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VEDANTA

* Advaita
Advaita
* Vishishtadvaita
Vishishtadvaita
* Dvaita
Dvaita
Vedanta
Vedanta
* Bhedabheda * Dvaitadvaita * Achintya Bheda Abheda * Shuddhadvaita
Shuddhadvaita

HETERODOX

* CHARVAKA * ĀJīVIKA * BUDDHISM * JAINISM

OTHER SCHOOLS

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* Shaiva : Pratyabhijña * Pashupata * Siddhanta

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Tantra

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NYAYA

* Akṣapāda Gotama * Jayanta Bhatta * Raghunatha Siromani

MīMāṃSā

* Jaimini
Jaimini
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Kumārila Bhaṭṭa
* Prabhākara

ADVAITA VEDANTA

* Gaudapada
Gaudapada
* Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
* Vācaspati Miśra
Vācaspati Miśra
* Vidyaranya * Sadananda * Madhusūdana Sarasvatī * Vijnanabhiksu
Vijnanabhiksu
* Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
* Vivekananda
Vivekananda
* Ramana Maharshi
Ramana Maharshi
* Siddharudha * Chinmayananda * Nisargadatta

VISHISHTADVAITA

* Nammalvar
Nammalvar
* Alvars
Alvars
* Yamunacharya
Yamunacharya
* Ramanuja
Ramanuja
* Vedanta
Vedanta
Desika * Pillai Lokacharya
Pillai Lokacharya
* Manavala Mamunigal
Manavala Mamunigal

DVAITA

* Madhvacharya
Madhvacharya
* Jayatirtha * Vyasatirtha * Sripadaraja
Sripadaraja
* Vadirajatirtha * Vijayendra Tirtha
Vijayendra Tirtha
* Raghavendra Swami
Raghavendra Swami

ACHINTYA BHEDA ABHEDA

* Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
* Jiva Goswami
Jiva Goswami
* Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati
* Prabhupada

* Tantra
Tantra
* Shakta

* Abhinavagupta
Abhinavagupta
* Nigamananda Paramahansa * Ramprasad Sen
Ramprasad Sen
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Bamakhepa
* Kamalakanta Bhattacharya * Anandamayi Ma

OTHERS

SAMKHYA

* Kapila
Kapila

YOGA

* Patanjali
Patanjali

VAISHESHIKA

* Kanada , Prashastapada

DVAITADVAITA

* Nimbarka

SHUDDHADVAITA

* Vallabha
Vallabha
Acharya
Acharya

MAJOR TEXTS

* Sruti * Smriti
Smriti

------------------------- VEDAS

* Rigveda
Rigveda
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Yajurveda
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Samaveda
* Atharvaveda
Atharvaveda

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Bhagavat Gita
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Agama (Hinduism)

------------------------- SHASTRAS AND SUTRAS

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Brahma Sutras
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Shiva Samhita

* Hinduism
Hinduism
* Other Indian philosophies

* v * t * e

BHEDāBHEDA VEDāNTA is a subschool of Vedānta , which teaches that the individual self (jīvātman) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Philosophy * 3 Influence * 4 References * 5 Sources * 6 Further reading * 7 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Bhedābheda ( Devanagari
Devanagari
: भेदाभेद) is a Sanskrit word meaning "difference and non-difference ".

PHILOSOPHY

The characteristic position of all the different Bhedābheda Vedānta schools is that the individual self (jīvātman) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman. Bhedābheda reconciles the positions of two other major schools of Vedānta. The Advaita
Advaita
(Non-dual) Vedānta that claims that the individual self is completely identical to Brahman, and the Dvaita
Dvaita
(Dualist) Vedānta that teaches complete difference between the individual self and Brahman. Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma Sūtra (c. 4th century CE) may also have been written from a Bhedābheda Vedāntic viewpoint.

Each thinker within the Bhedābheda Vedānta tradition has their own particular understanding of the precise meanings of the philosophical terms "difference" and "non-difference". Bhedābheda Vedāntic ideas can traced to some of the very oldest Vedāntic texts, including quite possibly Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma Sūtra (c. 4th century CE).

INFLUENCE

Bhedābheda ideas had an enormous influence on the devotional (bhakti ) schools of India’s medieval period. Among medieval Bhedābheda thinkers are:

* Ramanuja
Ramanuja
(11th century), who pioneered the Sri Vaishnava school of Vishishtadvaita
Vishishtadvaita
Vedanta * Nimbārka (7th century), who founded the Svābhābika Dvaitādvaita school. * Vallabha
Vallabha
(1479-1531), who founded Shuddhadvaita
Shuddhadvaita
and the Puṣṭimārga devotional sect now centered in Nathdwara, Rajasthan * Caitanya (1485-1533), the founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Vaishnavism
based in the eastern Indian State of West Bengal
West Bengal
, and the theological founder of Achintya Bheda Abhedavedanta

Other major names are Bhāskara (8th and 9th centuries), Rāmānuja’s teacher Yādavaprakāśa, and Vijñānabhikṣu (16th century).

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E " Bhedabheda Vedanta". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 2015-02-04. * ^ Malkovsky, The Role of Divine Grace in the Soteriology of Śaṃkarācārya, Leiden: Brill, p. 118, * ^ Sivananda 1993 , p. 247-253.

SOURCES

* Sivananda, Swami (1993), All About Hinduism, The Divine Life Society

FURTHER READING

* Nicholson, Andrew J. (2010), Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History , Columbia University Press * Complete English Translation of Sri Subodhini jee, published in Collected Works of Sri Vallabhcharya series, Sri Satguru Publications

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Bhedabheda

This Hindu philosophy
Hindu philosophy
-related

.