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BHINNEKA TUNGGAL IKA is the official national motto of Indonesia
Indonesia
. The phrase is Old Javanese translated as " Unity in Diversity " (Different but One). It is inscribed in the Indonesian national symbol, Garuda Pancasila
Garuda Pancasila
(written on the scroll gripped by the Garuda's claws), and is mentioned specifically in article 36A of the Constitution of Indonesia
Indonesia
. The Garuda
Garuda
is a mythical bird and the mount of Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
.

It is a quotation from an Old Javanese poem Kakawin Sutasoma , written by Mpu Tantular during the reign of the Majapahit
Majapahit
empire sometime in the 14th century, under the reign of King Rājasanagara, also known as Hayam Wuruk. Kakawin contains epic poems written in metres .

This poem is notable as it promotes tolerance between Hindus (especially Shivaites) and Buddhists .

The motto of Indonesia
Indonesia
is somewhat mistaken as India's national motto, due to the similarity between Indonesia
Indonesia
and India.

CONTENTS

* 1 Full stanza

* 1.1 Original * 1.2 Translation

* 2 See also * 3 References

FULL STANZA

ORIGINAL

This quotation comes from canto 139, stanza 5. The full stanza reads as follows:

Rwâneka dhâtu winuwus Buddha Wiswa, Bhinnêki rakwa ring apan kena parwanosen, Mangka ng Jinatwa kalawan Siwatatwa tunggal, BHINNêKA TUNGGAL IKA tan hana dharma mangrwa.

TRANSLATION

It is said that the well-known Buddha and Shiva
Shiva
are two different substances. They are indeed different, yet how is it possible to recognise their difference in a glance, since the truth of Jina (Buddha ) and the truth of Shiva
Shiva
is one. They are indeed different, but they are of the same kind, as there is no duality in Truth.

This translation is based, with minor adaptations, on the critical text edition by Soewito Santoso.

SEE ALSO

* Indonesia
Indonesia
portal

* E pluribus unum
E pluribus unum
* Motto of the European Union

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Santoso, Soewito Sutasoma, a Study in Old Javanese Wajrayana 1975:578. New Delhi
New Delhi
: International Academy of Culture * ^ Depkumham.go.id Archived 12 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine .

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