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Bhedābheda Vedānta
Vedānta
is a subschool of Vedānta, which teaches that the individual self (jīvātman) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Philosophy 3 Influence 4 References 5 Sources 6 Further reading 7 External links

Etymology[edit] Bhedābheda (Devanagari: भेदाभेद) is a Sanskrit word meaning "difference and non-difference".[1] Philosophy[edit] The characteristic position of all the different Bhedābheda Vedānta schools is that the individual self (jīvātman) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman. Bhedābheda reconciles the positions of two other major schools of Vedānta. The Advaita
Advaita
(Non-dual) Vedānta
Vedānta
that claims that the individual self is completely identical to Brahman, and the Dvaita (Dualist) Vedānta that teaches complete difference between the individual self and Brahman. Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma Sūtra (c. 4th century CE) may also have been written from a Bhedābheda Vedāntic viewpoint.[1] Each thinker within the Bhedābheda Vedānta
Vedānta
tradition has their own particular understanding of the precise meanings of the philosophical terms "difference" and "non-difference". Bhedābheda Vedāntic ideas can traced to some of the very oldest Vedāntic texts, including quite possibly Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma Sūtra (c. 4th century CE). Influence[edit] Bhedābheda ideas had an enormous influence on the devotional (bhakti) schools of India’s medieval period. Among medieval Bhedābheda thinkers are:

Ramanuja
Ramanuja
(11th century), who pioneered the Sri Vaishnava
Sri Vaishnava
school of Vishishtadvaita
Vishishtadvaita
Vedanta Nimbārka (7th century), who founded the Svābhābika Dvaitādvaita school.[2] Bhāskara (8th and 9th centuries), who founded the Aupādhika Bhedābheda school.[1] Vallabha
Vallabha
(1479-1531), who founded Shuddhadvaita
Shuddhadvaita
and the Puṣṭimārga devotional sect now centered in Nathdwara, Rajasthan Caitanya
Caitanya
(1485-1533), the founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Vaishnavism
based in the eastern Indian State of West Bengal
West Bengal
, and the theological founder of Achintya Bheda Abhedavedanta[3]

Other major names are Rāmānuja’s teacher Yādavaprakāśa,[1] and Vijñānabhikṣu (16th century).[1] References[edit]

^ a b c d e " Bhedabheda Vedanta". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 2015-02-04.  ^ Malkovsky, The Role of Divine Grace in the Soteriology of Śaṃkarācārya, Leiden: Brill, p. 118, ^ Sivananda 1993, p. 247-253.

Sources[edit]

Sivananda, Swami (1993), All About Hinduism, The Divine Life Society 

Further reading[edit]

Nicholson, Andrew J. (2010), Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History, Columbia University Press  Complete English Translation of Sri Subodhini jee, published in Collected Works of Sri Vallabhcharya series, Sri Satguru Publications

External links[edit]

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Bhedabheda

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