HOME
The Info List - Bhavani


--- Advertisement ---



Bhavani
Bhavani
(also known as Tulaja, Turaja, Tvarita, Amba and Jagdamba)[citation needed] is an avatar of the Hindu
Hindu
Goddess Parvati. She is a form of Durga
Durga
who is worshiped in Maharashtra, and also by Gurjars
Gurjars
of North Gujarat, Western Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and Punjab.[1] Bhavani translates to "giver of life", meaning the power of nature or the source of creative energy. She is considered to be a mother who provides to her devotees and also plays the role of dispensing justice by killing demon Asuras. Bhavani
Bhavani
was the protective patron deity of the Maratha
Maratha
King Shivaji, in whose veneration he dedicated his sword, Bhavani
Bhavani
Talwar. Many Marathi folk stories celebrate her. Shivaji's mother was said to be a great devotee of Bhavani. The town of Tuljapur
Tuljapur
in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
is the location of the annual Tulja Bhavani
Tulja Bhavani
fair during Navaratri
Navaratri
(September to October), and home to the Tulja Bhavani Temple
Tulja Bhavani Temple
which dates to the 12th century. The temple contains a granite icon of the goddess, one metre (approximately 3 feet) in height, with eight arms holding weapons and the head of the slain demon Mahishasura.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Temples of Bhavani 2 History

2.1 Image of Tulja Bhavani

3 See also 4 Notes 5 Further reading 6 External links

Temples of Bhavani[edit] Main article: Tulja Bhavani
Tulja Bhavani
Temple

It has been suggested that portions of this section be split out into another article titled Tulja Bhavani
Tulja Bhavani
Temple. (Discuss) (January 2017)

The Tulja Bhavani
Tulja Bhavani
temple in Tuljapur
Tuljapur
in the Osmanabad District of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
is considered one of the 51 Shakti
Shakti
Pithas (pilgrimage sites). This temple was built close to the 12th century CE. Another Tulja Bhavani
Tulja Bhavani
temple was constructed between 1537 and 1540 CE in Chittorgarh,[2] located at coordinates 18°00′41″N 76°07′32″E / 18.011386°N 76.125641°E / 18.011386; 76.125641. History[edit] Worship of the primeval energy, Shakti, in the form of the mother Goddess is seen in the four Shakti
Shakti
Peethas of Maharashtra: Bhavani, with her seat at Tuljapur; Mahalakshmi at Kolhapur; Mahamaya Renuka
Renuka
at Mahur; and Jagadamba at Saptashrungi. Sri Bhavani
Bhavani
Amman is also worshipped in the state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
(Periyapalayam). Other Shakti temples in the Maharashtra
Maharashtra
state are those at Ambejogai
Ambejogai
and Aundh.

Goddess Bhavani
Bhavani
giving the sword to Shivaji, at Tuljapur.

The goddess Bhavani
Bhavani
is held in great reverence throughout Maharashtra. She is considered to be an embodiment of ugra' or ferocity, as well as a Karunaswaroopini, an embodiment of mercy. A number of castes, sub-castes, and families from Maharashtra
Maharashtra
consider her their family deity or Kuladevata. The Bhavani
Bhavani
temple in Tuljapur
Tuljapur
is located on a hill known as Yamunachala, on the slopes of the Sahayadri range in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
near Sholapur. The temple entrance is elevated and visitors ascend a flight of steps to reach the shrine. Historic records speak of the existence of this temple from as early as the 12th century CE. Bhavani
Bhavani
is worshipped in the form of a granite image, 3 feet (0.91 m) tall, with eight arms that hold weapons and bear the head of the slain demon, Mahishasura. Legend says that a demon by the name of Matanga wreaked havoc upon the devas and humans, who approached Brahma
Brahma
for help. Upon his advice, they turned to the Mother Goddess Shakti. She took the form of the destroyer and, empowered by the other Saptamaataas (Varaahi, Bhrahmi, Vaishnavi, Kaumaari, Indraani, and Saambhavi), vanquished the demon and allowed the restoration of peace. Legend also describes how Bhavani
Bhavani
vanquished another demon who had taken the form of a wild buffalo, Mahishasura (hence her name Mahishasura
Mahishasura
Mardhini or "the slayer of Mahisha the demon"). Later, she is said to have taken abode on the Yamunachala hill, which is now home to the temple. Bhavani
Bhavani
is said to have come here[where?] to save Anubhuti from the demon known as Kukur. In a battle with the goddess, Kukur took the form of a buffalo; Bhavani
Bhavani
cut his head, then he started coming in his original form. At that time, she penetrated her trident in his chest. Hence, she is in form of Mahishasura
Mahishasura
Mardhini Durga. Four worship services are offered at the temple each day. The festivals of special significance are Gudi Padwa in the month of Chaitra, Shriral Sashti, Lalita Panchami, Makara Sankranti, and Rathasaptami. The statue of the deity is taken out in procession on Tuesdays. Navaratri
Navaratri
is also celebrated with great fanfare, and it culminates in Vijaya Dasami. Sri Bhavani
Bhavani
Devi
Devi
is said to be Adhi Parashakti herself and the name Bhavani
Bhavani
has several meanings. According to Lalitha Sahasranamam, Bhavani
Bhavani
means the deity who always helps devotees gain mukti. Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
said, "A Person who recites the name Bhavani
Bhavani
with true devotion thrice every day will not acquire sorrow, sin, illness and unexpected death." People occasionally confuse Bhavani
Bhavani
devi with Renuka
Renuka
devi; however, their stories are different. The Devi
Devi
Bhaghavatam Puran says Bhavani
Bhavani
Devi
Devi
is the original form of Aadhi Parashakti and sister of Shri Krishna. Maha Vishnu
Vishnu
is said to have undergone penance to get Devi's help for his Krishna
Krishna
Avatar as a result of which Devi
Devi
is born to Yashoda as Maha Maaya devi. This is why Bhavani
Bhavani
holds a conch and chakra in her hands, thus resembling Vishnu.[citation needed] Image of Tulja Bhavani[edit] The image (murti ) of Tulja Bhavani
Tulja Bhavani
is made of black stone, about 3 feet (0.91 m) in height and 2 feet (0.61 m) in width. The face of the goddess is described as beautiful and smiling. The goddess is asta-bhuja (with 8 hands) Mahishasura
Mahishasura
Mardini Durga. As she is Parvati,[3] she has a swayambhu (self-manifested) Shiva
Shiva
lingam in her crown. Her long hair is coming out of the crown. She has an arrow holder on her back. The sun and the moon are present as witnesses of her victory over Mahishasura. Her lion stands near her. The image is self-manifested and movable. It is moved three times a year from its place to the bedroom of Maa Bhavani. Below the lion, sage Markandeya is chanting the Durga-saptashati shlokas. The lady sage Anubhuti is on the left side of the goddess; she is in a hanging position and is meditating on the goddess. It is chala murti, moved thrice a year during the long sleeping periods of maa Bhavani. The face of Sati had fallen in Tuljapur, and due to this the face is decorated with sarees and ornaments.[citation needed] See also[edit]

List of Hindu
Hindu
deities Shakti
Shakti
Pitha Bhavani
Bhavani
Ashtakam Three and a half Shakti
Shakti
Peethas Tulja Bhavani
Tulja Bhavani
Temple

Notes[edit]

^ Indian studies: past & present, Volume 11. Today & Tomorrow's Printers & Publishers. 1970. p. 385. The Gujars of Punjab, North Gujarat
North Gujarat
and Western Rajasthan
Rajasthan
worship Sitala and Bhavani  ^ Mewar encyclopedia Archived June 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 77. 

Further reading[edit]

Hindu
Hindu
Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu
Hindu
Religious Traditions (ISBN 81-208-0379-5) by David Kinsley

External links[edit]

Image of Tulja Bhavani

v t e

Hindu
Hindu
deities and texts

Gods

Trimurti

Brahma Vishnu

Rama Krishna

Shiva

Ganesha Kartikeya Hanuman Indra Surya more

Goddesses

Tridevi

Saraswati Lakshmi

Sita Radha

Parvati

Sati Kali Adi Parashakti Mahavidya

Durga Shakti Navadurga Matrikas more

Texts

Vedas

Rig Sama Yajur Atharva

Upanishads Puranas Ramayana Mahabharata

Bhagavad Gita

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali more

Hinduism Hindu
Hindu
mythology

v t e

Hindu
Hindu
Temples in Maharashtra

Alandi Ashtavinayaka

Morgaon Siddhatek Pali Mahad Theur Lenyadri Ozar Ranjangaon

Bhimashankar Temple Bhuleshwar Temple Chaturshringi Temple Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati Temple Dashabhuja Temple Ganapati Temple, Redi Grishneshwar Jejuri Kailash Temple Kalaram Temple Kopeshwar temple Kopineshwar Mandir, Thane Kukdeshwar Temple Mahalakshmi Temple, Kolhapur Mahalakshmi Temple, Mumbai Mahur Renuka
Renuka
Temple Mandhradevi Mumba Devi
Devi
Temple Panchavati Parshuram Temple Patit Pavan Mandir Rameshwar Mandir Saptashrungi Sarasbaug Ganpati Satpuda Manudevi Temple, Adgaon Shani Shingnapur Shegaon Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Mumbai Siddheshwar & Ratneshwar Temple Siddhivinayak Temple, Mumbai Titwala Ganesha
Ganesha
temple Trimbakeshwar Shiva
Shiva
Temple Tulja Bhavani
Tulja Bhavani
Temple Vajreshwari Temple Vithoba Temple, Pandharpur Yamai

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 10652

.