BHINNEKA TUNGGAL IKA is the official national motto of
The phrase is
Old Javanese translated as "
Unity in Diversity "
(Different but One). It is inscribed in the Indonesian national
Garuda Pancasila (written on the scroll gripped by the
Garuda's claws), and is mentioned specifically in article 36A of the
Indonesia . The
Garuda is a mythical bird and the
mount of Lord
It is a quotation from an
Old Javanese poem
Kakawin Sutasoma ,
written by Mpu Tantular during the reign of the
sometime in the 14th century, under the reign of King Rājasanagara,
also known as Hayam Wuruk.
Kakawin contains epic poems written in
This poem is notable as it promotes tolerance between Hindus
(especially Shivaites) and Buddhists .
The motto of
Indonesia is somewhat mistaken as India's national
motto, due to the similarity between
Indonesia and India.
* 1 Full stanza
* 1.1 Original
* 1.2 Translation
* 2 See also
* 3 References
This quotation comes from canto 139, stanza 5. The full stanza reads
Rwâneka dhâtu winuwus Buddha Wiswa,
Bhinnêki rakwa ring apan kena parwanosen,
Mangka ng Jinatwa kalawan Siwatatwa tunggal,
BHINNêKA TUNGGAL IKA tan hana dharma mangrwa.
It is said that the well-known Buddha and
Shiva are two different
They are indeed different, yet how is it possible to recognise their
difference in a glance,
since the truth of Jina (Buddha ) and the truth of
Shiva is one.
They are indeed different, but they are of the same kind, as there is
no duality in Truth.
This translation is based, with minor adaptations, on the critical
text edition by Soewito Santoso.
E pluribus unum
E pluribus unum
Motto of the European Union
* ^ A B Santoso, Soewito Sutasoma, a Study in Old Javanese
New Delhi : International Academy of Culture
* ^ Depkumham.go.id Archived 12 February 2010 at the Wayback
* Hinduism-Buddhism era
* Spread of Islam
* VOC era (1603–1800)
Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies (1800–1942)
* Japanese occupation (1942–45)
* National Revolution (1945–49)
* Liberal democracy era (1950–57)
* Guided Democracy (1957–65)
* Transitional period (1965–66)
* New Order (1966–98)
* Reformasi (since 1998)
* Environmental issues
* National parks <