HOME
The Info List - Bhedabheda



--- Advertisement ---


VEDANTA

* _ Advaita _ * _ Vishishtadvaita _ * _ Dvaita Vedanta _ * _Bhedabheda_ * _ Dvaitadvaita _ * _ Achintya Bheda Abheda _ * _ Shuddhadvaita _

HETERODOX

* CHARVAKA

OTHER SCHOOLS

* Vaishnava * Smarta * Shakta

* Shaiva : Pratyabhijña * Pashupata * Siddhanta

* Tantra

TEACHERS (Acharyas )

NYAYA

* Akṣapāda Gotama * Jayanta Bhatta * Raghunatha Siromani

MīMāṃSā

* Jaimini * Kumārila Bhaṭṭa * Prabhākara

ADVAITA VEDANTA

* Gaudapada * Adi Shankara * Vācaspati Miśra * Vidyaranya * Sadananda * Madhusūdana Sarasvatī * Vijnanabhiksu * Ramakrishna * Vivekananda * Ramana Maharshi * Siddharudha * Chinmayananda * Nisargadatta

VISHISHTADVAITA

* Nammalvar * Alvars * Yamunacharya * Ramanuja * Vedanta Desika * Pillai Lokacharya * Manavala Mamunigal

DVAITA

* Madhvacharya * Jayatirtha * Vyasatirtha * Sripadaraja * Vadirajatirtha * Vijayendra Tirtha * Raghavendra Swami

ACHINTYA BHEDA ABHEDA

* Chaitanya Mahaprabhu * Jiva Goswami * Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati * Prabhupada

* Tantra * Shakta

* Abhinavagupta * Nigamananda Paramahansa * Ramprasad Sen * Bamakhepa * Kamalakanta Bhattacharya * Anandamayi Ma

OTHERS

SAMKHYA

* Kapila

YOGA

* Patanjali

VAISHESHIKA

* Kanada , Prashastapada

DVAITADVAITA

* Nimbarka

SHUDDHADVAITA

* Vallabha Acharya

MAJOR TEXTS

* Sruti * Smriti

------------------------- VEDAS

* Rigveda * Yajurveda * Samaveda * Atharvaveda

UPANISHADS

* Principal Upanishads * Minor Upanishads

_Other scriptures_

* Bhagavat Gita * Agama (Hinduism)

------------------------- _SHASTRAS AND SUTRAS _

* Brahma Sutras * Samkhya Sutras * Mimamsa Sutras * Nyāya Sūtras * Vaiśeṣika Sūtra * Yoga Sutras

* Pramana Sutras

* Puranas * Dharma Shastra * Artha Śastra * Kamasutra * Tirumurai * Shiva Samhita

* Hinduism * Other Indian philosophies

* v * t * e

BHEDāBHEDA VEDāNTA is a subschool of Vedānta , which teaches that the individual self (_jīvātman_) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Philosophy * 3 Influence * 4 References * 5 Sources * 6 Further reading * 7 External links

ETYMOLOGY

_Bhedābheda_ ( Devanagari : भेदाभेद) is a Sanskrit word meaning "difference and non-difference ".

PHILOSOPHY

The characteristic position of all the different Bhedābheda Vedānta schools is that the individual self (_jīvātman_) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman. Bhedābheda reconciles the positions of two other major schools of Vedānta. The _ Advaita _ (Non-dual) Vedānta that claims that the individual self is completely identical to Brahman, and the _Dvaita_ (Dualist) Vedānta that teaches complete difference between the individual self and Brahman. Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma Sūtra (c. 4th century CE) may also have been written from a Bhedābheda Vedāntic viewpoint.

Each thinker within the Bhedābheda Vedānta tradition has their own particular understanding of the precise meanings of the philosophical terms "difference" and "non-difference". Bhedābheda Vedāntic ideas can traced to some of the very oldest Vedāntic texts, including quite possibly Bādarāyaṇa’s _Brahma Sūtra_ (c. 4th century CE).

INFLUENCE

Bhedābheda ideas had an enormous influence on the devotional (bhakti ) schools of India’s medieval period. Among medieval Bhedābheda thinkers are:

* Ramanuja (11th century), who pioneered the Sri Vaishnava school of Vishishtadvaita Vedanta * Nimbārka (7th century), who founded the Svābhābika Dvaitādvaita school. * Vallabha (1479-1531), who founded Shuddhadvaita and the Puṣṭimārga devotional sect now centered in Nathdwara, Rajasthan * Caitanya (1485-1533), the founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism based in the eastern Indian State of West Bengal , and the theological founder of Achintya Bheda Abhedavedanta

Other major names are Bhāskara (8th and 9th centuries), Rāmānuja’s teacher Yādavaprakāśa, and Vijñānabhikṣu (16th century).

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ " Bhedabheda Vedanta". _Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy_. Retrieved 2015-02-04. * ^ Malkovsky, _The Role of Divine Grace in the Soteriology of Śaṃkarācārya_, Leiden: Brill, p. 118, * ^ Sivananda 1993 , p. 247-253.

SOURCES

* Sivananda, Swami (1993), _All About Hinduism_, The Divine Life Society

FURTHER READING

* Nicholson, Andrew J. (2010), _Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History _, Columbia University Press * Complete English Translation of _Sri Subodhini jee_, published in _Collected Works of Sri Vallabhcharya series_, Sri Satguru Publications

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, _Bhedabheda_

_ This Hindu philosophy