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Bharuch
Bharuch
(formerly commonly known as Broach) in India, is a district in the southern part of the Gujarat
Gujarat
peninsula on the west coast of state of Gujarat
Gujarat
with a size and population comparable to that of Greater Boston. The Narmada River
Narmada River
outlets into the Gulf of Khambat
Gulf of Khambat
through its lands and that shipping artery gave inland access to the kingdoms and empires located in the central and northern parts of the sub-continent of India.

Contents

1 History 2 Divisions 3 Demographics 4 Culture

4.1 Notable personalities

5 See also 6 References

History[edit]

Map of Broach or Bharuch
Bharuch
district, Bombay Presidency, British India, 1877

The city of Bharuch
Bharuch
and its surrounds—today's district—has been settled far back into antiquity and was a major shipping building centre and sea port in the important pre-compass coastal trading routes to points West, perhaps as far back as the days of the Pharaohs, which utilised the regular and predictable Monsoon
Monsoon
winds or galleys. Many goods from the Far East
Far East
(the famed Spice and Silk trade) were trans-shipped there for the annual monsoon winds making it a terminus for several key land-sea trade routes and Bharuch
Bharuch
was definitely known to the Greeks, the various Persian Empires and in the Roman Republic and Empire and other Western centres of civilisation right on through the end of the European Middle Ages. With the advent of the Age of Discovery, the presence of deep draft sea going shipping it began a long slow decline in importance as it was a bit too far north to be convenient to shipping not confined to keeping within sight of shore. Divisions[edit] Administratively, it contains the talukas (administrative subdistricts) of Bharuch, Ankleshwar, Hansot, Jambusar, Jhagadia, Amod, Valia and Vagra. It also contains the city of Bharuch. Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 census Bharuch
Bharuch
district has a population of 1,550,822,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[2] or the US state of Hawaii.[3] This gives it a ranking of 321st in India
India
(out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 238 inhabitants per square kilometre (620/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.14%.[1] Bharuch
Bharuch
has a sex ratio of 924 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 83.03%.[1] Muslims are a majority, comprising 57% of the district. Hindu are significant minority This area is also home to the Muslim Vohra Patel community. Culture[edit] Notable personalities[edit]

Abdulahad Malik Cricketer in IPL for Rajasthan Royals
Rajasthan Royals
. Born in Hansot. Adam Patel, Baron Patel of Blackburn
Adam Patel, Baron Patel of Blackburn
UK House of Lords. Ahmed Patel
Ahmed Patel
Indian Parliamentarian for the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
. Professor Alimuddin Zumla
Alimuddin Zumla
Ennobled multi-award-winning (Medicine) Medic at a prestigious London University. (University College London) Balwantray Thakore
Balwantray Thakore
(1869–1952) Poet. Born in Bharuch. Notable works-Bhankaar (1918; Dhara Paheli)Bhankaar (1928; Dhara Biji)Mhara Sonnet (1935) Farooq Shaikh
Farooq Shaikh
Actor, TV presenter and philanthropist. Ancestral village Hansot. Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
(1887–1971) Indian independence movement activist, politician, writer and educationist. Born in the city of Bharuch.[4] Munaf Patel
Munaf Patel
Indian pacer of Team India, He also a part of world cup winning team India
India
in 2011 under captaincy of M.S Dhoni. He played IPL for Rajasthan Royals
Rajasthan Royals
in 1st season, Later on he also played for Mumbai Indians .

He played Duleep trophy, he was a member of Baroda cricket team.

Rashid Patel The former Indian left-arm seamer Rashid Patel was from bharuch. Tribhuvandas Luhar (1908–1991) Poet. Born in Miyamatar.[5]

See also[edit]

Kalpasar Tidal Energy Project 3rd Narmada Bridge Vora Samni

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.  ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gabon
Gabon
1,576,665  ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301  ^ "Bhavan's Faith". Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. Archived from the original on 21 April 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2011.  ^ " Tribhuvandas Luhar (Sundaram)". Thakkar Numismatic and Art Foundation. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 

Places adjacent to Bharuch
Bharuch
district

Anand district Vadodara
Vadodara
district

Gulf of Khambhat

Bharuch
Bharuch
district

Narmada district

Surat
Surat
district Surat
Surat
district/Narmada district

v t e

State of Gujarat

Capital: Gandhinagar

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Culture Economy Education Geography Government Highest point History Language Literature People Politics National parks and sanctuaries Tourism

Regions of Gujarat

Kutch Saurashtra North Gujarat Central Gujarat South Gujarat

Districts

Ahmedabad Amreli Anand Aravalli Banaskantha Bharuch Bhavnagar Botad Chhota Udaipur Dahod Dang Devbhoomi Dwarka Gandhinagar Gir Somnath Jamnagar Junagadh Kachchh Kheda Mahisagar Mehsana Morbi Narmada Navsari Panchmahal Patan Porbandar Rajkot Sabarkantha Surat Surendranagar Tapi Vadodara Valsad

Major cities

Ahmedabad Anand Ankleshwar Bharuch Bhavnagar Bhuj Gandhidham Gandhinagar Jamnagar Junagadh Kheda Mehsana Nadiad Navsari Modasa Patan Porbandar Rajkot Surat Surendranagar Udhana Vadodara Valsad Veraval Visnagar

Ecoregions

Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests Northwestern thorn scrub forests Rann of Kutch

Economy

Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
Bus Rapid Transit System Gujarat
Gujarat
International Finance Tec-City Sabarmati Riverfront Sardar Sarovar Dam GSWAN Power stations and power organisations Gujarat
Gujarat
State Petroleum Corporation

Gujarat
Gujarat
Gas

Portal: Gujarat

v t e

Narmada basin

Rivers

Narmada Sunar Tawa

Dams, barrages

Narmada Canal Bargi Dam Indirasagar Dam Omkareshwar Dam Sardar Sarovar Dam Tawa Reservoir Narmada Valley Development Authority

Geographical features/ regions

Marble Rocks Dhuandhar Falls Deccan Plateau Gulf of Khambhat Satpura Range Malwa Bori Reserve Forest Bori Wildlife Sanctuary Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve Kanha Tiger Reserve Satpura National Park Mandla Plant Fossils National Park Bagh Caves Bhimbetka rock shelters

Riparian districts

Madhya Pradesh

Anuppur Shahdol Mandla Balaghat Seoni Jabalpur Narsinghpur Sagar Damoh Chhindwara Harda Hosangabad Betul Raisen Sehore Khandwa Khargone Dewas Indore Dhar Jhabua

Maharashtra

Dhule

Gujarat

Narmada Vadodara Bharuch

Languages/ people

Indo-Aryan languages Hindi Bhili Khandeshi Marathi Gujarati

Controversies

Narmada Bachao Andolan

Transport

NH 3 NH 7 NH 8 Jabalpur–Bhusaval section Bhopal–Nagpur section

Other basins

Mahanadi–Brahmani–Baitarani Damodar Godavari Kosi Son

Coordinates: 20°42′N 72°59′E / 20.700°N 72.983°E / 20

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