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Biberach an der Riss (german: Biberach an der Riß), often referred to as simply Biberach (), is a town in southern Germany. It is the capital of Biberach district, in the Upper Swabia region of the German state (Land) of Baden-Württemberg. It is called Biberach an der Riss after the small river Riss which flows through the city to distinguish it from the other towns of similar names.


Geography


Biberach has a population of about 32,000 and is located in Upper Swabia between the river Danube and Lake Constance. The districts of Biberach comprise the inner city (with the quarters Bachlangen, Bergerhausen, Birkendorf, Burren, Fünf Linden, Gaisental, Hagenbuch, Jordanbad, Mumpfental, Reichenbach and Wolfentalmühle) and its suburban, integrated villages Rissegg, Rindenmoos, Ringschnait, Stafflangen and Mettenberg.

History

For many centuries, Biberach was an Imperial Free City (german: Freie Reichsstadt) in the Holy Roman Empire. In that role it participated in the 1792 Reichstag. During the Protestant Reformation, Biberach was notable for being — eventually along only with Ravensburg, Augsburg and Dinkelsbühl — a "Mixed Imperial City" (german: Paritätische Reichsstadt) where the Peace of Westphalia caused the establishment of a joint CatholicProtestant government and administrative system, with equality offices (german: Gleichberechtigung) and a precise and equal distribution between Catholic and Protestant civic officials. This status ended in 1803, when Biberach was annexed by the Margraviate of Baden, soon to become a grand-duchy. In 1806, it was traded to the Kingdom of Württemberg in exchange for the town of Villingen; becoming part of the German Empire on its creation in 1871. During the French Revolutionary Wars, Biberach and its environs were the site of two sizable battles in 1796 and 1800. During World War II, two large prisoner-of-war camps were located here, with Oflag V-B for officers, and internment camp Ilag V-B for allied civilians, mainly from the Channel Islands.

Economy

With an unemployment rate of around 3.6 percent and place of business of companies like EnBW, Handtmann, Liebherr, KaVo Dental GmbH, Hydro Systems KG, and Boehringer Ingelheim, Biberach is a significant industrial location in the southwest of Germany.

KaVo

KaVo (Kaltenbach & Voigt) is a company producing dental medicine equipment and products like instruments, dental systems, laboratory and equipment for training centres for universities. The head office is in Biberach. In March 2004, Danaher, an American industrial company, took over KaVo.

Boehringer Ingelheim

Boehringer Ingelheim researches, develops and produces drugs. Boehringer Ingelheim was founded in Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany, in 1885, where the corporate headquarters are located. There are about 4,500 employees in Biberach.

EnBW

EnBW means "Energy Baden-Württemberg". Its corporate centre is in Karlsruhe. EnBW is Germany's third largest energy company. In Biberach there are about 900 employees.

Liebherr Biberach

The beginning of Liebherr Biberach was in 1954. The firm produces many sorts of cranes. 1,700 people and 112 trainees work there. The group's founder, Dr. Hans Liebherr, invented the mobile tower crane in 1949 in Kirchdorf/Iller.

Transportation

The town has two stations on the Southern Railway (Württemberg) and hourly trains to Ulm and Friedrichshafen.

Arts and entertainment



Museums

*Braith-Mali-Museum: The museum resides in a building from the 16th century and presents on 2,800 square meters archaeology, history, art and natural history. * Wieland-Museum: The exhibition explores the life and work of Christoph Martin Wieland. The museum was founded in 1907 and resides in the summer house of Wieland.

Film festival

Biberach has a film fest for German films which was founded in 1978.Biberacher Filmfestspiele
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"Biberacher Schützenfest"

The ''Biberacher Schützenfest'' is a historic festival for children and the town. The event is held annually in July and lasts nine days. The name "Schützenfest" derives from the German noun ''Schütze'', meaning ''marksman''. But nowadays, the crossbow competition and the appraisal of the best male and female champion shot (Schützenkönig and -königin) are only small events during the week of the Schützenfest. Other attractions and events during the festival are: * Street parades * Fairgrounds * Historical performances * Theme park * Parties in bars, cafès and so on * Beer tent * Children's theater (Schützentheater)

Christmas Market

The annual Christmas market, called "Christkindlesmarkt", which lasts 16 days, is another highlight of the year. Exotic foods from Britain, France, and Italy (presented by the twin cities), kitsch, and beautiful arts and crafts are there to see and buy. People meet to drink mulled wine.

Music

The church music in Biberach is specially determined by the St.-Martins-Chorknaben Biberach (English: St Martin's Boys’ Choir Biberach).

Other events in Biberach


Musiknacht
* Musikfrühling
Kabarettherbst


Sports

TG Biberach 1847 e. V. is one of the biggest clubs in the region. It has more than 6,000 members and 27 divisions including American football, tennis, chess or volleyball. IBOT Another important sports festival in Biberach is IBOT, an annual international handball tournament for youth with more than a thousand participants which takes place at Easter.

Notable people

*Matthias Erzberger, German politician (1875–1921) is buried here *Alf Bayrle, German painter and printmaker (1900–1982) was born here *Anton Braith, German painter of animals (1836–1905), was born and died here *Loris Karius, Liverpool F.C. goalkeeper (born 1993) *Dirk Raudies, Grand Prix driver, (born 1964), was born here *Harry Baer (born 1947), actor, producer, author *Johann Melchior Dinglinger (1664–1731), jeweller at the court of Augustus II the Strong in Dresden *Steffen Deibler (born 1987), swimmer *Markus Deibler (born 1990), swimmer *Eberhard Emminger (1808–1885), lithographer *Hugo Häring (1882–1958), architect *Justin Heinrich Knecht (1752–1817), composer, organ player, conductor *Anton Kutter (1903–1985), regisseur and telescope constructor

Twin towns – sister cities

Biberach an der Riss is twinned with: * Asti, Italy * Świdnica, Poland * Telavi, Georgia * Tendring, England, United Kingdom * Valence, France Biberach an der Riss also has friendly relationship with Guernsey.

See also

*Museum Biberach *Gustav Gerster (company) *Pestalozzi-Gymnasium Biberach *Wieland-Gymnasium Biberach

References



External links

*
Biberach Riss - Interactive discovery


{{DEFAULTSORT:Biberach An Der Riss Category:1803 disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire Category:States and territories established in 1281 Category:Biberach (district) Category:1280s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire Category:1281 establishments in Europe Category:Free imperial cities Category:Württemberg