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Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi ( pronunciation (help·info);[1] 4 February 1922 – 24 January 2011) was an Indian singer from Maharashtra
Maharashtra
in the Hindustani classical tradition. He is known for the khayal form of singing, as well as for his popular renditions of devotional music (bhajans and abhangs). In 1998, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi
Sangeet Natak Akademi
Fellowship, the highest honour conferred by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.[2] Subsequently, he received the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour, in 2009.[3]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Musical training

2.1 Search for a guru 2.2 Sawai Gandharva

3 Career

3.1 Hindustani classical music 3.2 Devotional music 3.3 Patriotic music 3.4 Playback singing 3.5 Sawai Gandharva
Sawai Gandharva
Music Festival

4 Legacy 5 Personal life 6 Discography 7 Illness and death 8 Awards and recognitions 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Early life[edit] Pt. Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was born in a Madhwa Brahmin
Madhwa Brahmin
family[4] in a town called Gadag, in the Gadag
Gadag
district of present-day Karnataka state on 4 February 1922 to Gururaj Joshi (who had authored a Kannada-English dictionary) and Godavaribai, a home-maker.[5][page needed][6][7] Bhimsen was the eldest among 16 siblings. He lost his mother at a young age and was raised by his stepmother.[8][page needed] As a child, Bhimsen was fascinated with music and musical instruments like the harmonium and tanpura[9] and would often follow processions accompanied by music bands. This exercise often tired him and he would curl up somewhere and sleep, forcing his parents to go to the police after efforts to trace him failed. Fed up, his father Gururajacharya Joshi came up with the solution, writing (son of teacher Joshi) on Bhimsen's shirts. This worked and those who found the boy sleeping would safely deposit him back to his house.[10] Musical training[edit] His first music teacher was Agasara Channappa of Kurtakoti, who had trained with the veteran singer Inayat Khan. After learning Ragas Bhairav and Bhimpalasi . The one and only unique vigorous style of rendering he developed along with advanced trainings by other teachers is attributed to the basic training he received from Channappa. Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
next went to Pandit Shyamacharya Joshi, who hailed from Bagalkot
Bagalkot
and was a priest and classical singer. Pandit Shyamacharya taught him to sing as well as play the harmonium. Shree Shamacharya Joshi was a descendant of Great Haridasa
Haridasa
Shree Mahipati Dasaru. As revealed by Shree Shamacharya Joshi himself when he was alive, it was a turning point in Bhimsen Joshi's life that Shree Shyamacharya Joshi went to Bombay for recording his songs by HMV where Shree Bhimsen Joshi also accompanied him and due to ill health Shree Shyamacharya Joshi returned to Bagalkot
Bagalkot
after recording few songs and asked Shree Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
to render rest of the songs which Shree Bhimsen Joshi did and this proved to be a major breakthrough for Shree Bhimsen Joshi in the initial stage of his career.[5] Search for a guru[edit] Joshi heard a recording of Abdul Karim Khan's Thumri "Piya Bin Nahi Aavat Chain" in Raga
Raga
Jhinjhoti when he was a child, which inspired him to become a musician. During this time, he also heard Pandit Sawai Gandharva at a performance in Kundgol. In 1933, the 11-year-old Joshi left Dharwad
Dharwad
for Bijapur to find a master and learn music.[5][11] With the help of money lent by his co-passengers in the train, Bhimsen reached Dharwad
Dharwad
first and later went to Pune. Later he moved to Gwalior
Gwalior
and got into Madhava Music School, a school run by Maharajas of Gwalior, with the help of famous sarod player Hafiz Ali Khan. He travelled for three years around North India, including in Delhi, Kolkata, Gwalior, Lucknow
Lucknow
and Rampur, trying to find a good guru.[12] Eventually, his father succeeded in tracking him down in Jalandar
Jalandar
and brought young Bhimsen back home. Sawai Gandharva[edit] In 1936, Sawai Gandharva, a native of Dharwad, agreed to be his guru. Joshi stayed at his house in the guru-shishya (teacher-student) tradition. Joshi continued his training with Sawai Gandharva Career[edit] Joshi first performed live in 1941 at the age 19. His debut album, containing a few devotional songs in Marathi and Hindi, was released by HMV the next year in 1942. Later Joshi moved to Mumbai
Mumbai
in 1943 and worked as a radio artist. His performance at a concert in 1946 to celebrate his guru Sawai Gandharva's 60th birthday won him accolades both from the audience and his guru.[13] Hindustani classical music[edit] Joshi's performances have been acknowledged by music critics such as S. N. Chandrashekhar of the Deccan Herald to be marked by spontaneity, accurate notes, dizzyingly-paced taans which make use of his exceptional voice training, and a mastery over rhythm.[14] The Hindu, in an article written after he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, said: Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
was ever the wanderer, engendering brilliant phrases and tans more intuitively than through deliberation.[15] Joshi occasionally employed the use of sargam and tihaais, and often sang traditional compositions of the Kirana gharana. His music often injected surprising and sudden turns of phrase, for example through the unexpected use of boltaans. Over the years, his repertoire tended to favour a relatively small number of complex and serious ragas; however, he remained one of the most prolific exponents of Hindustani classical music. Some of Joshi's more popular ragas include Shuddha Kalyan, Miyan Ki Todi, Puriya Dhanashri, Multani, Bhimpalasi, Darbari, and Ramkali. He was a purist who has not dabbled in experimental forms of music, except for a series of Jugalbandi recordings with the Carnatic singer M. Balamuralikrishna. Joshi's singing has been influenced by many musicians, including Smt. Kesarbai Kerkar, Begum Akhtar
Begum Akhtar
and Ustad Amir Khan. Joshi assimilated into his own singing various elements that he liked in different musical styles and Gharanas.[14] Devotional music[edit] In devotional music, Joshi was most acclaimed for his Hindi
Hindi
and Marathi Bhajan
Bhajan
singing. He has recorded bhakti songs in Marathi, Santavani , Dasavani.[14] Patriotic music[edit] Pt. Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
was widely recognised in India
India
due to his performance in the Mile Sur Mera Tumhara music video (1988), which begins with him. The video was created for the purpose of national integration in India, and highlights the diversity of Indian culture. Pt. Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
was also a part of Jana Gana Mana
Jana Gana Mana
produced by A. R. Rahman on the occasion of 50th year of Indian Republic. Playback singing[edit] Joshi sang for several films, including Basant Bahar (1956) with Manna Dey, in Marathi movie "Swayamvar zale Siteche" (1964) for famous song "Ramya Hi Swargahun lanka", in Kannada movie Sandhya Raga
Raga
(1966) where he has sung extensively. it includes a song "e pariya sobagu" rendered in both Hindustani and Carnatic ( Karnataka
Karnataka
shastriya sangeetha) styles along with M.Balamuralikrishna,Birbal My Brother (1973) with Pandit Jasraj. He also sang for the Bengali film Tansen (1958) and Bollywood Movie Ankahee (1985) where latter fetched him National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer.[16] His song 'Bhagyadalakshmi baaramma', a Purandara Dasa
Purandara Dasa
composition, was used by Anant Nag
Anant Nag
and Shankar Nag in the Kannada film Nodi Swami Naavu Irodhu Heege.[14] He also sang as a playback singer for the Marathi film Gulacha Ganapati, produced and directed by P. L. Deshpande[17] Sawai Gandharva
Sawai Gandharva
Music Festival[edit] Joshi along with his friend Vasantrao Deshpande organised the Sawai Gandharva Music Festival as an homage to his guru, Sawai Gandharva, along with the Arya Sangeet Prasarak Mandal
Arya Sangeet Prasarak Mandal
in 1953, marking Gandharva's first death anniversary. The festival has been held ever since, typically on the second weekend of December in Pune, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and has become not only a cultural event for the city, but an annual pilgrimage for Hindustani Classical music
Hindustani Classical music
lovers all over the world. Joshi conducted the festival annually since 1953, until his retirement in 2002. Legacy[edit] A classicist by training, and temperament, Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
was renowned for having evolved an approach that sought to achieve a balance between what may be termed as "traditional values and mass-culture tastes" and as such he went on to have supposedly the largest commercially recorded repertoire in Hindustani vocal music. Pt. Joshi's iconic status in the music world has earned him a whole generation of suni shagirds who by merely listening to him have picked up his style and not through any formal tutelage. His greatest endeavour in perpetuating his legacy could be the Sawai Gandharva Festival held at Pune
Pune
annually since the year 1953 which seeks to promote a certain music culture.[18] Madhav Gudi, Narayan Deshpande, Shrikant Deshpande, Anand Bhate
Anand Bhate
and others are some of his more well-known disciples.[5] Personal life[edit] Bhimsen married twice. His first wife was Sunanda Katti, the daughter of his maternal uncle, whom he married in 1944. He had four children from Sunanda; Raghavendra, Usha, Sumangala, and Anand. In 1951, he married Vatsala Mudholkar, his co-actor in the Kannada play Bhagya-Shree. Bigamous marriages among Hindus were prohibited by law in the Bombay Presidency; so he took up residency in Nagpur (capital of Central Province and Berar in 1951) where bigamy was allowed and married there for the second time. He did not divorce or separate from Sunanda. With Vatsala, he had three children; Jayant, Shubhada, and Shrinivas Joshi.[5] Initially, both his wives and families lived together, but when this did not work out, his first wife moved out with the family to live in a rented house in Limayewadi in Sadashiv Peth, Pune, where Bhimsen continued to visit them.[18] [19] Discography[edit]

Album Year Type

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
(Miyan Malhar + Puriya Kalyan)[20] 1960 LP

Raga
Raga
Lalit / Raga
Raga
Shudh-Kalyan[21] 1961 LP

Pt. Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
Sings Raga
Raga
Malkauns / Marubihag 1962 LP

Miya Ki Todi / Puriya Dhanashri / M. Gara Thumri 1963 LP

Ragas Yaman-Kalyan, Multani 1967 LP

Chhaya / Chhaya-Malhar / Darbari / Suha-Kanada 1968 LP

Raga
Raga
Komal Rishabh Asawari/ Raga
Raga
Marwa 1968 LP

Raga
Raga
Lalit-Bhatiyar / Raga
Raga
Kalashree 1971 LP

Raga
Raga
Pooriya / Raga
Raga
Durga 1973 LP

Raga
Raga
Brindavani Sarang / Raga
Raga
Gaud Sarang 1973 LP

Enchanting Melodies (6 melodies from 45 rpm releases) 1974 LP

Raga
Raga
Soor Malhar / Raga
Raga
Shuddha Kedar 1980s LP

Illness and death[edit] Joshi was admitted to Sahyadri Super Speciality Hospital on 31 December 2010 with gastrointestinal bleeding and bilateral pneumonia. Due to difficulty in breathing, he was put on ventilator support. He suffered convulsions and was put on dialysis too during his stay in hospital. Though he recovered briefly for three days when he was taken off the ventilator, his condition deteriorated thereafter. He died on 24 January 2011 .[22] He was cremated at Vaikunth Crematorium in Pune with full state honours.[23] Awards and recognitions[edit]

1972 – Padma Shree[24] 1976 – Sangeet Natak Akademi
Sangeet Natak Akademi
Award[24] 1985 – Padma Bhushan[24] 1985 – National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer 1986 – "First platinum disc"[25] 1999 – Padma Vibhushan[24] 2000 – "Aditya Vikram Birla Kalashikhar Puraskar"[26] 2002 – Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Bhushan[27] 2003 – "Swathi Sangeetha Puraskaram" by Government of Kerala[28] 2005 - Karnataka
Karnataka
Ratna by Government of Karnataka 2009 – Bharat Ratna[24] 2008 – "Swami Haridas Award"[29] 2009 – "Lifetime achievement award" by Delhi
Delhi
government[30] 2010 – "S V Narayanaswamy Rao National Award" by Rama Seva Mandali, Bangalore

References[edit]

^ "Films Division Interview".  ^ "SNA: List of Sangeet Natak Academi Ratna Puraskarwinners (Akademi Fellows)". Official website. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.  ^ " Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
for Vocalist Pandit Bhimsen Joshi". Rediff. Archived from the original on 14 February 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2009.  ^ "The Dharwad
Dharwad
Gharana: Hindustani music's southern home". THE NEWS MINUTE.  ^ a b c d e Bhimsen Joshi, A biography.  ^ " Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
passes away". Archived from the original on 10 May 2012.  ^ Fox, Margalit (5 February 2011). "Pandit Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
Dies at 88; Indian Classical Singer". The New York Times.  ^ Nadkarni, Mohan (1994). Bhimsen Joshi : A Biography. Indus Publishing. ISBN 8172231261.  ^ "Biography – Bhimsen Joshi". Hindi
Hindi
Lyrics. Retrieved 28 February 2014.  ^ Pattanashetti, Girish (25 January 2011). " Gadag
Gadag
was his home and his heart". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 28 February 2014.  ^ "Relentless riyaz- Bhimsen Joshis recipe for success". Deccan Herald. 5 November 2008. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2008.  ^ "A class apart". Mumbai
Mumbai
Mirror. 6 November 2008. Archived from the original on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2008.  ^ Chatterji, Shoma A. (7 December 2008). "A living legend". The Sunday Tribune. Retrieved 25 January 2011.  ^ a b c d "Haunting melodic grace of Pandit Bhimsen Joshiji". Deccan Herald.  ^ "Seeking the stars". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 7 November 2008.  ^ " Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
passes away in Pune". IBN Live. 24 January 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.  ^ Bhimsen Joshi, A biography.  ^ a b "Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, the glory of Indian music". NDTV. 24 January 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2015.  ^ Jamkhandi, Gururaj (11 November 2013). "'We want recognition as Pandit Bhimsen's legitimate family – Interview". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 February 2014.  ^ http://www.discogs.com/Bhimsen-Joshi-First-LP-Record-Of-Bhimsen-Joshi/release/4358025 ^ http://www.discogs.com/artist/1666684-Bhimsen-Joshi ^ "Pandit Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
passes away". The Times of India. 24 January 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.  ^ "Pt Bhimsen Joshi's funeral held with all state honours". One India. 25 January 2011. Archived from the original on 13 July 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2011.  ^ a b c d e "Pandit Bhimsen Joshi: A Profile". ZEE News. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2011.  ^ Bhimsen Joshi: Living legend in Indian classical music – Entertainment – DNA ^ Screen -The Business of Entertainment Archived 3 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Times Of India
India
Article ^ "Award presented to Bhimsen Joshi". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2 December 2003.  ^ Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
to be presented Swami Haridas Award Archived 28 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Bhimsen happy about Delhi
Delhi
govt award

Further reading[edit]

Nadkarni, Mohan (1983). Bhimsen Joshi: the man and his music. Prism Communications.  Nadkarni, Mohan (1994). Bhimsen Joshi: a biography. Indus, New Delhi. ISBN 81-7223-126-1.  Majumdar, Abhik (2004). Bhimsen Joshi: A Passion for Music. Rupa & Co. ISBN 81-291-0354-0.  Pt. Bhimsen Joshi, a biography by Dr Sadanand Kanavalli in Kannada

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bhimsen Joshi.

Bhimsen Joshi Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
Picture Album Bhimsen Joshi: List of Classical Vocal Recordings A films division documentary on Bhimsen Joshi A blog on recitals of Bhimsen Joshi

v t e

Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
laureates

1954–1960

C. Rajagopalachari, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and C. V. Raman
C. V. Raman
(1954) Bhagwan Das, Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, and Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
(1955) Govind Ballabh Pant
Govind Ballabh Pant
(1957) Dhondo Keshav Karve
Dhondo Keshav Karve
(1958)

1961–1980

Bidhan Chandra Roy
Bidhan Chandra Roy
and Purushottam Das Tandon
Purushottam Das Tandon
(1961) Rajendra Prasad
Rajendra Prasad
(1962) Zakir Husain and Pandurang Vaman Kane
Pandurang Vaman Kane
(1963) Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri
(1966) Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
(1971) V. V. Giri
V. V. Giri
(1975) K. Kamaraj
K. Kamaraj
(1976) Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa
(1980)

1981–2000

Vinoba Bhave
Vinoba Bhave
(1983) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(1987) M. G. Ramachandran
M. G. Ramachandran
(1988) B. R. Ambedkar
B. R. Ambedkar
and Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
(1990) Rajiv Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel, and Morarji Desai
Morarji Desai
(1991) Abul Kalam Azad, J. R. D. Tata, and Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1992) Gulzarilal Nanda, Aruna Asaf Ali, and A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
(1997) M. S. Subbulakshmi
M. S. Subbulakshmi
and Chidambaram Subramaniam
Chidambaram Subramaniam
(1998) Jayaprakash Narayan, Amartya Sen, Gopinath Bordoloi, and Ravi Shankar (1999)

2001–present

Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar
and Bismillah Khan
Bismillah Khan
(2001) Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
(2008) C. N. R. Rao
C. N. R. Rao
and Sachin Tendulkar
Sachin Tendulkar
(2014) Madan Mohan Malaviya
Madan Mohan Malaviya
and Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(2015)

v t e

Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
award recipients

Arts

Ebrahim Alkazi Kishori Amonkar Amitabh Bachchan M. Balamuralikrishna T. Balasaraswati Asha Bhosle Nandalal Bose Hariprasad Chaurasia Girija Devi Kumar Gandharva Adoor Gopalakrishnan Satish Gujral Gangubai Hangal Bhupen Hazarika M. F. Husain Ilaiyaraaja Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer Bhimsen Joshi Ali Akbar Khan Amjad Ali Khan Allauddin Khan Bismillah Khan Ghulam Mustafa Khan Yamini Krishnamurthy Dilip Kumar R. K. Laxman Birju Maharaj Kishan Maharaj Lata Mangeshkar Sonal Mansingh Mallikarjun Mansur Zubin Mehta Mario Miranda Kelucharan Mohapatra Raghunath Mohapatra Jasraj
Jasraj
Motiram Benode Behari Mukherjee Hrishikesh Mukherjee Rajinikanth Ram Narayan D. K. Pattammal K. Shankar Pillai Akkineni Nageswara Rao Kaloji Narayana Rao Satyajit Ray S. H. Raza Zohra Sehgal Uday Shankar Ravi Shankar V. Shantaram Shivkumar Sharma Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman M. S. Subbulakshmi K. G. Subramanyan Kapila Vatsyayan Homai Vyarawalla K. J. Yesudas

Civil Service

Bimala Prasad Chaliha Naresh Chandra T. N. Chaturvedi Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri Suranjan Das Rajeshwar Dayal Basanti Devi P. N. Dhar Jyotindra Nath Dixit M. S. Gill Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim H. V. R. Iyengar Bhola Nath Jha Dattatraya Shridhar Joshi Ajudhia Nath Khosla Rai Krishnadasa V. Krishnamurthy P. Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Pratap Chandra Lal K. B. Lall Sam Manekshaw Om Prakash Mehra Mohan Sinha Mehta M. G. K. Menon Brajesh Mishra Sumati Morarjee A. Ramasamy Mudaliar Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan Braj Kumar Nehru Bhairab Dutt Pande Ghananand Pande Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit T. V. Rajeswar C. R. Krishnaswamy Rao Pattadakal Venkanna R Rao V. K. R. V. Rao Khusro Faramurz Rustamji Harish Chandra Sarin Binay Ranjan Sen Homi Sethna Arjan Singh Harbaksh Singh Kirpal Singh Manmohan Singh Tarlok Singh Lallan Prasad Singh Balaram Sivaraman Chandrika Prasad Srivastava T. Swaminathan Arun Shridhar Vaidya Dharma Vira Narinder Nath Vohra

Literature and Education

V. S. R. Arunachalam Jagdish Bhagwati Satyendra Nath Bose Tara Chand Suniti Kumar Chatterji D. P. Chattopadhyaya Bhabatosh Datta Avinash Dixit Mahasweta Devi John Kenneth Galbraith Sarvepalli Gopal Lakshman Shastri Joshi Kaka Kalelkar Dhondo Keshav Karve Gopinath Kaviraj Kuvempu O. N. V. Kurup Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Sitakant Mahapatra John Mathai Kotha Satchidanda Murthy Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir Basanti Dulal Nagchaudhuri Bal Ram Nanda R. K. Narayan P. Parameswaran Amrita Pritam K. N. Raj C. Rangarajan Raja Rao Ramoji Rao Hormasji Maneckji Seervai Rajaram Shastri Kalu Lal Shrimali Govindbhai Shroff Khushwant Singh Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Premlila Vithaldas Thackersey Mahadevi Varma Bashir Hussain Zaidi

Medicine

Jasbir Singh Bajaj B. K. Goyal Purshotam Lal A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar S. I. Padmavati Autar Singh Paintal Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti Balu Sankaran V. Shanta Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar Prakash Narain Tandon Brihaspati Dev Triguna M. S. Valiathan

Other

Sunderlal Bahuguna B. K. S. Iyengar Rambhadracharya Ravi Shankar Jaggi Vasudev

Public Affairs

L. K. Advani Montek Singh Ahluwalia Aruna Asaf Ali Fazal Ali Adarsh Sein Anand Madhav Shrihari Aney Parkash Singh Badal Sikander Bakht Milon K. Banerji Mirza Hameedullah Beg P. N. Bhagwati Raja Chelliah Chandra Kisan Daphtary Niren De C. D. Deshmukh Anthony Lancelot Dias Uma Shankar Dikshit Kazi Lhendup Dorjee P. B. Gajendragadkar Benjamin A. Gilman Zakir Husain V. R. Krishna Iyer Jagmohan Lakshmi Chand Jain Aditya Nath Jha Murli Manohar Joshi Mehdi Nawaz Jung Ali Yavar Jung Vijay Kelkar Hans Raj Khanna V. N. Khare Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai Jivraj Narayan Mehta V. K. Krishna Menon Hirendranath Mukherjee Ajoy Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee Padmaja Naidu Gulzarilal Nanda Govind Narain Fali Sam Nariman Hosei Norota Nanabhoy Palkhivala K. Parasaran Hari Vinayak Pataskar Sunder Lal Patwa Sharad Pawar Naryana Raghvan Pillai Sri Prakasa N. G. Ranga Ravi Narayana Reddy Y. Venugopal Reddy Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq Lakshmi Sahgal P. A. Sangma M. C. Setalvad Karan Singh Nagendra Singh Swaran Singh Walter Sisulu Soli Sorabjee Kalyan Sundaram Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi Atal Bihari Vajpayee M. N. Venkatachaliah Kottayan Katankot Venugopal Jigme Dorji Wangchuck

Science and Engineering

V. K. Aatre Salim Ali Norman Borlaug Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Rajagopala Chidambaram Charles Correa Satish Dhawan Anil Kakodkar A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan Har Gobind Khorana Daulat Singh Kothari Verghese Kurien Raghunath Anant Mashelkar G. Madhavan Nair Roddam Narasimha Jayant Narlikar Rajendra K. Pachauri Benjamin Peary Pal Yash Pal I. G. Patel Venkatraman Ramakrishnan K. R. Ramanathan Raja Ramanna C. R. Rao C. N. R. Rao Palle Rama Rao Udupi Ramachandra Rao Vikram Sarabhai Man Mohan Sharma Obaid Siddiqi E. Sreedharan M. R. Srinivasan George Sudarshan M. S. Swaminathan

Social Work

Baba Amte Pandurang Shastri Athavale Janaki Devi Bajaj Mirabehn Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay Durgabai Deshmukh Nanaji Deshmukh Nirmala Deshpande Mohan Dharia U. N. Dhebar Valerian Gracias Veerendra Heggade Mary Clubwala Jadhav Gaganvihari Lallubhai Mehta Usha Mehta Sister Nirmala Nellie Sengupta

Sports

Viswanathan Anand Edmund Hillary Sachin Tendulkar

Trade and Industry

Dhirubhai Ambani Ghanshyam Das Birla Ashok Sekhar Ganguly Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan Lakshmi Mittal N. R. Narayana Murthy M. Narasimham Prithvi Raj Singh Oberoi Azim Premji Prathap C. Reddy J. R. D. Tata Ratan Tata

Portal Category WikiProject

v t e

Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
award recipients (1980–1989)

1980

Sunil Gavaskar

1981

Vainu Bappu Prafulla Desai A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Gopinath Mohanty Amritlal Nagar Mrinal Sen Avabai Bomanji Wadia

1982

Jasbir Singh Bajaj Sundaram Balachander Gottipati Brahmaiah Rani Gaidinliu Khadim Hussain Khan Stella Kramrisch Jal Minocher Mehta Grace Morley Syed Zahoor Qasim Kamal Ranadive P. N. Pattabhirama Sastri Jhabarmal Sharma Ajit Ram Verma

1983

Richard Attenborough Doraiswamy Iyengar V. G. Jog K. Sankaran Nair Prem Nazir Swraj Paul, Baron Paul Rajkumar K. G. Ramanathan Kershasp Tehmurasp Satarawala Subodh Chandra Sengupta Adi M. Sethna Arun Kumar Sharma Benudhar Sharma Bhalindra Singh Umrao Singh

1984

Horace Alexander Michael Ferreira Sivaji Ganesan Jnan Prakash Ghosh Kotha Satchidananda Murthy Hosur Narasimhaiah Sripada Pinakapani Ishwari Prasad B. C. Sanyal Marie Seton Archana Sharma Obaid Siddiqi Natwar Singh Ganda Singh Vijay Tendulkar Baldev Upadhyaya

1985

Durga Das Basu Shiba P. Chatterjee Virender Lal Chopra Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon Santidev Ghosh Bhimsen Joshi Sadat Abul Masud Kalanidhi Narayanan Bernard Peters Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai Gopala Ramanujam S. Ramaseshan Amarjit Singh Tribhuvandas Luhar Gurbachan Singh Talib Bhalchandra Udgaonkar Srinivasan Varadarajan

1986

Pushpa Mittra Bhargava Ela Bhatt Manohar Lal Chibber Aminuddin Dagar V. Krishnamurthy Jean Riboud Sidney Dillon Ripley Rajeev Sethi Martand Singh Badri Nath Tandon Gulshan Lal Tandon R. K. Trivedi

1987

Balamani Amma Kishori Amonkar Nikhil Banerjee Roddam Narasimha R. D. Pradhan Annada Shankar Ray Julio Ribeiro Man Mohan Sharma Farokh Udwadia Mohammad Yunus

1988

19th Kushok Bakula Rinpoche Ram Prakash Bambah Kartar Singh Duggal Ashok Sekhar Ganguly Abid Hussain Shreyans Prasad Jain Kelucharan Mohapatra Bal Ram Nanda Akkineni Nageswara Rao Pratury Trirumala Rao Renuka Ray B. V. Sreekantan Satya Pal Wahi

1989

Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway Banoo Jehangir Coyaji Girija Devi Kattingeri Krishna Hebbar Girilal Jain Anna Rajam Malhotra M. V. Mathur Ashesh Prosad Mitra Russi Mody Suresh Shankar Nadkarni Narinder Singh Randhawa Yoshio Sakurauchi Lakshman Singh Prakash Narain Tandon

# Posthumous conferral

1954–1959 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–1999 2000–2009 2010–2019

v t e

National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer

1967–1980

Mahendra Kapoor (1967) Manna Dey
Manna Dey
(1968) S. D. Burman
S. D. Burman
(1969) Manna Dey
Manna Dey
(1970) Hemant Kumar (1971) K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas
(1972) K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas
(1973) Mukesh (1974) M. Balamuralikrishna
M. Balamuralikrishna
(1975) K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas
(1976) Mohammed Rafi
Mohammed Rafi
(1977) Shimoga Subbanna (1978) S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
(1979) Anup Ghoshal (1980)

1981–2000

S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
(1981) K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas
(1982) S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
(1983) Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
(1984) Jayachandran (1985) Hemant Kumar (1986) K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas
(1987) S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
(1988) Ajoy Chakrabarty
Ajoy Chakrabarty
(1989) M. G. Sreekumar
M. G. Sreekumar
(1990) K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas
(1991) Rajkumar (1992) K. J. Yesudas
K. J. Yesudas
(1993) P. Unni Krishnan
P. Unni Krishnan
(1994) S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
(1995) S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
(1996) Hariharan (1997) Sanjeev Abhyankar
Sanjeev Abhyankar
(1998) M. G. Sreekumar
M. G. Sreekumar
(1999) Shankar Mahadevan
Shankar Mahadevan
(2000)

2001–present

Udit Narayan
Udit Narayan
(2001) Udit Narayan
Udit Narayan
(2002) Sonu Nigam
Sonu Nigam
(2003) Udit Narayan
Udit Narayan
(2004) Naresh Iyer
Naresh Iyer
(2005) Gurdas Maan
Gurdas Maan
(2006) Shankar Mahadevan
Shankar Mahadevan
(2007) Hariharan (2008) Rupam Islam
Rupam Islam
(2009) Suresh Wadkar
Suresh Wadkar
(2010) Anand Bhate
Anand Bhate
(2011) Shankar Mahadevan
Shankar Mahadevan
(2012) Rupankar (2013) Sukhwinder Singh
Sukhwinder Singh
(2014) Mahesh Kale
Mahesh Kale
(2015) Sundarayyar (2016)

v t e

Sangeet Natak Akademi
Sangeet Natak Akademi
fellows

1954–1960

Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar (1954) Karaikudi Sambasiva Iyer (1954) Prithviraj Kapoor
Prithviraj Kapoor
(1954) Anjanibai Malpekar
Anjanibai Malpekar
(1958)

1961–1980

Gopeshwar Banerjee (1962) D. Annaswami Bhagavathar (1962) Uday Shankar
Uday Shankar
(1962) Papanasam Sivan (1962) Swami Prajnanananda (1963) Shrikrishna Narayan Ratanjankar (1963) Pichu Sambamoorthi (1963) Mama Warerkar (1963) T. L. Venkatarama Aiyar (1964) C. Saraswathi Bai (1964) Birendra Kishore Roy Choudhury (1964) B. R. Deodhar (1964) V. Raghavan (1964) P. V. Rajamannar (1964) Vinayak Narayan Patwardhan (1965) Ganesh Hari Ranade (1965) Dilipkumar Roy (1965) Jaideva Singh (1965) D. G. Vyas (1965) Ashutosh Bhattacharya (1966) E. Krishna Iyer (1966) Sombhu Mitra
Sombhu Mitra
(1966) Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar
Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar
(1966) Ebrahim Alkazi
Ebrahim Alkazi
(1967) Rukmini Devi Arundale
Rukmini Devi Arundale
(1967) Musiri Subramania Iyer
Musiri Subramania Iyer
(1967) Bade Ghulam Ali Khan
Bade Ghulam Ali Khan
(1967) P. K. Kunju Kurup (1967) Shambhu Maharaj (1967) V. Satyanarayana Sarma
V. Satyanarayana Sarma
(1967) Adya Rangacharya 'Shriranga' (1967) Kali Charan Patnaik (1968) K. C. D. Brahaspati (1970) Kapila Vatsyayan
Kapila Vatsyayan
(1970) Dilip Chandra Vedi (1970) Tarapada Chakraborty
Tarapada Chakraborty
(1972) Krishnarao Phulambrikar (1972) Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma
Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma
(1972) K. Shivaram Karanth
K. Shivaram Karanth
(1973) Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay
(1974) Jnan Prakash Ghosh (1974) M. S. Subbulakshmi
M. S. Subbulakshmi
(1974) T. Balasaraswati
Balasaraswati
(1975) Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
(1975) Rasiklal Chhotalal Parikh (1975) Ravi Shankar
Ravi Shankar
(1975) Embar S. Vijayaraghavachariar (1975) Santidev Ghosh
Santidev Ghosh
(1976) Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer
Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer
(1976) Hirjibhai Rustomji Doctor (1977) Tinuvengadu Subramania Pillai (1978) B. Puttaswamayya (1978) P. L. Deshpande
P. L. Deshpande
(1979) D. T. Joshi (1979) Sumati Mutatkar (1979) T. P. Kuppiah Pillai (1979) V. K. Narayana Menon (1980)

1981–2000

Mani Madhava Chakyar
Mani Madhava Chakyar
(1982) Mallikarjun Mansur
Mallikarjun Mansur
(1982) M. Kirupanandawari (1984) Chandravadan Mehta (1984) Siyaram Tiwari (1984) V. V. Swarna Venkatesa Deekshithar (1986) Komal Kothari (1986) S. Ramanathan (1986) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1986) Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar
(1989) Utpal Dutt
Utpal Dutt
(1990) Ram Gopal (1990) Alain Daniélou
Alain Daniélou
(1991) Kelucharan Mohapatra
Kelucharan Mohapatra
(1991) T. S. Parthasarathy (1991) Ali Akbar Khan
Ali Akbar Khan
(1992) D. K. Pattammal
D. K. Pattammal
(1992) Prem Lata Sharma (1992) Girish Karnad
Girish Karnad
(1993) Mrinalini Sarabhai (1993) Bismillah Khan
Bismillah Khan
(1994) Yehudi Menuhin
Yehudi Menuhin
(1994) Maheswar Neog (1994) Vilayat Khan
Vilayat Khan
(1995) Ammannur Madhava Chakyar
Ammannur Madhava Chakyar
(1996) Gangubai Hangal
Gangubai Hangal
(1996) Habib Tanvir
Habib Tanvir
(1996) Badal Sarkar
Badal Sarkar
(1997) Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
(1998) Birju Maharaj
Birju Maharaj
(1998) K. P. Kittappa Pillai (1998) Vijay Tendulkar
Vijay Tendulkar
(1998)

2001–present

M. Balamuralikrishna
M. Balamuralikrishna
(2001) B. V. Karanth
B. V. Karanth
(2001) Vempati Chinna Satyam
Vempati Chinna Satyam
(2001) Shanno Khurana (2002) Kavalam Narayana Panicker
Kavalam Narayana Panicker
(2002) Chandralekha (2004) Annapurna Devi
Annapurna Devi
(2004) Bindhyabasini Devi (2004) Ramankutty Nair
Ramankutty Nair
(2004) Zohra Sehgal
Zohra Sehgal
(2004) Tapas Sen (2004) Rohini Bhate (2006) T. N. Krishnan
T. N. Krishnan
(2006) Kishan Maharaj (2006) Gursharan Singh (2006) N. Khelchandra Singh (2006) Sushil Kumar Saxena (2007) Khaled Choudhury (2008) Sitara Devi (2008) Bhupen Hazarika
Bhupen Hazarika
(2008) R. C. Mehta (2008) Kishori Amonkar
Kishori Amonkar
(2009) Jasraj
Jasraj
(2009) Lalgudi Jayaraman
Lalgudi Jayaraman
(2009) Yamini Krishnamurthy
Yamini Krishnamurthy
(2009) Shriram Lagoo (2009) Kamlesh Dutt Tripathi (2009) Girija Devi
Girija Devi
(2010) T. K. Murthy (2010) Nataraja Ramakrishna (2010) M. Chandrasekaran
M. Chandrasekaran
(2011) Hariprasad Chaurasia
Hariprasad Chaurasia
(2011) Kalamandalam Gopi
Kalamandalam Gopi
(2011) Chandrashekhara Kambara
Chandrashekhara Kambara
(2011) Heisnam Kanhailal (2011) Mukund Lath (2011) Shivkumar Sharma
Shivkumar Sharma
(2011) Rajkumar Singhajit Singh
Rajkumar Singhajit Singh
(2011) Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman
Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman
(2011) Padma Subrahmanyam
Padma Subrahmanyam
(2011) N. Rajam (2012) Ratan Thiyam
Ratan Thiyam
(2012) T. H. Vinayakram
T. H. Vinayakram
(2012) Mahesh Elkunchwar (2013) Kanak Rele
Kanak Rele
(2013) R. Sathyanarayana (2013) Tulsidas Borkar
Tulsidas Borkar
(2014) S. R. Janakiraman (2014) Vijay Kumar Kichlu (2014) M. S. Sathyu
M. S. Sathyu
(2014) C. V. Chandrasekhar (2015)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 121882804 LCCN: n84102775 ISNI: 0000 0003 5572 0462 GND: 134824326 SUDOC: 088886484 BNF: cb15572039p (data) MusicBrainz: 75f331df-f740-4997-9913-71c6be485

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