Bhinneka Tunggal Ika
Bhinneka Tunggal Ika is the official national motto of Indonesia. The
Old Javanese translated as "Unity in Diversity" (Out of
many, one). It is inscribed in the Indonesian national
Garuda Pancasila (written on the scroll gripped by the
Garuda's claws), and is mentioned specifically in article 36A of the
Constitution of Indonesia. The name of
Garuda is inspired by a
mythical bird, the mount of Lord
Vishnu and the
Buddhist gold bird
king, King Garuda.
It is a quotation from an
Old Javanese poem
Kakawin Sutasoma, written
by Mpu Tantular during the reign of the
Majapahit empire sometime in
the 14th century, under the reign of King Rājasanagara, also known as
Kakawin contains epic poems written in metres.
This poem is notable as it promotes tolerance between Hindus
(especially Shivaites) and Buddhists.
1 Full stanza
2 See also
This quotation comes from canto 139, stanza 5. The full stanza reads
Hæng dhâtu winuwæs Buddha Wiswa,
Bhinnêki rakwa ring apan kena parwanœsen,
Nangda khong Jinatuaa khlawan Hokwatatwa tunggal,
Bhinneka tunggal ika tæng hana dharma mangrwa.
It is said that the well-known Buddha and Shiva are two different
They are indeed different, yet how is it possible to recognise their
difference in a glance,
since the truth of Jina (Buddha) and the truth of Shiva is one.
They are indeed different, but they are of the same kind, as there is
no duality in Truth.
This translation is based, with minor adaptations, on the critical
text edition by Soewito Santoso.
E pluribus unum
Motto of the European Union
2018 Asian Games's official mascots, Bhin Bhin, Atung and Kaka, which
are named after the motto.
^ a b Santoso, Soewito Sutasoma, a Study in
Old Javanese Wajrayana
1975:578. New Delhi: International Academy of Culture
^ Depkumham.go.id Archived 12 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
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