * ^ Miller, Rachel L (2008-04-14). "Nashville: Sophisticated Southern City with a Country Edge". RoadandTravel.com. Retrieved 2008-04-30. * ^ http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/0/6/8/0/6/p68068_index.html * ^ Amanda Smith, Hostage of Fortune (2001) p. 604 * ^ Barry Vann, In Search of Ulster Scots Land; Barry Vann, "Natural Liberty in the Bible Belt," Nomocracy in Politics (February, 2014), http://nomocracyinpolitics.com/2014/02/03/natural-liberty-in-the-bible-belt-an-explanation-of-conservative-voting-patterns-in-southern-appalachia-by-barry-a-vann/ * ^ http://www.helsinki.fi/maantiede/geofi/fennia/demo/pages/fig_pages/raento_cd4.htm * ^ "New Zealand". emigratenz.org. Retrieved 27 March 2015. * ^ http://www.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/news/71757291/tawa-ditches-prohibition-a-century-after-banning-alcohol--150-years-of-news * ^ "Table 33: Religious affiliation (total responses) by territorial authority area, Auckland local board area, and sex – 2013 Census QuickStats about culture and identity". Statistics New Zealand . 15 April 2014. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2015. * ^ Statisticky urad SR (2001). "Religious statistics in Slovakia" (PDF). None. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-22. * ^ Wanne, Catherine (2006). "EVANGELICALISM AND THE RESURGENCE OF RELIGION IN UKRAINE" (PDF). The National Council for Eurasian and East European Research. * ^ Gonzo, Belfast (29 July 2005). "More news from the Bible Belt…".

FURTHER READING

* Balmer, Randall H. (2002). Encyclopedia of Evangelicalism. Westminster John Knox Press. * Christine Leigh H, (1997), Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt. Knopf. * Denman, Stan. (2004). Political Playing for the Soul of the American South: Theater and the Maintenance of Cultural Hegemony in the American Bible Belt. Southern Quarterly, 42(3), 64-72. * Hayes, Turner Elizabeth. (1997). Women, Culture and Community: Religion and Reform in Galveston 1880-1920, Oxford University Press. * Heatwole, Charles A. (1978). The Bible Belt; a problem of regional definition. Journal of Geography, 77, 50-55. * Hill, Samuel S., Lippy, Charles H. & Wilson, Charles R. (2005). Encyclopedia Of Religion In The South. Mercer University Press. * Lippy, Charles, H. (1993). Religion in South Carolina. University of South Carolina. * Marsden, George M. (1982). Fundamentalism and American Culture: The Shaping of Twentieth-Century Evangelicalism, 1870-1925. Oxford University Press. * Moran, Jeffrey P. (2004). The Scopes Trial and Southern Fundamentalism in Black and White: Race, Region, and Religion. Journal of Southern History, 70(1), 95. * Park, Chris C. (1994). Sacred Worlds: An Introduction to Geography and Religion. Routledge. * Pettersson, Thorleif & Hamberg, Eva M. (1997). Denominational Pluralism and Church Membership in Contemporary Sweden. Journal of Empirical Theology, 10(2), 61-78. * Sparks, Randy J. (2001). Religion in Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi
Mississippi
for the Mississippi
Mississippi
Historical Society. * Stacey, Williams A. ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Regions of the world

* v * t * e

Regions of Africa
Africa

NORTH

* Mediterranean * Gibraltar Arc

* Greater Middle East
Greater Middle East

* MENA
MENA
* Middle East
Middle East

* Maghreb
Maghreb

* Barbary Coast
Barbary Coast
* Barbara * Ancient Libya
Ancient Libya
* Atlas Mountains
Atlas Mountains
( Middle Atlas ) * Sahara
Sahara
* Western Sahara
Sahara
* Sahel
Sahel

* Eastern Mediterranean

* Egypt

* Upper Egypt
Upper Egypt
* Middle Egypt * Lower Egypt
Lower Egypt
* Cataracts of the Nile * Bashmur

* Nubia
Nubia

* Lower Nubia
Nubia

* Nile Valley * Nile Delta
Nile Delta
* Darfur
Darfur
* Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
* Sub-Saharan

EAST

* Aethiopia
Aethiopia
* Swahili coast
Swahili coast
* East African Rift
East African Rift
* Great Rift Valley
Great Rift Valley
* Afar Triangle * Danakil Desert
Danakil Desert
* Danakil Alps * Albertine Rift
Albertine Rift
Valley * Gregory Rift Valley * Southern Rift Valley

* Rift Valley lakes

* African Great Lakes
African Great Lakes

* Mittelafrika

* Horn of Africa
Africa

* Ethiopian Highlands
Ethiopian Highlands
* Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Gulf of Tadjoura

* Sudan (region)
Sudan (region)
* Sudanian Savanna
Sudanian Savanna
* East African montane forests * Sub-Saharan

CENTRAL

* Negroland

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea
Gulf of Guinea

* Cape Lopez
Cape Lopez
* Mayombe
Mayombe

* Igboland
Igboland

* Mbaise

* Maputaland * Pool Malebo * Congo Basin
Congo Basin
* Chad Basin
Chad Basin
* Congolese rainforests * Ouaddaï highlands * Ennedi Plateau * Sub-Saharan

WEST

* Pepper Coast * Gold Coast * Slave Coast
Slave Coast
* Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
* Cape Palmas * Cape Mesurado * Negroland

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea
Gulf of Guinea

* Sudanian Savanna
Sudanian Savanna
* Niger Basin * Guinean Forests of West Africa
Africa
* Sudan (region)
Sudan (region)
* Niger Delta
Niger Delta
* Inner Niger Delta
Niger Delta
* Sub-Saharan

SOUTH

* Madagascar
Madagascar

* Central Highlands (Madagascar) * Northern Highlands

* Rhodesia

* North * South

* Thembuland * Succulent Karoo * Nama Karoo * Bushveld * Highveld
Highveld
* Fynbos
Fynbos
* Cape Floristic Region
Cape Floristic Region
* Kalahari Desert
Kalahari Desert
* Okavango Delta * False Bay
False Bay
* Hydra Bay
Hydra Bay
* Sub-Saharan

* Anglophone Africa
Africa
* Francophone Africa
Africa
* Lusophone Africa
Africa
* Arabophone Africa
Africa
* Sub-Saharan Africa
Africa
* Tropical Africa
Africa
* Islands

* v * t * e

Regions of North America
North America

CANADA

* Eastern Canada
Canada
* Western Canada
Canada
* Canadian Prairies * Northern Canada
Canada
* Atlantic Canada
Canada
* French Canada
Canada
* English Canada
Canada

* Acadia
Acadia

* Acadian Peninsula

* Quebec City–Windsor Corridor * Peace River Country * Cypress Hills * Palliser\'s Triangle * Canadian Shield
Canadian Shield
* Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga * Newfoundland (island) * Vancouver island
Vancouver island
* Gulf Islands * Strait of Georgia
Strait of Georgia
* Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
* Labrador Peninsula
Labrador Peninsula
* Gaspé Peninsula

* Avalon Peninsula

* Bay de Verde Peninsula

* Brodeur Peninsula * Melville Peninsula
Melville Peninsula
* Bruce Peninsula * Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) * Cook Peninsula * Gulf of Boothia * Georgian Bay
Georgian Bay
* Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
* James Bay
James Bay
* Greenland
Greenland

UNITED STATES

* Eastern

* Appalachia
Appalachia
* East Coast * Great Lakes

* Northeastern

* Mid-Atlantic * New England
New England

* Western

* Alaska Peninsula
Alaska Peninsula
* Mountain States
Mountain States
* Northwestern * Pacific * Pacific Northwest
Pacific Northwest
* Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
* West Coast

* Central

* Great Plains
Great Plains
* Midwestern

* Southern

* Deep South
Deep South
* Gulf * Southeastern * South Central * Southwestern * Upland South
Upland South

* Belt regions

* Bible Belt * Black Belt * Corn Belt
Corn Belt
* Cotton Belt * Frost Belt * Rice Belt * Rust Belt
Rust Belt
* Sun Belt * Snow Belt

MEXICO

* Northern Mexico
Mexico
* Baja California Peninsula
Baja California Peninsula

* Gulf of California
Gulf of California

* Colorado River Delta

* Gulf of Mexico
Mexico
* Soconusco * Tierra Caliente * La Mixteca
La Mixteca
* La Huasteca * Bajío
Bajío
* Valley of Mexico
Mexico
* Mezquital Valley * Sierra Madre de Oaxaca * Yucatán Peninsula * Basin and Range Province
Basin and Range Province

CENTRAL

* Western Caribbean Zone * Isthmus of Panama

* Gulf of Panama

* Pearl Islands
Pearl Islands

* Azuero Peninsula * Mosquito Coast

CARIBBEAN

* West Indies
West Indies

* Antilles

* Greater Antilles

* Lesser Antilles

* Leeward * Leeward Antilles * Windward

* Lucayan Archipelago * Southern Caribbean
Caribbean

* Aridoamerica
Aridoamerica
* Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
* Oasisamerica
Oasisamerica
* Northern * Middle * Anglo

* Latin

* French * Hispanic

* American Cordillera * Ring of Fire * LAC

* v * t * e

Regions of South America
South America

NORTH

* Caribbean
Caribbean
South America
South America
* West Indies
West Indies
* Los Llanos * The Guianas
The Guianas
* Gulf of Paria
Gulf of Paria
* Paria Peninsula * Paraguaná Peninsula * Orinoco Delta

SOUTH

* Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
* Patagonia
Patagonia
* Pampas * Pantanal
Pantanal
* Gran Chaco * Chiquitano dry forests * Valdes Peninsula

WEST

* Andes
Andes
* Altiplano
Altiplano
* Atacama Desert

EAST

* Amazon basin
Amazon basin
* Caatinga
Caatinga
* Cerrado
Cerrado

* Latin * Hispanic * American Cordillera * Ring of Fire * LAC

* v * t * e

Regions of Asia
Asia

CENTRAL

* Greater Middle East
Greater Middle East

* Aral Sea
Aral Sea

* Aralkum Desert * Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
* Dead Sea
Dead Sea
* Sea of Galilee
Sea of Galilee

* Transoxiana
Transoxiana

* Turan

* Greater Khorasan
Greater Khorasan
* Ariana * Khwarezm
Khwarezm
* Sistan * Kazakhstania

* Eurasian Steppe
Eurasian Steppe

* Asian Steppe * Kazakh Steppe * Pontic–Caspian steppe
Pontic–Caspian steppe

* Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

* Wild Fields
Wild Fields

* Yedisan
Yedisan
* Muravsky Trail

* Ural

* Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains

* Volga region * Idel-Ural * Kolyma * Transbaikal * Pryazovia * Bjarmaland * Kuban * Zalesye
Zalesye
* Ingria
Ingria
* Novorossiya * Gornaya Shoriya * Tulgas * Iranian plateau
Iranian plateau
* Altai Mountains
Altai Mountains
* Pamir Mountains
Pamir Mountains
* Tian Shan
Tian Shan
* Badakhshan
Badakhshan
* Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass * Mount Imeon
Mount Imeon
* Mongolian Plateau * Western Regions
Western Regions

NORTH

* Inner Asia
Asia
* Northeast

* Far East
Far East

* Russian Far East
Far East
* Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga

* Extreme North
Extreme North

* Siberia
Siberia

* Baikalia ( Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal
) * Transbaikal * Khatanga Gulf * Baraba Steppe

* Kamchatka Peninsula
Kamchatka Peninsula
* Amur Basin * Yenisei Gulf
Yenisei Gulf
* Yenisei Basin * Beringia
Beringia

EAST

* Japanese archipelago
Japanese archipelago

* Northeastern Japan Arc * Sakhalin Island Arc

* Korean Peninsula
Korean Peninsula
* Gobi Desert
Gobi Desert
* Taklamakan Desert
Taklamakan Desert
* Greater Khingan * Mongolian Plateau * Inner Asia
Asia
* Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
* Outer Mongolia * China proper
China proper

* Manchuria
Manchuria

* Outer Manchuria
Manchuria
* Inner Manchuria
Manchuria
* Northeast China Plain * Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

* North China Plain
North China Plain
* Liaodong Peninsula
Liaodong Peninsula
* Himalayas
Himalayas

* Tibetan Plateau
Tibetan Plateau

* Tibet
Tibet

* Tarim Basin
Tarim Basin
* Northern Silk Road * Hexi Corridor * Nanzhong * Lingnan * Liangguang
Liangguang
* Jiangnan
Jiangnan
* Jianghuai * Guanzhong * Huizhou * Wu * Jiaozhou * Zhongyuan * Shaannan

* Ordos Loop

* Loess Plateau
Loess Plateau
* Shaanbei

* Leizhou Peninsula
Leizhou Peninsula
* Gulf of Tonkin
Gulf of Tonkin
* Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
* Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
* Yenisei Basin * Altai Mountains
Altai Mountains
* Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass

WEST

* Greater Middle East
Greater Middle East

* MENA
MENA
* Middle East
Middle East

* Red Sea
Red Sea
* Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
* Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
* Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains

* Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf

* Pirate Coast * Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz
* Greater and Lesser Tunbs

* Al-Faw Peninsula * Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Oman
* Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
* Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Balochistan
Balochistan

* Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula

* Najd
Najd
* Hejaz
Hejaz
* Tihamah * Eastern Arabia
Eastern Arabia

* South Arabia
South Arabia

* Hadhramaut * Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
coastal fog desert

* Tigris–Euphrates

* Mesopotamia

* Upper Mesopotamia * Lower Mesopotamia
Lower Mesopotamia
* Sawad
Sawad
* Nineveh plains * Akkad (region)

* Canaan
Canaan
* Aram * Eber-Nari
Eber-Nari
* Eastern Mediterranean * Mashriq
Mashriq

* Levant
Levant

* Southern Levant
Levant
* Transjordan * Jordan Rift Valley

* Levantine Sea
Levantine Sea
* Golan Heights
Golan Heights
* Hula Valley
Hula Valley
* Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
* West Bank
West Bank
* Galilee
Galilee
* Gilead * Judea
Judea
* Samaria
Samaria
* Arabah
Arabah
* Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Anti-Lebanon Mountains
* Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
* Arabian Desert
Arabian Desert
* Syrian Desert
Syrian Desert
* Fertile Crescent
Fertile Crescent
* Azerbaijan * Syria * Palestine * Iranian plateau
Iranian plateau
* Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands

* Caucasus
Caucasus

* Caucasus
Caucasus
mountains

* Greater Caucasus
Caucasus
* Lesser Caucasus
Caucasus

* North Caucasus
Caucasus

* South Caucasus
Caucasus

* Kur-Araz Lowland * Lankaran Lowland * Alborz
Alborz
* Absheron Peninsula
Absheron Peninsula

* Anatolia
Anatolia
* Cilicia
Cilicia
* Cappadocia
Cappadocia
* Alpide belt

SOUTH

* Greater India
Greater India
* Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
* Himalayas
Himalayas
* Hindu Kush
Hindu Kush
* Western Ghats
Western Ghats
* Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
* Ganges Basin
Ganges Basin
* Ganges Delta * Pashtunistan * Punjab * Balochistan
Balochistan
* Thar Desert
Thar Desert
* Indus Valley * Indus River
Indus River
Delta * Indus Valley Desert
Indus Valley Desert
* Indo-Gangetic Plain
Indo-Gangetic Plain
* Eastern coastal plains * Western Coastal Plains * Meghalaya subtropical forests * Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests * Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows * Doab
Doab
* Bagar region * Great Rann of Kutch * Little Rann of Kutch
Little Rann of Kutch
* Deccan Plateau
Deccan Plateau
* Coromandel Coast
Coromandel Coast
* Konkan
Konkan
* False Divi Point * Hindi Belt
Hindi Belt
* Lakshadweep
Lakshadweep
* Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
* Gulf of Khambhat * Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Mannar
Gulf of Mannar
* Trans-Karakoram Tract * Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass * Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
* Maldive Islands * Alpide belt

SOUTHEAST

* Mainland

* Indochina
Indochina
* Malay Peninsula
Malay Peninsula

* Maritime

* Peninsular Malaysia
Peninsular Malaysia
* Sunda Islands * Greater Sunda Islands * Lesser Sunda Islands

* Indonesian Archipelago
Indonesian Archipelago
* Timor
Timor

* New Guinea
New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula
Huon Peninsula
* Huon Gulf * Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* Philippine Archipelago
Philippine Archipelago

* Luzon
Luzon
* Visayas
Visayas
* Mindanao
Mindanao

* Leyte Gulf
Leyte Gulf
* Gulf of Thailand
Gulf of Thailand
* East Indies
East Indies
* Nanyang * Alpide belt

* Asia-Pacific * Tropical Asia
Asia
* Ring of Fire

* v * t * e

Regions of Europe
Europe

NORTH

* Nordic * Northwestern * Scandinavia
Scandinavia
* Scandinavian Peninsula
Scandinavian Peninsula
* Fennoscandia
Fennoscandia
* Baltoscandia * Sápmi
Sápmi
* West Nordic * Baltic * Gulf of Bothnia
Gulf of Bothnia
* Iceland
Iceland
* Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands

EAST

* Danubian countries * Prussia * Galicia

* Sambia Peninsula
Sambia Peninsula

* Amber Coast

* Curonian Spit
Curonian Spit
* Izyum Trail * Lithuania Minor
Lithuania Minor
* Nemunas Delta * Baltic

* Southeastern

* Balkans
Balkans
* Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
* Gulf of Chania * North Caucasus
Caucasus
* Greater Caucasus
Caucasus
* Kabardia

* European Russia
European Russia

* Southern Russia
Southern Russia

CENTRAL

* Alpine states
Alpine states
* Alpide belt * Mitteleuropa
Mitteleuropa
* Visegrád Group

WEST

* Benelux
Benelux
* Low Countries
Low Countries
* Northwest * British Isles
British Isles
* English Channel
English Channel
* Channel Islands
Channel Islands
* Cotentin Peninsula
Cotentin Peninsula
* Normandy
Normandy
* Brittany
Brittany
* Gulf of Lion

* Iberia

* Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
* Baetic System

* Pyrenees
Pyrenees
* Alpide belt

SOUTH

* Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
* Insular Italy * Tuscan Archipelago
Tuscan Archipelago
* Aegadian Islands

* Iberia

* Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
* Baetic System

* Gibraltar Arc * Southeastern * Mediterranean * Crimea
Crimea
* Donbass
Donbass
* Sloboda Ukraine
Sloboda Ukraine
* Alpide belt

* Germanic * Romance * Celtic * Slavic countries * European Plain * Eurasian Steppe
Eurasian Steppe
* Pontic–Caspian steppe
Pontic–Caspian steppe
* Wild Fields
Wild Fields

* Pannonian Basin
Pannonian Basin

* Great Hungarian Plain
Great Hungarian Plain
* Little Hungarian Plain * Eastern Slovak Lowland

* Volhynia * Karelia
Karelia
* East Karelia
Karelia

* v * t * e

Regions of Oceania
Oceania

AUSTRALASIA

* Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria

* New Guinea
New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula
Huon Peninsula
* Huon Gulf * Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* New Zealand
New Zealand

* South Island
South Island

* North Island
North Island

* Coromandel Peninsula
Coromandel Peninsula

* Zealandia
Zealandia
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Solomon Islands (archipelago)
Solomon Islands (archipelago)

* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

* Kula Gulf

* Australia
Australia
* Capital Country
Capital Country
* Eastern Australia
Australia
* Lake Eyre basin
Lake Eyre basin
* Murray–Darling basin * Northern Australia
Australia
* Nullarbor Plain * Outback
Outback

* Southern Australia
Australia

* Maralinga
Maralinga

* Sunraysia * Great Victoria Desert
Great Victoria Desert
* Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria
* Gulf St Vincent * Lefevre Peninsula
Lefevre Peninsula
* Fleurieu Peninsula
Fleurieu Peninsula
* Yorke Peninsula
Yorke Peninsula
* Eyre Peninsula
Eyre Peninsula
* Mornington Peninsula * Bellarine Peninsula * Mount Henry Peninsula

MELANESIA

* Islands Region

* Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago
* Solomon Islands Archipelago

* Fiji
Fiji
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

MICRONESIA

* Caroline Islands
Caroline Islands

* Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
* Palau
Palau

* Guam
Guam
* Kiribati
Kiribati
* Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
* Nauru
Nauru
* Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
* Wake Island
Wake Island

POLYNESIA

* Easter Island * Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands
* Cook Islands
Cook Islands

* French Polynesia
Polynesia

* Austral Islands
Austral Islands
* Gambier Islands
Gambier Islands
* Marquesas Islands
Marquesas Islands
* Society Islands
Society Islands
* Tuamotu

* Kermadec Islands
Kermadec Islands
* Mangareva Islands * Samoa
Samoa
* Tokelau
Tokelau
* Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu

* Ring of Fire

* v * t * e

Polar regions

ANTARCTIC

* Antarctic
Antarctic
Peninsula * East Antarctica * West Antarctica
West Antarctica
* Eklund Islands * Ecozone * Extreme points * Islands

ARCTIC

* Arctic
Arctic
Alaska * British Arctic
Arctic
Territories * Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
* Finnmark * Greenland
Greenland
* Northern Canada
Canada
* Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
* Nunavik
Nunavik
* Nunavut
Nunavut
* Russian Arctic
Arctic
* Sakha * Sápmi
Sápmi
* Yukon
Yukon
* North American Arctic
Arctic

* v * t * e

Earth
Earth
's oceans and seas

ARCTIC OCEAN

* Amundsen Gulf * Barents Sea
Barents Sea
* Beaufort Sea
Beaufort Sea
* Chukchi Sea
Chukchi Sea
* East Siberian Sea * Greenland
Greenland
Sea * Gulf of Boothia * Kara Sea
Kara Sea
* Laptev Sea * Lincoln Sea
Lincoln Sea
* Prince Gustav Adolf Sea * Pechora Sea * Queen Victoria Sea * Wandel Sea * White Sea
White Sea

ATLANTIC OCEAN

* Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
* Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
* Alboran Sea * Archipelago Sea * Argentine Sea
Argentine Sea
* Baffin Bay
Baffin Bay
* Balearic Sea
Balearic Sea
* Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Bay of Biscay * Bay of Bothnia * Bay of Campeche
Bay of Campeche
* Bay of Fundy
Bay of Fundy
* Black Sea
Black Sea
* Bothnian Sea * Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea * Celtic Sea * English Channel
English Channel
* Foxe Basin
Foxe Basin
* Greenland
Greenland
Sea * Gulf of Bothnia
Gulf of Bothnia
* Gulf of Finland
Finland
* Gulf of Lion * Gulf of Guinea
Gulf of Guinea
* Gulf of Maine
Gulf of Maine
* Gulf of Mexico
Mexico
* Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
* Gulf of Sidra
Gulf of Sidra
* Gulf of Venezuela * Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
* Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
* Irish Sea
Irish Sea
* Irminger Sea
Irminger Sea
* James Bay
James Bay
* Labrador Sea * Levantine Sea
Levantine Sea
* Libyan Sea
Libyan Sea
* Ligurian Sea
Ligurian Sea
* Marmara Sea * Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
* Myrtoan Sea * North Sea
North Sea
* Norwegian Sea
Norwegian Sea
* Sargasso Sea
Sargasso Sea
* Sea of Åland * Sea of Azov
Sea of Azov
* Sea of Crete * Sea of the Hebrides * Thracian Sea * Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
* Wadden Sea
Wadden Sea

INDIAN OCEAN

* Andaman Sea
Andaman Sea
* Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
* Bali Sea * Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
* Flores Sea * Great Australian Bight
Great Australian Bight
* Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
* Gulf of Khambhat * Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Oman
* Gulf of Suez
Gulf of Suez
* Java Sea * Laccadive Sea
Laccadive Sea
* Mozambique Channel * Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
* Red Sea
Red Sea
* Timor
Timor
Sea

PACIFIC OCEAN

* Arafura Sea * Banda Sea * Bering Sea * Bismarck Sea * Bohai Sea
Bohai Sea
* Bohol Sea
Bohol Sea
* Camotes Sea * Celebes Sea * Ceram Sea
Ceram Sea
* Chilean Sea * Coral Sea
Coral Sea
* East China Sea
East China Sea
* Gulf of Alaska
Gulf of Alaska
* Gulf of Anadyr * Gulf of California
Gulf of California
* Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria
* Gulf of Fonseca * Gulf of Panama * Gulf of Thailand
Gulf of Thailand
* Gulf of Tonkin
Gulf of Tonkin
* Halmahera Sea
Halmahera Sea
* Koro Sea * Mar de Grau * Molucca Sea * Moro Gulf * Philippine Sea * Salish Sea
Salish Sea
* Savu Sea
Savu Sea
* Sea of Japan
Sea of Japan
* Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
* Seto Inland Sea * Shantar Sea * Sibuyan Sea
Sibuyan Sea
* Solomon Sea
Solomon Sea
* South China Sea
South China Sea
* Sulu Sea
Sulu Sea
* Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
* Visayan Sea * Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea

SOUTHERN OCEAN

* Amundsen Sea * Bellingshausen Sea * Cooperation Sea * Cosmonauts Sea * Davis Sea * D\'Urville Sea * King Haakon VII Sea * Lazarev Sea * Mawson Sea
Mawson Sea
* Riiser-Larsen Sea * Ross Sea
Ross Sea
* Scotia Sea
Scotia Sea
* Somov Sea * Weddell Sea

ENDORHEIC BASINS

* Aral Sea
Aral Sea
* Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
* Dead Sea
Dead Sea
* Sea of Galilee
Sea of Galilee
* Salton Sea
Salton Sea

* BOOK * CATEGORY

* v * t * e

"Belt" regions of the United States

* Banana * Bible * Bison

* Black

* Alabama
Alabama

* Borscht * Corn * Cotton * Frost * Fruit * Jell-O * Lead * Pine * Rice * Rust * Salt * Snow * Stroke * Sun * Unchurched * W